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Annual Reports Prior to 1999

Annual Report 1978-79

CHAPTER Introduction PAGES(i)
I.India's Neighbours 1
II. South-East Asia 7
III. East Asia 13
IV. West Asia and North Africa 17
V. Africa (South of the Sahara) 20
VI. Europe 24
VII. The Americas 32
VIII. United Nations and International Conferences 36
IX. Technical and Economic Co-operation48
X. External Publicity 54
XI. Cultural Relations 58
XII. Protocol 62
XIII. Passport, Emigration and Consular Services 63
XIV. Administration and Organisation 67
XV. Use of Hindi in Official Work. 69
  Appendices 73

I. Major International Conferences/
Meetings/Seminars  etc.organised by
Inter-Governmental Organisations at
which Government of India was 
represented in 1978-79 75 
1A.   Information received from 
various Ministries/Deptts.  83 
II. Major International Conferences
/Meetings/Seminars  or-ganised by
Non-Government Organisations at 
which India was represented with
Government assistance in 1978-79 92 
III.  Miscellaneous International
Conferences etc. in 1978-79 at 
which Government of India was 
represented or at which India 
was represented with Government
 of India's assistance  95 
IV.   International Organisations 
of which India became a Member 
or ceased to be a Member during 
the year 1978-79  101 
V. Treaties/Conventions/Agreements 
concluded or renewed by India with
 other countries in 1978   102 
VI. Number of seats allotted to 
various countries in Engineering and
Medical Colleges during 1978-79 110 
VII. Statement showing number of 
passport applications received and
number of passports issued in the 
year 1978  111 
VIII. Passport Offices--Sanctioned 
strength as on Dec 31, 1978112 
IX.  Passport Offices in India and
their jurisdiction (as  on 31-12
-1978) 113 
X.Statement showing the total number
of Government servants and the number
of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled
Tribes amongst them as on 31-12-1978
XI. Statement showing the number of 
appointments (both direct recruitment
and by promotion) made to various 
groups of posts and reserved vacancies 
filled by Scheduled Castes and 
Scheduled Tribes during the year
XII.Revenue Expenditure of the Ministry
during the Financial Year 1978-79   116 
XIII. Expenditure on Headquarters and
 Missions/Posts abroad during 
1978-79  117 
XIV.  Strength of IFS and IFS 
(B) Cadres, etc.119 
XV.   Foreign Languages Chart120 

Dec 31, 1978


The rationale of the policy of Nonalignment, to which India remains firmly committed, is that it safeguarded national inde- pendence and offered the widest measure of opportunities for international cooperation and at the same time contributed towards constructive and peaceful resolution of world problems.

India had always underlined that the validity of the policy of Nonalignment rested on the recognition of the sovereign equality of nations and the right of each country to determine its own social and political systems and to determine freely how, on the basis of mutual respect, to cooperate with other nations. The history of the post-war world has vindicated that every country, however small or weak, treasures its prerogative of independent discretion for internal affairs and external relations. The notions cherished so confidently at one time about the inevitability of one or other system or ideology prevailing, or the necessity of military arrange- ments which impose an externally determined discipline on eco- nomic and social and foreign policies of nations have proved false. Equally unconvincing was the belief that another world conflict was necessarily inevitable because of the diversity of ideological sys- tems. On the other hand, post-war history also shows the failure of great powers even when using all manner of economic and political persuasion, to win the genuine friendship and trust of small countries in the democratised and decolonised nation-state system.

Whether seen in the long-term background or the developments in the year under review, the policy of Nonalignment has served the country well in safeguarding national goals and providing a lodestar in the turbulence of the international scene.

It was entirely in keeping with this policy that government was able to resolve inherited problems, assuage unwarranted suspicions and create a climate of confidence with our neighbours. A new respect and a greater measure of trust than in the past characterises the relations between India and each one of her neighbours. There is a greater recognition that the corrosion of suspicion and friction can be overcome and on the positive side the benefits of economic cooperation could ease the burdens of development and create an atmosphere of stability so essential for any enlightened national goals.



The conclusion of separate Treaties of Trade and Transit with Nepal and the Inter-Governmental Agreement not only resolved an old problem but in turn has initiated the promise of industrial cooperation and wider economic relations between the two countries. Recognising Nepal's problem of a serious shortage of rupees because of the imbalance in its trade with India, steps were initiated after joint deliberations to facilitate setting up industries in that country which would not only generate employment and help its development but at the same time help to balance vast rupee purchases made from India. In this climate of confidence, more significant steps have been taken than, in the previous 30 years so that the immense potential of the rivers which flow from Nepal can be harnessed. Such projects could help inflood control and soil erosion and generate power for Nepal's own requirements and correspondingly reduce the pressure on its own forests for fuel and in turn make available the surplus of power to meet the energy requirements of the neighbouring states in India.

With Sri Lanka also new measures have been agreed to promote cooperation, investment, enable a better balance in our trade and incidentally assist Sri Lanka in its planned develop- ment.

The improved climate of relations with Bangladesh has also led to a spurt in trade. There is more anticipation that cooperation between the two countries can develop on the basis of the logic of economic benefit and mutual complementarity.

Some problems which, in the past, had disproportionately clouded relations with Bhutan have been resolved. There exists today in the government and the people a firmer confidence in the common advantage of the interdependent relationship between India, and Bhutan.

Even when recognising that improvement in relations have still a longer way to develop, with Pakistan also, there is a greater., measure of confidence and trust than in the past. The movement of people, exchange of sports teams and the visits of cultural troupes have been welcomed In both countries. After years of estrangement, old friends and, relations have been able to travel across the frontier to meet each other. Pakistan has been assured not only of strict adherence to non-interference but that India respects its integrity and would rejoice in its economic advancement. It is hoped that


the beginnings of a new climate have been generated where both can mutually respond to develop more harmonious and beneficial neighbourly relations. India's willingness to provide wheat seeds for Pakistan's requirements was a small beginning in the kind of cooperation which we believe can be advantageous to both countries. The potentials for mutually advantageous trade are vast and remain to be optimised.

The ultimate advantages of this policy of equality and cooperation between neighbours is that it enables the realisation of the optimum benefits of resources between countries which are linked by the permanent features of geography. It holds the promise of overcoming the suspicions which have drawn in out- side powers to exploit and exacerbate differences between the two neighbours. It is a policy which serves the vital interests of this country as it can, through cooperative attitudes, permit the development of energy and vital irrigation resources, It could also help to quarantine this area from the kind of turbulence and suspicions which exists in other regions. If this policy continues to receive the positive response of our partner nations, it can become an example for a world order where big nations and small coexist in a democratised international order. The task is not easy, but the alternatives of suspicion and conflict can only enhance insecurity and debilitate national development.

Notwithstanding the existence of the unresolved boundary question, the process of normalising relations with China started in 1976 when the Ambassadors of the two countries took up their posts in Peking and New Delhi respectively. In the last two years, small but significant steps have been taken to facilitate trade and permit delegations to exchange visits, to identify the fields where bilateral, functional or economic cooperation could be of reciprocal advantage. The Foreign Minister accepted the, invitation from the Chinese Foreign Minister to visit China and seek to explore the potential of fuller normalisation. At no stage was the complexity or importance of the issues between the two countries sought to be minimised. The visit itself, which was delayed for a few months, was marked by exchanges on the basis of equality and mutual respect. The endeavour was to see if some irritants in the relations could be removed and to assess whether major problems could be tackled in a climate of dignity and mutual respect. The visit did lead to a full discussion on all problems and there was ground for satisfaction that it improved understanding of each other's viewpoints. India hopes that the process of normalisation of relations with China will


continue so that outstanding problems, including the boundary question, can be resolved.

In East Asia, there were significant developments during the year such as the normalisation of Sino-American relations and the Sino-Japanese Treaty. India's economic relations with the countries in the region grew notably with Japan and the Republic of Korea. There are grounds to believe that the climate for exploring increased complementarity with a technologically ad- vanced country like Japan has improved considerably.

During the year, there were promising beginnings for the restoration of trade and cooperative relations between ASEAN and Vietnam. The process, however, received a serious setback after the developments in Kampuchea. The situation became even more serious with the deterioration of relations between Vietnam and China culminating in the massive attack into Vietnam by Chinese forces. Consistent with our respect for the principle of territorial integrity, India could not but deplore this action. India has affirmed that the integrity and the national sovereignty and independent personality of Vietnam, Kampuchea and Laos, like those of all nations, must be respected, so that the search towards regional cooperation and stability in South-East Asia could be resumed.

There was notable improvement in India's bilateral relations with the countries of South-East Asia during the year under review. All the countries belong to the Nonaligned fraternity of nations. India became the first developing country to seek a dialogue with the ASEAN group of nations. During the year a new beginning was made in establishing bilateral economic rela- tions with Vietnam. India responded with great sympathy and understanding towards Vietnam in its immense task of reconstruc- ting its shattered economy.

The year saw dramatic changes in Afghanistan and in Iran. Since these were internal changes, India recognised the new regimes with alacrity. Further it was made clear that India looked forward to continue and intensify these traditional relations. The importance of South-West Asia, with its vast oil surplus, is crucial to the world economy. India looks forward to the establishment of stability where countries can fashion their social and political structures and forge their economic links by choice without the need for guardianship of any outside powers.


India followed the efforts to establish peace between Egypt and Israel. India would welcome a peaceful solution for the problems of West Asia but has not hesitated to make clear that a settlement could only prove durable if it is comprehensive and just, ensures Israeli withdrawal from occupied Arab territories and enables the fulfilment of the legitimate rights of the Palestinians.

In Africa, there were many continuing conflicts as well as new ones: e.g., Western Sahara, Somalia and Ethopia, Uganda and Tanzania. India could not but regret these conflicts between Nonaligned states and urged that solutions should be found with the help of OAU based on the principles of respect for established frontiers. The situation in Southern Africa became more serious and dangerous. Both in Namibia and Zimbabwe, the struggle for majority rule was sought to be undermined and delayed by racist minority regimes. While still hoping for a peaceful solution, it must be noted with regret that the likelihood of a more intensified armed struggle seems to have become un- avoidable. India has pledged both moral and material support in liberation struggles for majority rule in Namibia and Zimbabwe and for the struggle against apartheid in South Africa

Throughout the year, the atmosphere of relations between the two Super Powers was somewhat tense. The SALT II agree- ment which both of them. seemed to set store by has so far eluded conclusion. The prospect of the Comprehensive Test Ban receded even further. Though the Helsinki process had appeared to have set the stage in promoting mutual confidence between East and West, the results of the second CSCE Conference in Belgrade proved disappointing, if not insubstantial.

On the other hand and despite a more surcharged atmosphere, India's own bilateral relations with the USA and the USSR were uncontaminated by the cold war spirit which complicated the international scene. Even when differences existed on specific issues, the climate of relations was friendly and propitious for continuing improvement. To the already confident and multistran- ded long established relations with the USSR, the year under review saw the addition of a far-reaching agreement for long-term economic cooperation. The problem of obtaining fuel supplies from the USA for the nuclear reactor in Tarapur remained un- solved. However, the dialogue on this and the wider question of non-discriminatory nuclear safeguards has been continuing bet- ween the two governments. (vi)

India's relations with the countries of Europe, both east and west, continued at a friendly level, with increasing attention being given to the exploration of economic cooperation for mutual benefit. The impending structural changes in the EEC were noted and special efforts were made for closer relations with the Community.

India has worked to preserve the unity and cohesive purpose- fulness of the Nonaligned movement which now represents nearly two-thirds of the membership of the United Nations. Similarly, in the North-South dialogue and in the search for the establish- ment of a new International Economic Order, India has sought to play a responsible, constructive and bridge-building role. In this task, the Ministry was alive to requirements of coordination with other departments of Government.

India's commitment to the goal of general and complete disarmament under strict and effective international control was fully reflected in our active participation in the Tenth Special Session of the United Nations General Assembly held in the summer of 1978. The Prime Minister addressed the session and called for a meaningful programme of action, particularly in the area of nuclear disarmament, to which we attach the highest priority. India also participated actively in the other forums of the United Nations in this field and, in particular, in the newly created deliberative and negotiating bodies, namely, the Disarmament Commission and the Committee on Disarmament.

India expressed its serious concern at the suspension of the US/USSR talks on the Indian Ocean and repeatedly urged the two powers to resume the talks. At the United Nations, India participated in all the meetings related to the implementation of the UN Declaration on the Indian Ocean as a zone of peace by eliminating from the Indian Ocean the manifestation of foreign military presence conceived in the context of Great Power rivalry.

As in the previous year, India played ail active role in the deliberations of the UN Human Rights Commission and other international forums dealing with Various aspects in the field of Human Rights. The Government of India took a very important step in the practical demonstration of its commitment to Human Rights by deciding to accede to the two important Covenants covering civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights.

The chapters which follow contain a factual summary of India's relations with other countries during the year and the (vii)

exchange of visits which contributed to the promotion of these relations. Based on the strength which comes from the democratic institutions and the strides made in our economic: progress, India has reasons for confidence that it can maintain and develop relations of cooperation and dignity with the developing and the developed nations. Guided by the touchstone of beneficial bilatera- lism, the last year saw a great increase in the scope and dimension of India's relations. Wherever such sinews of cooperation have been forged, it has contributed towards stabilising relations and catalysing greater measure of mutual confidence. The spirit of this policy of independence and positively motivated search for friendship is in keeping with the spirit of tolerance and the pacific tradition of our nation and civilization. India poses a throat to no country. Equally, it hopes it commands growing understanding and respect from all members of the international community and thus can be looked upon as a bulwark for international peace and stability.


Jan 01, 1978
India's Neighbours


Jan 01, 1978 CHAPTER I


India's relations with its neighbours measurably improved during the period. India's policy of beneficial bilateralism, meaningful cooperation, non-interference in internal affairs and goodwill has created a general atmosphere of confidence and trust in the region.

India was among the first to recognise the new government in Afghanistan. The official visit of the Minister of External Affairs to Kabul, in September 1978, preceded by the Foreign Secretary's discussions there in June, established a personal equation with the new leadership in Afghanistan. The Indo- Afghan Joint Commission for Economic, Trade and Technical Cooperation met in Delhi in January 1979 for a mid-term review of the progress in the carrying out of various projects. The review led to a decision whereby India agreed to finance a number of new projects in Afghanistan.

India continued to work with some success towards improved relations with Bangladesh. We supported the successful candida- ture of Bangladesh for a seat in the U.N. Security Council. The visits of the Bangladesh Commerce Minister. Mr. Saifur Rahman in July 1978, and of the Foreign Minister, Mr. Shamsul Haque in December 1978 in that connection provided an opportunity for a broad exchange of views between the two governments on, bilateral matters and international issues. The Foreign Minister repeatedly testified to the improved climate of relations.

However, certain problems remain to be resolved. Regular meetings of the Border Security Forces of the two countries have helped to ease problems connected with the border. But they did not put an end to the continued illicit migration from Bangladesh to India. The Joint River Commission held two meetings during the year. Long term augmentation of the flow of the river Ganga during the dry season was discussed, but there was little progress towards agreement. A Joint Committee was set up to prepare data with a view to working out an agreement on the waters of river Teesta. Other committees are


studying problems connected with other border rivers. Dis- cussions were held regarding maritime boundary and a further meeting is expected to be held in this connection in the near future.

Economic cooperation between the two countries continued to make some improvement. A credit agreement was signed by the Industrial Development Bank of India to supply to Bangladesh capital goods worth Rs. 12 crores. India also agreed to give to Bangladesh products access to the Indian market, and to provide technical assistance in various agricul- tural fields and techno-economic studies in certain industrial areas. A number of meetings took place to consider improving transport facilities between the two countries and a Memorandum of understanding was signed to help towards overland transit traffic between Nepal and Bangladesh. India also continued to provide a large number of scholarships and other training facilities to nationals of Bangladesh. It is our hope and expectation that following the parliamentary elections, the pace of increasing cooperation and also resolving problems will become speedier.

India continued to develop friendly relations through high- level contacts and by extending assistance to Bhutan for its development plans. The visit of the King of Bhutan to India in March 1978 highlighted the bonds of friendship and the spirit of trust and confidence that governed India's relations with that country.

Apart from the visit of King of Bhutan, India's Ministers of Energy and Finance visited that country in April and May respectively while three delegations from Bhutan visited India under the Indo-Bhutan cultural exchange programme.

The Government of India committed itself to contribute approximately Rs. 70 crores for the Fourth Five Year development plan of Bhutan. Apart from this expenditure, India is contributing to the construction of a major hydro-electric project on a grant-cum-loan basis at Chukha. Expected to be completed in mid-1980s, this would develop 332MW of power. India is also assisting Bhutan in the construction of a cement project at Penden which is estimated to cost Rs. 12.75 crores and expected to commence production in early 1979. India is also implementing a comprehensive allied irrigation scheme in the town of Gaylegphug meant to provide the inhabitants


of the area with extensive irrigation facilities for agriculture and allied purposes.

India continued to give assistance to Bhutan for building and creating a viable infra-structure for its foreign trade and letters were exchanged to facilitate exports from and imports to Bhutan.

Apart from providing assistance for Bhutan's development plans and economic diversification, India provided Bhutan experts in various fields for its development. Further, it helped Bhutanese students by providing assistance through scholar- ships to undertake advanced studies in various institutions in India.

India looked forward to developing closer relations in all fields with Burma. A Burmese economic delegation led by Col. Sein Tun, Minister for Cooperatives, visited India during September 1978. They were assured that India is prepared to help Burma in its economic development through the transfer of technology, skills and equipment required by Burma. Bilateral trade was also discussed and it was agreed to exchange information on each other's Five Year Plan which could help in their effective implementation. The visit of the Minister of State for External Affairs, Shri Samarendra Kundu, to Burma in January 1979 further demonstrated India's policy of promoting friendly relations with its neighbours. During his visit there were discussions, particularly relating to cooperation between the two countries in the field of agriculture, science and technology and culture. An air transport agreement between India and Burma was also signed during the same time.

India and the Maldives maintained friendly relations. The Minister of Transport and President elect Mr. Abdul Gayoom visited India in October 1978 and held discussions regarding bilateral air agreement and other matters connected with tourism and civil aviation. The visit of the Foreign Minister of Maldives in December 1978 reflected development of closer ties. There was some increase in trade and economic cooperation between Maldives and India. Economic assistance is being extended for the development plant of Maldives and we are taking steps to enlarge and systematise our efforts in the future.

The signing of separate treaties of trade and transit and the inter-governmental agreement on cooperation to control unauthorised trade in March 1978 created a favourable climate


for promoting mutually beneficial cooperation between India and Nepal. The visit of the Nepalese Prime Minister, Shri Kirti Nidhi Bishta, in April 1978 resulted in an agreement whereby the two countries were to cooperate in setting up joint industrial ventures in Nepal, the produced of which could be marketed in India. Concrete proposals in this regard were finalised through the signing of a memorandum of understanding during the visit of Shri George Fernandes, Minister of Industry, to Kathmandu in September 1978. It inter alia provided that India would help in setting up industrial ventures in a number of fields and that India would extend assistance to Nepal worth Rs. 9 crores to be utilised in the next couple of years for setting up industrial estates, technical training institutes, polytechnic etc.

The visit of the Minister of External Affairs to Kathmandu in October 1978 marked the normal practice of the two countries of holding periodic consultations to discuss bilateral and international problems. It was agreed to upgrade the Kosi Joint Coordination Committee to be presided over at the level of Ministers of the two countries and a meeting of experts would be held to consider setting up of flood warning stations in Nepal to implement measures for flood control.

India continued to extend financial and technical assistance for development programmes in Nepal. An amount of Rs. 10.904 crores was provided during the current year for meeting expenditure on schemes on hand. The major projects for which assistance was given were : (1) the 302KM long central sector of Mahinder Raj Marg expected to be completed by 1980-81 at an estimated cost of Rs. 44.36 crores; and (2) the 14.1MW Devighat hydroelectric project which was estimated to cost Rs. 30 crores and the work on which was commenced during the year. India also agreed to extend financial assistance for the expansion of a number of other projects including the Patan industrial estate and expansion of Paropakar maternity hospital and area survey of the alignment of the Dolalghat-Dhankuta road.

India in pursuance of its policy of promoting friendship with the neighbouring countries worked for normalisation of relations with Pakistan. The visit in April 1978 of Mr. Agha Sham, the Adviser on Foreign Affairs of Pakistan, was notable for the signature of an agreement on the Salal Hydro-Electric project; a problem that had remained unresolved for eight


years. Ideas were also exchanged regarding promotion of trade, repatriation of detenus, and liberalisation of trade facilities There was normal travel by road, rail and air between the two countries and the situation on the common border also continued to be undisturbed. The decision to open Consulates General in each other's country is intended to facilitate travel and commercial contacts between the two countries and contribute to further normalisation of their relations.

Trade teams of India and Pakistan met twice in 1978 to review the Trade Agreement of 1975. As a result of the talks, it was agreed that pending finalisation of a new Trade Agree- ment, trade on Pakistan's side would continue to be conducted through public agencies while on the Indian side both private and public sectors would participate in commercial transactions.

Contacts between the representatives of the two countries in various fields led to greater cooperation between the two countries. As a result of the meeting of the, Ministers of Food and Agriculture of the two countries, an agreement was reached in September 1978 whereby India was to provide 5270 tonnes of wheatseeds to Pakistan. As a result of periodic discussions between the concerned authorities the two countries co- ordinated locust control activities along the border. A delega- tion of officials of the Pakistani Central Board of Revenue visited India in January 1979 for discussions with the Indian Central Board of Excise and Customs. The two countries decided to cooperate with each other to prevent smuggling across the border.

The cultural exchanges between the two countries included visits of some Pakistani poets and singers to India, the playing of Hockey matches against each other in India and Pakistan and a visit of the Indian Cricket team to Pakistan after a lapse of 17 years.

Conscious of the humanitarian aspects involved, India realeased 460 Pakistani detenus during the year while Pakistan released 115 Indian detenus held in Pakistan. Efforts are continuing to get all the remaining detenus released as early as possible.

The visit of President Jayawardane to India in October 1978 and that of the Prime Minister Shri Morarji Desai to Sri Lanka in February 1979 reflected the warmth and cordiality that govern the relations between the two countries. It was 6 EA/78--2


recognised by both sides that there were no longer any outstanding problems between the two countries. During the visit of the President of Sri Lanka, it was agreed that India and Sri Lanka should increase bilateral trade and further economic cooperation. During the visit of the Indian Prime Minister, India agreed to facilitate joint ventures in Sri Lanka and specially in the Colombo free-trade-zone. The Commerce Ministries of the two countries agreed that greater efforts should be made to promote trade, and concrete measures are being taken to ensure greater access for Sri Lanka's products to Indian markets. The working of the Indo-Sri Lanka Agreement on the future of the people of Indian origin in Sri Lanka, was also reviewed and India decided to streamline the procedure for the repatriation and rehabilitation of the people of Indian origin under that agreement.


Jan 01, 1978
South-East Asia




India took steps to strengthen relations with the countries of South-East Asia through some notable high-level visits and signing of specific bilateral agreements with the countries of the region in economic, technical and cultural fields. It also took initiative to seek dialogue with the Association of the South- East Asian Nations (ASEAN) for cooperation in various fields and discussions towards this end were held with the Secretary- General of the ASEAN Secretariat who visited New Delhi in November 1978.

The visit of Shri Mohan Dharia, Minister of Commerce, to Malaysia, Indonesia, Singapore, marked another step taken by India to develop closer economic ties with these countries. During his visit he presided over a Conference of India's Trade Representatives in South-East and South-East Asia held in Singapore from May 30, 1978 31 May 1978. He stressed on the need for greater trade and economic cooperation between India and the countries of South-East Asia. A trade agreement was signed with Indonesia during the visit.

India's close ties with Malaysia received an impetus following the visit of the Malaysian Prime Minister Mr. Dato Hussein Bin On from 20--25 January 1979. The visit resulted in the signing of an agreement on technical and economic cooperation and exchange of letters that provided for extradition of fugitive criminals between the two countries. An agreement on Technical and Economic Cooperation provided for the setting up of a consultative machinery to step up cooperative efforts towards enlarging the areas of mutual cooperation and sharing skills and know-how for mutual development. Earlier, during the visit of the Foreign Minister of Malaysia in March a cultural agreement was signed between the two countries. The Foreign Secretary, Shri Jagat Mehta led the Indian delegation to the Annual Bilateral Talks between India and Malaysia held in Kuala Lumpur in December 1978.


There was significant development in India's economic relations with Malaysia. India's total import from Malaysia rose to Rs. 202.23 crores during 1977-78. India had 28 joint ventures, the largest number in any country, functioning in Malaysia during the year.

Exchange of a number of visits at high-levels reflected India's close ties with Singapore. The Deputy Prime Minister and the Defence Minister of Singapore. Dr. Goh Keng Swee visited India in January-February 1978 and the Foreign Minister of Singapore Mr. S. Rajaratnam stopped-over New Delhi in July on his way to Belgrade to exchange views before the holding of the Conference of Non-Aligned Foreign Ministers. The foreign Secretary, Shri Jagat Mehta visited Singapore in November 1978. But the most notable event was the visit of the Prime Minister of Singapore Mr. Lee Kuan Yew to India in December 1978. Besides international issues, there was discussion on ways and means of strengthening India's economic ties with number of countries of ASEAN in general and Singapore in particular. It was noted that the already existing wide-range co-operation between the two countries could be expanded especially in the fields of trade, investment and transfer of technology.

An agreement on the avoidance of double taxation between India and Singapore was signed in February 1.979. Though India does not have much trade with Singapore, there has been a recent spurt in India's purchases from Singapore, particularly farm oil and this has turned the balance of trade in favour of Singapore. Three Indian export-oriented joint ventures had gone into produc- tion in Singapore.

India's friendly relations with Thailand were marked by the signing of a seabed boundary agreement with that country by the Foreign Minister of Thailand Dr. Upadit Pachariyangkun who visited India in June 1978, and the visit of the Deputy Prime Minister of Thailand, Mr. Sunthorn Honglabaron. Other visits exchanged between India and Thailand included the visit of Shri S. S. Barnala, Minister of Agriculture to Bangkok in July, that of Shri Jagat Mehta, the Foreign Secretary in December 1978 and of Shri Samrendra Kundu, the Minister of State for External Affairs in February 1979.

There are a number of Indo-Thailand joint ventures operating in Thailand and Indian firms are successfully competing for in- dustrial production in that country. Indo-Thai trade is in favour of India. Indian exports being worth US $30 million and imports about US $5 million annually.


The visit of the Minister of State for External Affairs, Shri S. Kundu from 27-31 January 1979 to the Philippines helped to further co-operation between the two countries. In the discussions held during the visit both countries agreed on the desirability of increasing bilateral co-operation and exchanges in the fields of Commerce and culture.

Trade with the Philippines in 1977-78 was very much in India's favour. There are four Indian joint ventures in the country. The Rail India Technical and Economic Services (RITES), the Fertilizers Corporation of India and the Water and Power Development Consultancy Services Limited (WAPCOS) have undertaken projects in that country. India has exported large number of railway coaches and wagons to the Philippines. In the field of agriculture, Indian scientists have continued to be associated with the International Institute for Agricultural Research in Los Banos.

India continued to maintain friendly relations with Indonesia and worked for co-operation with that country in various fields. The signing of the India-Thailand-Indonesia agreement on the determination of tri-junction points of the seabed boundaries reflected a co-operative approach on the part of the countries in settling their problems. Discussions during the visit of the Foreign Minister of Indonesia to India in November for annual bilatral talks revealed close identity of views and the two countries could broaden and deepen their co-opera- tion in the fields of agriculture, forestry, science and technology. The visit of the Indonesian Chief of Staff Genl Widodo to India in January 1979 and that of Minister of Industry Mr. A. R. Soehoed in February 1979 indicated some other fields where the two countries were maintaining close contacts with each other.

In the economic sphere, the Federation of Indian Chamber of Commerce and Industry signed an agreement with its Indo- nesian counterpart KADIM in August 1978 for the establish- ment of a Joint Business Council. A delegation of the Asso- ciated Chamber of Commerce and Industry, Calcutta, also visited Indonesia in December 1978. India proposes to arrange a wholly Indian engineering exhibition in Djakarta in March 1979.

Industrial co-operation assuming increasing proportion in the economic relations of the two countries there are seven industrial joint ventures now in operation in Indonesia. Public Sector


organisations like Water and Power Development Consultancy Services (RITES) Limited, the Engineers India Limited, the Metrological and Engineering Consultancy (India) Limited (MECON) have taken active interest in Indonesian programme of economic development.

Friendly contacts were maintained with Vietnam through exchange of a number of visits at a high level. The most signi- ficant visit was that of the Deputy Premier and Foreign Minister of Vietnam, Mr. Nguyen Duy Trinh, during December 1978. During the visit, both sides expressed satisfaction at the pace of development of bilateral ties between the two countries and measures were discussed to improve them and expand co-operation in various fields. It was agreed that estab- lishment of regional co-operation in South-East Asia and South Asia would be mutually beneficial. The cultural exchange pro- gramme signed in February 1978 gave an impetus to cultural relations between the two countries. An Indian ballet group visit- ed Vietnam in July 1978. A 9-member delegation sponsored by the Indo-Vietnamese Friendship Association and led by Shri Madhu Limaye, Member of Parliament, made a goodwill visit to Vietnam in November 1978. From the Vietnamese side, a two-member journalists delegation came to India in December 1978/January 1979.

India maintained friendly ties with Laos. It gifted textiles, irrigation pumps and medicines worth Rs. 30 lakhs during the: year to that country and also sent experts to make field studies for setting up a pumping station in the Vientiane area.

There were increasing contacts with Australia through exchange of visits of parliamentary delegations and other promi- nent leaders. The Leader of Opposition in the Australian Parlia- ment, Mr. W. G. Hayden, came to India in June 1978. A former Australian High Commissioner in India and presently the Defence Secretary of Australia, Sir Arthur Tange, visited India in January 1979. The Australian Minister for Special Trade Re- presentations, Mr. R. V. Garland, came to India in August, 1978 to attend the ESCAP Trade Ministers' Conference. During his stay be also met the Minister of Commerce, Shri Mohan Dharia. In November 1978, India also hosted the Chief of the General Staff of the Australian Army, Lt. Gen. D. B. Dunstan.

The 10th round of Indo-Australian bilateral talks was held in Canberra. Trade between India and Australia is increasing gradually, though India's share of global Australian trade remains small.


The most notable was the visit of Australian Prime Minister, Mr. M. Fraser to India in January 1979. It underlined India's developing closer ties with that country and the warm personal rapport established between the Prime Minister of India and and the Prime Minister of Australia following the Commonwealth Conference held in Australia in February 1978. Discussions held during the visit stressed that co-operation between India and Australia could help towards creating an atmosphere of stability in South and South-East Asian region. It was recognised that there could be further co-operation between India and Australia in various fields and practical methods for further co-operation parti- cularly in science, technology, trade, energy and related areas could be discussed by officials of the two countries. It was agreed that an Indian mission would visit Australia to explore possibilities of setting up joint ventures for exploitation and production of coking coal in that country.

The traditional friendly ties with New Zealand continued to grow on a friendly and co operative basis. The Foreign Secretary, Shri Jagat Mehta, paid a visit to Wellington in February 1978 and met his counterpart in the New Zealand Foreign Office. The New Zealand Minister of Broadcasting, Statistics and Internal Re- venues, Mr. H. C. Templeton, who came to India to attend the ESCAP Conference of Trade Ministers in New Delhi in August had discussions with various Ministers.

An official trade delegation visited New Zealand in December 1978 to discuss ways and means of accelerating bilateral trade.

India and Fiji continued to have warm and close relations. In February 1978, the Foreign Secretary, Shri Jagat Mehta, visited Fiji and met the Governor General, the Acting Prime Minister and other Cabinet Ministers and held extensive dis- cussions on subjects of mutual interest. Mr. Vivekanand Sharma, the Fijian Minister for Youth and Sports, who visited India in March-April also met the Minister of External Affairs. Another prominent visitor from Fiji was Col. P. F. Manueli, the Commander of the Royal Fijian Military Forces, who came to India in January 1979.

It has been agreed to supply equipment worth about Rs. 10 lakhs to the Fiji Institute of Technology for setting up an Agricultural Wing at the Ban Technical Centre. This is the first time that India has committed itself to assist Fiji in a pro- ject of this dimension.


The Minister of Trade, Mr. Pita Lees, came to India in October 1978 to attend a Conference of the International Silk Association held in Bangalore. After the Conference, he visited Delhi and familiarised himself with various small-scale industries in and around the capital.

Congratulatory messages were sent by our Prime Minister to the Prime Ministers of Solomon Islands and Tuvalu on these countries achieving their independence on 7th July, 1978 and 10 October, 1978 respectively. Relations with Tonga and Naura continued to be warm and cordial.

pg13> May 30, 1978
Ministry Of External Affairs



(East Asia Division)


Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee, Minister for External Affairs, visited China from Feb 12, 1979 to 18th February 1979, This visit, which was in response to an invitation from the Chinese Foreign Minister, extended about a year ago, was originally fixed for October/November 1978, but had to be postponed because of the Foreign Minister's indisposition. While accept- ing the invitation the Foreign Minister made it clear that it was an exploratory mission consistent with India's policy of non- alignment and quest for improved relations with all her neigh- bours, without jeopardising well-established friendships.

The discussions which the Foreign Minister had with China's Premier Hua Guofeng, Vice Premier Deng Xiaping and the Chinese Foreign Minister Huang Hua were based firmly on these fundamental principles of India's foreign policy.

In an atmosphere marked by frankness and cordiality the two sides discussed the international situation, the situation in and around the Indian sub-contient and most important the issues affecting India-China bilateral relations.

While explaining the steps taken by India to create climate of confidence between nations South of Himalayas on the basis of scrupulous non-interference in internal affairs of other coun- tries, the Foreign Minister made it clear that while India does not object to normal bilateral relations between Pakistan and China, the prospects of improvement of India-China rela- tions would be impeded if their relations adversely affect India's legitimate interests. He also pointed out that the attitude on the Kashmir question taken by Chinese Govern- ment, which contrasted with the stand they themselves had

taken in the 50s was an additional and unnecessary complica- tion in the Sino-Indian relations. In this context he reiterated India's concern at the construction of the Karakoram Highway. As far as the bilateral relations are concerned, the Foreign Minister in his discussions with the Chinese leaders empha- sised that the satisfactory solution of the India-China boun- dary question was vital to the restoration of confidence and full normalisation in the climate of Sino-Indian relations. The discussions held in Peking succeeded in unfreezing the issue and led to the understanding that there should be further reflection on the possible ways of resolving this crucial question. It was agreed that tranquility should be maintained along the border. On the question of Chinese assistance to disaffected elements from Nagaland, Mizoram and Manipur, the Chinese leaders stated that the support which may have been given earlier was looked upon as a thing of the past. The Foreign Minister also expressed the hope that the Chinese Government would consider facilitating pilgrimages to Kailash and Mansrover.

The two sides also reviewed the bilateral functional exchanges which had taken place since the return of their respective Ambassadors in 1976 and explored the possibility of further exchanges in various fields of mutual benefit.

The Foreign Minister was in Hangchow after completion of his talks in Peking when he received the news about the Chinese attack on Vietnam on 17th February. He decided to cut short his visit and returned to India immediately.

The Indian Government has expressed in unequivocal terms its opposition to Chinese invasion of Vietnam and has called for withdrawal of Chinese troops. During the last year there have been a number of exchanges where experts of both countries have visited each other's coun- tries under the aegis of Study Tours/Conferences sponsored by international organisations. Such exchanges ranged over fields of agriculture, health, medicine, broadcasting, international trade etc. In the bilateral context also there have been a number of exchanges in the field of trade and commerce, culture, sports etc. An Indian dance ensemble visited China in

November/December 1978 and had a highly successful perfor- mance tour of certain major Chinese cities. In addition, an Indian journalists' delegation, a delegation of FICCI and re- presentatives of certain public sector undertakings visited China during the year. In the reverse direction there was the visit of a delegation of the Chinese People's Association for Friend- ship with Foreign Countries led by H. E. Mr. Wang Pingnan in February-March 1978 and a visit to Indian agricultural re- search establishments by a five-member delegation of Chinese agricultural scientists in September-October 1978. China also participated in the Seventh International Film Festival in India through the screening of films.

The desire of India and Japan to maintain high-level contacts found expression in the inauguration of the institution of annual consultations at the level of the Foreign Ministers with the visit of our Foreign Minister to Tokyo in August 1978. The talks covered a wide range of bilateral and international issues and gave the two sides a valuable opportunity to gain deeper insights into their respective policies and perspectives. As the visit happened to take place immediately after the signing of the Sino-Japanese Treaty of Peace and Friendship, the Foreign Minister expressed the hope that the Treaty would contribute to the maintenance of peace and stability and will not become the cause of any new tensions in the region. Further, as Foreign Minister stated in the Parliament on his return from Tokyo, "our hope is that it is implemented in a manner which removes misgiving expressed in certain quarters".

Japan continues to be a major economic partner of India. In token of its continuing interest in India's economic develop- ment, Japan has kept up a significant level of credits for deve- lopmental purposes besides resuming grant aid in the field of culture and socioeconomic development. Japan is our second largest trading partner. But some recent trends in the global iron ore market have been a source of concern. This and other related matters were taken up at bilateral trade talks held in Tokyo, with the Commerce Secretary leading the Indian delegation.

Several eminent non-official Japanese from various walks of life visited India during the year under review.

During the year India's relations with the Republic of Korea (South Korea) and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea continued to be very good. We have consistently advocated


peaceful re-unification of Korea through bilateral discussions without outside interference. The Minister for External Affairs visited ROK in August 1978 and a Government-Parliamentary Delegation led by the Minister for Parliamentary and Labour Affairs attended the 30th Anniversary celebrations of the establishment of the D.P.R.K.

An eight-Member Indian Parliamentary Delegation led by Shri Ravindra Varma, Minister of Parliamentary Affairs and labour, visited the Mongolian People's Republic from the 13th to the 18th September, 1978, at the invitation of the Great People's Hural. The Delegation was accorded a very warm welcome. The Delegation had talks and discussions with the representatives of the Great People's Hural and leaders of the Mongolian Parliamentary Groups; the Delegation called on Sampliyn Jalan-Ajav, Deputy Chairman of the Presidium, J. Batmunkh, Chairman of the Council of Ministers, N. Luvsan- chultem, Chairman of the Great People's Hural and M. Dugersuran, Minister of Foreign Affairs. During their talks, the two sides lauded the close and cordial relations between the two countries and commended their mutual understanding and co-operation in the international fora. It was felt that the close relations between the two countries would continue to grow in the years to come.

pg17 Feb 12, 1979
West Asia And North Africa




India continued to show keen interest in the developments in West Asia and North Africa and worked for developing greater contacts and exchanges, on a bilateral basis with the countries of the region in order to promote cooperation in political, economic and other fields. India noted the dramatic changes that took place in the region as a result of the Camp David Agreements between Egypt and Israel, It was India's belief that a comprehensive solution of the West Asian problem could only be possible on the basis of a unified stand by the Arab States and that a durable peace could be achieved only with the withdrawal of Israeli troops from all Arab territories occupied by it and by the restoration to the Palestinian people of their right to self-determination and to a State of their own.

On the bilateral level, exchange of visits between the leaders of India and those of a number of countries of the region provided opportunities for discussions on ways and means of promoting closer cooperation in various fields. The visit of President Assad of Syria in April 1978 resulted in a number of agreements for increased economic, technical and scientific cooperation. Ways and means for promoting closer bilateral relations were discussed during the visit of the Prime Minister of the People's Democratic Republic of Yemen to India in May 1978. Cooperation with Iraq in industrial ventures and other fields received an impetus following the visit of Vice-President of Iraq to India in July 1978. The visit of Shri Mohan Dharia, Minister of Commerce, Civil Supplies and Cooperation to Iraq in September-October 1978 to participate in the Baghdad International Trade Fair, and the visit of Shri H. Bahuguna, Minister of Petroleum, Chemicals and Fertilizers as the Head of the Indian delegation to the 5th Session of the Indo-Iraqi Joint Commission held in Baghdad in December 1978 also led to greater understanding.

The visit of Major Abdul Salam Ahmed Jalloud of the Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahariya to India in July 1978


paved the way for greater cooperation in Libya's developmental programmes. A number of agreements were signed during the visit for increased industrial and economic cooperation. Shri George Fernandes, Minister of Industry, visited Libya in December 1978 in connection with the first meeting of Indo- Libyan Joint Commission which had been set up to institutionalise the existing relationship between the two countries. Projects worth nearly Rs. 1200 crores to be executed by Indian companies, were secured during the visit.

The visit of the Foreign Secretary to Saudi Arabia in July 1978 provided an opportunity for India to project its foreign policy and to review in depth the economic cooperation between India and Saudi Arabia.

The oil-producing countries in West Asia have embarked upon massive development plans which have opened up immense prospects for Indian exports to the region.

From the total volume of exports worth Rs. 427.77 crores in 1974-75, the volume went up to Rs. 703.8 crores in 1976-77 and from April 1977 to February 1978 it was to the order of Rs. 650.33 crores. A striking feature of exports to these countries was their diversification from traditional items to sophisticated equipment and machinery, engineering products and electrical appliances. India was also able to increase cooperation with the countries of the region in carrying out projects in various fields. i.e. construction of industrial projects, rails, roads, darns, civil construction and power generating plants. In 1978 alone, projects worth Rs. 1200 crores were secured by India.

There were a large number of Indian personnel working in the region ranging from highly qualified doctors, engineers and technicians to unskilled labour. This reflected an awareness among the countries of the region of the benefits of employing Indians for carrying out various developmental projects.

India's relations with Iran continued to be marked by mutual trust and understanding.

The Minister for External Affairs paid his first formal visit to Iran in May 1978. This was part of the continuing process of exchange of visits at different levels initiated by the Government last year. During the visit, it was agreed that the process of building stability and confidence in the area, already under way especially through economic cooperation and


commercial relations, should continue. The exchange of views continued during the Prime Minister's brief transit halt-over in Tehran in June 1978.

We carefully watched the political developments in Iran and at an appropriate time conveyed our sympathetic understanding of the Iranian peoples' aspirations for democratic rights to Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini. On the successful culmination of the peoples' revolution in Iran, India recognised the new government led by Dr. Mehdi Bazargan.

The political unrest and slowdown in economic activity in Iran have had there repercussions on bilateral economic relations. This led to the exit and repatriation of a number of Indian skilled and unskilled workers from Iran. With the restoration of political stability in Iran, we hope to establish mutually beneficial bilateral economic relations.

pg20 Jan 01, 1978


Africa (South Of The Sahara)


India continued to play an active role in the international efforts to secure a just and peaceful solution to the problems of Zimbabwe and Namibia and in the campaign against apartheid and racial discrimination in Southern Africa. At the Extra- ordinary Meeting of the Foreign Ministers of the Coordinating Bureau of Non-Aligned Countries in Maputa (Jan 26, 1979 1st February 1979) which was convened to consider exclusively the situation in Southern Africa, India was unanimously elected Chairman of the Drafting Committee. At that meeting Foreign Minister, Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee, spelt out India's assessment of the situation in Southern Africa and our stand on the issues involved. He noted that the minority racist regimes had for far too long resorted to blatant defiance of world opinion and remained impervious to moral forces; in consequence the freedom fighters had been driven as a last resort to armed struggle. In regard to Namibia, he reiterated India's full support for all efforts by the U.N. Security Council towards implementing its Resolution No. 435(1978). He also declared India's full support for the imposition of comprehensive and mandatory economic sanctions against South Africa adding that if attempts of the Security Council to compel South Africa to end its illegal occupation of Namibia failed, the General Assembly should itself consider appropriate action in accordance with the United Nations Charter and its resolutions.

In regard to Zimbabwe, the Foreign Minister noted that while the Patriotic Front had consistently demonstrated its willingness to participate in negotiations for an internationally acceptable settlement, the illegal Ian Smith regime had repeatedly stalled, circumvented and sabotaged all efforts to bring about genuine majority rule. He reiterated India's categorical rejection of any attempts to legitimise any provisions of the so-called Internal Settlement envisaged in the Salisbury Agreement of 3rd March, 1978, In this context, he declared India's support both for review of the existing sanctions against Southern Rhodesia with a view to tightening and extending them under Article 41 of the


Charter, as well as the imposition of comprehensive economic sanctions against South Africa as a means of terminating the illegal Ian Smith regime. With reference to the continuing practice of apartheid by the Pretoria regime, the Foreign Minister declared India's full support for the adoption of a comprehensive arms embargo against South Africa as also a complete embargo on oil exports to South Africa.

India continued to provide all possible material assistance to the liberation movements in Southern Africa, namely, the Patriotic Front of Zimbabwe, SWAPO of Namibia and the ANC of South Africa. India also appealed for united within the liberation movements. Mr. Sam Nujoma, President of SWAPO visited India in April, 1978.

In response to the U.N. General Assembly Resolution proclaiming 21st March, 1978 to 21st March, 1979 as "United Nations International Anti-Apartheid Year", the Government of India appointed a National Committee under the Chairmanship of Shri Asoka Mehta, which has been implementing a nation-wide programme of activities such as seminars, publications, film shows etc. aimed at mobilising public opinion against apartheid.

India's traditionally friendly and close relations with Mauritius were further consolidated through exchange of high level visits and conclusion of bilateral agreements. We had the privilege of receiving from the Mauritian side visits by the Prime Minister, Sir Seewoosagur Ramgoolam, in January 1979; the Finance Minister Sir V. Ringadoo; the Minister of Commerce and Industry, Hon'ble D. Basant Rai; and Minister of Labour and Industrial Relations, Mr. A. R. Yousuf Mohammed. Our Foreign Minister, Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee, visited Mauritius from the 26th to 27th January, 1979. The Instruments of Ratification relating to the Economic, Technical and Cultural Cooperation Agreement between the two countries were exchanged. The agreement inter alia provides for the setting up of a Joint Commission.

The Seychelles Foreign Minister, Mr. Guy Sinon, paid his first official visit to India from 30th October to 5th November, 1978. During his visit an Air Services Agreement and an Agreement on Economic and Technical Cooperation between India and Seychelles were concluded.

The Minister of State for External Affairs, Shri Samarendra Kundu, led the Indian delegation to the Fourth Revolution Day Celebrations of Ethiopia in September, 1978. 6 EA/78--3


The Prime Minister of India attended the funeral of the late President Jomo Kenyatta of Kenya in Nairobi in August, 1978. During the visit he also discussed matters of mutual interest with the successor President Mr. Daniel Arap Moi. The Foreign Minister, Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee, visited Nairobi from the 4th to 5th February, 1979, during which he exchanged views on bilateral and international matters with Kenya's Foreign Minister Mr. M. Waiyaki. The Assistant Minister of Commerce of Kenya, Mr. Okiki Amayo visited India from 27th September to 8th October, 1978.

The Tanzania Vice-President, Mr. Aboud Jumbe, visited India in April, 1978. The Tanzania Minister of Finance and planning, Mr. Edwin Mtei, led his country's delegation to India for the Third Session of Indo-Tanzania Joint Commission in November 1,978, which identified further avenues of bilateral cooperation.

Ties with Zambia were further strengthened through the State Visit to India of Zambian Prime Minister, Mr. Daniel Lisulo in December 1978, and our Foreign Minister's visit to Zambia in February 1979, during which he had discussions with President Kenneth Kaunda on matters of mutual interest including the ways and means to further develop cooperation betwen the two Countries. During Prime Minister Lisulo's visit a Trade Agreement was signed and India agreed in principle to grant a Government-to-Government credit of Rs. 100 million to Zambia. The agreement on the avoidance of double taxation was concluded between India and Zambia on 24th February, 1979.

Shri Asoka Mehta, Chairman of the Indian National Committee for the Observance of the U.N. International anti- Apartheid Year paid a visit to Zambia from 23rd to 30th October, 1978 at the invitation of the Government of Zambia.

During his visit to Maputo (Mozambique) for the meeting of the Coordinating Bureau of the Non-Aligned Countries in January-February 1979, the Foreign Minister called on President Samora Machel and other leaders of Mozambique and exchanged views on matters of mutual interest, both in the international and bilateral spheres. Under the bilateral agreement on Technical, Economic and Scientific Cooperation, 49 Indian railway personnel were deputed to the Mozambican Railways. The Minister of State for External Affairs Shri Samarendra Kundu, paid a goodwill visit to Zaire, Ghana, Liberia and

pg23 Senegal, during which he had high level discussions with the leaders of these countries on the prospects of further developing bilateral cooperation. Among the important visitors from West Africa to India during the period under review were the Minister of Planning of Liberia, Mr. Franklin Neal, the Minister of Industry of Senegal, Cheikh Amidou Kane and the Chief of Army Staff of Nigeria, Lt. Gen. T. Y. Danjuma.

A Conference of Indian Heads of Mission in Africa South of the Sahara was held in Nairobi from the 4th to 7th February, 1979, to review bilateral relations with the countries of the region and to consider ways and means of further improving them: It was presided over by the Foreign Minister Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee from the 4th to 5th February, 1979, and by the Commerce Minister, Shri Mohan Dharia from the 6th to 7th February, 1979. There was general consensus at the Conference that there was considerable scope for further developing our economic and technical cooperation with the countries of the region and that for that purpose strengthening of our diplomatic representation in Africa was necessary.

pg24> Jan 26, 1979



India continued to build on its balanced and constructive relationship with the countries of West Europe in the political, economic, cultural and commercial fields. A number of high-level visits were exchanged which provided an opportunity to streng- then bilateral friendship, review developments of mutual interest and chalk out programmes for cooperation. Aware of the structural changes in the European Economic Community and its projected enlargement (to include Spain Portugal and Greece), India paid attention to the development of closer relations with its members individually and collectively. India followed the developments in the process of detente and, while welcoming it, lost no opportunity of conveying to European countries that detente should cover all pails of the world by promoting the settlement of problems by peaceful negotiations and helping progress towards disarmament. India's ties with Britain were reinforced by the Prime Minister's visit to London in June 1978. He was joined there by the Minister for External Affairs. The British Prime Minister, Mr. Callaghan, had come to India in January, 1978 on our Prime Minister's invitation. The talks in June 1978 covered international and bilateral questions of common concern including Southern Africa, disarmament and race relations. Mr. Callaghan affirmed his Government's commitment to the establishment of harmonious race relations in Britain and opposition to racial discrimination against any immigrant community residing in that country. Specific complaints made by Indian nationals about unfair treatment were taken up with the British authorities for prompt resolution. At the invitation of the Hon'ble Speaker, a British Parliamentary delegation led by the Earl Listowell visited India in December 1978 and strengthened the contacts between the Parliaments of both countries. At the beginning of March

1979, Sir Michael Palliser, Permanent Under Secretary in the British Foreign and Commonwealth Office, visited India for official talks with the Foreign Secretary.

The visit of the Economic Minister of the Federal Republic of Germany, Count Lambsoorff, in August 1978 at the invitation of the Finance Minister led to a fruitful exchange of views regarding the future economic cooperation between the two countries. An agreement was signed whereby the Federal Republic was to provide DM 360 million as development assistance to. India for 1978-79. The visit of an Indian Parliamentary Delega- tion to the Inter-Parliamentary Union Meeting in Bonn and the formation of an Indo-FRG Parliamentary Group in the FRG Parliament and a similar group in the Indian Parliament reflected the mutual interest of both countries to have closer cooperation between their parliamentary institutions. In January 1979, Dr. Meyer-Landrut, a senior official of the FRO Foreign Ministry, visited India for bilateral consultations with the Ministry Extrenal Affairs.

An agreement on Science and Technology was concluded with France in July 1978 during the visit of the French Minister of State for Foreign Affairs, Mr. O. Stirn. At the meeting of the Indo-French Committee on Economic and Technical Co- operation held in New Delhi in December 1978, during the visit of the Foreign Trade Minister. Mr. Deniau, the two countries agreed to try and double the volume of their bilateral trade within the next four years and to increase cooperation in joint ventures in third countries. The Minister for External Affairs paid an official visit to Austria in May 1978 in response to an invitation from his counterpart. The two countries agreed to maintain regular contacts at ministerial level. While the Minister lauded the contribution of Austria's "permanent and active neutrality" in promoting detente, security and cooperation in Europe, the Austrian Foreign Minister expressed appreciation for India's policy of non-alignment. The Minister also had talks with the Austrian President and Chancellor Kreisky. The Minister of State for External Affairs visited Vienna later in the year, as did the Minister for Steel and the Industry Minister. The talks held between the two sides strenthened cooperation between India and Austria. This was given a further impetus by the visit to India of Mrs. Finberg, Minister for Science and Technology, in January 1979 on an invitation from the Education Minister.

Promising lines for cooperation between the two countries in science and technology were identified.

The Prime Minister's visit to Brussels in June 1978 resulted in a useful exchange with the Belgian Prime Minister on inter- national and bilateral matters. The Belgian Minister for Foreign Trade came to India in April 1978 which also opened up possibilities for promotion of trade between the two countries. The Dutch Minister for Foreign Affairs, Dr. C. A. Van der Klaauw, visited India in October 1978, the first such visit in more than 15 years. Discussion,, between him and the Minister for External Affairs stressed the possibilities for, further coopera- tion between the two countries. The visit of Dr. De Koning, Dutch Minister for Cooperation and Development, followed in December 1978 on the Finance Minister's invitation. India maintained close relations with Italy. An agreement on cooperation between the two countries in science and techno- logy was signed in Rome in April 1978. The Italian Foreign Minister, Arnaldo Forlani, visited India in November 1978. India expressed the hope that Italy, a founder member of the European Economic Community, would use its influence to counter tendencies towards protectionism.

Relations between India and Norway were strengthened by the visit of Minister for Petroleum, Chemicals and Fertilisers to Oslo in May 1978 and the return visit by the Norwegian Minister for Petroleum, Mr. Gjerde, at the head of a large delegation, in January 1979. During the year, the Minister for Communications also visited Norway.

During the visit of the Swedish Trade Minister to India in July 1978, it was agreed that India and Sweden should take steps to increase and diversify their trade. A Swedish Parlia- mentary Delegation visited India in August 1978 and conducted studies in the field of health and medical and social care. The third meeting of the Indo-Swedish Joint Commission on economic, industrial, technological and scientific cooperation was held in New Delhi in October 1978. Detailed discussions took place on matters relating to trade, science and technology, industry and possible industrial cooperation between India and Sweden in third countries. The visit of the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Turkey, Mr. Gunduz A. Okcun, to India in July 1978 helped strengthen

relations with that country. A five-year agreement on economic and technical cooperation was signed during the visit. An Indo- Turkish Joint Committee on Economic, industrial and technical cooperation was to be set up to help towards the effective impel- mentation of the agreement which provided for exchange of technicians, experts and training facilities between the two countries. A cultural exchange programme was also drawn up.

India's concern that the Cyprus problem should be satisfactorily resolved figured during the call on the Minister of External Affairs by Mr. A Michaelides, President of the House of Representatives of Cyprus who visited India in response to an invitation from the Hon'ble Speaker in January 1979.

During the year India established a resident Embassy in Athens and the first resident Ambassador of India to Greece took up his post in September 1978.

India's excellent relations with the Vatican were maintained. India took part in solemn functions to mark the funeral of Pope Paul VI, the inauguration of Pope John Paul I, his funeral and the inauguration of Pope John Paul II. The Minister of State for External Affairs led the Indian delegation on the first occasion, while Shri A.L. Dias was the Indian representative at the second. The Minister for Industry had an audience with Pope John Paul II in December 1978 and handed over a massage from the Prime Minister.

India's relations with EEC marked an improvement with the visit of Prime Minister to Brussels and his discussions with Mr. Roy jenkins, president of the European Commission. An India-EEC Joint Commission met in Brussels in October 1978 and discussed possibilities of increasing trade. A proposal for establishing an India Trade Centre in Brussels in being imple- mented by the Commerce Ministry in consultation with the Mission of India to the EEC, and Government of India are working on the renegotiation of the commercial cooperation agreement with the EEC.


India's relations with the Soviet union and other countries of Eastern Europe continued to grow in strength through exchange of visits at high levels and through the mechanism of Joint Commissions established by India with these countries for economic, industrial, scientific and technical cooperation.

It had been agreed in 1977 that the level of the Indo-Soviet Joint Commission would be raised by the nomination of the Indian Minister of External Affairs and the Soviet Deputy Prime Minister to be the two Co-chairmen. At the session of the Indo-Soviet Joint Commission held in New Delhi in March 1978 it was decided to set up a Working Group to draw up a draft Long Term Programme of Economic, Trade, Scientific and Technical Cooperation between India and the USSR. This Programme had now been drawn up, initialled in New Delhi on 1st December 1978 and is to be signed at the highest level during the forthcoming visit of the Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the USSR, Mr. A.N. Kosygin.

During the visit of the Minister of Defence Shri Jagjivan Ram to the Soviet Union in May 1978, Indo-Soviet cooperation in the field of defence was reviewed, An Indian exhibition was held in Moscow in August 1978 to acquaint the people of the USSR with India's progress in the field of industry and trade. This was widely appreciated by over two million visitors to the exhibition.

During his visit to the Soviet Union in September 1978 the Minister of External Affairs, Shri A.B. Vajpayee held meetings and discussions with Soviet leaders, President Brezhnev, Chairman Kosygin and Foreign Minister Gromyko. In a wide-ranging discussion on bilateral relations as well as of international questions, he emphasised the very great importance which India attached to strengthening its relations with the USSR and added that India's normalisation of relations with any other country would not be allowed to affect adversely its friendly relations with other countries including the Soviet Union.

During his visit to the Soviet Union in October 1978 Shri Biju Patnaik, Minister of Steel & Mines held talks for enlarging the scope of Indo-Soviet cooperation in the expansion of existing steel plants at Bhilai and Bokaro.

The long standing question between the two countries regarding the new rate of exchange between the Rupee and the Rouble was resolved through a Protocol signed in November 1978. A new rate of exchange has been agreed upon which will apply to all the existing and future credits and commercial transactions. India regards the new exchange rate as a reasonable readjustment between the two currencies taking into account the adjustment between the Rupee and other currencies. The

Protocol also contains an agreed built-in-mechanism for future adjustments in the exchange rate. The Soviet Union has provided an interest free 45 year deferred payment facility to meet additional liabilities arising from the application of the new rate of exchange in respect of supplies made and services rendered upto the date of the protocol under the existing credits. The Protocol is expected to smoothen the flow of trade and further strengthen the economic cooperation between the two countries. India also developed closer relations with other, socialist countries of Eastern Europe with a concerted effort towards the achievement of greater cooperation in diverse fields.

The Minister of Defence, Shri Jagjivan Ram, paid a visit to the GDR in June 1978 to exploit the possibilities of mutually beneficial cooperation in the field of defence. In October 1978 during the visit of GDR Deputy Foreign Trade Minister two agreements were signed covering export to GDR of leather shoe uppers (worth Rs. 39.4 million) and 570,000 tonnes of iron ore. It was also agreed that India and GDR would strive to identify new areas of trade at the next meeting of the Joint Commission. The third session of the Indo-GDR Joint Commission for Economic, Scientific and Technical Cooperation met in Berlin in December 1978. A Protocol concluded during the meeting of the Commission identified several projects for implementation, including those relating to machine tools, dairy machinery, chemical industries, lignite mining, textile machinery and manu- facture of specialised firms. A new stage in the relationship between India and the GDR was marked by the visit of the Chairman of the Council of State of the GDR, H. E. Mr. Erich Honecker, accompanied by a high level delegation, to India in January 1979. Particularly significant was the Long Term Agreement on Economic, Industrial, Scientific and Technical Cooperation signed during this visit, which adds a new dimension to the already existing close cooperation between the two countries. During the same visit an Agreement on Merchant Shipping between India and the GDR was also signed. The Long Term Agreement envisages, among other things, an exchange of experts, development and promotion of industrial cooperation, including transfer of technology and cooperation in joint ventures in third countries.

The fourth meeting of the Indo-Romanian Joint Commission on Economic, Technical and Scientific Cooperation was held in New Delhi from Mar 13, 1978 18 March 1978. The commission considered measures to bring about an increase in bilateral trade and also examined the possibility of setting up joint projects in third countries. The new areas of cooperation identified during the meeting included the setting up of a plant for production of 600--3000 metric tonnes of Clinkers, supply of power equipment by Romania, setting up of a pelletisation plant and a port-based pig iron plant in India on production-compensation basis. On his way back from a State visit to some countries in the Far East, the President of Romania, Mr. N. Ceausescu, broke his journey briefly at New Delhi in June 1978, to exchange views on international and bilateral issues with the Prime Minister of India. The two leaders agreed that there was considerable scope for greater economic cooperation particularly in industrial, petro-chemical and meteorological fields. The Trade Protocol for 1979 concluded between India and Romania envisaged an increase of about 25 per cent in the two-way trade turnover. At the last session of the Indo-Hungarian Joint Economic Commission held in May 1978 an Agreement on Economic and Scientific Cooperation between the two countries was signed for the period 1979-81. This Agreement envisages exchange of scientific information, joint research in various projects and identifies various items of engineering goods for export from India to Hungary as well as identifies several new projects which could provide the basis for cooperation between the two, countries. The fourth session of the Indo-Bulgarian Joint Commission met in Sofia in May-June 1978. Bulgaria agreed to set up two agro-industrial complexes, one each in Karnataka and Bihar. Some new projects were also identified for cooperation and under a Protocol the two countries agreed to explore possibilities of setting up joint ventures in medium and heavy industries in third countries. A new Trade and Payments Agreement was signed in December 1978 providing for a switch over to trade in freely convertible currency with Bulgaria from 1st January 1979. A two year Cultural Programme signed by Deputy Foreign Minister of Czechoslovakia, Mr. Milos Vojta during his visit to India in November 1978 provided for greater cultural cooperation through an exchange of experts in various fields between the two countries.

India's relations with Yugoslavia continued to develop through exchange of visits bilaterally as well as cooperation in international forums. The Foreign Minister of Yugoslavia Mr. Minic visited India in May 1978. During his discussions with the Indian leaders important international issues were discussed and a broad consensus emerged on the need for maintaining the unity and solidarity of the Non-Aligned Movement.

pg32> Mar 13, 1978
The Americas



The visit of Prime Minister Morarji Desai to the United States in June 1978, following the visit to India of President Carter earlier during the year, helped towards promoting bilateral relations between India and the United States and a greater understanding of each country's points of view by the other on various international issues. The Prime Minister's statement that "even though our paths may continue to be different, our ultimate relations will always be the same" set the tone of India's relations with the United States. Besides holding talks, with President Carter, the Prime Minister met members of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee and several important members of the Congress.

One of the major issues which figured prominently in the talks that Prime Minister had with US leaders during his visit to Washington and invariably in the continued exchange of letters between him and President Carter was that of nuclear cooperation between India and USA, particularly in the context of the US Non-Proliferation Act, the provisions of which would seriously affect the continued supply of enriched uranium fuel for the Tarapur Atomic Power Station. In his talks and correspondence with President Carter, Prime Minister reiterated repeatedly the sanctity of contractual obligations and the need to avoid any form of discrimination in the field of nuclear cooperation between countries. The visit of Commerce Secretary Mrs. Kreps and that of Mr. Newsom, Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs, to India from the American side and the visit of Minister of State Shri Kundu and the three Service Chiefs and some Members of Parliament and the Finance Minister reflected contacts at high level and exchange of views in various fields between the two countries.

The Indo-US Sub-Commission on Science and Technology met in November 1978 in Delhi. It recommended an allocation of $ 2 million for integral rural development and cooperation in developing non-science subjects relating to the rural sector including exchange of information between the two countries in this regard.

The Economic and Commercial Sub-Commission, which also met in November, discussed a wide range of multilateral and bilateral economic and trade issues. India explained that its foreign investment policy was designed to encourage transfer of sophisticated technology and production of commercially needed goods. It also raised the issue of difficulties being faced by Indian exports to the US market. Another field in which the two countries cooperated was that of space research. A memorandum was signed in July 1978 which provided for the launching of an Indian national satellite (INSAT-I) aboard NASA's space shuttle planned for 1981.

Dr. Joseph Nye, US Deputy Assistant Secretary of State and principal negotiator on nuclear matters, also visited Delhi in November and discussed with senior Indian officials future nuclear cooperation between India and the United States. The nuclear issue, however, remains one important factor of difference between the two countries. CANADA The year was marked by greater cooperation between India and Canada in cultural and economic affairs. Under an agreement signed in February 1978, India agreed to give a grant of Rs. 48 lakhs for promotion of academic and cultural exchanges between India and Canada. The same month, an agreement wag signed whereby Canada would give a loan to India worth C$ 10 million (Rs. 7.43 crores) for import of ferti- lizers and fertilizer materials. A number of high-level visits were exchanged between the two countries. Shri Arif Beg, Minister for State for Commerce, visited Canada and Mr. T. Abbott, Canadian Minister for Small Business, led a trade team to India. The visit of Mr. Abbott led to the decision to set up a Joint Commission between India and Canada. The Canadian leader of the Opposition, Mr. Joe Clarke, along with Opposition spokesman on Finance, Mr. Sinclair Stevens, visited India in January 1979 and exchanged

views on bilateral and international issues with Indian leaders. Earlier, the Opposition spokesman on Foreign Affairs, Mr. Roche had also visited India in July. On the cultural side, Mr. Roy McMurtry, the Attorney General of the province of Ontario, visited India at the invitation of the Indian Council for Cultural Relations. South and Central America There was a greater emphasis on developing economic and commercial relations with the countries in the Caribbean and Latin America. The awareness in this region that India was emerging as a leading industrial country which could offer technological and scientific cooperation led to a shift in emphasis from cultural agreements to signing of agreements in the field of trade, science and technology. A delegation from Brazil led by Mr. Paulotaroso Flecha De Lima, Head of Department of Promotion of Trade of Brazilian Ministry of External Relations visited India in June 1978 and held discussions with various authorities regarding increasing trade between India and Brazil. The Chairman of the State Trading Corporation led a delegation to Brazil in September 1978 and hid wide-ranging discussions with various Chambers of Commerce and public sector companies. A delegation from Cuba led by Amadeo Blanco, Director, Asia and Africa Division of the Cuban Ministry of Commerce during his visit to India in October 1978 held discussions to identify items of exports between the two countries and the signing of a trade agreement. The Minister of External Affairs of Cuba, Mr. Isidoro Malnierca Peoli paid an official visit to India during November 1978. He held discussions on bilateral relations and regarding the Non-Aligned movement. India and Cuba being both members of the movement had maintained continuous dialogue on problems relating to the movement. During the visit of the Minister an agreement was signed on cooperation in the field of Science and Technology and a Cultural Exchange programme. A two-member delegation represented India on the 25th Anniversary of the Attack on Moncadaporracks. Another delegation led by Dr. Ram Kripal Singh, Minister of State for Parliamentary Affairs visited Cuba to represent India on the 20th Anniversary of the Cuban Revolution.

A Mexican delegation led by Dr. Edmundo Flores, Director- General of the National Council of Science and Technology visited India in November 1978 to review the Indo-Mexican programme on cooperation in the field of science and technology. A delegation of the Federation of Indian Exports Organisation and another of the Federation of Indian Chamber of Commerce and Industry proposes to visit Latin American countries in the near future to explore trade possibilities with the countries of the region. India welcomed the independence of Dominica on Nov 03, 1978 and its becoming a member of the Commonwealth.

Nov 03, 1978
United Nations And International Conferences



During the year, India continued to take active interest in the activities of the United Nations and its specialised agencies and in other international conferences. India participated very actively in the Thirty-Third session of the United Nations General Assembly as well as at its various special sessions on specific problems. Besides, it took part in the World Conference to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination held in Geneva from Aug 14, 1978 to 25 August, 1978. India continued its active participation in the meetings of the Non-aligned Movement of which there were several during the year, namely, the meeting of the Coordinating Bureau of Non-aligned Countries at Foreign Ministers' level in Havana (15-20 May, 1978), the Conference of the Foreign Ministers of all non-aligned countries held in Belgrade (24-30 July, 1978) and the meeting of the Coordinating Bureau of Non-aligned Countries of Foreign Ministers' level in Maputo (26 January-2 February, 1979). The Minister of State of External Affairs, Shri Samarendra Kundu, led the Indian delegation to the Conference of Foreign Ministers of the 25-member Coordinating Bureau of Non-aligned Countries which met in Havana from 18 to 20 May, 1978. The Conference adopted a document divided into political and economic sections. The political section addressed itself to the definition and role of non-alignment, need for unity and solidarity among non-aligned countries, and the re-affirmation of the views of non-aligned countries on major international issues. It also endorsed the reports and recommendations of the three conferences of non-aligned agencies on information and broad- casting held at Djakarta, Sarajevo and Havana. The economic section contained an analysis of the current international economic situation, an assessment of the outcome of the ongoing dialogue between the developed and developing countries, the elements that should go into the forumulation of the Strategy for the Third Development Decade, and review of the progress in the implementation of the Colombo Action programme for

Economic Cooperation Among the Non-aligned and Developing Countries.

The Minister for External Affairs, Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee led the Indian delegation to the Third Conference of Foreign Ministers of Non-aligned Countries held in Belgrade from 25 to 29 July, 1978. The Conference was attended by 86 member countries, 10 countries and organisations with observer status, and 9 countries with guest status. Djibouti was admitted as a new member and Pakistan and San Marino as guests. While welcoming Pakistan as a guest, India expressed the hope that it would go on to detach itself from the military alliance system. India was unanimously elected as Chairman of the Political Committee and presided over the drafting committee set up by the Political Committee to draft what turned out to be the most controversial part of the political declaration. The Minister for External Affairs, in his address to the Conference, reiterated India's total commitment to the fundamental principles of non-alignment. He pointed out that by faithful adherence to these principles, India was able to improve its bilateral relations with each of the great powers without being drawn into the differences between them or getting involved in issues which exacerbate international tensions. Further, with the inspiration of the non-alignment philosophy, India had purposefully sought to resolve old and intricate problems and built bridges of understanding and cooperation with its neighbours. He noted that a determined resolve to solve bilateral problems peacefully would release energies which could enable the movement to play its positive role in facing major world political and economic problems.

The Conference was held in the midst of a great deal of speculation regarding the ability of the movement to maintain its unity and cohesion in view of the emergence of sharp differences and bilateral conflicts between some of the non-aligned countries. The Conference addressed a special appeal to the non-aligned countries involved in bilateral disputes to make every effort to reach a peaceful settlement through negotiations. In addition, it recommended that non-aligned countries could render assistance to the parties concerned towards a resolution of such disputes. India's contention that if the countries remained genuinely non-aligned, any attempt either from inside or outside could not weaken or deflect the movement received wide support. 6 EA/78--4

The Conference adopted a two-part Declaration and a separate section containing a review of the implementation of the Colombo Action Programme for Economic Cooperation. As in the past, the political part of the Declaration reflected the joint stand of the non-aligned countries on major international issues as well as issues facing the non-alignment movement itself. A new feature of the Declaration was a section on Human Rights which, at the initiative of India, stressed the need for the world community to adopt an integral and comprehensive approach to human rights in all its aspects. A Special Conference of Foreign Ministers of the Coordinating Bureau of Non-aligned countries was held in Maputo (Mozambique) from 28 January to 2 February, 1979 to consider the developments in Southern Africa. In a Declaration adopted after the conclusion of the Conference, the Bureau reiterated the decisions and recommendations made at earlier non-aligned meetings and at the United Nations and called for further measures including : (a) Increased support in all forms--political, diplomatic,

military and financial--for the liberation struggle

in South Africa. (b) Imposition of a complete and effective oil embargo

on South Africa. (c) Prevention of recruitment, training, transit and

financing of foreign mercenaries. (d) Admission of the Patriotic Front (Zimbabwe) as

a full member of the non-aligned movement. The Minister of State for External Affairs, Shri Samarendra Kundu, led the Indian delegation to the World Conference to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination held at Geneva from 14 to 25 August, 1978. Sri Samarendra Kundu, in his speech, highlighted the contribution made by India to the struggle against apartheid in South Africa. Declaring that only firm and decisive measures under Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter could force South Africa to see the path of sanity, he stressed that mandatory measures against that country must include sanctions against export of oil, investment capital, arms and nuclear collaboration.

The 8th special session of the General Assembly, which met from 20 to 21 April, 1978. was called specially to consider the

question of making financial provisions for the United Nations Force in Lebanon and adopted a resolution apportioning US $ 54 million for the operation of this Force (UNIFL) for the period 19 March to 18 November, 1978. India contributed US $ 73,132 towards this amount.

The Minister for External Affairs of India led the Indian delegation to the 9th Special Session of the UN General Assembly held from 24 April to 3 May, 1978 to consider the question of Namibia. The Minister, in his address, underlined that the special session provided the United Nations with the last chance to take decisive steps towards bringing genuine independence to the people of Namobia. He reiterated India's firm and abiding support for the struggle of the people of Namibia for liberation and promised all possible support to the freedom fighters of the country. The special session adopted a Declaration and a Programme of Action which was initially drawn up by the Council for Namibia of which India was an active member and Vice-President. The Programme called for complete, immediate and unconditional withdrawal of South Africa from Namibia. The Declaration reiterated that Namibia was a direct responsibility of the United Nations until genuine self-determination and national independence was achieved by it. In keeping with this, the General Assembly reiterated its commitment to discharge the solemn obligation it had assumed to assist the Namibian people in achieving self-determination and independence. The Tenth Special Session of the United Nations General Assembly, devoted to disarmament, was held from 23 May to 30 June, 1978. This represented a major achievement for the Non-Aligned movement which had suggested the convening of such a session as early as in 1961 at its first Summit Conference held in Belgrade and reiterated it at the Colombo Conference of Heads of Governments/States of Non-Aligned Countries held in 1976. The Prime Minister, who led the Indian delegation to the Special Session, in his address, stressed the necessity to keep in view the final objective of realising total disarmament without any reservation, and the necessity to work out a non-discriminatory programme based on universal application shorn of any monopolistic feature or preferential treatment. The first step in that direction, he said, should be a declaration outlawing utilisation of nuclear technology for military purposes, freezing of present stockpile of nuclear arms under international inspection, qualitative and quantitative limitation of nuclear

armament and gradual reduction of the stockpile with a view to achieving total elimination of all nuclear weapons. He also advocated the adoption of a Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty with provisions to prevent its breach through independent inspection. The Final Document adopted by the Special Session, inter alia, called on the nuclear-weapon-States to initiate urgent negotiations on both qualitative and quantitative freeze as well as for a comprehensive phased programme with agreed time frames, for the reduction of stockpiles of nuclear weapons leading to their ultimate and complete elimination. In the area of conventional weapons, the document called for the limitation and gradual reduction of armed forces and conventional weapons within the framework of progress towards general and complete disarmament. The special session achieved significant results in the field of machinery for disarmament deliberations and negotiations. A Disarmament Commission open to all members of the United Nations was established to make recommendations on disarmament problems, follow up the work of the Special Session, to consider the elements of a comprehensive disarmament programme and to report annually to the United Nations General Assembly. Shri M. A. Vellodi, Secretary, Ministry of External Affairs was unanimously elected as the first Chairman of the United Nations Disarmament Commission. The existing Conference of the Committee on Disarmament (CCD) was replaced by a new negotiating body, Committee on Disarmament. This body consists of the nuclear-weapon-States and 35 other member-States of the United Nations. The Committee now consists of all the 31 members of the CCD plus 8 other States, i.e., Algeria, Australia, Belgium, Cuba, Indonesia. Kenya. Sri Lanka and Venezuela. The first meeting of the Committee on Disarmament was held in Geneva on 24th January, 1979. By its attendance in this meeting, France participated in multilateral disarmament negotiations for the first time since the establishment of an 18-nation Disarmament Committee (EDC) 1962. China, however, has not yet agreed to participate in the work of the new Committee on Disarmament. Shri D. T. Lakdawala, the Deputy Chairman of the Planning Commission, led the Indian delegation to the United Nations Conference on Technical Cooperation Among Developing Countries held in Buenos Aires from 30 August to 12 September, 1978. The objective of the Conference was the furtherance of the national and collective self-reliance in developing countries

through mutual cooperation. The Conference adopted a Plan of Action which enunciated the objectives of technical cooperation among. developing countries and contained specific recommendations for action at the global, inter-regional, regional and national levels.

The Minister for External Affairs, Shri A. B. Vajpayee, led the Indian delegation to the 33rd regular session of the United Nations General Assembly which met from 19 September to 21 December, 1978 and again from 15 to 29 January, 1979. The Assembly had before it an Agenda of 126 items covering political, economic, human rights, social, disarmament and related issues. The membership of the United Nations increased during the session from 149 to 151 with the admission of Solomon Islands and Dominica as the two new members. The Assembly adopted over 250 resolutions, a majority of which was adopted by consensus or without vote. India played an active and constructive role in the deliberations of the General Assembly and its Committees and took initiative in tabling or actively co-sponsoring a number of resolutions. The Minister for External Affairs, in his address, delivered in Hindi, outlined the policies and attitudes of Government of India towards major international issues. He made a plea for a better world for all through harnessing of modern science and technology to bring about progress and prosperity. He expressed the hope that in the critical years ahead. The world community through the United Nations would demonstrate its determination, realism and sagacity to realise the dream of universal peace based on freedom and justice. During the period of the session, the Foreign Minister also addressed two special meetings at Foreign Ministers' level i.e., of the Non-Aligned countries and of the "Group of 77" developing countries. In the latter meeting he called upon the developing countries themselves to be prepared to make sacrifices for the disadvantaged and relatively less developed among them. He suggested the pooling of resources to assist the less developed countries and not to expect reciprocity for special measures adopted for them.

The question of Namibia figured prominently in discussions at the United Nations. The five western members of the Security Council, i.e., UK, USA, France, Federal Republic of Germany and Canada, after consultations with the Government of the Republic of South Africa, SWAPO and neighbouring African Governments, submitted a proposal to the Security Council in April 1978 for Namibia's transition to independence

after UN supervised and controlled elections. The Security Council took note of this proposal and following a visit by the special Representative of the United Nations Secretary General to Namibia and discussions with the parties concerned, adopted a resolution establishing a U.N. Transitional Assistance Group and requesting the Secretary General to report back on the implementation of the proposal by 23 October 1978. The South African Government, in defiance of world opinion, declared its intention to hold internal elections under its own supervision and control. The Security Council adopted a resolution condemning this decision and called for its cancellation warning the Government of the Republic of South Africa that its policy not to cooperate with the Secretary General in implementation of Security Council resolution would lead to the initiation of appropriate action under the UN Charter for the imposition of sanctions against South Africa. A full-fledged debate on Namibia was also held in the General Assembly at its thirty-third session in spite of the attempt by the Western Countries to get it postponed. India played an active role in ensuring that the question of Namibia was taken up by the General Assembly. The Assembly adopted three resolutions by a majority vote, all of which were co-sponsored by India. The main resolution, introduced primarily at India's initiative, condemned South Africa for its unilateral decision to hold elections under its supervision and declared the result of such elections to be null and void. It called for imposition of sanctions under Chapter VII of the UN Charter against South Africa for its non-compliance with the resolution of the Security Council. Further, it stated that should the Security Council be unable to take effective action, the General Assembly should "consider the situation further and take all necessary measures in conformity with its relevant resolutions and the Charter for the purpose of dealing with this threat to international peace and stability". During the debate at the thirty-third session of the General Assembly on Zimbabwe, the administering power, Britain, referred to the "expanded proposals" handed over to the internal leaders, to the Patriotic Front and to the Governments of frontline States on October 20, 1978, and clarified that these proposals embodied the basic purpose of the Anglo-American proposals. It suggested that the next step should be an all-party conference that would lead to full agreement on the modalities for independence and majority rule. The General Assembly

adopted two resolutions on Zimbabwe by a majority vote. India voted in favour of both. The resolutions inter alia deplored the decision of the United Stated Government to allow the entry into the United States of Ian Smith and some members of his illegal regime. It further called for widening the scope of sanctions against the illegal regime of Southern Rhodesia. These should include all measures envisaged under Article 41 of the Charter. It called upon the Security Council to impose, among other things, a mandatory embargo on the supply of petroleum and petroleum products to South Africa since these were transported into Southern Rhodesia from South Africa.

The question of the Middle East and Palestine was debated against the background of the Camp David talks between the United States, Egypt and Israel on a settlement in West Asia. the resolution on West Asia, co-sponsored by India, reaffirmed that a just and lasting settlement must be based on a comprehensive solution under the auspices of the United Nation and called for the early convening of the Geneva Peace Conference under the co-chairmanship of the Soviet Union and the United States with full participation of the PLO. The resolution on the Palestine issue, also co-sponsored by India, inter alia reaffirmed that a just and lasting peace in West Asia could not be established without finding a just solution to the problem of Palestine based on the attainment of the inalienable rights of the Palestine people, including their right to return to the homeland and the recognition of the PLO as the homeland and the recognition of the PLO as their represen- tative who should be allowed participation in all conferences on West Asia under the auspices of the United Nations. The General Assembly once again adopted a resolution on a nuclear weapon free zone in South Asia, India voted against the Pakistani-sponsored resolution. India opposed the resolution because it did not regard South Asia as an appropriate region for the creation of such a zone.

Two resolutions introduced by India calling for the prohibition of the use of nuclear weapons by an international convention and a moratorium on nuclear weapon testing pending a Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty were adopted by the General Assembly by overwhelming majorities.

The question of the Indian Ocean being made a zone of peace moved a step forward when the General Assembly endorsed

the unanimous recommendations of the ad hoc Committee on the Indian Ocean and decided to convene a meeting of the littoral and hinterland States of the Indian Ocean in New York from 2 to 13 July, 1979 as the next stage towards convening a Conference on the Indian Ocean.

The question of Cyprus was once again considered in the plenary session of the General Assembly. Through a resolution co-sponsored by India, the Assembly reiterated full support for the sovereignty, independence, territorial integrity and non-alignment of the Republic of Cyprus. It called for an urgent resumption of meaningful and constructive negotiations under the auspices of the Secretary-General between the representatives of the two communities in order to arrive at a mutually acceptable agreement. The resolution further recommended that the Security Council examine the question of the implementation within a specified time frame, of all its relevant resolutions and take appropriate practical measures. The Second Committee of the General Assembly adopted as many as 65 resolutions, most of them by consensus, on various international economic and financial issues. The decisions arrived at by consensus related to guidelines for the preparation of a new International Development Strategy, future work and mandate of the Committee of the whole and convening a UN Conference on New and Renewable Sources of Energy (excluding nuclear energy) in 1981. A consensus resolution was also adopted calling for an adequate increase in real terms in the resources of the International Development Association and in the lending of the World Bank to developing countries. Among the resolutions adopted by a majority vote were included those dealing with the preparations for the Fifth Session of UN Conference on Trade and Development, steps to combat world inflation, moves for a new International Wheat Agreement and convening a conference on restrictive business practices. The Indian delegation played a major role in bringing about the adoption of the consensus resolution on preparations for an International Development Strategy for the 1980s. Later, India was unanimously elected as Chairman of the General Assembly Preparatory Committee on New International Development Strategy. India has also provided the Chairman for the Preparatory Committee on the United Nations Conference on the Application of Science and Technology for Development. The UN General Assembly celebrated the 30th anniversary of Universal Declaration of Human Rights. India piloted a

draft resolution on the establishment and functioning of national institutions for the promotion and protection of human rights. This was co-sponsored by all other countries and adopted without a vote. Indias initiative in presenting another resolution, which was adopted without a vote, relating to the United Nations Decade for Women-sub-theme Employment, Health and Education--was also greatly appreciated. The Indian delegation to the thirty fourth session of the Commission on Human Rights held in Geneva from 12 February to 16 March 1979 was led by Smt. Vijayalakshmi Pandit. The Commission dealt 29 items on its agenda covering different aspects of human rights and adopted a number of resolutions and decisions. India played a very active role in the Session and was called upon to chair a number of working groups set up to deal with specific subjects. The Government of India decided to accede to two important International Comments on Human Rights, namely, the International Comment on Civil and Political Rights and the International Comment on Economic, Social and Central Rights.

India ceased to be a member of the Security Council with effect from 31 December 1978. During 1978, India effectively championed the cause of the victims of aggression, racism and colonialism. India was particularly active whenever the question of Namibia came up for discussion in the Security Council. India provided the Chairman for the Sanctions Committee against Southern Rhodesia. The Minister of External Affairs introduced the Anti- Apartheid (United Nations Convention) Bill in the Lok Sabha in November 1978. The Bill is likely to be taken up for con- sideration and approved by the Lok Sabha during 1979. The object of the Bill is to give effect to the provisions of the International Convention on the Suppression and Punishment for the Crime of Apartheid which was adopted by the General Assembly of the United Nations on 30 November 1973 and to which India became a party on 22 October 1977. The purpose of the said Convention is to make it possible for the States party to the Convention to take more effective measures at the national and international level against the crime of apartheid. The Law of the Sea Conference held its seventh session at Geneva from 22 March to 19 May 1978 and after an adjourn- ment it was resumed at New York from 20th August to 15th September 1978. The Conference has so far achieved con- sensus on many issues, including a 12-mile territorial sea, a

200-mile economic zone and the regime of the continental shelf. However, a deadlock still prevailed because of the lack of agreement on the question of international regime for seabed minerals and particularly on the financial between the Inter- national Seabed Authority and contractors and transfer of technology to the Authority. Towards the end of the Session, the United States, the Federal Republic of Germany and other industrialised countries stated that they were contemplating unilateral mining legislation to accord legitimacy to the exploita- tion of the resources of international seabed area for their nationals and companies. The Gorup of 77 reiterated its view that such unilateral action would be illegal and its effects would not be recognised. The Minister for External Affairs, speaking before the UN General Assembly in October 1978, cautioned the industrialised States, against adopting unilateral mining, legislation. The leader of the Indian delegation was unanimously elected Chairman of the drafting committee of the UN Plenipotentiary Conference on the Carriage of Goods by Sea which was held at Hamburg from 6 to 31 March 1978. The Conference adopted a Convention on the subject which would replace The Hague Rules by what would be called the Hamburg Rules.

India participated in the work of the United Nations Corn- mission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL) held at New York in June 1978. The meeting finalised a draft con- vention on the formation and validity of contracts relating to international sale of goods. The subject of the New Interna- tional Order was listed as one of priority items in the future programme of work of the UNCITRAL. The Indian delegation, which participated in the deliberations of the Legal Sub-Committee of the UN Committee on Peaceful Uses of Outer Space, maintained its position that any treaty relating to the moon must contain an unequivocal provision that the moon and its natural resources were the common heri- tage of mankind. The treaty, however. could not be finalised because of differences on this principle in the Sub-Committee.

On the question of remote sensing of the earth by satellites, the Sub-Committee was able to reach consensus on some more principles, but no consensus could be reached on the principle of prior approval in disseminating data and information; the principle of navigation for conducting remote sensing activities and the relationship between the principle of full and permanent

sovereignty of States over their wealth and natural resources and remote sensing activities.

On the subject of television direct broadcasting by satellites, the Sub-Committee failed to reach an agreement on whether it was necessary to obtain agreement of a State at whose territory direct broadcasting by satellites was specifically directed.

India participated at the fifth session of the Inter-Governmen- tal Group of Experts on Natural Resources Shared by Two or more States held at Nairobi from 23 January to 8 February 1978. The Group has formulated 15 principles for the guidance of States for the preservation and harmonious utilisation of natural resources shared by two or more States. Later, the Governing Council of UNEP approved and forwarded these principles for consideration by the UN General Assembly. The General Assembly took note of these principles and requested the Secretary General of the United Nations to transmit them for study and comments by Governments and report on it.

An officer of the Ministry attended the second session of the Working Group of Governmental Experts on Environmental Law held at Geneva from 3 to 12 April, 1978. The Group considered the question of maritime pollution arising out of offshore drilling and mining within the limits of national jurisdiction. India also took part in an Expert Group Meeting on Environment convened by the Asian-African Legal Consultative Committee at New Delhi from 18 to 21 December 1978. The Group identified areas common to the region which needed urgent attention. These included human settlement, land use, mountain ecology, industrialisation and marine pollution.

Aug 14, 1978
Technical And Economic Co-operation



Believing in global inter-dependence and collective self-reliance as the twin pillars on which the blue-print for the international development strategy for the eighties should be based, India endeavoured to fashion its strategy for economic and technical co-operation in multilateral forms and work out new frameworks in addition to strengthening old and time-tested methods for developing economic and technical co-operation with developed, developing and socialist countries on the basis of beneficial bilateralism encompassing functional co-operation in different fields. India continued to share its know-how and placed its skilled, scientific and technical manpower at the dis- posal of many developing countries and progress in regard to joint ventures scaled new heights. Inside the Ministry, the functioning of the Economic Division was streamlined by intro- ducing geographisation in the sense that bilateral economic and political work were combined in the territorial divisions with Economic Division concentrating on specialised tasks such as multilateral economic relations, long-term programmes and projects of co-operation, manpower and personnel work, admi- nistration of Indian Technical and Economic Co-operation Pro- gramme, analysis of developmental plans of developing coun- tries with a view to identifying areas of co-operation etc.

Progress in Joint collaboration and co-operation in different fields continued to be made within the framework of already established joint commissions. During the year, a joint com- mission on economic, cultural, scientific and technical co- operation with Mauritius was established and an agreement was reached in principle on a joint commission with Nigeria on economic, scientific and technical co-operation. A budgetary allocation of Rs. 650 lakhs made under ITEC programme was sought to be utilised for providing training facilities in India for trainees from developing countries, deputing Indian experts to other developing countries, for carrying out technical economic surveys and feasibility studies and for gifting of equipment or projects, in different developing countries of Asia. Africa and

Latin America. Consistent with our policy, stress was naturally placed on such programmes with neighbouring countries such as Afghanistan, Sri Lanka, Burma, Mauritius etc.

Steps were taken to diversify and strengthen our economic relations with Nepal taking into account special problems of Nepal as land-locked and least developed country, In regard to Afghanistan, we have agreed to finance feasibility studies as well as certain projects on mutually acceptable terms. Though some problems did arise in our economic relations with Iran particularly in regard to availability of crude oil supplies from there due to political disturbances there, by and large the economic relations have withstood the stresses and strains and it is hoped that once political conditions get stablised there, our economic relations would gather new momentum. India agreed to give tariff preferences to Sri Lanka for several products of interest in addition to permitting imports of certain banned products upto certain specified limits. Other significant arrangements with Sri Lanka related to buy-back commitments for Indo-Sri Lanka joint ventures based in Sri Lanka, preference to each other for imports of requirements provided quality and prices were suitable, co-operation in pro- duct developments in packaging of tea and special allowances to Indian visiting Sri Lanka for tourism. The pilot plants projects being established in Burma maintained scheduled pro- gress during the year. An economic delegation from Burma headed by the Minister of Co-operatives visited India and acquired first-hand knowledge of the industrial progress made by India. New ground was broken in regard to trade with China, Pakistan and Bangladesh. India participated in the Canton Fair. As regards co-operation with countries of South East Asia, a new dimension was added with the initiation of Indo-ASEAN dialogue. The Secretary General of ASEAN had preliminary discussions in the Ministry. Possible areas of co-operation with ASEAN were identified through inter-ministerial consultations and it is hoped that a detailed discussions will take place with ASEAN Secretariat in the near future

Indian co-operation with Vietnam was strengthened during the year, particularly in the field of daily sciences and oil explo- ration. ITEC programme in regard to Tonga and Fiji was con-

tinued. Medicines and rice were gifted to Laos. Indian entre- preneurs and public-sector organizations continued to be active in Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand and Philippines both in regard to joint ventures and for supply of capital equipment. Indian expertise and technical know-how continued to be in great demand in the West Asian region, particularly because it proved apt and relevant to the conditions prevailing there. An 8-member Indian medical team was sent to the Peoples' Demo- cratic Republic of Yemen for three weeks under ITEC programme. A Protocol of Understanding was signed with the visiting delega- tion from the Ministry of Health of Sultanate of Oman for re- cruitment of medical and paramedical staff needed by that country. Some beginnings were made in regard to durable and comprehensive economic co-operation with Saudi Arabia, Iraq and to some extent Saudi Arabia and UAE agreed to help India in meeting shortages in crude oil requirements of India as a result of troubles in Iran, Libya also showed understanding on this matter. Economic relations with that country continued to make rapid strides, especially after the visit of Vice-President and Premier Jalloud. A protocol was signed with Algeria on economic, scientific and technical relations. Indo-Iraqi Joint Commission identified several fields for co-operation, particularly co-operation in the field of agriculture. India's economic ties with Africa were further strengthened during the period, particularly with the island countries of the Indian Ocean, littoral and hinterland states bordering the Indian Ocean and Nigeria. A decision was taken in the third session of the Indo-Tanzanian Joint Commission in regard to identification of possible participation by India in the Tanzanian development plan and for carrying out feasibility study for production co- operation for growing cashewnuts in Tanzania. An Agreement on economic and technical co-operation with Seychelles was signed. India gifted a further quantity of corrugated sheets for housing projects in Seychelles. A Joint Commission with Mauri- tius was established and an agreement to supply 24,000 tons of rice to Mauritius was concluded. About fifty Indian railway experts took their assignments in Mozambique. The visit of the Zambian Prime Minister resulted in better mutual understanding about possibilities of co-operation between India and Zambia, particularly by way of India giving commercial credits for export of capital equipment and machinery to Zambia and Zambia agreeing to meet requirements of India for non-ferrous metals such as copper, cobalt tec. The Malawi Minister for Industries

visited the Small Scale Industries Fair and returned deeply im- pressed with possibilities of Indian co-operation in Malawi's industrial development. Trade with Kenya and Uganda register- ed further increases with exports of Indian commercial vehicles, sugar and textile machinery, gaining entry in that region.

In West Africa, close economic ties were developed with Nigeria and relations with Liberia and Sierra Leone were streng- thened. RITES were awarded the prestigeous contract for railway management of Nigeria. Nigeria continued to look to India for recruitment of experts for various fields such as tele- communications, medicines, architecture etc, An agreement with Liberia on economic and technical co-operation was entered into. Currently a Liberian request for management of their mines etc. is being processed.

Exploratory work in regard to identification of concrete areas of economic and technical co-operation between India and Latin America continued. It is proposed to organise a meet in New Delhi between Indian representatives and representa- tives from Economic Commission for Latin America to identify possibilities of technical co-operation between India and Latin American countries. FICCI has proposed to send a delegation to certain Latin American countries in the near future to make an on-the-spot study of possible areas of co-operation.

With developed countries India continued to explore avenues of friendly co-operation in specialised fields involving import of sophisticated technology and joint ventures in third countries. Efforts were also made in international and multi- lateral forums for persuading developed countries to take helpful decisions relating to official development assistance and mea- sures for debt relief. India's point of view was also projected in high level meetings which Indian leaders had with leaders from developed countries. The Prime Minister's meeting with the President of the Commission of the European Community was followed by the decision of the European Economic Com- munity to establish a Trade Centre in Brussels for providing specialised and technical services in the field of trade promotion for Indian speciality exports. Consultations for renewal of the Commercial Co-operation Agreement between India and the European Economic Community have also made progress and it is hoped that a comprehensive economic and commercial co- operation agreement would be concluded in the near future. India's concern at the rising tide of protectionism in the develop- ed countries was communicated by the Prime Minister during his talks with the President of the Commission of European Communities in Brussels, by the Commerce Minister during his meeting with the American Secretary of State for Commerce, and the French Minister for Foreign Trade, and by the Finance Minister to the FRG Minister for Economic Co-operation. During the visit of the Dutch Foreign Minister, the Dutch Minister for Development Co-operation and the Italian Foreign Minister, our Foreign Minister put across India's views on the measures that need to be taken by developed countries for bringing about the New International Economic Order. India welcomed the retrospective terms adjustment measures under- taken by U. K. and Sweden in pursuance of Trade and Develop- ment Board Resolution for providing debt relief. The Minis- terial level meeting of Indo-French Joint Committee has identi- fied areas for sectoral co-operation in fields such as coal mining and coal processing, telecommunications, electronics, offshore drilling,

automobile industry, etc. An agreement has been concluded with Turkey on economic, scientific and technical co-operation. A dialogue with U.S.A. in the framework of the Indo-U.S. Sub-Commission on Economic and Commercial Co- operation and with Japan in the framework of Indo-Japan Business Committee have helped in a better perception of the possibilities and potential for bilateral co-operation and measures that are required in the light of contemporary economic realities for global management of inter-dependence. including, inter alia, increasing share of the developing countries in the decision mak- ing processes that affect the development of the developing countries.

With Socialist countries, India concluded several new agreements designed to further strengthen and promote economic co-operation in the light of the technical and industrial progress achieved by India in these countries and in the context of the evolving environment for international economic relations. A long-term programme of economic, trade, scientific and technical co-operation between India and the USSR was finalised during the year and initialled. This would involve co-operation setting up new enterprises in India, improvements in existing enterprises built with Soviet assistance, co-operation in third coun- tries, co-operation in science & technology and co-operation in trade and planning. During the visit of the First Secretary of the GDR, a long-term agreement on economic, scientific and techni- cal co-operation was finalised. The Indo-Bulgarian Joint Com-

mission has identified new areas of co-operation, particularly for agro-based industries. The Indo-Hungarian and the Indo-GDR Joint Commission meetings have helped focussing on opportunities that are available for co-operation in third countries.

India actively participated in programmes of co-operation within Commonwealth framework, i.e., Colombo Plan, the Commonwealth Fund for Technical Co-operation, the Special Commonwealth African Assistance Programme. India hosted a meeting of experts from South East Asian and Pacific countries (Commonwealth) on energy during which detailed dis- cussions took place on co-operation in this vital field. India also actively participated in the meeting of the senior Common- wealth officials held in Kuala Lumpur preparatory to the meet- ing of the Commonwealth Heads of Governments/States. 6EA/78--5

Jan 01, 1978
External Publicity



The publicity and information activities of the Ministry are guided by the consideration to promote a better understanding and appreciation of the country's foreign policy and to locus attention on the progress made in social, economic, cultural, scientific and technological fields. This was done through printed publicity material, through the medium of documentary and feature films as well as Indian newsreels and through the news bulletins issued by the various Missions abroad. The spokesman of the Ministry, in his daily briefings, explained the policies of the Government to the Correspondents of Indian and foreign newspapers based in India. Invitations were extended to foreign journalists and T. V. men to visit India to see the country's progress with their own eyes. Appropriate efforts were made to draw the attention of the journalists to the various initiatives taken by the Government hi building bridges of understanding with our neighbours in consolidating and diversi- fying established friendship and seeking to enlarge the areas of understanding and co-operation, in supporting the cause of liberation of countries in Southern Africa and by the re- assertion of India's adherence to the policy of non-alignment.

The Committee set up under Shri Chanchal Sarkar to devise measures to improve the work of external publicity sub- mitted its report during the year and efforts are being made to implement its recommendations.

The publicity work of the Ministry continued under the following heads (i) Press Relations

The press relations section acted as host to 37 foreign journalists and another 20 are expected to visit by the end of March 1979. 270 foreign journalists, who came to India on their own, were accorded all possible assistance to make their visits fruitful and were provided facilities to acquire better

knowledge and appreciation of the country's policies and achievements. About 100 more such journalists are expected to come by the end of March 1979. During April 1978 to December 1978, about 87 foreign TV teams visited India for making documentary films on a variety of subjects. Another 30 are expected to visit by the end of March 1979.

Necessary facilities were given to about 80 Indian Journa- lists to visit foreign countries. (ii) Audio-visual Publicity

More than 400 prints of approved documentary films were supplied to different Indian Missions and Posts abroad. Besides, four prints each of 7 feature films were sent to Missions on circulations on circulation basis. A few more feature films of artistic value are being bought within this financial year.

Special compilation films on the state visits to India of several Heads of State were produced for publicity abroad. A number of Indian Missions also organised Indian films weeks with films in their possession or supplied by headquarters.

To activise the film projection work of some of the Missions abroad, 16 mm. cine projectors were sanctioned for the Missions in Port Louis, Brussels, Mombasa, Male, Tananarive, George- town, Rabat and Rangoon. 70 gramophone records of Indian classical and film music and the national anthem were supplied to different Missions. (iii) ISI Transmission

Some 50 Missions were kept informed about the latest developments and progress in India with the twice-daily news transmissions through the Overseas Communications Service. Efforts are being made to provide transmission receiving sets to other Missions also which do not at present have them. Some of these Missions are being fed through press cables on an average about three times a week. Copies of daily transmissions are also sent to all Mission and Posts abroad by bag.

The External Publicity Division is actively considering a plan to link all Missions through the newly-introduced press bulletin service which will transmit daily bulletins to Missions through satellite. When this goes into operation, the Missions are expected to be provided with fast, more detailed and more

dependable means of receiving transmissions. Arrangements for linking Indian Missions in North America through the satellite press bulletin service are about to be completed and depending upon the availability of resources and in the light of experience, it is intended to gradually extend the service to Indian Missions in other regions as well. (iv) Print Publicity

The External Publicity Division stepped up its activities of feeding Missions with increased supply of printed material on India's progress and achievements Publications "FOREIGN AFFAIRS RECORD" (monthly), "INDIAN AND FOREIGN REVIEW" (fortnightly) and "COURIER DE L'INDE" (a fortnightly in French) were, produced as before for distribution through Indian Missions to various media and institutions in foreign countries. Efforts were made to make the INDIAN AND FOREIGN REVIEW more attractive by improving its cover and content by lending it colour and through addition of re- productions of Indian miniature paintings, poems, cartoons and articles of literary interest. A few booklets published by the External Publicity Division for distribution by Missions includ- ed "CONTINUITY AND CHANGE IN INDIA's FOREIGN POLICY" and "INDIA's ROLE IN THE CHANGING WORLD" by the Minister for External Affairs, Shri Atal Behari Vajpayee, "UNIVERSAL DISARMAMENT--A WAY TO GLOBAL PEACE" by Prime Minister Shri Morarji Desai, and "INDIA's ROLE IN THE FIGHT AGAINST APARTHEID" by Smt. Shanti Sadiq Ali. Other publications included pamphlets covering speeches by the Minister for External Affairs and the Minister of State in different interna- tional forums like the ECOSOC in Geneva, the non-aligned co- ordination meeting in Havana and the conference of Foreign Ministers of non-aligned countries in Belgrade.

On the occasion of the visit of the Prime Minister to the United States in June 1978, special feature articles were com- missioned in the series "Development India" written by specia- lists for wide distribution in the countries visited by the Prime Minister as well as in others. Besides, World Press Review, con- taining selected comments on India by major newspapers in diffe- rent countries, continued to be issued and distributed widely.

The External Publicity Division also supplied books on various Indian subjects to the Missions for their libraries and

for presentation, newspapers for their reading rooms and for local distribution, photographs showing development activities and cultural events in India, and assisted in the production of supplements by important foreign journals to bring out special features on different facets of the country's life and achieve- ments. The XP Division also carried out exhibition and cultural work through supply of photographs, paintings for arranging exhibitions abroad, coordinated the work regarding sending of cultural troupes, holding of exhibitions of Indian modem art and of philately exhibitions in various countries and co-ordinat- ing the work regarding book exhibitions. The Indian Art Exhi- bition, that opened in Paris in November 1978 and which ran till the end of February 1979, deserves special mention. The work of restructuring the Indian pavillion at the Commonwealth Institute in London to make it themetically up- to-date was given to the Indian Institute of National Design, Ahmedabad, and it is expected to be completed by May 1979.

an 01, 1978
Cultural Relations



The Indian Council for Cultural Relations continued to be the main agency for promoting India's cultural relations with other countries. During the year, some administrative re-organi- sation was undertaken to increase its efficiency and rationalise the distribution of work. Further, additional work was transferred to this Organisation from the Department of Culture in pursuance of the recommendations of the Administrative Reforms Com- mission, thus enlarging the scope of its activities. These included handling of all incoming and outgoing cultural delegations, visits of academic delegations and Organisation of art exhibitions. The ICCR, for carrying out these functions, would consult national academies and other professional organisations in the same manner as the Department of Culture had been doing in the past. There would also be periodical reviews of the implementation of the programmes assigned to the ICCR. Until the middle of November, the Council sponsored 17 Indian delegations and 48 Indian visitors to go abroad. The individual visitors went to countries in Europe, North America, Latin & South America and South East Asia. A small number visited Australia and Japan. The purpose of these visits by individuals was to participate in symposia and seminars, to study sciences or give lectures and present papers on social, political, artistic and literary subjects.

The delegations sponsored by the Indian Council for Cultural Relations visited Australia, West Europe, South East Asia, West Asia and North America, the Soviet Union and the neighbouring countries like Nepal, Sri Lanka and Bhutan. The majority of these sponsored delegations specialised in the field of the evolving arts. Their visits coincided with either international art festivals or other Indian fairs and festivals celebrated in these countries. The Council received 36 visitors from Ghana, Syria, Indonesia, Pakistan, Chile, Surinam, Kuwait, Tunisia, Fiji, Costa Rica, Bangladesh, Vietnam, Botswana, Sri Lanka, Australia the United

States, Kenya, Iraq, Brazil, Federal Republic of Germany, the Soviet Union and Turkey. The Council gave more attention to incoming visitors from Latin and South America, South East Asia, Africa and West Asia. The third annual meeting of the Indo-US Sub-Commission on Educated & Culture was held in New York on May 15, 1978 16 May 1978. The meeting reviewed past activities under the aegies of the Sub-Commission. Exchanges concerning academicians, personnel from the field of museology, performing arts, films, television and radio were also discussed as well as programmes for future joint seminars, exchange of exhibitions and joint workshops. Under the aeigies of the Sub-Commission an exhibition on technology of American experiences was held in Bangalore, Calcutta, Hyderabad, Delhi, and Madras. The joint seminar was organised in Now York in June 1978, in Srinagar in September 1978 and another in New York in November 1978. The Indo-US fellowship programme of the Sub-Commission was implemented and 16 fellows were received from the United States and 13 were sent to that country. Under the programmes of exchange 14 middle level museum personnel from each side, two persons were received while the Indian Curator of the National Museum of Natural History went to the United States to work with Carnegie Museum of National History in Chicago. The meeting of the two Chairmen of Sub-Commission held in Septem- ber 1978 expressed satisfaction at the work done so far. The Council brought out 9 publications during the period. 8 magazines and publications are in the Press and 5 manuscripts approved by the publication committee are under active prepara- tion for submission to the Press. Its publications were sent to fairs and exhibitions in a number of countries. A new cultural centre was set up in Suriname and its Director assumed charge of his office in early November. Steps were also taken to improve the staff and equipment at cultural centres in Fiji and Guyana. Action was also taken to provide equipment and depute the required scholars to countries like Fiji, Mauritius. Suriname, Medico, Rumania and Bulgaria from where the Council had received specific indications of their requirements.

Under the bilateral are exchange, programmes, the Council sponsored the visit of a number of troupes to give performances in India. These included a 39-member folk dance ensemble from the GDR, a 40-member Tadjic opera ballet from the Soviet Union and a 80-member Pyongyong school students and children

are group from the Democratic Republic of Korea. Other spon- sored programmes included concerts of three artists from Britain, two artists from Australia, a 20-member visiting group from Japan, a 5-member troupe from Cuba and a 24-member visiting troupe of national dance from Sri Lanka.

The Council continued to look after the foreign students and foreign visitors. It received informal offers of land on partial finance for putting up hostels for foreign students in Maharashtra, Karnataka, U.P. and Tamil Nadu. This was, however, on the condition that the Central Government, through the Council, would meet the major portion of the expenditure for putting up these hostels and for their staff and maintenance. Under instructions from the President of the Council, steps were taken to reorganise the offices of the Foreign Students Advisers in various Universities all over India. It is proposed that these advisers should be changed once every three years to ensure that the foreign students community gets fresh and dynamic attention to its needs in different educational institutions.

The editorial boards of the manuscripts being published by the ICCR were reconstituted consisting of eminent scholars. The Hindi magazine was placed under Shri Bhowani Prasad Mishra, and Shri Ashok Mehta headed the editorial board for AFRICA QUARTERLY. The Chairman of the publications committee, Dr. Karan Singh agreed to take an active part in bringing out other publications and magazines and it was hoped that this would bring about a qualitative change in the publication programme of the organisation.

The Ministry entrusted the Council with the task of coordi- nating activities relating to the commemoration of the United Nations International Anti-appartheid Year in India. The Council evolved discussions on the programme at seminars, meetings and exhibitions to focuss attention on the problem and also to under- take a number of monographs and pamphlets on the subject in English, Hindi and other major Indian languages. The Ministry provided a separate grant of Rs. 9.8 lakhs to the Council for this purpose. The Council is also undertaking similar work on behalf of the Arab League and the United Nations. The Council is also the secretariat of the Jury of Jawaharlal Nehru Award for International Understanding. The Award for 1976 to Dr. Giuseppe Tucci of Italy was presented to him in Rome in October 1978; the Award for 1977 to Shri Tulsi

Mehrji Shristha in Kathmandu in September 1978 and the Award for 1978 to Most Venerable Nichidatsu Fujii of Japan in New Delhi in January 1979. The scheme for providing educational facilities in the field of medicine and engineering to self-financing students from developing countries was continued during the year. From the 1159 applications for admission to medical courses received from nearly 35 countries, 68 students were selected and nominated to various medical colleges in India. Similarly, 200 students from 679 applicants were selected and nominated to various engineering colleges including the IITs. Requests for admission to different polytechnic institutions for diploma courses were also received during the year and 20 foreign students were nominated to such courses. These, of course, did not include nomination of students from Nepal and Bhutan whose cases were considered separately. A statement showing countrywise allocation of medical and engineering seats under the scheme for self-financing foreign students is at Appendix. In addition to nominating self-financing students to engineering and medical courses, the Council also coordinated the grant of scholarships under the Schemes of General Cultural Scholarships Commonwealth Scholarship and Reciprocal Scholarship of the Department of Education.

May 15, 1978



The Heads of Missions of the following 19 countries on com- pletion of their assignment left India during the year :-- Ambassadors of Oman, Burma, Japan, Mongolia, Afghanistan, Ireland, Sudan, Jordan, People's Democratic Republic of Yemen, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Austria, The Netherlands, France, and Italy and High Commissioners of Tanzania, Malaysia, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh and New Zealand.

The new Heads of Missions of the following 25 countries arrived in Delhi and presented their credentials : Ambassadors of Iraq, Syria, USSR, Belgium, Libya, Burma, Pakistan, Japan, Afghanistan, Sudan, Maldives, Liberia, Somalia, Lebanon, Oman, Jordan, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Indonesia, Mongolia, Laos and Ireland, the High Commissioners of Tanzania, Malaysia, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh. Two countries, Maldives and Liberia, accredited their first Ambassadors to India. Mr. Mohamed Musthafa Hussain con- currently accredited as Ambassador of Maldives to India (stationed at New York) presented his Credentials on the Sep 12, 1978. Mr. C. Copper, concurrently accredited Ambassador of Liberia (Stationed at Tokyo) presented his Credentials on the 19 September 1978.

Sep 12, 1978
Passport, Emigration & Consular Services


CHAPTER XIII PASSPORT, EMIGRATION & CONSULAR SERVICES There was all-round growth of the Central Passport and Emigration Organisation during the year. The staff in the existing Passport Offices was strengthened and new Passports Offices were opened. The number of passports issued also increased considerably as compared to the previous year. The passport fee was revised from Rs. 25.00 to Rs. 50.00 and proportionately there was increase in the prescribed fees for various services rendered for the passports. There was also simplification and standardisation of the procedure regarding the issue of passports. With the establishment of new Passport Offices at Bangalore, Kozhikode, Jaipur and Bhopal, the total number of such offices in the country rose to 13. It was proposed to establish before the middle of 1979 six more Passport Offices at Bhubaneshwar, Gauhati, Jullunder, Patna, Simla and Srinagar.

There was considerable increase in the number of passports issued during the year ; 12.13 lakhs passports being issued as compared to 9.07 lakhs issued during 1977. The number of applications received and the number of passports issued in each of the Passports Offices during the year 1978 are given at Appendix VII. This statement also gives details of diplomatic and official passports issued or serviced by the Ministry during the year.

A concerted drive was undertaken to clear the arrears of passport applications. As a result of this, the arrears were reduced from 4.36 lakhs at the beginning of the year to 81.568 by Dec 31, 1978. Of this a total of 64,626 applicants who had not supplied essential data for inclusion in the passport or had not remitted the revised passport fee were informed that if they did not comply with the requirement by a particular date their cases would be treated as closed.

Steps were taken to improve and streamline the working of the Central Passport and Emigration Organisation through

standardisation of procedure and strengthening of the staff of such organisations. During the year 1978, 32 additional posts of officers and 334 additional posts of supporting staff were created. The total strength in different grades in Central Passport and Emigration organisations at the end of 1978 is given at Appendix VIII.

The policy of granting leberalised endorsement at passports announced by the Minister of External Affairs last year, was given full implementation. The authority for signing verification certificates in support of passport applications was extended to MLAs of State/Union Territories and MLC and Members of Metropolitan Council of Delhi and a total of 5.44 lakhs applica- tions had been so verified representing 52 per cent of the total applications received during the year. Several measures for streamlining the procedure and cutting down delays were intro- duced following the conference of Regional Passport Offices held in Delhi in January 1978. These included centralised receipt of passport applications and production of a new bilingual enquiry slips that would inform the applicants of the latest Position regarding progress of action on their applications, a standardised acknowledgement-cum-difficiency slip; a standard letter to policy/authorities concerned narrowing down and unambiguously defining the list of enquiries; the scheme of distribution of passport forms through Post Offices was extended to cover Head Post Offices in Gujarat, Kerala, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu and North- Western circle. The sworn affidavit system under which an application would be exempted from prior police verification before grant of passport was popularised in all the regions. As a result of these measures it was possible to prescribed a time- limit of five weeks for issue of passport in respect of applications supported by verification certificates or, the sworn affidavits. Proposals are also under consideration to introduce a simple and rational passport application form as well as a passport fee stamp.

In 1978, the total revenue earned by Passport Offices was Rs. 483.56 lakhs as compared to a revenue of Rs. 346.79 lakhs in 1977. The expenditure in 1978 was Rs. 145.03 lakhs com- pared to Rs. 104.20 lakhs in 1977. There was considerable increase of emigration of Indian workers for employment abroad during the year. The bulk of the emigrants wanted to go to West Asia, particularly to the countries of the Gulf. The government took various measures to ensure better terms and conditions of employment for Indian

workers abroad and to protect workers from exploitation both in India and abroad at the hands of unauthorised agents and/or their touts. In February 1978, an inter-ministerial committee was appointed by the Labour Minister to go into the question of overseas employment of Indian workers in all its aspects and to suggest measures for streamlining recruitment and procedure for emigra- tion. The Committee in its report submitted in September 1978 recommended inter alia that a new Act should be adopted to replace the Emigration Act of 1922. Pending acceptance of the recommendations of the Inter- Ministerial Committee, the Government adopted certain measures to rationalise the procedure that would help emigrants. Individual emigrants who obtained jobs through their own efforts were allowed to emigrate on the completion of similar registration formalities without payment of required security deposit. Two more embarkation points with airports at Trivandrum and Amritsar were declared lawful for emigration in order to help emigrants from States of Kerala and Punjab. Besides the emigrants could obtain emigration clearance from any of the protectors of emigrants of India and could depart from any of the notified embarkation points declared lawful by the Govern- ment. The staff of the officers of protectors of emigrants were strengthened to enable them to grant emigration clearance to intending emigrants within 72 hours. A 24-hours emigration check was introduced at important emigrants left only after obtaining the emigration clearance from the authorities concerned. This helped in ensuring better terms and conditions of employ- ment for Indian job seekers. As a result foreign employers are now approaching the government for necessary permission to recruit workers from India which was earlier being done directly through the open market in violation of the prescribed procedure and provisions of the Emigration Act 1922.

With nearly 3 million Indians living abroad and their number still increasing, there was a great increase in the Consular work of various Missions, particularly those in West Asia and North Africa. During the year Indian Missions/Posts extended such assistance to 41 Indian nationals who were stranded there. In addition 1378 destitute Indians were repatriated from abroad, the number being more than double that of the previous year. Cases of 354 Indians who died abroad and settlement of death compensation and other claims against employers were also looked into.

The Consular Wing also assisted foreign Missions in India in tracing the whereabouts of their missing nationals and disposal of their bodies and their states.

An all time record of 89,524 judicial, commercial and educational documents were authenticated to facilitate their production abroad.

Dec 31, 1978
Organisation And Administration



Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee and Shri Samarendra Kundu were the Minister for External Affairs and Minister of State for External Affairs respectively during the year. Shri J. S. Mehta was the Foreign Secretary. The Administration was headed by Shri Thomas Abraham till June 1978 and thereafter by Shri N. P. Jain as Additional Secretary. The total strength at the Headquarters was 542 officers and 2010 non-gazetted staff. The strength of the various Cadres of the Ministry is at Appendix XIV. The implementation of the Cadres review of IFS was completed during the year. Cadres review of IFS(B) is in progress and is expected to be finalised in 1979. This would lead to a more rational staffing of IFS'B' personnel in Missions abroad.

The number of resident Missions/Posts during the year was 127, including the Consulate General at Karachi which it was decided to set up during the year. In addition, India had con- current accreditation in 47 countries. The strength of the staff in Missions/Posts abroad was 650 Diplomatic Officers and 2584 non-diplomatic staff including local employees. Several steps were taken to streamline representation abroad so as to strike the right balance between India's international objectives and its limited financial resources. The strength of the Mission in London was brought down by reducing the staff in the Supply Wing from 123 to 114. A study has also been commenced to streamline the procedure of the Supply Wing in Washington as also computerisation of its work in the interest of economy and efficiency. India's Consular Representation in the Gulf region was strengthened to meet India's increased responsibility in that region. Further progress was made towards development of language expertise in the Ministry. Recruitment Rules of the Interpreter Cadre were notified in June 1978 and action initiated regarding the formation of the Cadre. It is expected that with the com- mencement of recruitment of Interpreters in 1979, the Ministry

will soon have the services of highly qualified linguists. Extensive language training continued to be provided for IFS officers and the Ministry has now language expertise available in as many as 23 languages. A comprehensive list of number of officers which have qualified in various languages is given at Appendix XV.

The inflationary trend in all countries resulted in an inevitable increase in the cost of financing the activities of Indian Missions abroad. The total expenditure of the Ministry during the financial year 1978-79 was estimated to be of an order of Rs. 138.28 crores. Out of this Rs. 33.55 crores is for financing Missions/Posts abroad; Rs. 6.26 crores for expenditure at United Nations and other International Organisations. The balance is mainly to meet the cost of cooperation projects and programmes with respect to Nepal, Bhutan and Bangladesh. Details of expenditure are given at Appendices XII and XIII. Since the increase in the cost of Missions abroad is largely due to heavy expenditure on rental of offices and residential buildings, great stress was placed on purchase and construction of India's own property. Embassy residences were purchased in six countries (Sweden, Spain, Poland, Denmark, Norway and Ireland) and more are under active consideration. Office-buildings were purchased in Syria and Belgium. Further progress was made in the construction of office-buildings and residential apartments in countries where the Government of India already own land. These included Thailand, Zambia, Canada, Indonesia, Nigeria and Turkey. Preliminary planning is also in hand for construction in Nepal, Pakistan, Malawi, Australia and Kuwait! The total expenditure during 1978-79 on acquisition and cons- truction of property abroad is estimated at Rs. 6.00 crores for the next financial year. A sum of Rs. 10 crores has been ear- marked for this purpose. The Government of India now owns residences in 52 countries; office-buildings in 21 countries and office-cum-residences in 4 countries. A separate Section of the Ministry is responsible for watching and monitoring the implementation of the Reservation orders in respect of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes. Details regarding the number of Scheduled Castes/Scheduled Tribes in the total strength of the Ministry, vacancies reserved for Scheduled Castes/Scheduled Tribes and appointments made in these vacancies are given in Appendices X and XI.

Jan 01, 1978
Use Of Hindi In Official Work


CHAPTER XV USE OF HINDI IN OFFICIAL WORK In accordance with the Government's policy, there was progressive increase in the use of Hindi in the work of the Ministry. Efforts were made to use Hindi in as many spheres of activity as possible and the Official Language Implementation Committee in the Ministry kept a watch over the implementation of the orders and instructions issued in this regard. The bigger Indian Missions were also asked to constitute Official Language Implementation Committees to see that orders and instructions relating to the subject were carried out in right earnest. As during the last year, the Minister for External Affairs delivered his speech in Hindi at the 33rd Session of the United Nations General Assembly in October 1978, thus giving Hindi its rightful place in the comity of nations.

There was regular use of Hindi in protocol matters and work relating to international relations. Documents Eke "Letters of Credence", "Letters of Recall" and "Commissions of Appoint- ment" as well as other protocol documents were prepared in Hindi. Heads of Missions were advised that, while presenting credentials, they may, as far as possible, make their introductory speeches in Hindi. Apart from the above, international treaties and agreements were also prepared in Hindi for signature. The Ministry also rendered assistance to other Ministries and Departments of Government in preparing Hindi texts of such legal and formal documents. The tradition established during 1977 was continued in that on important occasions like visits of Heads of States and Heads of Governments from foreign, countries where the visiting digni- tary spoke in his own language, speeches on the Indian side were made in Hindi. A number of joint declarations were also issued in Hindi.

The Ministry issued a large number of notifications and office orders in Hindi. Letters received in Hindi from the State 6 EA/78--6

Governments and from members of public were invariably replied to in that language. The Ministry also sent letters in Hindi to Indian Missions abroad and to the Regional Passport Offices to the extent possible and some of the Ambassadors also correspond in Hindi with the Ministry.

Efforts were made to equip more Indian Missions abroad with Hindi typewriters and Hindi-knowing typists/stenographers. Twenty-two Missions were supplied with Hindi typewriters during the year and efforts are being made that all Indian Missions are supplied with such typewriters by the end of the next financial year. Instructions were issued to Regional Passport Offices located in Hindi-knowing areas to ensure that Hindi should be invariably used in addition to English in all correspondence work. The Ministry took some positive steps to create a favourable atmosphere in the propagation of Hindi abroad. They included posting of Hindi officers in the Missions in Mauritius and Trinidad and in the High Commission in Fiji. Efforts are being made to create more posts of Hindi Officers abroad. Hindi translators have already been posted to Indian Missions in London and Kathmandu. Under the scheme for the propagation of Hindi abroad, Hindi books and equipment worth nearly Rs. 3 lakhs were sent abroad during the year to libraries in Indian Missions and to voluntary organisations to enable them to meet the requirements of local people, particularly of the people of Indian origin. The Ministry also sent some Hindi newspapers and journals regularly to our Missions abroad. A Hindi newspapers exchange programme was continued under which Hindi newspapers published in foreign countries are sent to Hindi newspapers of India and vice versa.

The Ministry, with the help of its Missions abroad, rendered necessary assistance to those foreign nationals and non-Hindi speaking employees who learnt Hindi through correspondence courses. Efforts were made to renew and widen contacts with eminent foreign Hindi writers and to popularise Hindi in foreign countries.

The "Children's Hindi Classes" scheme, started in 1977 was continued and full use of it was made by the children of the employees posted abroad of the Government of India and public sector undertakings.

The Award Committee constituted under the chairmanship of the Minister of External Affairs met on Dec 20, 1978 and decided to award "Vishwa Hindi Puraskar" to five foreign Hindi writers :-- (1) Prof. Odolen Smekal--Czechoslovakia. (2) Dr. R. S. McGregor--Britain. (3) Prof. K. Doi--Japan. (4) Pt. Kamla Prasad Mishra--Fiji. (5) Mr. Somdath Buchkory--Mauritius. The awards, which carried no money, were presented in the form of an art piece and a citation by the Prime Minister on 24 January, 1979.

The Indian Council of Cultural Relations financed chairs of Indian studies abroad for which Professors/lecturers were deputed for teaching Hindi and other Indian languages. These included visiting professors of Hindi language in the University of Bucharest in Romania, a visiting lecturer of Hindi at Sofia in Bulgaria and two in the Tashkent University in the Soviet Union. For the propagation of Hindi abroad, lecturers were deputed to Trinidad, Surinam and Guyana. The Professor of Dravidian Languages in Daker (Senegal) also conducted classes in Hindi.

The Indian Council of Cultural Relations continued to publish its quarterly Hindi publication "Gaganachal" to cater to the needs of the vast Indian community living abroad. The Council also sent regularly Hindi books for presentation to the cultural institutions and arranged to project Hindi films in foreign countries. In the cultural centres maintained by the Council in foreign countries, arrangements were made for teaching Hindi besides arranging instruction in Indian music, classical dance etc.

Dec 20, 1978
Appendix I Major International Conferences/Meetings/Seminars


Major International Conferences/
Meetings/Seminars etc. organised
by Inter-Governmental 
Organisations at which Government
of India was represented in 1978-79 
S.No. Title of Conference etc.(with 
venue & date)  Foreign Exchange 
 component of ex- 
 penditure in Rs. 
1     2         3 
Commonwealth Secretariat 
1. Workshop on Irrigation Management,
 Hyderabad, Nil. 
   Oct 10, 1978 -20-10-78. 
2. Fourth Conference of Commonwealth 
Postal Ad-  4,615.00 
ministration, Kuala Lumpur, 9--22-7-78. 
Economic and Social Commissions for
Asia and the Pacific 
1.  Seminar on statistics for Rural 
Development, New


Delhi, 5--10-4-78. 2. UN-ESCAP on Adaptation Administration


NA Rural Development, New Delhi,16--18-8-78. 3. Consultative Panel on Survey of Energy



Hanover and Committee Meetings on Natural

Resources, Bangkok, 30-10-78--6-11-78. 4. National Workshop for promotion and

Training Nil.

of Rural Women in Income Generating

Activities,Bangalore, 20--23-11-78. 5. Int-governmental Consultative Group

Meeting on

N.A. establishment of Regional Industries,

Bangkok, 23--28-11-78. 6. Regional Consultation on

International Year of N.A.

Child for Asia & Pacific,

Manila, 25-11-78--3-12-78. 7. Expert Group Meeting on Tropical

Hardwoords, Expenditure met by

Pattaya, 11--15-12-78. ESCAP. 8. Technical cooperation among

Developing Coun- 8,584.00

tries Regional Working Group

Meeting, Bangkok,18--21-12-78. -------------------------------------

------------------------------------- 1 2 3 ------------------------------------- Food and Agriculture Organisation 1. 2nd Expert Consultation on cross

breeding and Nil.

breed evaluation, Hissar,

12--16-2-78. 2. Study Tour on Acquaculture, China, 2-5-78--1-6-78

Expenditure met by]

UNDP/FAO 3. Regional Expert Group Meeting on

Agarian Re-


form and Rural Development, Bangkok,

8-- 13-5-78. 4. 4th Session of FAO Committee on

Forestry, Rome,


15--19-5-78. 5. Study Tour on Azolla Propagation

and Small Scale

Expenditure met by Bio-Gas Production, China, 21-5-78--11-6-78.

UNDP/FAO 6. 12th Session of Committee on

Fisheries, Rome, 3,660.00

7--16-6-78. 7. Seminar on Action oriented follow-up

of 1974

Expenditure met by

Forestry Education Planning, Manila


UNDP/FAO. 8. 14th Session of FAO Regional Conference

for Asia


and Far East, Kuala Lumpur,

25-7-78--3-8-78. 9. 22nd Session of FAO Desert Locust

Committee, 1,424.00

Rome, 26--28-7-78. 10. Technical Consultation among Developing

Coun- Nil.

tries to develop Food and Agriculture

Products Conservation and Processing

industries, Mysore, 7--15-8-78. 11. Study Tour on Integrated Wood

processing In-Expenditure met by

dustries, China, 17-8-78--22-9-78.

FAO/UNDP. 12. Development of Complementary use of

Mineral Nil.

Fertilizers and Organic Materials,

New Delhi, 14--19-9-78. 13. 11th Session of Plant Protection

Committee for2,761.00

South East Asia & Pacific Region, Kathmandu, 22--29-9-78. 14. 4th Session of IGG on Jute, Kenaf and

Allied 4,392.00 Fibres, Rome,

11--13-10-78. 15. 3rd Meeting of Advisory Committee of Project for Small Scale Fisheries,

Chittagong, 7--11-11-1978. 16. SIDA Workshop on Fishery Development



ning, Project preparation and,


Bangalore, 16-11-78--6-12-78. ----------------------------------------

---------------------------------------- 1 2 3 ---------------------------------------- 17. SIDA follow-up Seminar on Animal



Tirupathi, 19-11-78--8-12-78. 18. SIDA Seminar on Forest Resources

Appraisal Nil.

in Forestry and Land use Planning, New Delhi,

27-11-78--16-12-78. 19. 74th Session of FAO Council, Rome,



8-12-78. 20. SIDA Seminar on Buffallo Reproduction

and Arti-

Nil. ficial Insemination, Karnal,4--15-12-78. International Atomic Energy Agency 1. 22nd General Conference of IAEA,

Vienna, 18--


22-9-78. 2. 1st Plenary Conference on

International Nuclear

26,181.00 Fuel Cycle Evalution

(INFCE), Vienna, 27-11-78--

1-12-78. International Labour Organisation 1. Seminar on "BACHUE" Series of Population and Expenditure met by Employment Planning Models,New Delhi 11-

ILO. 12-5-78. International Telecommunication Union 1. Meeting of International Consultative Committee


on Telephone and Telegraphs, Geneva,

2-4-78-15-4-78. 2. International Seminar on Switching

and Signalling


by ITU, Singapore, 17-28-4-78. 3. CCPS Steering Committee Meeting,

Berne, 9-5-78-


12-5-78. 4. Meeting on International Consultative



on Telephone and Telegraphs, Belgium,

22-5-78- 25-5-78. 5. Third International Conference on Software Engi-


neering for Telecommunication

Switching System,Helsinki, June 1978. 6. Meeting on International Consultative Committee


on Telephone and Telegraphs,

Geneva, 5-6-78- 23-6-78. ---------------------------------------

--------------------------------------- 1 2 3 --------------------------------------- 7. Meeting on International Consultative



on Telephone and Telegraphs, Geneva,

26-6-78--7-7-78. 8. International Seminar on Rural

Telecommuni- 848100.00

cation, New Delhi, 11--22-9-78. Incurred by UNDP, GOI contribution was Rs. 1,00,000 9. Meeting of International Consultative Committee

23,668.00 on Telephone and

Telegraphs, Geneva, 13-9-78-

30-9-78. 10. Meeting of EC of AOPU, Manila, 30-10-78--2,628.00 5-11-78. 11. Meetings of Consultative Council

for Postal Studies 19,437.00

of UPU, Berne 13--24-11-78. 12. Meeting of International

Consultative Committee

4,435.00 on Telephone and Telegraphs, London, 4--11-12-78. 13. Meeting of International Consultative


on Telephone and Telegraphs, West Germany, 11--17-12-78. 14. Meeting of the International Telecommunication


Union, Paris, 17--21-12-78. United Nations Children Fund 1. Executive Board 1978 Session,

New York, 15-- Nil.

26-5-78. 2. Seminar on Monitoring and Evaluation

in Social


Development, Manila. 3. International Congress on Nutrition,

Rio-de- Expenditure met by

Janerio, 27-8-78--1-9-78. UNICEF 4. Conference on Primary Health, Care

Alma Atta Nil.

(USSR), 6--12-9-78. 5. National Seminar on Special Nutrition


Expenditure met by

Srinagar, 19--21-10-78.

UNICEF United Nations Development Programme 1. Workshop on Efficient use and maintenance of

Expenditure met by Irrigation systems at

Farm Level, China, 24-8-78--UNDP

6-9-78. -------------------------------------

------------------------------------- 1 2 3 ------------------------------------- United Nations Economic & Social Council 1. 6th & 7th Session of International



Group on Code of Conduct on

Transnational Co-operations,

New York, 8--19-1-79. 2. 35th Session of Human Rights

Commission, N.A.

Geneva, 12-2-79--16-3-79. 3. 27th Session of the UN Commission

on Status of15 328.00

Women, New York, 20-3-78--5-4-78. 4. 1st Regional Session of Ecosoc,

Geneva, 11-4-78-42,501.00

5-5-78. 5. Regional Preparatory Committee Meeting for Asia5,218.00

and Pacific Region to prepare for

the 6th World Congress on

Prevention of Crime and Treatment

of Offenders, Manila,15--19-5-78. 6. 4th Session of UN Commission on



Corporation,Geneva,16--26-5-78. 7. 2nd Regular Session of Ecosoc,

Geneva, 5-7-78-- 35,610.00

4-8-78. 8. 5th Session of International Governmental Work- 29,325.00

ing Group of Code of Conduct on Transnational Corporations,

New York, 18--23-9-78. 9. Experts Meeting to prepare for

6th World Congress


on Prevention of Crime and

Treatment of Offenders

UK, 11--15-12-78. United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation 1. Seminar on Family Planning Communication, No Expenditure

New Delhi, 1978. 2. 6th European Conference on Thermo-Physical Pro-Met by UNESCO perties of Material,

Dubrovnik, 26--29-6-78. 3. Regional Seminar on Training in Cultural Admini- -do-

stration, Tokyo,

31-7-78--12-8-78. 4. Regional & Consultative Seminar on Future


met by Directions of Population

Education, Manila, 14-- UNESCO

21-8-78. 5. Regional Meeting for Asia for

involvement of-do-

Youth in Kathmandu,17--22-9-78. -----------------------------------

----------------------------------- 1 2 3 ----------------------------------- 6. 20th Session of General

Conference, Paris, 24-10-78

3,01,838.00 --28-11-78. 7. Meetings of Incharges of Centres

or Institute for


met by Studies, Research and

Documentation on Cultural

UNESCO Development, Berlin,

5--8-12-78. United Nations General Assembly 1. UN Conference on Carriage

of Goods by Sea,


Hamburg, 6--31-3-78. 2. 17th Session of Legal

Sub-Committee of UN Con-

20,332.0 ference on Peaceful

uses of Outer Space, Geneva,

13-3-78--7-4-78. 3. 7th Session of the UN Conference

on the Law of


Sea, Geneva, 28-3-78--19-5-68. 4. Working Group of Experts on

Environmental Law, Expenditure

met by Geneva, 3--12-4-78. UN 5. 7th Session of 3rd UN Conference

on Law of Sea,


Geneva, 11-4-78--13-5-78. 6. Special Session of UN General

Assembly on Nam- 1,19,000.00

bia, New York, 24-4-78--3-5-78. 7. 1st Substantive Session of the

Committee of the


Whole, New York, 3--12-5-78. 8. Meeting of Foreign Ministers of

Non-aligned Co-50,500.00

ordinating Bureau, Havana,

15-5-78--20-5-78. 9. Special Disarmament Session of

the UN General


Assembly, New York,

23-5-78--28-6-78 10. 11th Session of UN Conference

of International


Trade Law UNCITRAL, New Delhi, 30-5-78-- 16-6-78. 11. International Civil Service

Commission Meeting,28,450.00

Paris, 1--29-7-78. 12. Conference of Ministers of Foreign

Affairs of Non- 1,71,000.00

aligned Countries, Belgrade,

25-7-78--29-7-78. 13. Resumed Session of UN Conference

on Succession 25,029.00

of States in respect of Treaties,

Vienna, 31-7-78--24-8-78. 14. World Conference to Combat Racism

and Racial 11,927.00

Discrimination, Geneva,14--25-8-78. ---------------------------------------

--------------------------------------- 1 2 3 --------------------------------------- 15. Resumed 7th Session of the 3rd UN

Conference 17,128.00

on Law of Sea, New York,

18-8-78--18-9-78. 16. Resumed Session of UN Conference

on Law of


Sea, New York, 21-8-78--15-9-78. 17. 2nd Substantive Session of the

UN Committee of


the Whole, New York, 5--15-9-78. 18. UN Conference on Technical

Cooperation among 42,501.00

Developing Countries including

Pre-Conference Meeting, Buenos

Aires, 5--15-9-78. 19. UN Seminar on National and Local



Geneva, 18--29-9-78. 20. 33rd Session of the General

Assembly, New York,


19-9-78--Dec. 78. 21. AALCC's 20th Annual Session,

Seoul, Oct. 78 N.A. 22. Conference on future of Small

Scale Mining, Expenditure met by

Jurica, Mexico, 27-11-78--5-12-78. UNDP. 23. UN Disarmament Commission, New

York, 9--


12-12-78. 24. Working Group on Negotiable

Instruments of N.A.

UNCITRAL, New York, Jan., 1979. 25. Study Group Meeting of UNIDROIT

on Ware-


house Contacts, Rome, Jan. 1979. 26. Preparatory Meeting on Law of Sea,



Mexico, 4--12-1-79. 27. International Sessional Meeting of

the Law of Sea, N.A.

Geneva, Feb. 79. 28. Preparatory Committee for new

International De-


velopment Strategy, New York,

1--2-2-79. 29.18th Session of, Legal Sub-Committee

on Outer


Space, New York, 12-3-79--6-4-79. United Nations Industrial Development Organisation 1. 22nd Session of International

Lead and Zinc Study 45,850.00

Group, Vienna, 3--6-7-78. 2. 23rd Session of International

Lead and Zinc Study 25,000.00 Group, Geneva, 23-11-78--1-12-78. -------------------------------------

------------------------------------- 1 2 3 ------------------------------------- World Tourism Organisation 1. International Conference on Tourism

and Air3,460.00

Transport, Mexico, 15--26-4-78. 2. 5th Session of WTO Commission for

South Asia,


Tehran, 28-5-78--6-6-78. 3. WTO Research Meeting of Statistics,

Medrid, 2--

N.A. 8-12-78. ---------------------------------------

Oct 10, 1978
Appendix IA


Information received from various 
1        2              3 
1. ISSA Regional Training Seminar, 
   New Delhi,Nil. 
   Nov 04, 1978 -18 December, 1978. 
2. ESCAP Trade Ministers' Conference 
   in Delhi--

Rs. 3,67,713.00 16th to 23rd Ausust, 1978. 3. Under the Auspices of International

Trade Centre/

Rs. 3,27,564.36 UNCTAD/GATT, Geneva, a Seminar on the promotion of trade by State Trading Corporation was held in New Delhi from 6--24 November, 1978 in cooperation with Indian Institute of Foreign Trade/State Trading Corporation. 4. Meeting of Regional Panel of Experts for Research

Nil. & Training in Literacy held at Delhi from 19-25 September, 1978. 5. Sub-Regional Workshop on Laboratory Procedures Nil. and Maintenance of School Science Equipment with special reference to Biology Education held at New Delhi from 23rd Nov., to 2nd December, 1978 (Sponsored by UNESCO). 6. Commonwealth Conference on Non-formal Edu-

Nil. cation for Development held at New Delhi from 22nd January to 2nd Feb., 1979. 7. International Training Course-cum -saminar on-- Drugs Abuse Control and Enforcement organised by the Directorate of Training Customs and Central Excise, New Delhi, in collaboration with the Central Training Unit of the United Nations Division on Narcotics Drugs, Geneva. It was held at Vigyan Bhavan, New Delhi/India from 6-3-78 to 17-3-78 Shri R.N. Kaul, Dy. Supdt. of Police, CB1/N&CC,New Delhi attended the Course-cum-saminar. 8. Round Table on Adaptation of Administration to Nil. Rural Development 16--18 August, 1978, New Delhi (Collaboration Govt. of India--UN ESCAP) 9. Tenth Session of the Textile Committee of ILO,Rs. 7,768.30 Geneva from 4--13 April, 1978. ----------------------------------

---------------------------------- 1 2 3 ---------------------------------- 10. Regional Seminar Organised by

ILO/Switzerland Nil.

for vocational Training

System--Design etc.,

Indonesia, from 17-4-78 to

12-5-1978. 11. First Conference of the Labour

Ministers of non-Rs. 7,248.63

aligned and other developing

countries on the Theme

Employment and Human Resources,

Tunis from the 24th to 27th

April, 1978. 12. ARPLA High level meeting on

Labour Adminis-


tration Manila 8--12-5-1978. 13. 206th Session of the Governing

Body of ILO and Rs. 14,264.55

its various Committee

meeting, Geneva from

25-5-78 to 3-6-78. 14. 64th Session of the International

Labour Confer-

Rs. 2,85,582.50

ence of ILO Geneva from 7th to

28th June, 1978. 15. ILO DANIDA/Seminar on Financial



of Rural Cooperatives.Copenhagan,

(Denmark)from 16-8-78 to 7-9-1978. 16. ARPLA Seminar on Extending Labour



Service to Rural Areas Dacca

(Bangladesh) from 18--23-9-78. 17. Tripartite Advisory meeting on

Night work Gen- Nil.

eva, 26-9-78 to 3-10-78. 18. Second Tripartite Technical

Meeting for the Food

Rs. 7,878.48 Products, and

Drink Industries of ILO,

Geneva from 17--26

October, 1978. 19. 208th Session of the Governing

Body of ILO Rs. 29,259.17

and its various Committee

meetings Geneva, from

6--17 Nov. 1978. 20. ILO/ARPLA Workshop on Making

Labour Ins-


pection Mere effective

Bangkok, from 13--18th

November, 1978. 21. ILO/SIDA Project on Strengthening

Inter Coope- Nil.

rative Relations Workshop,

Singapore from 15-1-79

to 26-1-79. 22. Commonwealth Ministerial Meeting

on common

Rs. 9,326.00

fund at London on 13th and 14th

April, 1978. 23. Second Regional Preparatory meeting

of the UN Rs. 2,154.00

Conference on Science and

Technology, Bangkok,

17--21 July, 1978. -----------------------------------------

----------------------------------------- 1 2 3 ----------------------------------------- 24. Consultative meeting on a convention

of Inter- Rs. 3,880.00

national Multi-Model Transport,

Bangkok, 24--28 July 1978. 25. 18th Session (First Part of the

Trade and Develop- Rs. 5,475.00

ment Board of the UNCTAD)

at Geneva from 29th August to

15th September, 1978. 26. Third Session of the ESCAP

Committee on Industry

Rs. 5,090,00

Housing and Technology,


19--25, 1978. 27. ECWA Conference in Amman

(2-10-1978 to Nil.

6-10-1978). 28. Third Session of ESCAP Committee

on Statistics,

Rs. 5,090,00

Bangkok, 17--23 Oct., 1978. 29. Second Part of the 8th Session

of the Committee on

Rs. 10,400.00

Invisibles and Financing related

to Trade at Geneva from 23rd

October, to 3rd November, 1978. 30. Fifth Session of ESCAP Committee

on Natural Rs, 10.296.00

Resources, Bangkok 31st

October, to 6th Novem-

ber, 1978. 31. Second Session of ESCAP Committee

on shipping

Rs. 14,870.00

Transport and Communication,

Bangkok 14--22 November, 1978. 32. Resumed Session of the Second

Nagotiating Con-Rs. 11,750.00

ference on the Common Fund at

Geneva from 14th

to 27th November, 1978. 13. Inter-Governmental Consultative

Group Meeting

Rs. 6,860.00

among National Planning Bureaux

with partici- pation of Dev.

Banks on the establishment of

regional industries, Bangkok,

November, 23--28 1978. 34. Second Session of the Committee

on Social De-velopment at Bangkok,

6--12 December, 1978. Rs.2,745.00 35. Second Session of the Committee

on Population

Rs. 5,190.00

at Bangkok, 13--19 Dec., 1978. 36. Meeting of the Ad-hoc Group of

Ministers of

Rs. 7,090.00

ESCAP, Bangkok, January 30--31,

1979. 37. Sixth Session of the Standing

Committee of Bang-Rs. 4,050.00

kok Agreement, Jan. 30--Feb.

2, 1979. 38. Thirty-Fifth Session of the

ESCAP Bangkok,Rs. 50,000.00

March 5--46, 1979 (to be held). ------------------------------------- 6 EA/78--7.

------------------------------------- 1 2 3 ------------------------------------- 39. CCIR Plenery Assembly held at

Kyoto Japan dur-Rs.13,290.00

ing May-June, 1978 attended

by Chief Engineer

and Additional Chief Engineer. 40. Meeting of Indo-U.S. Sub-Commission

on Edu- Rs. 3,359.23

cation & Culture May 13-17, 1978

at New York

USA (Sanction conveyed vide Deptt.

of Culture letter No.

F.11-11/78-CII (I) dated 12-5-78). 41. Special Preparatory Meeting of

CCIR for WARC- Rs. 20,150.00

79 held at Geneva from 23rd

October, to 17th November, 1978

attended by Chief Engineer, All

India Radio. 42. 20th Session of the General

Conference of UNES-

Rs. 750. 00

CO at Paris (France)

(from 24-10-1978 to 28-11-78)

Shri G.S. Bhargava, Principal

information Officer attended from

11-11-1978 to 18-11-1978. 43. Seminar on the teaching about



held at Kenya (Nairobi) from

August 20 to Septem-

ber 1, 1978. 44. Inter-country Mobile Training

Programme in Popu-


lation Education from September

11--25, 1978sponsored by UNESCO

Programme. (Bangkok). 45. International Congress on the

Teaching of Human Rs. 4,302.75

Rights held at Vienna from 12-16

September, 1978. 46. Second Regional Workshop of

Pupil Evaluation with particular

reference to Moral Education spon-

sored by UNESCO from September

12 to October

10, 1978 held at Tokyo (Japan). 47. Study Group meeting on the

Development of Curri-


culum Materials, Teacher

Education Materials and Science

Instructional Materials organised

by UNESCO held at Bangkok from

December 4--19,

1978. 48. Technical Working Group Meeting

on Alternative--

Structures Linking Formula and

Non-formal Edu-cation with Special

Emphasis on Universalization

of Education held at Bangkok from

October 2--14,

1978. 49. Commonwealth Regional In-service

Teacher Edu- --

cation Workshop for Asia in

Colombo (Sri Lanka) from October

23 to November 3, 1978. -------------------------------------

------------------------------------- 1 2 3 ------------------------------------- 50. Technical Working Group Meeting

on Selection, Maintenance and

Repair of Science Equipment

organised jointly by the APEID

and the SEAMEO Regional Centre

of Education in Science and

mathematics held at Penang from

November 2--11,

1978. 51. Asian Sub-Regional Workshop

in Educational --

Technology held at Kathmandu,

Nepal from 7th to 21st

November, 1978. 52. UNESCO Regional Training

Workshop--System Approach to

Education and Teacher

In-service programme held

at Bangkok from Nov. 20 to

Dec. 2,1978. 53. Study Group meeting on the

Development of Curri- --

culam Materials, Teacher

Education Materials and

Science Instructional

Materials organised by UNE-

SCO held at Bangkok from

December 4--19,1978. 54. Regional Meeting for Policies

Studies in Training of

Educational Personnel held at

Bangkok from 3rd to 6th

January, 1979 ((Sponsored

by UNESCO). 55. Regional Workshop on the

Development of Low


cost aids for Science Teaching

at the first level of

Education to be held at NIER,

JAPAN from January 18 to

February 17, 1979. 56. Regional Workshop for a Joint

Study on Moral --

Education in Asia to be

organised by NIER, Japan

from 2-31 March, 1979. 57. First Symposium on prevention

of unlawful inter-


ference with Civil Aviation

held at Paris on 1-3-78

to 3-3-78.

Shri T.V. Rajeshwar, Director

Civil Aviation --

Security, Ministry of Tourism

and Civil Aviation, New Delhi.


Shri MK. Baroah, DD/MHA, New

Delhi attended the conference. 58. "improving methods of planning

for comprehensive


regional development" held

in Japan--16th May

to 12th June, 1978

(UN Centre for Regional

Development, Nagoya Japan). ------------------------------------

------------------------------------ 1 2 3 ------------------------------------ 59. First International Symposium on

Crime Preven- tion held at Paris

from 30th May 1978 to 1st June,


Shri E.N. Rension, Jt.Director/CBI

attended the

Rs. 13,705.00

Symposium. 60. Tripartite review meeting of the

Asian PacificNil.

Development Administration

Centre, Kuala Lum-pur (UNDP)

(held on 11 October, 1978). 61. 47th General Assembly Session

at Panama from 19-10-78 to


(i) Shri John Lobo, Director/CBI Rs. 25,836.60

(ii) Shri P.V. Hingorani, Addl.

Director/CBI as

Leader. Rs. 22,150.00 (iii) Shri R.K. Kapoor, JD/IB--as member not known (iv) Shri P.A. Rosha, IGP, Haryana --as membernot known (v) Shri M.S. Mehta, Director,

Revenue Intelligence

not known --as member. 62. Meeting of the Heads of the

National Drug Depart-

ments in Kuwait from 8.1.79

to 9.1.79

(i) Shri J. S. Baba, Jt.


(ii) Shri M.L. Wadhawan, Narcotics

Commissioner of India attended

the meeting.

Rs. 5631.90 63. Meeting of the operational Heads

of National Uarbotic Law

enforcement Agencies for East

Re-gion held at Sri Lanka.

Shri P.C. Srivastava, AIG/CBI Rs. 4602.00 64. Seventh Session of the United

Nations Conference Rs.9430.00

on the Law of the sea at

Geneva from 22-4-78 to

20-5-78 attended by Rear

Admiral FL Fraser,

Chief Hydrographer to the

Govt. of India. 65. Resumed Seventh Session of

the United Nations

Conference on the Law of

the Sea at New York

from 21-8-78 to 15-9-78

attended by Rear Admiral

RL Fraser, Chief Hydrographer

to the Govern-ment of India Rs. 5215.00 66. Nineteenth Session of the IMCO

Sub-Committee on Radio

Communications in London

from 3-9-78 to 9-9-78, attended

by LT Cdr RG Chitnis, Notices

to Mariners Officers

Rs. 3115.00 -------------------------------------

------------------------------------- 1 2 3 ------------------------------------- 67. Seventh Session of the Third

United Nations Con-ference on

the Law of the Sea held at

Geneva-attended by Commodore

O. P. Sharma J.A.G.(Navy)

from 27 Mar to 23 Apr 78 vide

Government of India, Ministry

of External Affairs Memoran-

dum No. L/122(10)/78 of 22 Mar


Cash Allowance plus tips for

the period 27 Mar 78

Rs. 9431.85 to 23 Apr 78

paid by PMI Geneva and expended. 68. Seventh UN Conference on the Law of the Sea Indian delegation Geneva from 26-3-78 to 29-4-78. case processed by the Ministry of External Affairs. 69. Fourth Ophiolite Field Conference

of the IGCP

Rs. 15,016.00

Project (UNESCO), USSR from

30-7-78 to 15-8-78 70. Indo-Australian Workshop on

Phosphorites un-NIL (Expenses

were der IGCP (UNESCO) Project,

Canberra (Aus-met by the or-

tralia) from 13-8-78 to

24-8-78. ganisers). 71. UNESCO sponsored Symposium on

Run off Gla-

Rs. 3,684.00

cier at Tbilisi (USSR) from

2-9-78 to 12-9-78 and

UNESCO workshop on World

Glacier Inventory at Valais

(Switzerland) 13-9-78

to 25-9-78. 72. IGCP (UNESCO) Project 26 and

I.M.A. meetingsRs. 17,498.00


from 4-9-78 to 16-9-78. 73. RMRDC meeting of the ESCAP,

Bandung from Rs. 3,944.97

19-9-78 to 26-9-78. 74. Annual meeting of the IGCP

(UNESCO)Project Rs. 14,619.00

No. 107. Vienna from

20-9-78 to 28-9-78. 75. International workshop

meeting of UNESCO

Rs. 2,048.00

sponsored IGCP Project Nos.

4 and 106. Budapest from

2-10-78 to 6-10-78. 76. Field Conference of the LGCP

Project No.118 Rs. 10,923.00

(UNESCO) USA from 8-10-78

to 22-10-78. 77. Third working Group meeting

on Stratigraphic Correlation

of Sedimentary basins of ESCAP. Bangkok from 8-11-78 to 17-11-78. Rs. 7,612.20 78. Meeting of the Sub-commission

for S.E. Asia (Total amount for

of Commission for the Geological

Map of the Bangkok meetings

World. Bangkok from 11-11-78

to 18-11-78. from Sl. Nos. 79. The Regional meeting of the

head of the National 77--80).

Committees of IGCP and

GEOSEA Conference. Bangkok

from 10-11-78 to 17-11-78. ------------------------------------

------------------------------------ 1 2 3 ------------------------------------ 80. COGEODATA Seminar on IGCP Project

No. 98. Bangkok from 8-11-78

to 14-11-78. 81. Meeting of the IGCP Project

No. 129. Bahia NIL (Expenses

(Brazil) from 24-11-78 to

4-12-78. were met by the

host country). 82. Conference on the Future of

Small Scale Mining

NIL (Expenses

(Sponsored by the UNITAR).

Jurica (Mexico)

were met by the from 27-11-78 to 5-12-78. UNDP). 83. To attend 9th Session of Inter-

Governmental Mari- Rs. 5,043

time Consultative Organisation's

(IMCO) Marine Environment

Protection Committee at U.K. from

30-4-78 to 5-5-78. 84. To attend 15th Session of

Technical Cooperation Rs. 17,096

Committee and 40th Session of

Council (IMCO) at U.K. from

17-5-78 to 26-5-78. 85. Training in Model oil combating

skills at the Cen-Expenditure was

tre in Meneal Islands, Established

under IMCO

borne by Inter -

administration for the mediteranean

Region, atGovernmental Mar i-

Malta from 4-6-78 to 14-6-78.

time Consultati ve

Organisation. 86. To attend International Conference

on Training

Rs. 34,883

and Certification of Seafarers at

U.K. from 14-6-78 to 7-7-78. 87. To attend the Inter-Governmental

consultative Rs. 1,054

meeting on the Convention on

International Multi-modal

Transport meeting at Bangkok

from 24-7-78 to 28-7-78.

(Organised by ESCAP). 88. To attend 2nd Course for maritime

administration Entire expenditu re

on prevention and Control of

Pollution at Sweden

borne by Swedish

from 9-8-78 to 17-8-78.

(Organised by IMCO).

International D e-

velopment Authority. 89. To attend 19th Session of

IMCO Sub-Committee

Rs. 2,770

on Radio Communication at

U.K. from 4-9-78 to 8-9-78. 90. ESCAP Workshop on shippers (Cooperation at No expenditure Bangkok from 18-9-78 to 22-9-78).

was involved as all the expend i- ture on travel and daily allow- ance etc. was borne by the ESCAP, Bangkok.

------------------------------------ 1 2 3 ------------------------------------ 91. To attend 5th Session of I.P.G.

Multimodal Trans-

Rs, 7,420

port Convention at Geneva from

18-9-78 to 6-10-78

(Organised by UNCTAD). 92. To attend 41st Session of IMCO

Council at Lon-

Rs. 11,163

don from 20-10-78 to 29-10-78. 93. To attend Second Meeting of

ESCAP Committee Rs. 3,900

approx on shipping, Transport

and Communication held

at Bangkok from 14-11-78

to 22-11-78. 94. To attend IMCO's 10th Session

of Marine Envi-

Rs. 2,733

ronment Protection Committee at U.K.from 4-12-78 to 8-12-78. 95. To attend IMCO's 11th Session

of Sub-Committee Rs. 2.733

on Standards of Training and

Watchkeeping at U.K. from

21-1-79 to 26-1-79. 96. Tokyo Seminar on Tanker

Safety and Pollution

(Total expenditure

Prevention at Tokyo from

19-2-1979 to 23-1-79

will be borne by

(Organised by IMCO).

IMCO Japan). 97. To attend IMCO's 13th Session

of Sub-committee, Rs. 2,733

on Life Saving Appliances at

U.K. from 26-2-1979 to 2-3-79. 98. To attend IMCO's Session of

sub-committee on Rs. 2,733

Radio Communications at

U.K. from 26-3-79 to 30-3-79. ----------------------------------

Nov 04, 1978
Appendix II Major International Conferences/Meetings/Seminars


Major International Conferences
/Meetings/Seminars organised by
Non-Govern-Menial Organisations
,at which India was represented
with Government assistance
in 1978-79 
S.No. Title of Conference 
(with venue & date)Foreign
\ Exchange component of ex- 
 penditure in  Rs. 
1     2      3 
1.   Pata Development Authority 

Meeting, Sen Fran-

Nil. cisco, Jan 16, 1979 -24-1-1979. 2. Finance Workshop of Pata,

Hongkong, 11--18-2-


1979. 3. IUFRO International Symposium

on Tiger, New Nil.

Delhi, 22--24-2-1979. 4. 5th Session of Committee on

Food Aid Policies 6124.00

and Programmes, Rome,

10--21-4-1978. 5. Meeting of the Sub-Committee

of ISO on Spices


and Condiments, Sri Lanka,

24--26-4-1978. 6. Symposium of Livestock

Development Programme

Expenditure met

for Asian Small Farmers,

Sydney, 14--19-5-1978.

by Australia. 7. Seminar on guidelines for

Agriculture and Rural 10374.00

Development, UK and USSR,

20-5-78 to 5-6-78. 8. 46th General Session of the

Committee of Epizoo- Nil.

tice (OIE), Paris,

22--27-5-78. 9. Tenth International Congress

on Irrigation and 6500.00

Drainage, Athens, 24-5-78

to 3-6-78. 10. 9th International Seminar

on Integrated Rural

Expenses met Cooperation

Development, Tokyo,

9--22-6-78. by AARRO. 11. SEAFDOC Conference on

Asian Aquaculture

Expenses met by

Planning, Manila, 7--13-8-78.

SEAFOC. 12. Sussex university Women

Project Conference,

Expenses met by

Manila, 7--13-8-78.

Susses University. 13. Regional Training Seminar on

Development Plan- Expenses

met by ning, Bangkok,

14-9-78 to 25-10-78. UNADI. 14. 16th World Poultry Congress,

Brazil, 17--21-9-78.6190.00 ---------------------------------

--------------------------------- 1 2 3 --------------------------------- 15. Annual Conference of

International Research

Nil. Group on Wood

Preservation in Peebles, UK,

17--22-9-78. 16. IX International Heart

Congress of International

600.00 Society for Heart

Research, New Delhi, 28-9-78-

2-10-78. 17. Technical Meeting on Social

Welfare Aspect of


Family Planning, Manila,

2--13-10-78. 18. 18th & 19th Meeting of

Executive Committee of 10802.00

AARRO, Cairo, 6--15-10-78. 19. World Travel Conference of

ASTA Acapulco, 6711.00

(USA), 12--22-10-78. 20. 8th World Forestry Congress,

Indonesia, 16-Expenditure met


by FAO/SIDA 21. 6th Session of Committee on

Food Aid Policies and

5392.00 Programmes, Rome,

23--31-10-78. 22. Grouped meetings or the

Committees and sub.

28832.00 Committees in

Iron ore, Sydney, 27-10-78

to 17-11-78. 23. Fifth International

Congress on Hormonal 1050.00 Steroids, New Delhi, 29-10-78--4-11-78 24. 3rd Session of APRACA

Executive Committee,

1000.00 Kathmandu,

5--8-11-78. 25. Study Meeting on

Distribution of Agriculture


Expenditure met

puts, Tokyo, 7--15-11-78.

by APO, Tokyo. 26. 4th Meeting of Sub-

Commission for South

East 2274.00

Asia of CG, Map of

World, Bangkok,

11--16-11-78. 27. 7th International

Fisheries Fair and

Technical Expenditure

met Seminar, Oslo,

20-23-11-78. by Export

Council of Norway. 28. PATA Development Authority

Meeting, Hawaii, 5409.00

Tokyo, Hongkong, 4-14-12-78. 29. Meeting of the Joint

Coordination Committee of

Expenditure met

the Project on Rural

Markets in Asia, Bangkok,

by FAO. 6-9-12-78. 30. 10th International Congress

of Anthropological 400.00

and Ethnological Sciences,

New Delhi, 10-16.12.78

-------------------------------- 1 2 3 -------------------------------- 31. Seminar on Visual Com. in

Asia organised in Bom-Nil.

bay on November, 13--16,

1978 by Asian Mass

Communication Research

& Information Centre

in Cooperation with Bombay

University and Bharatiya

Vidya Bhavan. Shri H.Y.

Sharada Prasad, Director delivered the Keynote address. 32. International Council for

Correspondence edu- Nil.

cation held at New Delhi

from November 8--15, 1978. 33. Asian Regional Seminar on

Education held at Jai- Nil.

pur from October 30 to

November 3, 1978 (Orga-

nised by Indian Council

for International Amity). 34. Conference on Integrated

Science Education held

Rs. 5,428.60

at Netherland from March

28 to April 7, 1978. 35. 12th Annual Conference of

the Law of the Sea Nil.

Institute at The Hague

from 23-10-78 to 27-10-78

(Under arrange-attended by

Rear Admiral FL Fraser,

Chief Hydro-ments by the Law

grapher to the Govt. of

India. of the Sea Insti-

tute, Netherlands). 36. Group meetings of the

International Standards

Rs. 5,137 Organisation

held at Sydney (Australia)

from 31-10-78 to 10-11-78. 37. IIFT study of freight

tariffs and conference

practi- No expenses to

ces at Geneva, London,

New York,Govt. All expen-

Washington and San-

Francisco from diture

on travel 25-6-78 to

31-7-78. and subsistance

allowance was borne by UNDP

under ITC/SIDA fellowship. 38. To attend the meeting of

Working Group on Rs. 5,043

Cross Trades under the Indo

-Soviet Joint Committee on

Shipping held at Moscow from

3-4-79 to 9-4-1978. 39. To discuss the Indo-GDR

Bilateral Shipping

Rs. 4,000 approx.

Agreement in Berlin from

27-8-78 to 2-9-78. 40. To attend Second Meeting

of Indo-Soviet Joint

Rs. 6,167. Committee on

Shipping in Moscow from

19-9-78 to 25-9-78. 41. To attend Meeting of the

Competent Authority

Rs. 375 under Protocol

on Inland Water Transit

& Trade between Govt. to

India and Bangladesh in

Dacca (Bangladesh) in

June 1978 (12-6-78 to

17-6-78). ------------------------------ Jan 16, 1979
Appendix III Miscellaneous International Conferences


Miscellaneous International 
Conferences etc. in 1978-79 
at which Government of 
India was represented or
at which India was 
represented with Government 
of India's assistance 
S.No. Title of Conference (with 
venue and date) Foreign Exchange 
component of expenditure in Rs. 
1       2  3 
1.   Regional Seminar on 

Institution Building and

2473.00 Technological

Education, Kathmandu,

May 08, 1978 12-5-78. 2. Preparatory Committee Meeting

'Role of Women'


in Development, Baghdad,

3-5-6-78. 3. Preparatory Committee Meeting

for World Con-


ference, Vienna, 19-30-6-78. 4. UNIDO Workshop on Management

of Transfer


and Development of Technology

in Public Enter- prises,

Lubljana,Yugoslavia,19-24-6-78. 5. XIII International Congress

on Diseases of Chest,4476.00

Kyoto, 2-7-7-78. 6. 2nd Australia-Asian Pacific

Foresenic Sciences


Congress, Australia, 19-28-

7-78. 7. 4th Regional Conference of

Ministers of Educa-12292.00

tion, Colombo, 24-7-78 to

1-8-78. 8. First Foundation Assembly

Session of ICPE, 2685.00

Lubljana, Yugoslavia,

July 1978. 9. Annual Convention of Society

of American Travel 3345.00

Writers, USA, 30-8-78 to

3-9-78. 10. 25th Anniversary of Foundation

of Scientific Board

Expenditure met

of International Potash

Institute, Berne, 4-8-9-78.

by IPI. 11. XXIV World Conference of

the International 1857.00

Union Against Tuberculosis,

Brussels, 5-9-9-78. 12. 1st Meeting of the Council

of ICPE, Lubljana, 3797.00

Yugoslavia, Oct 1978. ---------------------------------

--------------------------------- 1 2 3 --------------------------------- 13. FAO Expert Consultation on

Increasing Agricul-Expenditure

met tural Production, Bali,


by FAO. 14. Conference of Indo-Soviet Group

of Non-Ferrous


Metallurgy, Moscow, 7-23-10-78. 15. FAO Workshop on Organic

Materials and Social

Expenditure met

Productivity, Alexandria,


by FAO. 16. XIV World Congress of

SICOT, Kyoto,6171.00

15-20-10-78. 17. International Workshop on

Information System 440.00

by the Evaluation of

Business Efficiency in

Public Enterprises in

Developing Countries,

Lubljana, November 1978. 18. International Workshop

on Planning in Public

440.00 Enterprises,

Lubljana, November 1978. 19. 85th Annual Meeting of

the Association of Mili-

4875.00 tary Surgeons of

the United States,

Washington,26-30-11-78. 20. 4th Enlarged Winter

Council Meeting, ISMA,

Expenditure met Turkey,

5-8-12-78. by ISMA of

France. 21. Xth International Congress

of Anthropological


Sciences, Delhi and Ranchi,

10-20-12-78. 22. FAO Meeting on Farm

Mechanisation, Rome,

Expenditure met 14-16-12-78

by FAO 23. Regional Seminar on

Broadcasting and Law,

Nil. Kuala Lumpur,

8-19-1-79 24. Asian and Pacific Regional

Seminar on Managerial Nil.

Services by ICPE, Kuala

Lumpur, 15-24-1-79 25. Meeting of Organisational

Council of South East Nil.

Asian Ministers of

Education, Chingmai,Thailand,

18-22-1-79. 26. 17th Session of the Council

of International Bureau of

Education, Geneva, 23-26-1-79 27. The first meeting of the

Experts Group on SATE- --

LLITE in Broadcasting held

at New Delhi from 5th

August to 7th August, 1978 28. Asian Broadcasting Union

Engineering Committee --

and Working parties meetings

held at New Delhi from 14th

to 21st October, 1978 ----------------------------------

---------------------------------- 1 2 3 ---------------------------------- 29. 15th Asian Broadcasting Union

General Assembly


held at New Delhi from 14th to

29th October, 1978 30. Film Symposium organised by

Indian institute of --

Mass Communication at Vigyan

Bhavan to concide

with 7th International Film

Festival of India on

January 9, 10 and 11, 1979 31. ABU/AIB Engineering Seminar

relationg to WA- --

RC-79 held at Kuala Lumpur

from April 4th to 12th, 1978.

Attended by Station Engineer

Frequ- ency Assignment 32. Meeting of the Governing

Council of the Asia-

Rs. 1.304.00 Pacific

Institute for Broadcasting

Development held at Kuala

Lumpur from 10th to 12th

April, 1978 attended by Deputy Director General AIR 33. To participate in the

V-International Film

Festi- Rs. 30,130.00

vals of Asian. African and Latin American Count-ries 34. First Meeting of the Group

of Experts on WARC

Rs. 1,604.00 Preparations

constituted by the

Committee for co-operation

of the Broadcasting

Organisations of non-

aligned countries held at

Algiers from 13th to 15th

May, 1978. Attended by

Director, Frequency

Assignment, AIR. 35. For Participating in the

Public Television and In-

Rs. 500. 00

dependent Film Seminar

held in New York from

28-5-1978 to 2-6-1978.

Shri Mushir Ahmad (Chief

Producer) 36. To Participate in Cannes

International Film Festi-

Rs. 34,662.00

val Capass from 15-5-1978

to 27-5-1978 37. Asian Broadcasting Union

Administrative Council

Rs. 6,959.00

meeting held in Port

Moresby (Papua New Guinea)

from 13th to 15th June,

1978. Attended by two

Deputy Director Generals

of AIR 38. To participate in Cannes

International Film Fes-

Rs. 23,568.00

tival, Czechoslovakia

from 29-6-1978 to 12-7-1978 39. International Symposium

on Radiowaves and the

Rs. 4,930.00 Ionosphere

organised by International

Union of Radio Science

(URSI) at Helsinki (Finland)

from 31-7-1978 to 8-8-78.

Attended by Asstt. Station

Engineer. ---------------------------------

--------------------------------- 1 2 3 --------------------------------- 40. Discussion on Committee Rules

of procedure as well

Rs. 822.00 as action to be

taken on the conclusion of

the Se-cond Meeting of the

Committee of Co-operation at

Belgrade (Yugoslavia) from

6-8-1978 to 20-8-1978 attended

by Deputy Director General AIR 41. The Second International Meeting

of HF Broad-

Rs. 2,473.00

casters held at Geneva from

6th to 8th September,1978

attended by Engineer in Charge 42. XXX Session of Prix Italia

Competition held at

Rs. 5,507.00 Milan (Way)

from 11th to 24th Sept.,

1978 atten-ded by Producer

(Drama) 43. To participate in San

Sabastian International


Rs, 23,996.00

Festival, San Sabastian

from 13-9-1978 to 20-9-78 44. Second Meeting of the Group

of Experts on Sate-

Rs. 1,058.00

llites in Broadcasting held

at Zadar (Yugoslavia)

from 26th September to

28th September, 1978

attended by Chief Engineer

and 3 other Engineers. 45. Second Meeting of the Group

of Experts on WARC

Rs. 1,933.20

Preparations held at Lusaka

(Yambia) from 9th October

to 14th October, 1978 46. Third Meeting of the Committee

for Co-operation

Rs. 24,450.00 amongst

Broadcasting Organizations

of Non- aligned countries

held in Arusha (Tanzania)

from 13-10-78 to 21-10-78

attended by Deputy

Director Generals, AIR and

one Station Director,

Doordarshan 47. Third meeting of Committee

for Co-operation of

Rs. 3,307.00 Broadcasting

Organisation of Non-aligned

count-tries held in Arusha

(Tanzania) from 16th to

19th October, 1978 48. Commonwealth Broadcasting

Association General

Rs. 13,300.00

Conference held in

Mauritius from 7th to 16th

November, 1978 49. CBA General Assembly held

at Mauritius from

Rs. 6,377.00

7th to 14th November,

1978 attended by one Depu-

ty Director General and

Additional Chief Engineer

of AIR 50. Third International Meeting

of HF Broadcasters

Rs. 2,272.00

held at Geneva from 18th to

20th November, 1978,

attended by Chief Engineer ---------------------------------

--------------------------------- 1 2 3 ---------------------------------

Rs. 51. To participate in the

International Leipzing Film It is stated that acco-

Festival from 24-11-78 to

1-12-1978, attended by

rding to the official

Shri D. R. Haldankar (Cameraman) records the officer concerned was nei- ther granted any TA/DA. advance nor he submitted his claim so far regarding this tour. However the details of expenditure in-

curred by the Official concerned towards

the airfreight charges and contingent ex- penditure for conve- ance are as fallows:

1. Airfreight charges Rs. 12,427.00 2. Contingent Expen-


Rs. 36.00 --------------- Rs. 12,463.00 --------------- 52. Conference on "Local

Administration-Training Nil.

Trainers" at Manila from 20th

November to 9th December,1978.

(German Foundation Interna-

tional Development in

Cooperation with the College

of Public Administration,

Manila) 53. Third Meeting of the Groups of

Experts on 'Sate- 17,952.00

llites in Broadcasting and

WARC preparations to be held

at CUBA from 2nd February to

6th Feb- ruary, 1979, to

be attended by Chief Engineer

and other 3 Engineers 54. 7th UN Conference on the

Law of the Sea Geneva,

Case processed by

from 26-3-78 to 29-4-78 the Ministry of External Affairs. 55. 1978 Plenary Assembly of the

Commission for Geo-

Rs. 7,500. 00

logical Map of the World,

Paris from 10-3-78 to

22-3-1978 56. International conference on

geological information

Rs. 2,735.00

and GEOREF Workshop, London

from 9-4-78 to

14-4-78 57. 7th International Geochemical

Exploration Sympo-

Rs. 7,808.00 sium, USA from 14-4-78 to 23-4-78 ----------------------------------

---------------------------------- 1 2 3 ---------------------------------- 58. 12th International Symposium

on Remote Sensing

Rs. 5,463.38 of Environment,

Manila from 19-4-78 to 29-4-78 59. International conference on

Computer Mapping

Rs. 2,218.40 for resource

analysis, Mexico from 7-5-78

to 16-5-78 60. International symposium


Rs. 6,489.81 Ottawa, from

12-5-78 to 24-5-78. 61. Archaean Geochemistry Field

Conference Canada

Rs. 13,270.51

from 2-8-78 to 17-8-78. 62. Circumpacific and Mineral

Resources Conference,

Nil. All expenses

Honolulu from 28-7-78 to


were borne by

the organisers. 63. Inter-Union Commission on

Geodynamics and


Annual Conference, USA from

9-8-78 to 18-8-78. 64. 4th International Conference

on Geochronology,Rs. 6,895.00

isotope Geology and

Cosmochronology, Denver

(USA) from 19-8-78 to 1-9-78 65. International Congress on

Engineering Geology

Rs. 31,313.00

and International Symposium

on Water in Mining

and underground works,

Spain from 1-9-78 to

23-9-78. 66. 8th International Congress

of the F.I.P. Federation

Internationals de la

Precontrainte held at

London Rs. 12,350.00

from 30th April to 5th

May, 1978.

The expenditure

was met by the Conference 67. First Technical Workshop

on Planning Construc-

the conference tion and

Maintenance of Rural Roads


RU) held in Mexico from

16-10-78 to 21-10-78. -------------------------------

May 08, 1978
Appendix IV International Oranisations


International Oranisations of
which INDIA became a Member 
or ceased to be a member
during the year 1978-79. 
S.No.  Name of international 
Organisation  Name of 
International Organisa- of
which India became a Member
tion of which India ceased
to be a during the year 
1978-79. member during the 
year 1978-79. 
1. International Centre for
   Public Enter-prises in 
   Developing Countries at 
   Ljubljana (Yugoslavia) 
2. Member of Executive Board 
   of UNICEF w.e.f. Aug 01, 
3. The Asian Cultural Centre 
   for UNE-SCO meeting for 
   the Third Photo Con-test
   in Aisa. Director, Photo
   Division represented 
   India to attend the Third
   Photo con-test in Asia 
   organised by the Asian 
   Cultural Centre for UNESCO,
   in Tokyo in June, 1978. 
6 EA/78--8. 
  Aug 01, 1978
Appendix V Treaties/Conventions/Agreements concluded or renewed by India


concluded or renewed by India
with other countries in 1978* 
Sl.No.Title of Convention/Treaty

Date of Signature Date of Ratification Date on which Remarks Agreement & entered into Acceptance

force -------------------------------- 1 2 3 4 5 6 --------------------------------

MULTILATERAL Code of Conduct for Liner Conferences--1974 1. Convention on a Code of Conduct Jun 25, 1975 14th Feb., 1978 Yet to enter into

-- for Liner Conferences, 1974. force. Prevention and Punishment of Crimes against Internationally Protected Persons , including Diplomatic Agents--1973 2. Convention on the Prevention and -- 11th April,1978 11th May, 1978

-- Punishment of Crimes against Inter-nationally Protected Persons, includ- ing Diplomatic Agents adopted by the General Assembly of the United Nations on 14th December, 1973. Prohibition of Military or any other hostile use of environmental modification techniques--1976 3. Convention on the prohibition of 15th Dec.,1977 15th Dec., 1978

15th Dec., 1978 -- military or any other hostile use of environmentalmodification tech-niques, 1976. *[This list is not exhaustive] Inter-Governmental Maritime Consultative organization (IMCO) 4. Amendments to the Convention on Not Required 1st May,1978 Not yet in force

-- the Inter-Governmental Maritime Consultative Organization, 1948. [Resolution A 358 (IX) 14th Nov. 1975]. International Sugar Agreement-1977 5. International Sugar Agreement, 1977 30th Dec., 1977 15th Feb., 1978 1st January, 1978

-- Kuwait Fund for Arab Economic Development 6. Loan Agreement between India and 4th July, 1978

16th Dec., 1978

Not yet in force

-- Kuwait Fund for Arab Economic Development regarding Kopili Hydro- Electric Project (Loan Number: 121). Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries special Fund (OPEC)

-- 7. Loan Agreement with the OPEC 16th Dec., 1977 13th March, 1978 24th March, 1978 Special Fund. United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) 8. Revised Basic Agreement between 5th April, 1978 --

5th April, 1978

-- India and United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF). ---------------------------------

--------------------------------- (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) --------------------------------- BILATERAL BELGIUM 9. Agreement between India and Bel- 12th Dec., 1978

-- 12th Dec., 1978 -- gium relating to the granting of Financial Assistance. BF 350 Million. CANADA 10. Development Loan Agreement

bet- 22nd Feb., 1978

-- 22nd Feb., 1978 --

ween India and Canada for

C $ 10.0 Million for

import of fertilizer and

fertilizer materials from

Canada. 11. Exchange of Letters between

India 10th April, 1978

-- 10th April, 1978 --

and Canada regarding

amendment of the Loan

Agreement dated 23rd Nov.

1972 for fertilizer Bulk

Handling Equipment for

the Port of Haldia. ETHIOPIA 12. Agreement between India and

25th Nov., 1976 20th

4th Jan., 1978 --

Ethiopia regarding the

avoidance of


double taxation of profits

from the1978

operation of aircraft. GERMANY, FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF (FRG) 13. Exchange of Letters between India 10th March, 1978 -- 10th March, 1978 --

and Federal Republic of Germany regarding amendment

to the Loan Agreement

dated 27th Dec., 1977. 14. Agreement between India and the

13th April, 1978 -- 13th April, 19 78 --

Federal Republic of Germany con- cerning Commodity Aid in 1978.

FRANCE 15. Financial Protocol between

India and 24th Feb., 1978

-- 24th Feb., 197 8


France relating to the

alleviation of the Indian

External Debt.

IRAN 16. Agreement between India and Iron on

25th Feb., 1977 -- 24th January, 1978 --

Cooperation regarding the

utilisation of Atomic

Energy for Peaceful Pur-


JAPAN 17. Exchange of Letters between

India and 22nd Sept., 1978

-- 22nd Sept., 19 78


Japan for Japanese Grant Aid

for 1978-79.

LIBYAN ARAB JAMAHIRIYA 18. Memorandum of Understanding


19th July, 1978

-- 19th July, 1978


ween India and the Socialist

People's Libyan Arab

Jamahiriya on Co-

operation regarding the

Utilisation of Nuclear Energy

for Peaceful

Purposes. ------------------------------------

------------------------------------ (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) ------------------------------------

MALDIVES 19. Agreement between India, and Mal-28th Dec., 1976 8th June, 1978 8th June, 1978 -- dives on Maritime Boundary in the Arabian Sea and related matters.

NEPAL 20. Treaty of Trade between India and17th March, 1978 -- 25th March, 1978 --

Nepal. 21. Protocol to the Treaty of Trade bet- 17th March, 1978


25th March, 1978 --

ween India and Nepal. 22. Treaty of Transit between

India and

17th March,


-- 25th March, 1978 --

Nepal. 23. Protocol to the Treaty of

Transit17th March,


-- 25th March, 1978 --

between India and Nepal. 24. Memorandum for detailed

Procedure 17th

March, 1978 -- 25th March, 1978 --

regarding traffic-in-transit with refe-rence to the Protocol to the Treaty of Transit between India and Nepal. 25. Agreement of Cooperation

between 17th March, 1978


25th March, 1978 --

India and Nepal to Control

Un-authorized Trade.

NETHERLANDS 26. Loan Agreement between

India and 26th

April, 1978-- 26th April, 1978 --

Doe Nederlandse Investerings

bank Voor Ontwikkelingslanden

N.V. for HFL 125,000,000.

27. Loan Agreement between India

and 26th April, 1978


26th April, 1978 --

De Nederlandse Investeringe

bank Voor Ontwikkelingslandon

N.V. for HFL 82,000,000.

PAPUA NEW GUINEA 28. Application of Extradition



-- l7th August, 1978 --

to Papua New Guinea on Reciprocal Basis.

SRILANKA 29. Exchange of Notes between

India and


May, 1978

8th May,


4th Nov., 1975 --

Shri Lanka regarding

amendments to Loan Agreement

dated 4th Nov. 1975. 30. Application of Extradition

Procedure ---- 17th August, 1978 --

to Sri Lanka on Reciprocal


SWEDEN 31. Agreement between India and


16th June, 1978 -- 16th June, 1978 -- regarding development Corporation


SWITZERLAND 32. Exchange of Letters between India

19th April, 1978 19th April 1978 1st Jan,1978 --

and Switzerland regarding

Develop-ment Loan of 35

million Swiss Francs dated

9th October, 1973 and its

Pro- tocol of Application. -------------------------------- (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) -------------------------------- 33. Exchange of Letters between


19th April, 1978

19th April, 1978

1st January, 1978 --

and Switzerland on the

granting of Credits of 49,50 million Swiss Francs

dated 9th October, 1973. 34. Exchange of Letters between


19th April,


19th April, 1978

1st January, 1978 --

and Switzerland on the

granting of transfer

credits of 63 million

Swiss Francs dated 7th

March, 1966.

THAILAND 35. Agreement between India and


22nd June, 1978 15th Dec.,1978 15th Dec,, 1978 --

land on the delimitation

of sealed boundary between

the two countries

in the Andaman Sea.

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 36. Agreement between India and United 27th January, 1978


27th January, 1978 --

States of America regarding

sales of agricultural

commodities. 37. Memorandum of Understanding

bet- 18th July, 1978 -- 18th July, 1978 --

ween India and United States

regard-ing Space Vehicle

launchings and associated

services for the Indian

National Satellite System


38. AID grant agreement between

India 26th August, 1978


26th August, 1978 --

and USA for US $ 2 million

for Tech- nologies for Rural

Poor (Application of Science

and Technology to rural poor). 39. AID Loan No. 386-T-223 (Project 26th August, 1978

-- 26th August, 1978 --

No. 386-0464) between India

and USA for US $ 30 million

for Gujarat Medium Irrigation

Project. 40. AID Loan No. 386-U-224 [Project 26th August, 1978 -- 26th August, 1978 --

No. 386-0455] between India

and USA for US $ 28 million

for Malaria Control Programme.


COMMONWEALTH 41. Joint Communique issued at

Sydney on 16th February

1978, at the Con-clusion

of the meeting of the Com-

monwealth Heads of

Government of the Asian

and Pacific Region.

Jun 25, 1975
Appendix VI Number of seats allotted to various countries in Engineering and Medical


Jan 01, 1978 
Number of seats allotted to 
 various  countries in 
Engineering and Medical 
   Colleges during 1978-79 
Sl.No. Name of the country

Engineering Medical

seats seats


allotted ---------------------------- 1. Rhodesia

3 1 2. Kenya 2 5 3. Malawie

-- 1 4. South Africa 1 4 5. Tanzania

13 5 6. Angola-- -- 7. Uganda 1 -- 8. Zambia 2 2 9. Ethiopia

.. .. 10. Lesotho

-- -- 11. Sudan 1 -- 12. Nigeria2 1 13. A.R.E.-- -- 14. Mauritius

22 15 15. Afghanistan

4 -- 16. Y.A.R.-- -- 17. Iran 23 5 18. Iraq 5 1 19. Jordan22 1 20. Palestine

7 1 21. Kuwait-- -- 22. U.A.E. 1 1 23. PDRY -- 1 24. Lebnon 1 -- 25. Syria -- -- 26. Bahrain2 -- 27. Indonesia.

3 -- 28. Fiji 8

2 29. Malaysia .

43 12 30. Thailand


3 31. Sri Lanka


5 32. Guyana--

2 33. Bangla Desh

4 --


20 -- ----- ---- 213


Jan 01, 1978


I. Statement showing number 
of Passport applications 
received and number of 
Passports issued in the
year 1978 
Sl.No. Station Number of 
Number applica-of Pass- 
tions  ports  received 
issued in in 1978   1978 
1.  Ahmedabad

65,378 81,385 2. Bangalore* 17,500 17,116 3. Bhopal**

2,670 1,561 4. Bombay

1,96,499 2,00,572 5. Calcutta

32,433 30,489 6. Chandigarh 1,12,364 1,38,692 7. New Delhi 1,05,363 1,43,330 8. Ernakulam 2,01,016 2,57,464 9. Hyderabad

63,095 75,117 10. Jaipur(pound)11,253

7,394 11. Kozhikode (double pound) 38,443 37,677 12. Lucknow

69,264 75,874 13. Madras

1,30,616 1,46,003 --------------------------------- TOTAL 10,45,894 12,12,674 ---------------------------------

*Opened on Jun 12, 1978.

**Opened on 17-10-1978.

(pound)Opened on 22-9-1978 (db pound)Opened on 17-6-1978. II.Details of Official/Diplomatic Passports issued/serviced by Passport,Visa Division of Ministry during 1978 (a) Number of Official Passports issued 4,00 5

(b) Number of Official Passports serviced 2,26 9

(c) Number of Diplomatic

Passports issued 91 5

(d) Number of Diplomatic Passports serviced 90 3

Jun 12, 1978
Appendix VIII Passport Offices-Sanctioned Strength


Passport Offices-Sanctioned 
Strength as on Dec 31, 1978 
   (Passport Officer/ 
   Asstt.  Passport 
(a) For existing 13 Passport
 offices 27 
(b) For 5 new Passport Offices 
: (To be set up before middle 

of 1979 at Bhubaneswar, Gauhati, Patna, Simla and Sri-

nagar) 5



----- II. GROUP `B' POSTS:

(Public Relation Officer/


(a) For existing 13 Passport

Offices 56

(b) For 5 new Passport Offices







(a) For existing 13 Passport

Offices 798

(b) For 5 new Passport Offices 26



----- IV. GROUP 'D' POSTS : (Record Sorter/Daftry/ Peon/Watchman/Sweeper etc.) (a) For existing 13 Passport

Offices147 (b) For 5 new Passport Offices 15


162 ------------------------------------- NOTE :--One more Passport Office is to be set up before the middle of 1979 in Punjab at Jullundur and proposal for creation of posts of all cate-gories for this office is under submission.

Appendix IX Passport Offices in India and their jurisdiction


 Passport Offices in India
 and their jurisdiction 
   (As on Dec 31, 1978) 
Sl.No. Station  Jurisdiction 
1.  AHMEDABAD  State of 

Gujarat and Union Territory of

Dadra & Nagar Haveli. 2.BANGALORE State of Karnataka. 3.BHOPAL State of Madhya Pradesh. 4. BOMBAY State of Maharashtra. 5. CALCUTTA States of West

Bengal, Bihar, Orissa,

Assam, Nagaland, Meghalaya,

Tripura, Manipur and Sikkim

and Union Terri-tories of Mizoram and Arunachal Pradesh. 6. CHANDIGARH States of

Punjab, Haryana and

Himachal Pradesh and

Union Territory of

Chandi-garh. 7. NEW DELHI Union Territory of Delhi and State of

Jammu & Kashmir. 8. ERNAKULAM State of Kerala and Union Territory of Lakshadweep. 9. HYDERABAD State of Andhra Pradesh. 10. JAIPUR State of Rajasthan. 11. KOZHIKODE Four northernmost districts of Kerala,

viz., Cannanore, Kozhikode, Malapu-ram and Palghat. 12. LUCKNOW State of Uttar Pradesh. 13. MADRAS State of Tamil Nadu

and Union Territory

of Pondicherry. 14. CHIEFSEC, Govt. of Goa,

Union Territory of Goa,

Daman & Diu.


Union Territory of Andaman

and Nico- Union Territory

of Anda-

bar Islands.

man & Nicobar Islands,

Port Blair. -------------------------------

Dec 31, 1978
Appendix X Statement showing the total number of Government servants


Statement showing the total 
number of Government servants
and the number of Scheduled
Castes and Scheduled Tribes 
amongst them as on Dec 31,1978. 
Class Total Scheduled Percentage

Scheduled Percentage Remarks

number of

Castes of total

Tribes of total Employees


employees -------------------------------- (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) -------------------------------- Class I

643 47 7.3% 25

3.90% Class II 1544 92 5.9% 10

.06% Class III 683 71 10.4%16

2.30% Class IV

484 49 10.1% (Excluding sweepers) Class IV

55 55 100% (Sweepers) -------------------------------- NOTE: --The statistics above relate to posts in the Ministry of External Affairs only. Dec 31, 1978
Appendix XI Statement showing the number of appointments


Jan 01, 1978 
Statement showing the number
of appointments (both direct
recruitment and by promotion)
made to various groups 
of posts and reserved 
vacancies filled by Scheduled
Castes and Scheduled T
ribes during the year 1978. 
Class of posts Total No.   
No. of vacancies reserved  
No. of reserved candi-   
No. of vacancies de-of vacancies 
dates appointed reserved 
consequent to filled

----------------- ------------- non-availability of Sch. Castes Sch.Tribes Sch.Castes Sch.Tribe reserved candidates s ----------------------- Sch. Castes sch.Tribes ------------------------------- (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7)(8) ------------------------------- 1. Group A 63 3 2 3 2

.... 2. Group B

121 17 9 ....

.... 3. Group C

184 33 .. 20 4

.. .. 4. Group D

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. (excluding sweepers) 5. Group D 37 5 .. 5 ..

.. .. (sweepers) ------------------- NOTE: -- The above statistics relate to posts in the M.E.A. only

Jan 01, 1978
Appendix XII Revenue Expenditure of the Ministry


Jan 01, 1978 
Revenue Expenditure of the Ministry
during the Financial Year 1978-79 


1978-79 ----------- Rs. in Lakhs ---------------------------------- Headquarters 626.39 Missions/Posts abroad 3185.79 Supply Wings 169.38 Other Items Contribution to the U.N. Commonwealth Secretariat and other International Institutions

289.50 Central Passport and Emigration Organisation 259.70 Other Miscellaneous Items 2171.04 Subsidies and Aid Subsidy to Bhutan

3513.84 Aid to Nepal

1104.19 Aid to other developing countries in Asia and Africa 650.00 Aid to Bangladesh365.51 Social Security & Welfare 16.08 -------- TOTAL 12351.42 ------------------------------

Jan 01, 1978
Appendix XIII Expenditure on Headquarters and Missions/Posts abroad


Jan 01, 1978 APPENDIX XIII

Expenditure on Headquarters and Missions/Posts abroad during 1978-79

The expenditure during 1978-79 on Headquarters of this Ministry is ex-pected to be of the order of Rs. 626.39 lakhs; a sum of Rs. 158.44 lakhs is towards establishment charges, a sum of Rs. 89.80 lakhs for Allowances, other than T.A., a sum of Rs. 227.15 lakhs for publicity, cables, diplomatic bags service etc., a sum of Rs. 149.90 lakhs for travelling expenses and a sum of Rs. 1.10 lakhs for Departmental Canteen.

The expenditure on Missions/Posts abroad including the Supply Wings at London and Washington is Rs. 3355.17 lakhs, out of which a sum of Rs. 1411.60 lakhs is spent on Establishment Charges including Foreign and other Compensatory Allowances, a sum of Rs. 345.43 lakhs on passages for transfers and local tours, Rs. 169.30 lakhs for Publicity Contingencies and Rs. 1428.84 lakhs. for official and residential accommodation, P&T Charges and other Office Contigencies. The average annual expenditure per Mission comes to Rs. 25.31 lakhs.

The expenditure mentioned above (viz. Rs. 3981.56 lakhs=Rs. 626.39 lakhs+3355.17 lakhs) as per details below on Headquarters and Missioins/ Posts abroad included expenditure on External Publicity Programme acti- vities; The break-up of this expenditure is as under :--
  Rs. in Lakhs) 
(a) Headquarters 
(i) Salaries (Officers 24, Staff 44)

8.40 (ii) Travelling Expenses

3.50 (iii) Publicity Contingencies

Charges 69.72



------- (b) Missions/Posts abroad

(i) Salaries (Officers 52,

Staff 237)


(ii) Foreign Allowances, Compensatory Allowance


(iii) Passages & Travelling

Expenses 6.48

(iv) Publicity Contingencies 71.17

(v) Other Charges including

renting of Residential Accommo- dation & Other Office Contingencies 13.42 ------- TOTAL 169.30 -------

Total External Publicity 250.92 ------------------------------------

The expenditure on External Publicity as detailed above

comes to 6.3% of the expenditure on Headquarters and Missions/ Posts abroad. (in lakhs of Rupees) ----------------------------------- Establish- Travelling Office Total mentExpenses


Charges -------------------------------------- Secretariat Headquarters



157.43 544.77 External Publicity Division 8.403.50


81.62 -------------------------------------- 249.34



626.39 --------------------------------------- Overseas Establishment (a) Missions/Posts abroad (ex-

cluding Publicity Wings) 1217.46

317.75 1481.28 3016.49 (b) Publicity Wings 78.236.48

84.59 169.30 --------------------------------------

TOTAL 1295.69


1565.87 3185.79 --------------------------------------- GRAND TOTAL 1545.03

474.13 1793.02 3812.18 ---------------------------------------

Jan 01, 1978
Appendix XIV Strength of IFS & IFS (B) Cadres, Combined Research Cadre


Jan 01, 1978 APPENDIX XIV Strength of IFS & IFS (B) Cadres, Combined Research Cadre and

Interpreters Cadre IFS Cadre Strength

Grade I

18 (excluding I post temporarily upgraded from Grade III.)

Grade II

21 (excluding 2 posts temporarily up- graded from Grade IV.)

Grade III

80 (excluding one ex-Cadre post of JS (China) one Post of JS (Pers) and FA(EA).

Grade IV


Senior Scale240 (excluding 1 Post created in lieu of Jr. Scale post at E.I. Jeddah).

Junior Scale 97 (excluding 1 Post kept in abeyance in lieu of creation of 1 Sr. Scale pos t at E.I. Jeddah).

Training Reserve 50

(Junior Scale)

Leave Reserve19

Training Reserve 19

Deputation Reserve

20 IFS (B) Cadre Strength General Cadre

Grade I

111 (including 1 ex-cadre post).

Grade II & III 294

Grade IV


Grade V


Grade VI

574 Cipher Sub Cadre

Grade II

180 Stenographer Sub Cadre

Selection Grade 49

Grade I


Grade II


Grade III

87 Combined Research Cadre

27 Interpreters Cadre 28

Jan 01, 1978
Appendix XV Foreign Language Chart


Jan 01, 1978 
  Foreign Language Chart 
S.No. Language Total No.of 
  officers passed/ 
knows the language 
1.   Arabic   39 
2.   Burmese Nil 
3.   Chinese  26 
4.   Czech   Nil 
5.   Dutch

1 6. French 64 7. German 24 8. Gorkhali 5 9. Hungarian 1 10. Bahasa-Indonesia 9 11. Italian 3 12. Japanese 12 13. Kiswahili 8 13A. Malay-Babasa

1 14. Persian 9 15. Polish

1 16. Portuguese8 17. Pushtu Nil 18. Rumanian 1 19. Russian 36 20. Serbo-Croation. 2 21. Spanish 37 22. Swedish 1 23. Thai

1 24. Tibetan 2 25. Turkish 1 26. Vietnamese1 --------------------------- MGIPRRND--Sec. VII--6 M of EA/78--21-3-79----3,000 Jan 01, 1978
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