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Annual Reports Prior to 1999

Annual Report 1979-80

CHAPTERS Introduction PAGES(i)
I. India's Neighbours 1-8
II. South-East Asia 9-14
III. East Asia 15-17
IV. West Asia and North Africa 18-22
V. Africa (South of the Sahara) 23-26
VI. Europe 27-34
VII. The Americas 35-38
VIII. United Nations and International Conferences 39-54
IX. Foreign Economic Relations 55-57
X. External Publicity 58-62
XI. Cultural Relations 63-67
XII. Protocol 68
XIII. Passport, Emigration and Consular Services 69-72
XIV. Administration and Organisation 73-75
XV. Use of Hindi in official Work 76-78
  Appendices 79-108
I.    Major International Conferences/Meetings
   /Seminars etc. organised by Inter Governmental
     Organisation at which Govt. of India was 
      represented in 1979-80              81-88c 
II.   Major international  conferences/meetings
     /seminars organised by  Non-Governmental 
      Organisation (Such as  Asian Productivity 
     Organisation,International Co-operation 
     Alliance,  International Organisation for
     standardisation etc.) in which Indian 
      experts participated in their personal 
      capacity with Govt. assistance in 1979-80
     (April, 1979 to March, 88d-88h 
III.  Miscellaneous major international
     Conferences etc. in 1979-80 (April 1979 to 
     March 1980) at which Govt. of India was
     represented or in which Indian experts 
     participated with Govt. of India's 
     assistance in their personal capacity
IV.  International Organisation of which India
     became a member or ceased to be a member
    during the Year 1979-80 (From April 
    1979 to March, 1980) 88l 
V.  Treaties/Conventions/Agreements concluded
   or re-newed by India with other countries 
      in 1979            89-98 
VI.  Regional Passport Offices :  Statement
    show-ing number of Passport/miscellaneous 
   services  appli-cations received and number
   of passports issued/miscellaneous  services 
     granted in the calendar year 99 
VII.  Statement showing the total number of 
    employees (Both permanent and  temporary)
     in the Ministry of External Affairs under
     various groups and repre-sentaion of 
     Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes 
     therein (Position as on Dec 31, 1979)100 
VIII. Statement showing the number of 
    appointments (Both by direct recruitment
    and by promotion) made to various groups
    of posts and reserved vacancies filled 
    by Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes 
      during the year 1979  101 
 IX.  Revenue expenditure of the Ministry 
      during the Financial Year 1979-80  102 
X.  Expenditure on Headquarters and Missions/
   posts abroad during 1979-80     103-104 
XI.   Strength of IFS & IFS (B) Cadres,
     Combined Research Cadre and Interpreters
    Cadre      105 
XII.  Foreign Language Chart        106 
XIII. Joint declaration by the President of
      the Republic of France and Prime 
     Minister of India    107-108 
Page  Paragraph  Line 
ii  1  10 Read "visit" for "vist". 
vi  4   6 Read  "self-reliance" for
2   1   6 Read  "and this" for  
                "and that this". 
9   2  13 Read  "Chomanan" for
10  1   1 Read  "Indian" for "India". 
20  1   2 Read  "Yemen Arab Republic"
               for"Republic of Yemen". 
24  -   3 Read  "hearted" for "heated". 
24  3   2 Read  "from" for "for". 
27  3  11 Read  "Office" for "Officer". 
27  3  11 Read  "Mr. Timothy" for 
                 "Mr. Tomothy". 
39  2  12 Read  "continue" for
41  2   5 Read  "undivided" for 
47  2  23 Read  "Guinea" for 
50  1   8 Read  "or" for "of". 
52  1   6 Read  "Philippines" for 
53  3   2 Read  in place of the 
              existing line "of the 
                Draft Convention 
              providing a Uniform 
                Law on Agency of". 
54  -   8 Read  "acts" for "facts". 
61  1   5 Read  "Laureate" for 
62  2   3 Read  "One" for "On". 
63  2 2-3 Read  "countries in
              South-East Asia" for 
          "Countries South-East
71  3   3 Read  "Cabinet" for 
71  3   3 Read  "Parliament" for
77  5   3 Read  "Affairs," for 
77  5   3 Read  "Hindi" for 
81  -   2 Read  "1979-80" for

Dec 31, 1979
The year 1979-80 witnessed major developments within India, in its neighbourhood and in the world at large

Internally, the Government elected in 1977 resigned in August 1979, and was followed by a coalition Government which held office till the January 1980 mid-term elections. In these elections, the people of India gave an overwhelming mandate to the present Government, under the leadership of Shrimati Indira Gandhi, which assumed office on Jan 14, 1980. On the same day, Shri P. V. Narasimha Rao assumed charge as Minister of External Affairs.

The transfer of authority was smooth and peaceful. All politi- cal parties gracefully accepted the people's verdict and vindicated the unique commitment of the Indian people to democratic values and the system. With its large population, geographically strategic situation and a stable political system, through which its people freely determined their own destiny without outside interference and its continuing commitment to the principles of non-align- ment and peaceful co-existence, India has emerged capable of contributing more meaningfully to regional and global peace.

The international situation today is characterised by a steady growth of increased projection of the military strength of powerful States, beyond their borders, in the pursuit of their interests, as perceived by them. Through the year 1979-80, there were attempts at acquisition of military/naval bases and facilities and a strengthening of these where they were already in existence, crea- tion of rapid-deployment-forces for use in explosive situations, distant from those who raise them, and increased Great Power naval presence (particularly of the US) in the Indian Ocean area. In an atmosphere of threats of military intervention or actual outside interference, further escalations and intensification



of old and new rivalries have inevitably tended to create compli- cations. Certain basic political realities, as also the interests of those outside the sphere of the interaction of powerful States, were ignored. The world must recognise the futility of a build-up of arms, or induction of arms, into areas, regions and countries where indigenous and dynamic, social, religious and economic forces aspire for political change. Experience has shown that client States cannot hide permanently behind the shield of armed secu- rity provided by others. Ultimately reliance by nation-States on external security umbrellas, has grave repercussion on inter- nal political, social and economic stability, jeopardising, even affecting, their very independence. In this process, entire regions are brought into arenas or atmospheres of tension and destabilisation, which is not in the interest of the peaceful develop- ment of their peoples.

Increasingly, non-alignment has not only been vindicated through experience, but even the staunchest of its former opponets appear and profess to be convinced of the relevance and need of non-alignment in the current dangerous contemporary international situation. Reiteration of the principles that would serve the cause of restoration of detente as well as strengthen the universally acknowledged contribution of non-alignment, was contained in the Joint Declaration signed by the President of the Republic of France and the Prime Minister of India, on the occasion of the vist of the French President, Mr. Valery Giscard d'Estaing, to India in January 1980. The Declaration, inter alia, referred to the inadmissibility of the use of force in international relations, intervention or interference in internal affairs of sovereign States and the need to prevent further escalations in areas of tensions through States refraining from actions which could intensify Great Power rivalries and revive the cold war through dangerous arms-build-up which are liable to threaten peace and stability in sensitive regions. It reiterated the need to restore conditions in which independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity of all States could be preserved and the right of their peoples to freely determine their own destiny without outside interference assured.


Finally, it appealed to all States, particularly the most powerful ones, to recognise the gravity of the danger and to exert efforts to avert it.

Recent developments in Afghanistan, which came at the end of 1979, should be seen in this larger background of deterioration of the global and regional environments. These developments, in turn, inevitably heightened global and regional tensions and they are a matter of serious concern for the people of India--a concern naturally shared by the Government.

Tensions and problems have existed between neighbours, and even inside nations. However, dangerous dimensions could be added when Great Powers try to utilise such situations in their quest to gain advantage in their global strategy, or seek to secure their interests through intervention and interference. India has close and friendly relations with the Government and the people of Afghanistan. India is deeply concerned and vitally interested in the security, independence, sovereignty, territorial integrity and the traditional non-alignment of friendly Afghanistan. The Gov- ernment of India have repeatedly expressed the hope that the people of Afghanistan would be able to resolve their internal pro- blems without any outside interference. India is against the presence of foreign troops and bases in any country. In that spirit, the Government of India, which is firmly wedded to this principle, have expressed the hope that Soviet forces would with- draw from Afghanistan.

Equally, in order to stop further escalation of the situation, all States should refrain from actions which could intensify Great Power rivalries in the South Asian region and bring back the cold war, especially through dangerous arms build-up, liable to threaten peace and stability in this sensitive region. In this context, regret- tably, reactive moves have already been started by China, USA, and others to assist Pakistan in the augmentation of its military capability. These moves run the risk of converting the sub-conti- nent into a theatre of Great Power confrontation and conflict as well as threaten the security of India. Further, it is the firm view of the Government of India, based on the unfortunate experiences


of the past, that induction of arms into Pakistan has the potential of decelerating the process of normalisation, which the Govern- ments of India and Pakistan have fostered in the spirit of the Simla Agreement.

These views of the Government of India were conveyed at the highest levels to Mr. Clark Clifford, the Special Envoy of the President of the USA, during the latter's visit to New Delhi in January 1980. Discussions with various other Foreign Ministers from West and East Europe, Asia and Africa, have indicated to a measure of encouraging response to India's plea that the situa- tion arising out of the events in Afghanistan should not be allowed to escalate to the detriment of the prospects of peace and sta- bility in the sub-continent.

In keeping with past practice, the Government of the USSR welcomed the initiative of high-level consultations after the new Government assumed office in India. When Mr. Gromyko, Foreign Minister of the USSR, visited New Delhi in January 1980, India's concerns were conveyed and the discussions held on that occasion helped to create a better understanding. The visit provided an opportunity for reaffirming the stable and mutually co-operative relationship obtaining between the two countries in diverse fields. The visit showed that both sides shared the conviction that development of Indo-Soviet relations is in the longterm interests of peace and stability in the region.

Despite differences of perceptions on some issues, India conti- nues to expand and diversify relations to mutual benefit in various fields with the USA. Indeed, the links in a variety of fields bet- ween the peoples of India and the United States, sharing in common the commitment to the democratic system, form a good basis for a cooperative pattern of relationship between the two countries, capable of improving the quality of their relationship.

It is a matter of gratification that the initiative taken by the Government of India to consult with India's neighbouring coun- tries, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and others through the despatch of Special Envoys of the Prime


Minister or through high-level visits from these countries to Delhi and through diplomatic contacts have resulted in a broad under- standing of the dangerous potential inherent in the situation facing the region, although perceptions on the measures to be taken differ in emphasis. India's assurances that it fully respects Pakis- tan's sovereignty, territorial integrity as well as the principles of non-interference in Pakistan's internal affairs have been reiterated by the Foreign Secretary on his visit to Pakistan in January 1980. India is not insensitive to Pakistan's concern over the develop- ments in the region. It would be India's endeavour to carry fur- ther the dialogue, initiated in January 1980, for an all round improvement of India-Pakistan relations, as provided for in the Simla Agreement of 1972 to which both countries are committed. The consultations carried out on the occasion of the visit to India of His Excellency the President of Bangladesh in January 1980, provided a basis for constructive action to further promote the friendly relations between India and Bangladesh. In the tradi- tional framework of the age-old close friendship between India and Bhutan, the visit of His Majesty the King of Bhutan, from 22--25 February 1980, enhanced the prospects of cooperation between the two countries, based on their inter-dependence and shared interests. The visit of His Majesty the King of Nepal, from 6--8 March 1980, served to reaffirm the historically close relations between India and Nepal and underlined the need for constructive bilateral cooperation to the mutual benefit of the peoples of both countries. With all its neighbours, the Govern- ment intends to follow a policy of friendship in the full realisa- tion that the resources of the region are enormous and should be utilised for the welfare of the vast populations, who should be allowed to devote their energies to the promotion of regional stability and cooperation between the countries of the region.

Both India and China have expressed desire to improve rela- tions between the two countries on the basis of the Five Principles. To a considerable extent the substantive tasks of translating mutual desire into concrete realities for the metual benefit of both countries still remain to be undertaken. 1--784EA/79


India's traditional links, both political and economic, with countries in Africa were further diversified and deepened. Con- sistent with its total opposition to all forms of racist oppression, India continued to render material and moral assistance to the freedom struggles in Zimbabwe (Rhodesia), Namibia and South Africa. India welcomed the holding of elections in Zimbabwe and the formation of an elected government on the basis of the will of the majority of its people. It offered the new government full cooperation in the reconstruction of the country's economy.

India continued to develop closer ties with the countries of West Asia on a bilateral basis, particularly by providing skilled manpower and experts to assist them in the task of their develop- ment. It noted with concern that the Camp David Agreements had divided the Arab world and not led to the solution of the Pales- tinian problem. It was of the firm belief that a lasting solution to the Palestinian question could only be found through vacation of Arab lands under the illegal occupation of Israel and meeting the legitimate aspirations of the Palestinian people to have their own State. The resurgence in Iran reflected the determination of the people of that country to shape their own destiny, independent of outside pressures and influences. India shares with Iran its desire to develop cooperative relations on the basis of equality and mutual benefit.

In South-East Asia, India strengthened its ties with Vietnam and Laos through beneficial cooperation in various fields. It worked towards improving its relations with the ASEAN and its member countries to their mutual advantage. India favours regional cooperation based on mutual confidence and understand- ing among the States of the region as that would help to reduce tension and restore stability in this part of the world.

In the economic field there was hardly any discernible progress in North-South relations. The UNCTAD-V failed to agree on any significant measures aimed at reconstruction of international eco- nomic relations. South-South cooperation, however, received im- petus following the adoption of the Arusha Programme of collec- tive self-relance and the subsequent resolution at the Non-aligned


Summit at Havana on policy guidelines for reinforcing self-reli- ance among developing countries. The Non-aligned countries, as usual, played a catalytic role in the field of international economic cooperation by adopting a comprehensive action programme on economic cooperation among developing countries in different fields. They also adopted a resolution calling for global negotia- tions on the subjects of raw materials and energy, trade and deve- lopment money and finance. The call for global negotiation was, later adopted, through a resolution, in the General Assembly.

Simultaneously, preparations for the formulation of the Inter- national Development Strategy continued though with very little positive results.

India has been playing a significant role in these developments by virtue of its being the Chairman of the Group of 77 with effect from 1 October and of its representative being elected as the Chairman of the Preparatory Committee set up by the General Assembly for the New International Development Strategy.

The new government is determined to lay stress on inter- national economic cooperation particularly among developing countries. This is evident from the manifesto of the ruling party which inter alia called for agreements with other developing coun- tries and among developing countries themselves for strengthening their collective self-reliance vis-a-vis developed countries in regard to problems of trade, transfer of technology, capital goods and resources, etc.

A recent report presented to the Secretary-General of the United Nations, compiled by a body of internationally acknow- ledged eminent persons, has estimated that the world devotes roughly US $ 450 billion for the arms race against a mere US $ 20 billion for aid and investment to combat the age-old ills of poverty, disease and hunger, which afflict the overwhelming portion of humanity. This finding dramatically reflects the lop- sidedness of priorities in today's troubled world. Increasing sophistication of dangerous armaments enjoy greater priority


than early realisation of complete, universal and effective disarma- ment. The atmosphere of meaningful international cooperation for economic and social development has given way to an era of confrontation between the developed and the developing, in a world of shrinking material resources. The approach of solution to disputes, where they exist, through peaceful negotiations, has been increasingly replaced by an alarming militarisation of thought and discourse in the capitals of influential countries. The recru- descence of deep military suspicions in an era of assured annihila- tion, and a build-up of the old cold war atmosphere, characterise the present phase of USA-USSR relations. The prime concern of all countries should be to bring back the realisation of the im- mutable logic of detente, which needs to be further universalised. For this, a vital factor is the progress towards disarmament. India has throughout stressed the importance of cessation of the produc- tion and use of nuclear weapons and a ban on their testing by all States. Pointing out the link between disarmament and develop- ment, it has emphasised that resources spent on armaments could be used for development purposes. Mankind is crying out for peace, stability and development. Steady commitment to and pursuit of these goals must be India's objective.
India's Neighbours



The traditionally friendly relations between India and Afghanistan continued through 1979-80. India considers the domestic political developments in Afghanistan during the year as the internal affairs of Afghanistan. India earnestly desires that the people of Afghanistan would be enabled to work out their own future, in accordance with their genius and that Afghanistan would continue to strongly maintain it's non-align- ment and independence, free from outside interference.

A Cultural delegation visited Kabul on the occasion of the first anniversary of the April Revolution and participated in the cele- brations.

In May 1979 a UNIDO-sponsored solidarity meeting of the Ministers of Industries of developing countries took place and India sent a delegation led by the Minister of State for Industries. As a result of the deliberations India undertook to prepare feasi- bility studies for a number of priority projects identified by the Afghan authorities as grant-in-aid. This bilateral co-operation was within the context of India's commitment to concepts of TCDC and ECDC. (Technical Cooperation among Developing Countries and Economic Cooperation among Developing Countries).

India's technical and economic co-operation in fields such as medicine, small industries, mini-hydel projects etc. as also cultural co-operation with Afghanistan under the Indian Technical and Economic Co-operation Programme and the Cultural Exchanges Programme respectively, continued with vigour as in the past.

Endeavours in the direction of taking India's relations with Pakistan further on the road to normalisation continued unabated and progress was achieved in some fields. Through high level dialogue between leaders and officials of the two countries on a number of bilateral political, commercial and other functional day to day issues, through consultations and co-operation between their delegates in international conferences and through greater people to people exchanges, India tried to generate mutual under- standing and goodwill. 2--784EA/79



India refrained from commenting on Pakistan's internal affairs even though there was considerable pressure, both at home and abroad, to express the Government's views on the developments within Pakistan. India's principled stand of not passing any judgement on its neighbours' internal affairs induced a sense of maturity in its relations with Pakistan and that this stand was appreciated by that country.

Bilateral discussions between the Prime Minister and External Affairs Minister of India with the President and Foreign Affairs Adviser of Pakistan were held during international conferences and views on several bilateral and international issues were exchang- ed. For the first time, the Foreign Secretaries of the two coun- tries met in May 1979 without any specific agenda or problem thus initiating the process of periodic consultations to review Indo-Pak relations.

As a gesture of goodwill towards Pakistan, on its leaving the CENTO, India supported its entry into the Non-Aligned Move- ment, both at the Bureau meeting at Colombo and the Summit meeting at Havana. On a number of knotty issues like the nuclear question, there were exchange of letters between Prime Minister Morarji Desai and President Zia-ul-Haq in February- March and again, in August, between him and Prime Minister Charan Singh. This matter was also discussed when the Minister of External Affairs Shri S. N. Mishra met President Zia-ul-Haq and Foreign Affairs Adviser of Pakistan Mr. Agha Shahi at Havana and New York in September 1979.

On the occasion of the assumption of office by the new Government in India, in January 1980, a warm and friendly message of greetings was sent to Prime Minister Indira Gandhi from President Zia-ul-Haq. The message recalled Pakistan's commitment to the Simla Agreement and hoped for acceleration of the process of normalisation of relations between India and Pakistan. In her reply, Prime Minister Indira Gandhi express- ed her happiness with the reiterated commitment to the Simla Agreement, which she herself had concluded. Further, she fully reciprocated the desire to strengthen Indo-Pakistan rela- tions.

Shri R. D. Sathe, Foreign Secretary. paid a return visit to Pakistan in February 1980 to discuss further improvements in relations between India and Pakistan. He was received by President Zia-ul-Haq to whom he delivered a letter from Prime


Minister Indira Gandhi. In the course of his talks with the Foreign Secretary of Pakistan and other leaders, which included a review of bilateral matters, the regional and international situa- tion, the opportunity was taken to re-affirm India's commitment to the independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity of Pakistan and India's adherence to the principle of non-interfer- ence in Pakistan's internal affairs, as provided for in the Simla Agreement. The Pakistan side appreciated the opportunity afforded by the Foreign Secretary's visit for a free and frank exchange of views which were considered useful in promoting a better understanding of each other's view points.

Attempts to draw up a new trade agreement were made and an experts' delegation visited Islamabad on 15 September to identify items for trade with Pakistan. Pending the finalisation of a new trade agreement, Indo-Pak trade continued, though the volume of trade declined in the absence of an agreement. India has stated its desire for stepping up of economic relations to mutual benefit with Pakistan.

In pursuance of the agreement to open consulates of the two countries in Karachi and Bombay respectively, the office of the Consulate General of India, Karachi, started functioning with effect from February 1979. Up to the end of January 1980, the Consulate had granted 1,61,289 visas to Pakistani nationals for visits to various places in India and the total number of visas granted by the Indian Embassy at Islamabad and Consulate at Karachi, from January 1979 to January 1980, was 2,14,526. Between the Embassy of India, Islamabad and the Consulate General of India, Karachi 100,000 visas have been granted by Jul 25, 1979 and a return I.A.C. ticket on the Delhi-Lahore sector was awarded to the 100,000th visa holder in Pakistan. A major step towards the settlement of payments problems bet- ween the Governments of the two countries was taken when the two Governments agreed to revive Indo-Pakistan Agreement of July 1959 regarding payment of pensions to the retired employees of the Governments of India and Pakistan who had migrated from one country to the other during the period 1 July 1955 to 31 December 1960.

Four jathas, consisting of about 4,000 Sikh pilgrims, visited Pakistan and pilgrim parties from Pakistan visited Muslim shrines in India. For the first time, a Hindu pilgrim party, consisting of about 90 members, was allowed by the Pakistan Government to visit the Hindu shrine of Sant Shadaram at Hayat Pitafi.


Exchanges in the field of culture and sports continued. Some well-known Pakistani poets participated in the Shankar-Shad Indo-Pakistani Mushaira in March 1979 and some Pakistani poets also took part in the Ghalib Centenary Celebrations, orga- nised by Aiwaan-e-Ghalib in India. The visit of Pakistani cricket team to India (November 1979 to January 1980), after a gap of 18 years, generated tremendous enthusiasm and good- will in India for Pakistan and provided opportunity for more than 1500 people to come over from Pakistan to witness some of the matches.

India continued its efforts to create a climate of confidence and trust for conducting a mutually cooperative and meaningful relationship with Nepal. During the period under review, both India and Nepal were preoccupied with internal developments. However, despite their problems, the fact that the King of Nepal visited India in September 1979, showed the close friendship and confidence between the two countries.

The visit of the King helped towards building a relationship of confidence and trust. The enormous potential of rivers flow- ing from Nepal to India, which could be harnessed for mutual benefit, was discussed and it was agreed to expedite studies, etc., On some important multipurpose hydel projects like Karnali, Pancheshwar and Rapti. Discussions were also held on various topics of mutual interest. This reflected the trust, understand- ing and mutual cooperation in Indo-Nepal relations.

In keeping with the tradition of frequent high level continuing dialogue between Nepal and India, the Foreign Secretary visited Nepal from 17 to 19 February 1980. His Majesty the King of Nepal is expected to pay an official visit to India in March 1980.

India continued to extend financial and technical assistance for development programmes in Nepal. An amount of Rs. 14.60 crores was earmarked for meeting expenditure on schemes in hand during the current year. The major projects for which assistance was extended are the Central Sector of the Mahendra Rajmarg and the Devighat Hydro-electric Project, which is being executed on a turnkey basis by India. It is also expected that aerial survey of the Dulalghat-Dhankuta road will be completed during the current financial year. An Agreement for the expan- sion of the Paropkar Hospital in Nepal was signed under which Rs. 17.65 lakhs was given to the authorities for carrying out


the work which is expected to be completed in 1981. Letters concerning Indian assistance were also exchanged; extensions of the Agreement relating to the supply of iodised salt to Nepal and the improvement of the Industrial Estate in Patan Phase IV were concluded. In addition, feasibility studies for a number of pro- jects which the Government of India had agreed to set up in Nepal were completed. Amongst these were the Joint sector cement plant at Lakshmipur in Nepal and the three projects to be set up by HMT (International), viz. Regional Training Insti- tute at Nepalganj, the Production-oriented Polytechnic at Hetauda and a Common Facility Centre at Butwal. The feasibi- lity study of the paper and pulp factory to be set up in Nepal is also expected to be finalised shortly.

Indo-Bhutanese relations based on trust, confidence and under- standing continued to grow and develop to the mutual advant- age of both countries. The Foreign Secretary Shri J. S. Mehta, visited Calcutta in August 1979 to meet the King of Bhutan. At the Non-aligned Summit at Havana, the Minister of External Affairs Shri S. N. Mishra and the Foreign Secretary Shri J. S. Mehta exchanged views on various matters with the King of Bhutan. Senior officials from the Government of India visited Bhutan to discuss progress of on-going projects and to identify fields for enhanced cooperation in future developmental pro- grammes. All these contacts have led to reaffirmation of the unique links of friendship and inter-dependence and consolida- tion of the relationship between the two countries. Cultural exchanges between India and Bhutan were maintained. During 1979-80, five delegations are expected to visit India, important of which being the 15-member National Assembly, Village Headmen/Farmers and Agricultural Extension Workers and Students/Teachers. His Majesty the King of Bhutan is expected to pay an official visit to India in February 1980.

India has played a highly important and significant role in Bhutan's developmental activities for the past two decades or so. Three Five-Year Plans from 1961 onwards, involving an outlay of Rs. 76.50 crores, have been successfully implemented with Indian assistance. These development plans have transform- ed the economy of Bhutan, apart from providing the base for future programmes for her socio-economic progress. Bhutan's Fourth Five-Year Plan, involving Government of India's assist- ance worth Rs. 70.30 crores, is due to be completed in March 1981.


Apart from the Plan expenditure, India is constructing a major Hydro-electric Project at Chukha, which on completion in mid-1980's, would produce 336 MWs of power. The Chukha Hydel Project is being financed by India on a grant-cum-loan basis in the ratio of 60 per cent and 40 per cent, respectively. The project has made steady progress. In addition, with India's assistance, a Cement Project at Penden with an installed capa- city of 300 tonnes per day has been completed at a cost of Rs. 13.50 crores. The project is expected to go into produc- tion soon.

India is also implementing a comprehensive Lift Irriga- tion Scheme at Gaylegphug in Southern Bhutan at a cost of Rs. 2.62 crores. It is a turnkey project and, on completion, will provide irrigational facilities for agriculture and allied pur- poses to the inhabitants of the area. Similarly, an Indo-Bhutan Microwave Link is making steady progress.

Apart from providing financial assistance for Bhutan's Deve- lopment plans, India continues to provide experts and specialists in diverse fields, including industries, road construction, minerals, geological explorations, telecommunications and forestry deve- lopment, etc. Many Bhutanese students are receiving higher education in India with our assistance and scholarships, etc.

Indo-Bangladesh relations during the year under review pre- sented a mixed picture. The year began on a hopeful note with the former Prime Minister's visit but ended somewhat uncer- tainly when reports of firing on the Tripura border started com- ing. The issue involved appeared trivial and could have been easily resolved if the boundary constituted by a shifting river had been demarcated in this sector. This incident brought home the realisation on both sides that in order to have a tranquil border. demarcation of disputed sectors should be expeditiously completed. The firing in this sector, however, ended abruptly on 8 January 1980.

President Ziaur Rahman was invited by the Executive Director of UNIDO-III to address the Conference on 22 January 1980 as a special invitee. As the new government would have assumed office after recent elections, it was felt that this visit could give an opportunity to President Zia to meet Prime Minister Indira Gandhi. A bilateral dimension was, therefore, added to this visit and President Zia arrived at New Delhi a


day earlier and was accorded the usual honours as on a bilateral official visit. The visit enabled the two leaders to have a gene- ral exchange of views on all matters of mutual interest.

Little progress was recorded towards an agreed scheme for augmentation of Ganga waters during the deliberations of the Indo-Bangladesh Joint River Commission held during the course of the year.

In bilateral economic relations, a positive trend was shown by India's exports to Bangladesh. In May 1979, India agreed to loan 200,000 tonnes of foodgrains to Bangladesh, to tide her over the consequences of the severe drought that affected the sub-continent.

Another hopeful sign was the ad-hoc cultural exchanges that took place during the past year.

India and Burma exchanged a number of delegations to explore avenues of closer cooperation. A two-member delega- tion of Minerals and Metals Trading Corporation of India Limited visited Rangoon in August and held discussions with Burma Ports Corporation to explore possibilities of supply of coal to that country. A five-member delegation of Basic Chemicals Pharmaceuticals and Cosmetics Exports Promotion Council (CHEMEXCIL) visited Burma in November and held talks with the officials of the Ministry of Trade, Myanma Export-Import Corporation and those connected with Chemical Industry and Pharmaceutical Corporations. From the Burmese side, a four- member Trade Delegation of the Myanma Export-Import Corpo- ration visited India in November to promote sales of Burmese beans and pulses.

India offered technical training facilities to Burmese experts in diverse fields, such as, banking and small-scale industry. Burma made increasing use of such facilities by sending trainees to India and inviting Indian experts to Burma.

In the cultural field, India presented a set of books to Burma and an Indian Universities Football Team visited that country in October-November to play friendly matches.

President Ne Win sent messages of sympathy to the President of India for the victims of cyclones and floods in various parts of the country.


India expressed concern at the withdrawal of Burma from the Non-aligned Movement at the Summit Conference held at Havana. It is hoped that Burma would rejoin the Movement and make valuable contributions to it.

India's relations with Sri Lanka continued to remain warm and cordial. In February 1979, Prime Minister Morarji Desai was invited to be the chief guest at the Independence Day cele- brations of Sri Lanka. He was shown great warmth and friend- ship by the Sri Lankan people which symbolised their feelings to- wards India.

Indo-Sri Lanka economic cooperation continued to grow at a satisfactory pace. In addition to the two on-going major projects, namely, the Micro-wave Link and the Animal Husbandry Project, several other new projects, which were originally agreed to at the last Joint Commission meeting held in June 1978 were finalised and implemented. It is heartening to note that Sri Lanka has continued to display confidence in the utility of economic cooperation with India.

In the cultural field also, there were a number of exchanges covering sports, performing arts, music and dance.

Indo-Maldivian relations also remained friendly during the year under review. Several requests for technical experts includ- ing teachers, doctors, etc. were received and met during the past year. A number of places in Indian educational institutions were also made available to Maldivian students upon their Govern- ment's request. A Maldivian pilot completed his commercial pilot's course with the IA. The year ended on a hopeful note with the signing of an Air Services Agreement at Male which is expected to increase the existing substantial cooperation bet- ween the IAC and Maldivian International Airways.
South-east Asia



India continued its efforts to develop closer understanding and cooperation with the countries of South-East Asia. This was done through exchange of visits at high levels and the signing of a number of bilateral agreements in various fields.

Shri Dinesh Singh, Member of Parliament and former Minister of External Affairs, visited Singapore, Malaysia, Indonesia, the Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam and Laos in May 1979 as Special Envoy of Prime Minister Morarji Desai. During his visit he met, among others, Prime Minister Mr. Lee Kuan Yew and Foreign Minister Mr. S. Rajaratnam of Singapore; Prime Minister, Datuk Hussein Onn, Home Minister, Tun Sri Gazali Shafie, and the Acting Foreign Minister, Dato Amar Haji Taib Mahmud of Malaysia; Vice-President Dr. Adam Malik, Foreign Minister, Prof. Mochter Kusumaatmadja and Information Minister, Gen. Moertopo, of Indonesia; President Mr. Marcos and Foreign Minister Gen. Carlos P. Romulo, of the Philippines; Prime Minister, Gen. Kriangsak Chomann, and Foreign Minister, Dr. Upadit Pachariyang-Kun, of Thailand; Prime Minister, Mr. Pham Van Dong, and Foreign Minister, Mr. Nguyen Dui Trinh, of Vietnam; and Prime Minister, Mr. Kaysone Phomvihane, and the Acting Foreign Minister Mr. Khampay Boupha, of Laos. Views were exchanged with these leaders on bilateral relations as well as on the international situation, particularly develop- ments in South-East Asia. Another important visit was by the Minister of State for Commerce Shri K. K. Goel to Malaysia, Indonesia, Singapore, Thailand and the Philippines in May 1979. He discussed the strengthening of India's trade and economic relations with these countries. While in the Philippines he also attended the UNCTAD-V meeting along with the Minister of Commerce, Shri M. Dharia.

Shri K. S. Hegde, Speaker of the Lok Sabha, visited Australia, Malaysia and Singapore in May 1979. He also visited New Zealand, in November-December 1979, to attend the Executive meeting of the Commonwealth Parliamentary Association held at Auckland.



The goodwill visits of India naval ships to Malaysia in February-March 1979, to Thailand in October, and to Indonesia in November, visits of Services hockey and football teams to Malaysia in April-May and to Singapore in May; visits of Miss Padma Subramanya and Prof. Mani Lal Nag to Australia and Fiji to give performances there; and the performances given by Shri Ram Bhartiya Kala Kendra troupe in November-December in Thailand, the Philippines and Vietnam, demonstrated the friendly contacts by India at different levels with these countries.

India maintained a dialogue with the ASEAN and submitted a memorandum to the ASEAN Secretariat indicating possible areas of cooperation with that Association. A study of the memorandum in depth is being made by the Expert Committees of the Association.

The Malayasian Minister of Information, Dato Mohd. Bin Rahmat, visited India in May 1979 at the invitation of the Minister of Information and Broadcasting extended to him during his visit to Kuala Lumpur in February 1979. The Malaysian Minister discussed ways and means of developing cooperation between India and Malaysia in the field of Radio, TV and other mass media.

Apart from over 5,000 Malaysian students studying in Indian Universities and establishments for various courses, Malaysian organisations evinced increasing interest in sponsoring their per- sonnel for training in Indian scientific and technical establish- ments. The Malaysian Petroleum Organisation, Petronas, deput- ed its engineers for training with ONGC. Other organisations nominated their candidates for training in such fields as soil- testing/survey, fire safety, social security, pepper and onion cultivation, meteorology, rural development and handicrafts, etc. Delegations were also deputed by Malaysia to study Indian laws relating to pension and salary structure as also to visit the Indian coemetariums.

The President Shri N. Sanjiva Reddy and Prime Minister Morarji Desai sent condolence messages on the passing away of the Malaysian Head of State in March 1979. The President sent a message of felicitations and good wishes to the New Yang di- Pertuan Agong in April 1979.

India signed a Memorandum of Understanding with Indonesia envisaging wide-ranging cooperation between the two coun- tries in the field of ferrous and non-ferrous metals, exploration


of Indonesian mineral resources including gas reserves, expan- sion of a cement plant and setting up of an Industrial Estate in that country. A joint task force was set up in the terms of the Memorandum to review progress in the implementation of various schemes. The Indonesian Minister of Industry visited India in September and discussed with the Minister of Steel and Mines the progress made in the implementation of the Memoran- dum and also cooperation achieved in other fields.

A team of National Defence College visited Indonesia in September on a study tour.

India continued to have friendly relations with Singapore. The Permanent Secretary in the Singapore Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Mr. Chia Cheong Fook, visited India in September. He held discussions on matters of mutual interest and views were exchanged on international problems. In the field of economic and trade relations, India and Singapore finalised plans for sett- ing up of two joint ventures for the manufacture of computers and animal feed.

The Prime Minister of Thailand, Gen. Kriangsak Chomanan, transited through Delhi on 21 and 28 March on his way to and back from the U.S.S.R. On his way back he met Prime Minister Morarji Desai and exchanged views on bilateral relations as well as on the international situation, particularly the develop- ments in Indo-China.

His Holiness the Supreme Patriarch of Thailand came to India in March on pilgrimage of Buddhist holy places, at the invi- tation of the Minister of External Affairs. He called on the President Shri N. Sanjiva Reddy, Prime Minister Morarji Desai and the Minister of External Affairs A. B. Vajpayee. An Hono- rary Degree was conferred on him by the Banaras Hindu Uni- versity.

The Prime Minister sent a message of good wishes and felicitations to Gen. Kriangsak Chomanan on his reappointment as Prime Minister.

The Minister of Commerce, Shri M. Dharia, signed a trade agreement during his visit to Manila in connection with UNCTAD-V. The agreement provided for the establishment of a Joint Trade Committee to look into the possibilities of pro- motion of trade and economic cooperation.


The Assistant Minister of Agriculture of the Philippines, Mr. Jose Leviste, visited India, in February 1979, and held discus- sions on matters concerning the World Food Council. The Indian Minister of State for Industries, Shri Jagdambi Prasad Yadav, visited the Philippines in June 1979.

India and Vietnam continued to have beneficial cooperation in various fields in keeping with the existing warm and friendly ties. India rendered assistance for implementation of various projects in Vietnam and supplied materials, machinery and cere- als bought against credits already extended to that country. Satisfactory progress is being maintained towards the setting up of a Rice Research Institute and Buffalo Breeding Centre.

A Protocol in the field of Science and Technology was signed in July during the visit of Professor Le Khac, Vice-Chairman of the State Commission for Science and Technology. A 4-member Scientific delegation, led by the Vietnamese Minister of Higher Education, Mr. Nguyen Dinh Tu, visited some of the Atomic Energy and other establishments in India, after attending the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Conference.

Madame Nguyen Thi Binh, Education Minister and Special Envoy of the Prime Minister of Vietnam, visited India in May 1979. She met Prime Minister Morarji Desai and held detailed discussions with the Minister of External Affairs A. B. Vajpayee on South-East Asian situation. India stressed the need for efforts to restore a climate of peace and harmony in South-East Asia and strengthen the non-aligned movement.

Visits by journalists were also exchanged between the two countries. A radio/TV team visited Vietnam in December to finalise arrangements for cooperation.

The President and the Prime Minister of Laos transited through India on two occasions during the year. This provided an opportunity for exchange of views on various problems.

India agreed to give textiles worth Rs. 3 lakhs to Laos at the request of that country. A request for setting up of a Buffalo Breeding Centre in Laos is also being processed.

The momentum generated by the visit of the Australian Prime Minister, Mr. Malcolm D. Fraser to India in January- February 1979, continued to guide bilateral relations with that


country. The First Assistant Secretary in the Australian Depart- ment of Science, Mr. J. P. Lonergan, visited India in March- April and signed a programme of scientific cooperation in the field of agriculture.

The eleventh round of Indo-Australian bilateral talks, at official level, was held in New Delhi in August 1979. Views were exchanged on regional and international issues of mutual interest as well. as a review was made of the progress made in bilateral relations in diverse fields. The fourth meeting of the Indo-Australian Joint Trade Committee, which met in Novem- ber, considered various proposals for strengthening of commer- cial ties.

The chief of the Army Staff, Gen. 0. P. Malhotra, visited Australia. He was the first Indian Chief of Staff to visit that country. The Governor General, Sir Zelman Cowen, and Prime Minister Fraser, received him.

Mr. Andrew Peacock, Australian Minister for Foreign Affairs, visited India from Jan 27, 1980 to 29, 1980. He was on a round of visits to the five ASEAN countries, India and Pakistan.

During his stay here, Mr. Peacock called on Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and had detailed discussions with the Minister of External Affairs Shri P. V. Narasimha Rao concerning develop- ments in Afghanistan and in the region. There was general agree- ment that the Great Power interference was not in the interest of the smaller countries.

Friendly relations with New Zealand were marked by exchange of visits at different levels. Mr. J. R. Harrison, Speaker of the House of Representatives and President of the Common- wealth Parliamentary Association, came to India in April 1979; Chairman of the Indian Coffee Board led an Indian Coffee dele- gation to New Zealand. Others who visited New Zealand includ- ed Mr. Justice P. N. Bhagwati and the Speaker of the Lok Sabha.

The Prime Minister of New Zealand, Mr. R. D. Muldoon, and the Speaker, Mr. J. R. Harrison, sent messages to the Prime Minister of India and Speaker of the Lok Sabha respectively expressing sympathies for the victims of Morvi floods.

India was the only country to send a delegation to take part in the celebrations to mark the centenary year of the landing of the first batch of Indian indentured labour in Fiji. Cultural


contacts between India and Fiji were reflected in the visit of Smt. Kamala Devi Chattopadhyaya, Vice-President of the Indian Council for Cultural Relations, to Fiji in November. She attend- ed a crafts fair and presented Indian Folk artifacts for the newly opened Indian sections of the National Museum of Fiji. Books in Hindi, Sanskrit, and Arabic, including Ramayana, Gita and Quran were sent for presentation to various institutions.

Fifty baby-weighing scales were presented to Fiji as part of the programme of the International Year of the Child.

A broadcasting expert was sent on deputation to Fiji.

Prime Minister Morarji Desai sent a message of sympathy to the Prime Minister of Fiji on the loss of life and property caused by a cyclone in Fiji.

The President Shri N. Sanjiva Reddy felicitated the President of Kiribati on that country gaining independence.
East Asia

Jan 01, 1979



The year was marked by functional exchanges between India and China in a number of fields with a view to develop coopera- tion on the basis of mutual benefit, reciprocity and equality.

China participated on a fairly big scale in the Indian Inter- national Trade Fair held in New Delhi in November-December 1979. At the same time, a Chinese Trade delegation led by the President of the Chinese Council for Promotion of International Trade, visited India for two-weeks as guests of the Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry. The visit is expected to give a further stimulus to trade between India and China which continued to increase in volume. The main item of India's export to China consisted of 30,000 bales of cotton while India imported a sizeable quantity of antibiotics from China.

A five-member Chinese Press delegation visited India in October. This, as well as the Trade delegation, were in response to an Indian invitation and were in reciprocation of the visits to China in 1978 of their Indian counterparts. The Chinese delega- tion particularly emphasised scope for cooperation in the fields of family planning and agriculture between the two countries. Later a Chinese Agriculture delegation, invited by International Crop Research Institute for Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) toured India as a guest of the Indian Council of Agricultural Research.

A number of leading Indian journalists visited China during the year. They were told by the Chinese officials of China's continued desire to develop friendly relations with India. Hope was expressed that differences about certain recent developments in the international scene would not affect the evolving India-China relations.

Several Indian experts in various fields visited China during the year under the auspices of concerned United Nations agencies. Many Chinese delegations also came to attend international conferences in India.

While India welcomed the progressive development of func- tional exchanges, the Government of India, through diplomatic



channels, reiterated its view that the full normalisation of relations required a satisfactory solution of the border problem. The Chinese Government, on its part, stressed its desire to improve relations with India on the basis of the Five Principles.

On the occasion of the constitution of the new Government, Premier Hua Guofeng and Foreign Minister Huang Hua sent congratulatory messages to Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and the Minister of External Affairs, Shri P. V. Narasimha Rao, respectively. The message from the Chinese Premier expressed happiness that relations between China and India had improved and developed over the last few years and hoped that this trend would continue to develop in the interest of peace and stability in Asia. In reply, Prime Minister Indira Gandhi hoped for co- operation between India and China on the basis of the Five Principles.

Relations between India and Japan continued to be charac- terised by their mutual desire to promote greater understanding. Official consultations held during the visit of Mr. Takashmia, Deputy Foreign Minister, to India in May 1979, confirmed the common interest of both countries in maintaining peace and stability in Asia. Bilateral trade talks were held when a Japanese Trade delegation visited India in September.

The Japanese Government organised a symposium on India and Japan, in coordination with the Indian Council of Social Sciences Research, in New Delhi in November 1979. It was the first time that a symposium of this kind was organised in the country. It brought Indian and Japanese intellectuals together to discuss the roles of the two countries in Asia. The discussion ranged from Indo-Japanese cooperation in science and technology and economics to sociology and politics.

In its meetings held at New Delhi, also in November 1979, the Indo-Japan Committee for Economic Studies identified a number of areas where India could learn from Japan's experience. The Committee decided to carry out studies of long-term perspec- tives regarding economic relations and inter-actions between India and Japan.

India continued to express itself in favour of the re-unification of the two Koreas through peaceful and bilateral means without outside interference. Friendly relations were maintained with both, the Republic of Korea and the Democratic People's Republic


of Korea. Shock and regret was expressed at the assassination of President Park Chung Hee of the Republic of Korea.

India continued to have good relations with the People's Republic of Mongolia. A high-level delegation from Mongolia transited through India, on 30 November, on its way to Indo- China. It was led by Mr. Jambyn Batmunkh, Chairman of the Council of Ministers, and included Mr. Mangalyn Dugersuren, the Foreign Minister, Mr. Sonomyn Luvsangombo, Deputy Chairman of the Council of Ministers and Mr. Damdinguin Gombojav, Secretary of the Central Committee of the Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party, Mr. J. Batmunkh and Mr. Duger- suren called on Vice-President H. Hidayatulla during the visit. 3--784EA/79
West Asia And North Africa



There was strong criticism in the region of the Camp David Agreements which led to even greater disunity in the Arab world. While expressing concern about the sharp divisions and resulting tensions, India, in its reaction to these developments, firmly stated that the Palestinian question was central to the entire dispute and unless that was resolved to the full satisfaction of the Palestinians themselves, there could not be lasting peace in the region. Con- sistent with its long standing position on the Arab-Israeli dispute, India reaffirmed that a comprehensive settlement of the dispute should ensure vacation of all occupied territories by Israel and the restoration of the inalienable rights of the Palestinian people, including their right to return to their homeland where they can set up a State of their own.

At the invitation of Minister of Works and Housing, the Syrian Minister of Waqf visited India in January 1979. This visit provided him an opportunity to appreciate the secular aspects of the Indian policy wherein followers of all religions enjoyed full freedom to pursue their faiths and beliefs. The Syrian Minister of Tourism and Transport also visited India and held extensive discussions with the Minister of Civil Aviation and the Minister of Railways.

The Crown Prince of Jordan visited Delhi in March 1979 and had a meeting with Prime Minister Morarji Desai. Various aspects of Indo-Jordanian bilateral relations, including the grow- ing climate of economic cooperation, were reviewed. The Crown Prince appreciated India's policy on the West Asian dispute.

The Vice-President of Egypt, Mr. Hosny Mubarak visited New Delhi in May, with a message from President Sadat for Prime Minister Morarji Desai. This was followed by the visit of Dr. Boutros Ghali, Minister of State for Foreign Affairs, in August 1979. Their visits provided India with an opportunity to understand the Egyptian viewpoint on regional and interna- tional issues.

The visit of Shri A. B. Vajpayee to Kuwait, UAE, Syria and Iraq, during May 1979, was the first by an Indian Minister of



External Affairs to the Gulf since 1973 when Shri Swaran Singh had visited the Gulf region. This confirmed the warmth, under- standing and desire for friendship and cooperation between India and these countries. Earlier in the same month, Shri S. Kundu, Minister of State of External Affairs, had paid a successful visit to Bahrain and Oman.

The Union Minister for Labour, Shri Fazlur Rahman, visited Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, UAE and Oman, during October 1979, to discuss the problems and prospects of Indian workers in these countries.

The Minister for Petroleum, Chemicals and Fertilizers, Shri A. Bala Pajanoor, paid a two-day visit to Abu Dhabi to discuss with the UAE authorities the question of oil supplies to India during 1980. The quantum of oil supply to India during 1979 and 1980 was also discussed during the visit of Dr Otaiba, UAE Petroleum Minister and Chairman of the OPEC, to India in April 1979.

The second meeting of the Indo-Arab Joint Council was held in Abu Dhabi in early October 1979. A nine-member Indian business delegation, led by Shri H. S. Singhania, President of FICCI participated in this meeting. The Handloom and Handi- crafts Export Promotion Council organised a Gold Jewellery exhibition-cum-sale in Abu Dhabi in November 1979. Indian. jewellery worth Rs 1.2 crores was sold during the course of the exhibition. Air-India organised a fashion show on this occasion.

Steady progress was witnessed in the growth of Indo-Iraqi economic relations which were marked by export of a range of commodities and projects to Iraq on the one hand and readiness of the Government of Iraq to meet India's oil requirements on the other. Iraq agreed to the supply of 6 million tonnes of crude to India which was 2.5 million tonnes in excess to their earlier commitment. This made up, to some extent, the shortfall in India's imports due to the developments in Iran.

The news of the unprecedented terrorist seizure of the Grand Mosque in Mecca, on Nov 20, 1979, was received by India with the utmost shock and indignation. India strongly condemned the terrorist action and expressed sympathy and concern about the safety of the devout pilgrims to the holy shrine in Mecca. There were numerous protest marches and meetings organized in various cities of India deploring the incident.


India continued to have cordial and friendly relations with the Republic of Yemen and Peoples Democratic Republic of Yemen. Indian technical experts including doctors continued to assist the two countries in various fields. Many Indian firm were engaged for a Number of projects including construction work, hotel management and air-craft maintenance in the Yemen Arab Republic. There were increasing commercial exchanges with both the countries and India emerged as a major trading partner of the Yemen Arab Republic.

The visit of the Somali Foreign Minister Dr. Abdo Rehman Jama Barre to India from 31 March to 4 April promoted friendly relations with that country. His visit provided opportunity for exploring areas of further cooperation between India and Somalia. A Cultural Agreement was signed during the visit.

There was a welcome spurt in high level contacts between India and Algeria. Apart from a large number of technical and high powered delegations, the visits from Algeria included one by the Algerian Minister of Heavy Industry, Mr. Mohamed Liassine and the Secretary General of the Ministry of Transport of Algeria. The Vice-President, Shri M. Hidayatullah, represented India at the 25th Anniversary celebrations of the Algerian Revolu- tion in November 1979. Prior to this, in June 1979 the Minister of External Affairs, Shri A. B. Vajpayee, had visited Algeria and held discussions with his counterpart and the Algerian President on matters of mutual interest. The subjects of intensive co- operation between the two countries were identified in the fields of railways, energy, higher education and scientific research as well as industrial joint ventures. The question of supply of crude oil from Algeria, on a long-term basis, was also discussed during these high level visits. The level of India's exports to Algeria increased from a negligible amount to approximately Rupees six to eight crores and projects and consultancy contracts worth Rupees 28 crores are being executed in Algeria by the Indian companies.

The Minister of Petroleum, Chemicals and Fertilizers, Shri H. N. Bahuguna, visited Libya from 8 to 10 April 1979 to explore the possibility of Libya supplying oil to India. Libya agreed to supply 2 million tonnes of oil in 1979 and 2.5 million tonnes each in 1980 and 1981. The first shipment of Libyan oil for India was shipped in the third week of April 1979.

Shri Sikandar Bakht, Minister for Works, Housing and Reha- bilitation, visited Libya from 17 to 20 June 1979. During his


visit, he reviewed the progress of projects undertaken by the Indian Companies in Libya.

Indian companies continued to receive patronage from the Libyan authorities and important contracts and projects worth nearly Rs. 1000 crores were awarded to Indian public and private sector undertakings. It is estimated that nearly 15000 Indians (labour and experts) are currently working in Libya.

The Hindustan Steel Works Construction Limited signed their first construction contract in Libya in January 1979, for the con- struction of 28 school buildings in Western Libya valued at US $30 million. Another contract worth about US $60 million for a housing programme was also signed.

The second session of the Indo-Libyan Joint Commission was held at New Delhi, from 2 to 6 July 1979, to review the progress and implementation of the Indo-Libyan protocol on economic, commercial and other matters. A number of fresh projects in the field of civil construction, industry, agriculture and trade were identified. An agreement on Avoidance of Double Taxation. between India and Libya was initialled at the end of the session.

The Minister of State of External Affairs, Shri S. Kundu, visited Tunisia in 1979. He met the Tunisian Prime Minister Mr. Hedi Nouira and also the Secretary General and the Acting Foreign Minister Mr. Taieb Sahbani. The discussions held revealed mutual understanding and identity of views on various international issues. The Tunisian Secretary General for Foreign Affairs Mr. Taieb Sahbani visited India in June. He suggested the need of frequent exchange of visits with a view to enlarge trade and commercial links.

Morocco seemed to be keen on developing friendly relations with India particularly after the unfortunate statement of the former Moroccan Ambassador in India, Mr. Sadaani. The Government of Morocco took note of the strong reaction of the Government of India on this subject and recalled their Ambassador from India. More recently, a Moroccan delegation headed by the Minister of State for Foreign Affairs and Cooperation, Mr. Abderrahmane Baddou, and consisting of the Directors of Cultural and Economic Affairs in the Foreign Office, visited India, from 3 to 10 December 1979. It held negotiations to finalise an econo- mic and scientific cooperation agreement and a cultural agreement The text of the economic agreement was finalised at the official


level and the cultural agreement was initialled by the officials of the two sides.

India viewed the revolution in Iran as a reflection of Iran's quest for identity and national self-assertion and a desire to charter an independent course without outside Big Power influence. In this context, it is gratifying that Iran looks forward to improv- ing relations in diverse fields with India, a desire which is fully reciprocated.

An unofficial goodwill delegation, led by Shri Asoka Mehta, visited Iran in March 1979 and established contacts with the new Iranian leaders who appreciated the goodwill visit and reciprocated the greetings and good wishes which the delegation brought from the Government and the people of India.

India welcomed Iran's withdrawal from the CENTO and its decision to join the Non-Aligned Movement.

Because of Iran's decision to contain the growing unemploy- ment problem in Iran, it decided to dispense with the services of foreign nationals. This led to the bulk of skilled, semi-skilled and unskilled Indian workers, who were in Iran, to leave Iran. However, in fields like medical services, etc., where skills are lacking in Iran, or where internal resources are not sufficient to meet the developmental requirements, Iran has turned towards India to fill the gap. It is planned to recruit about 1,000 Indian medical and paramedical personnel and an Iranian delegation visited India in November 1979 to recruit the first batch of Indian doctors and para-medical personnel to cater to Iran's immediate requirements.

There has been a gradual pick-up in bilateral economic rela- tions and, of late, there have been more trade enquiries in a wide range of items. These are being explored. Iran continues to be a reliable source of supply of oil to India.

During the year, there has been great pressure from Iranian students to enrol in Indian universities.
Africa (South Of The Sahara)

Jan 01, 1979



International attention was focussed on Southern Africa during the year in view of the rapid political developments relating to Rhodesia (Zimbabwe). India's policies towards the countries of this region were firmly based on its traditional and total opposi- tion to racist oppression. It strongly condemned the illegal and fraudulent elections held in Rhodesia in April 1979 under the terms of the so-called "internal settlement" and extended moral support and material assistance to Zimbabwe liberation Move- ment. At the same time it emphasised that Britain should assume its constitutional responsibilities in Rhodesia and grant it indepen- dence on the basis of majority rule. India supported British proposals made at the Conference of the Commonwealth Heads of Government held at Lusaka in August 1979 and emphasised the need for their urgent implementation. The proposals envi- saged the holding of a constitutional conference for Zimbabwe in order to reach a lasting settlement involving all parties to the conflict, the adoption of a democratic constitution that would pave the way for the formation of a government chosen through free and fair elections properly supervised under the authority of the U.K. government and through Commonwealth Observers. India welcomed the successful conclusion of the Conference subse- quently held for this purpose at London as constituting the first major achievement of the process initiated at the Lusaka meeting towards the emergence of an independent democratic Zimbabwe. Shri Rajeshwar Dayal, a former Indian diplomat accepted invita- tion to act as Chairman of the Commonwealth Observers Group set up by the Commonwealth Secretary-General for Election in Rhodesia. Following the London Conference and the passage of a Resolution by the United Nations Security Council recommend- ing lifting of economic sanctions against Rhodesia, India decided to lift the ban on its economic relations with that country and to re-open the Indian Mission at Salisbury.

India expressed its deep concern over the move by South Africa to install an "interim government" of the puppet Turnhalle Alliance to thwart the establishment of an independent Namibia based on a genuine majority rule. The Minister of External Affairs, Shri A. B. Vajpayee, in a message in connection with



the observance of the International Year of Solidarity with the people of Namibia in May 1979, re-affirmed India's whole- heated support and commitment to the heroic struggle of the Namibian people for the liberation of their country. He noted that the United Nations had a direct responsibility for leading Namibia to national independence on the basis of majority rules. India continued to extend moral and material support to the South West African People's Organisation (SW APO) fighting for the independence of Namibia.

India continued to give moral support and material assistance to the liberation movement in South Africa in its struggle against the infamous policy of apartheid. The decision to confer the Jawaharlal Nehru Award for International Understanding for 1979 on the renowned South African freedom fihter Nelson Mandela, reflected the traditional deep commitment of the Indian people to the cause of freedom, justice and equality in South Africa.

There was further strengthening of relations through bilateral cooperation with the countries of East Africa & the Indian Ocean. The Minister of State in the Ministry of External Affairs, Shri S. Kundu, visited Uganda, Zambia, Malawi and Seychelles in May- June 1979.

India offered a credit of Rs. 2.5 crores in addition to credit for the Industrial Development Bank of India, of Rs. 5 crores to the new government in Uganda as a measure of assistance towards that country's economic reconstruction. A consignment of medi- cines and rice was also gifted to meet Uganda's urgent require- ments. A number of joint-ventures set up with Indian participa- tion in Kenya progressed satisfactorily. The level of economic and technical cooperation with Zambia and Tanzania was also well maintained. Agreements for avoidance of double-taxation were concluded with Tanzania and Zambia. Arrangements were finalised for students from Tanzania to study in engineering institu- tions in India under the World Bank aided scheme. The Com- merce Secretary visited Addis Ababa in December and held fruitful discussions with the Ethiopian government and identified areas where bilateral cooperation could be extended to mutual benefit. Emergency relief assistance in the form of medical sup- plies was provided to the Front-Line States of Zambia and Mozambique following attacks on their territory by the illegal regime in Rhodesia. Specific programmes of technical coopera-


tion axe being worked out with Botswana, Malawi, Lesotho and Mozambique.

The Minister of State for External Affairs, Shri S. Kundu, participated in the Liberation Day Celebrations of Seychelles. The INS Shakti paid a goodwill visit on this occasion. The Seychelles Minister of Transport, Labour and Health and also the Principal Finance Secretary, Principal Works Secretary and Foreign Secretary visited India during the year.

There was further consolidation of relations with Mauritius through exchange of visits at the ministerial level and by exchanges in the cultural and educational fields. The Prime Minister of Mauritius visited India twice during the year. The first meeting of the Indo-Mauritius Joint Commission took place at New Delhi in April. It reviewed technical and cultural co- operation between the two countries and identified areas of further cooperation. The deputation of experts under Indian Technical and Economic Cooperation (ITEC), grant of commer- cial credits and assistance to Mauritius in procuring its require- ments from India were inter-alia agreed upon during this meeting.

Indian continued to have close ties with Nigeria and Ghana. The visit of the Nigerian Minister of Industry to India in May-June 1979 helped to further consolidate wide-range econo- mic cooperation with that country. An agreement was finalised to establish a Joint Commission on Economic, Scientific and Technical Cooperation with Nigeria.

As regards, relations with Liberia a notable innovation was the rrangement for the training of 50 Liberian craftsmen under trilateral programme between Indian, Eurpoean Economic Com- munity and Liberia with EEC meeting the cost of international travel and India meeting the training expenses.

The opening of a resident mission in Ivory Coast in October 1979 reflected India's desire to expand relations with Franco- phone. A protocol on economic cooperation was signed with the Senegal during the visit of its Minister of Industry to India in April-May. It provided for cooperation in a number of fields and helped to consolidate India's cordial relations with that country.


India sent consignment of wheat, rice, medicines and baby- food to Zaire as a measure of relief in connection with the famine in that country.

India concluded a cooperation agreement with the Economic Commission for Africa. It provided for a grant of Rs. 50 lakhs to the United Nations Trust Fund for African Development. This was the first such contribution to the Fund by a non-African deve- loping country.



Western Europe

India continued to have cordial relations with the countries of Western Europe and these were strengthened by exchanges in a number of fields.

The European Economic Community continued to be India's single largest trading partner. The seventh meeting of the Indo- EEC Joint Commission at New Delhi, in November, resulted in modest progress towards cooperation through the setting up of an Indian Trade Centre in Brussels and some aid from the Com- munity for trade promotion measures. Negotiations are under- way for a new cooperation agreement between the European Community and India to replace the Commercial Cooperation Agreement signed in 1973. Modifications proposed in the new agreement aim at giving it a wider coverage, including the field of economic cooperation. More detailed and specific provisions, including those relating to the role of the Joint Commission, are expected to be incorporated in the new agreement. A new provi- sion has been proposed for exchange of information and friendly consultations for purposes of seeking mutually satisfactory solu- tions to problems.

India's relations with the U.K. were marked by frequent ex- change of views on bilateral and international matters. The British Foreign Secretary, Lord Carrington, paid an official visit to India in July. He called on Prime Minister Morarji Desai, the Deputy Prime Ministers, Shri Charan Singh and Shri Jagjivan Ram, and the Minister of External Affairs, Shri A. B. Vajpayee. His discussions with the Minister of External Affairs covered Rhodesia and the Disarmament problem. India's concern that the people of Indian origin in U.K. should not face discrimination or harassment was conveyed to him. The British Minister of State at the Home Officer, Mr. Tomothy Raison, visited India in October to familiarise himself with immigration procedures and problems. He called on the Minister of State of External Affairs, Shri B. Barua. During the talks, India urged that there should be no discrimination against Asians or Indians in British legis- lation on immigration.



India observed official mourning at the assassination of Lord Mountbatten in September 1979. The U.K. Government and people were touched by the reaction of sympathy and admiration for him in India. Shri M. Hidayatullah, Vice-President of India, led the Indian delegation to attend the funeral ceremony in London.

Following elections in U.K. in May 1979, the new U.K. government found it necessary to curtail government expenditure including the overseas aid programme. Aid to be available to India is now estimated to be pound 140.5 million.

Lord Carrington, the British Foreign Secretary, visited India again from Jan 16, 1980 to 18 January 1980, very soon after the constitu- tion of the new government after the Elections. He met Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and the Minister of External Affairs, Shri P. V. Narasimha Rao. There were wide-ranging discussions on international and bilateral issues. Lord Carrington gave his assessment of the reactions in the region to the events in Afghanis- tan in December 1979. India's concern over the escalation of the tension in the region was conveyed to him. The situation in Rhodesia and problems concerning the Indian community in U.K. were also discussed in a free and friendly atmosphere.

India's relations with the Federal Republic of Germany con- tinued to be marked by a spirit of friendship and close cooperation. Prime Minister Morarji Desai and the Minister of External Affairs, Shri A. B. Vajpayee, made a transit visit to Frankfurt in June 1979 and held discussions with Chancellor Helmut Schmidt and Foreign Minister Genscher. India continued to be the single largest recipient of West German assistance. An Indo-FRG Aid Agreement for the period 1979-80, for aid amounting to Rs. 165 crores, was signed at New Delhi in October 1979. Some of the major projects covered under this are: the Thermal Power Plant at Singrauli, Neyveli Lignite Corporation and the Agriculture and Refinance Corporation. There was also steady growth in Indo- FRG trade which crossed the figure of DM 2,000 million (about Rs. 800 crores) during the year.

Dr. Bruno Kreisky, Chancellor of Austria, visited India at the end of January 1980 to address the UNIDO Conference. His talks with Prime Minister Indira Gandhi covered international and bilateral relations. The visit was a significant contribution to Indo-Austrian friendship.


Friendship and cooperation continued to mark relations bet- ween India and France. The Minister of State of External Affairs, Shri B. Barua, made a transit visit to Paris in October 1979 and met the French Minister of State for Foreign Affairs, Mr. Olivier Stirn. A French delegation, led by the Director of Department of External Economic Relations, Mr. Freyche, visited India in December 1979 to identify possible areas of cooperation.

President Giscard d'Estaing of France paid a State visit to India in January 1980 and was the Guest of Honour at the Re- public Day festivities. This was the first visit by a French President to India. He was accompanied by the French Foreign Minister, Mr. J. Francois-Poncet and the French Minister of Foreign Trade, Mr. J. F. Deniau. The President held talks with Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, while the two French Ministers met their counter-parts, besides official talks between the delega- tions. A notable outcome of the talks was the Joint Declaration issued on 27 January 1980 by the French President and Prime Minister Indira Gandhi. (Appendix XIII).

The visit was highly successful in furthering bilateral coopera- tion. It resulted in the signing of seven protocols and memo- randa of understanding : (1) Protocol on Indo-French Industrial and commercial cooperation; (2) Memorandum of Understand- ing on Coal Mining; (3) Memorandum of Understanding on the Aluminium Complex in Orissa: (4) Indo-French Protocol for cooperation in the field of Agriculture and Rural Development; (5) Protocol in the field of Petrochemicals, Fertilizers, Drugs and Chemicals; (6) Protocol in the field of renewable energies; and (7) Protocol in the field of Ocean Science and Technology. In addition, it was agreed that possibilities of cooperation should be explored in the fields of steel industry, telecommunications and audio-visual techniques.

In the Joint Communique issued on 28 January 1980, both sides agreed to consider the setting up of an Indo-French Univer- sity or an Institute of Higher Learning in India. The President and Prime Minister Indira Gandhi agreed to hold periodic consul- tations alternately in France and in India to suit mutual conveni- ence. The major allocation for 1979, from French assistance to India of Rs. 68 crores (Francs 300 million) annually, was for the im- port of drilling rig by the Oil and Natural Gas Commission.


A French delegation visited India in November and a pro- gramme for 1980-82 was finalised under the Indo-French Cultural Agreement. An Agreement for Cooperation in Science and Technology was also ratified during the year.

A formal agreement for aid from the Netherlands was con- cluded during the year. It provided for a grant of Dfl. 61 million and a loan of Dfl. 164 million for a period of 30 years carrying an interest of 2.5% per annum.

India continued to receive useful assistance from the countries of the Nordic region. Sweden extended aid to the extent of S. Kr. 290 million entirely as a grant for 1979-80. Of this amount S. Kr. 165 million would be completely untied and to be used for financ- ing; imports from any part of the world. Discussions held in October with Norway indicated that during the next four year (1980-83) technical assistance amounting to Kr. 106 million per year would be extended to India.

The Indian Ambassador in Norway held reception in honour of Mother Teresa when she went to Oslo to receive the Nobel Peace Prize.

The grant from Denmark of D. Kr. 85 million in 1979 was utilised for projects in agriculture, animal husbandry, fisheries etc. The services of the Danish Agency DANIDA were utilised in several projects.

The Finnish Deputy Secretary-General, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Dr. Korhonen, held discussions with Indian officials, when he visited India in November, in connection with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Conference.

India welcomed the talks, in May 1979, between leaders of Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot communities. India has con- sistently reiterated that a solution to the Cyprus problem could be arrived at through negotiations between the two affected parties without outside interference. India has supported the U.N. Reso- lutions on the subject calling for respect for the sovereignty, inde- pendence, territorial integrity and non-alignment of the Republic of Cyprus.


The USSR and Eastern Europe

India's relations with the USSR and other East European countries were further strengthened and diversified by an ex- change of visits at the highest level and through the working of the Joint Commissions set up with those countries.

The Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the U.S.S.R.. Mr. A. N. Kosygin, visited India from 9 to 18 March 1979. Dis- cussions held during the visit showed that India and the U.S.S.R. shared similar views on major international problems. The joint communique issued at the end of this visit re-affirmed that the strengthening of Indo-Soviet relations, on the principles of peace- ful co-existence, was an immutable factor in the foreign policy of both countries. The USSR expressed appreciation of Indian initiatives to normalise relations with the countries of South Asia.

A number of agreements and protocols were signed during the visit including an Agreement on cooperation in Medical Sciences and Public Health, a protocol on the supply of agriculture machines and motor vehicles as a gift from the USSR to the Surat- garh State Farm, a Cultural Exchange Programme for 1979 and 1980 and an agreement on additional reciprocal deliveries of some commodities in 1979.

The most significant document to emerge was a Long Term Programme of Economic, Trade, Scientific and Technical Coope- ration between the two countries for the next ten to fifteen years. This Programme, the first of its kind entered into by India, will provide a framework for future bilateral cooperation in a wide range of activities. In the framework of this Programme teams of experts from India in the fields of inland fisheries, pulp and paper and the food industry visited the USSR and teams of experts from the USSR in the fields of coal mining, machine building and ferrous metallurgy visited India. Some other important projects, in which the USSR has agreed to cooperate with India, are an alumina plant on the east coast of India, the expansion and organisation of some specified coal-fields, and cooperation in the field of irrigation.

The Minister of Petroleum and Chemicals, Shri H. N. Bahuguna, visited the USSR from 28 May to 2 June 1979. He had detailed discussions on future cooperation in oil-exploration and production. A protocol was signed on the extent and manner


of such cooperation, especially in the regions of West Bengal, Tripura and Kaveri delta.

Prime Minister Morarji Desai, accompanied by Shri A. B. Vajpayee, Minister of External Affairs, visited the USSR from 10 to 14 June. A joint statement, issued on the conclusion of the visit reiterated the resolve of India and the USSR to further strengthen their close cooperation which not only served the inte- rests of their two countries but also the cause of world peace and international cooperation.

An agreement for the setting up of a steel plant with Soviet collaboration at Visakhapatnam was also signed during the session of the Indo-Soviet Joint Commission held at Moscow in June. The Commission also decided to set up a group which would monitor the progress made in regard to the programme of coope- ration, agreed to during the visit of Mr. A. N. Kosygin, and make suggestions for facilitating its implementation.

In the same month the Speaker of the Lok Sabha Shri K. S. Hegde led a Parliamentary delegation to the USSR.

Mr. P. Y. Strautmanis, Vice-Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, led a Friendship delegation of the Soviet-Indo- Friendship Society to India in August. During his discussions he was assured that India would continue to promote Indo-USSR Friendship in the same spirit of trust and cooperation which characterised the traditionally close and friendly relations between the two countries.

Mr. A. N. Kosygin made a transit halt at Bombay in Septem- ber. The Minister of External Affairs, Shri S. N. Mishra, received the distinguished guest and had discussions with him on subjects of mutual interest.

Prime Minister Morarji Desai visited Poland from 14 to 16 June. This visit helped to consolidate India's close relations with Poland. There was a broad agreement of views on important international issues during the discussions held with Polish leaders. It was agreed that the existing economic and commercial coopera- tion should be strengthened still further to reflect the strong political ties between the two countries, by exploring new avenues of cooperation for mutual benefit.


From 16 to 18 June, Prime Minister Morarji Desai visited Czechoslovakia. India's friendly relations with Czechoslovakia were strengthened by his visit. A common ground on various international issues was revealed during the talks held between the Prime Minister and Czechoslovakian leaders. To consolidate existing economic and commercial ties, it was proposed that new channels of cooperation should be taken up for mutual benefit, so that the close political tics between India and Czechoslovakia could be further augmented.

Shri K. S. Hegde, Speaker of the Lok Sabha, led a Parliamen- tary delegation to Poland, Czechoslovakia and Romania in June. During his visit a review was made of the existing cooperation between the parliaments of these countries and the Indian Parlia- ment.

The sixth session of the Indo-Polish Joint Commission for Economic, Technical and Scientific cooperation, held at New Delhi in March 1979, identified several important projects for Indo-Polish cooperation. Those projects included cooperation in the sinking of two shafts in the Jharia coal-fields, the modernisa- tion of communication equipment in Indian coalfields and the enrichment and smelting of poly-metallic ores.

During his private visit to India from 14 to 18 March, Mr. Vasil Bilak, Member of the Politbureau and Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia, called on the President, Shri N. Sanjiva Reddy, Prime Minister Morarji Desai and the Minister of External Affairs. Shri A. B. Vajpayee and conveyed the satisfaction of the Czech govern- ment at the steady progress of India-Czech relations. He also gave an assessment of the political situation in Central Europe.

The eighth session of the Indo-Czechoslovak Joint Commis- sion for Economic, Trade and Technical Cooperation was held at Prague in June 1979. The protocol signed at the conclusion of the session identified many projects for bilateral cooperation. A new trade and payments agreements with Czechoslovakia for 1980-84 was signed at New Delhi, in December 1979. The Federal Secretary of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Mr. J. Vrohovec, visited India from 5 to 7 May for consultations prior to the meeting of the Coordination Bureau of Non-aligned countries to be held at Colombo in June. During 4-784EA/79


his discussions, with the Minister of External Affairs, Shri A. B. Vajpayee, it was agreed that all efforts should be made to preserve and strengthen the unity of the Non-Aligned Movement, and regional issues should not distract the Bureau meeting from attending to current global problems.

Prime Minister Morarji Desai, accompanied by the Minister of External Affairs, Shri A. B. Vajpayee, paid an official visit to Yugoslavia from 18 to 21 June. He also held talks with Presi- dent Tito and the President of the Federal Executive Council, Mr. V. Djuranovic. These talks were held in a friendly atmosphere in keeping with the traditionally cordial and close relations bet- ween the two countries. The Indian Prime Minister and the Yugoslav Prime Minister called on the members of the Non- Aligned Movement to maintain the unity of the Movement by resisting divisive pressures from within and without.

The twelfth session of the Indo-Yugoslav Joint Commission for Economic Trade and Technical and Scientific Cooperation was held at Belgrade in June. Its discussions covered bilateral rela- tions concerning trade, industrial cooperation, banking, finance, shipping, air-transport and tripartite agreements. It was agreed that efforts should be made to develop trade turn-over between Yugoslavia and India by 1983, compared to the level of 1977, through long-term arrangements.

The Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of Bulgaria, Mr. T. Popov, visited India in March. He had discussions with officials of the Ministry of External Affairs, during which he conveyed the satisfaction of the Bulgarian government at the progress of Indo- Bulgarian relations in various fields.

Mr. D. Stanischev, Secretary of the Central Committee of the Bulgarian Communist Party, paid a private visit to India in April. He had the occasion to discuss bilateral relations with officials of the Ministry of External Affairs.

Shri Jagjivan Ram, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Defence, visited Bulgaria and Romania in June 1979. Bilateral defence cooperation arrangements with the two countries were reviewed with satisfaction.
The Americas



North America

India and the United States continued to maintain a dialogue at various levels, through exchange of visits and correspondence, each trying to make the other understand its point of view on various international issues. Letters were exchanged between President Carter and Prime Minister Morarji Desai and between him and Prime Minister Charan Singh. A delegation from the United States led by Deputy Secretary of State, Mr. Warren Christopher, held official-level talks with Indian officials from 28 February to Mar 01, 1979 at New Delhi. There was a useful exchange of views not only on bilateral relations but also on various international developments. Mr. Christopher met Prime Minister Morarji Desai during his visit.

The Minister of External Affairs, Shri A. B. Vajpayee visited the United States from 20 to 25 April 1979. He met President Carter and had talks with various U.S. officials. The former Speaker of the Lok Sabha, Shri K. S. Hegde, and various presid- ing officers of State Assemblies, also visited the United States. Other Indian visitors to that country included Shri B. P. Singh, Minister for Rural Reconstruction. From the side of the United States, apart from various officials, Senator Charles Percy came to India in August and met Prime Minister Charan Singh during his visit.

There were, however, differences between the two countries on certain issues particularly with regard to the supply of nuclear fuel for Tarapur Plant. Presently two applications for 19.8 tons each are pending with the United States. India made it clear to the United States on a number of occasions, that it should honour its contractual obligations on this matter and the issue is being considered at the highest level. The problem could affect bila- teral relations.

The Minister of External Affairs, Shri A. B. Vajpayee led the Indian delegation to the fourth session of the Indo-US Joint Commission held in Washington in April. The Commission



gave high priority to collaborative efforts in the agricultural field and decided to set up a Fourth Sub-Commission--the Agriculture Sub-Commission--for this purpose. The Commission received and approved the reports of the other three Sub-Commissions. It accepted the plans of the Education and Cultural Sub-Commis- sion to increase the number of fellowships and discussed the future exchange programmes. It noted with satisfaction the new areas of collaboration proposed by the Scientific and Technology Sub-Commission, particularly in the field of solar energy. It also reviewed the activities of the Indo-US Business Council and endorsed the Council's project of Indo-US commercial coopera- tion in third countries.

A factor that could adversely affect relations between India and the United States was the decision by the United States to supply arms to Pakistan, as a result of the events in Afghanistan, The United States had earlier banned credit and grant sales of arms to Pakistan as a result of U.S. legislation which debarred arms supply to any country undertaking the building of nuclear facilities. The United States would have to pass emergency legislation to get over legal difficulties in order to renew supply of arms to Pakistan. India expressed its deepest concern to the United States on this decision as, in its view, this would need- lessly complicate the situation and further aggravate tension in the area.

India and Canada, after many years, resumed official talks and a meeting was held on 19-20 March at New Delhi. The meeting undertook a broad exchange of views on Indo-Canadian relations and also reviewed the international situation. It was agreed that such meetings should be held annually as this would facilitate discussions in the political, economic and cultural fields.

An agreement was signed in August, providing for a Cana- dian grant amounting to Canadian $ 20 million, to enable India to import rapeseed oil. A FICCI delegation visited Canada in June 1979.

South and Central America

India continued to maintain friendly relations with the coun- tries of Central and South America. It welcomed the achieve- ment of independence by the Caribbean islands of St. Lucia, Saint Vincent and Grenadines and the admission of Bolivia,


Grenada, Suriname and Nicaragua, as full-fledged members, to the Non-Aligned Movement at the Havana Summit Conference.

In Nicaragua a successful revolution by the people resulted in the establishment of National Government of Reconstruction. India conveyed its greetings to the government and extended an offer of assistance in its programme of reconstruction.

India had consistently supported the people of Panama in their aspirations regarding the Panama Canal. It welcomed the handing-over, by the United States, of the control of the Canal to Panama in October 1979.

India and Cuba had frequent consultations on various aspects of the Non-Aligned Movement, particularly in connection with the preparatory work for the Non-Aligned Summit Conference at Havana. Dr. Zoilo Marinello Vidaurreta, Minister President of the State Committee and Special envoy of President Castro, visited India in April to hand-over the invitation to Prime Minis- ter Morarji Desai for the Summit Conference to be held at Havana. Dr. Carlos Rafael Rodriguez, Vice-President of the Council of State of Cuba, visited India in July to discuss the draft declaration of the Havana Summit. During his visit, opportunity was taken to review relations between the two coun- fries and to consider measures to further improve them.

The Minister of External Affairs, Shri S. N. Mishra, as a token of sympathy towards the hurricane-affected people of the Commonwealth of Dominica, announced a donation to be utilised in sending relief supplies in the form of medicines and drugs.

Indian missions in the region made considerable efforts to- wards improving bilateral, economic relations with the countries there. This led to a growing awareness about India's industrial Mid technological progress and capability and a number of countries showed interest in having joint ventures in some selected items.

Steps were taken to explore possibilities of developing coope- ration with Latin American countries, particularly Venezuela. Mexico and Cuba. With a view to exploring the potential for greater economic and technical cooperation between India and the countries of Latin America and the Caribbean, a meeting, with cooperation and participation of the Economic Commission


for Latin America, was held in June at New Delhi. The repre- sentatives of India and those of Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colom- bia, Cuba, Guyana, Jamaica, Mexico, Panama, Peru, Trinidad and Tobago, Suriname and Venezuela and the officials of Eco- nomic Commission for Latin America participated in the meet- ing. The meeting discussed trade promotion measures and ways and means of covering the information gap, joint marketing of commodities, shipping, possibilities of participation in industrial and other developmental programmes and joint participation in third countries, collaboration in consultancy, aspects of transfer of technology, establishment of links amongst research and train- ing institutions.

As a follow-up action the Association of Indian Engineering Industries (AIEI) is sending a delegation to some Latin American countries to identify possibilities of cooperation in the field of joint ventures, consultancy services, cooperation in third coun- tries etc.
United Nations And International Conferences




During the year India participated in a number of important conferences. These included, a meeting of the Coordinating Bureau of the Non-aligned countries at Colombo from 4 to 9 June, Sixth Conference of Heads of State/Government of Non- aligned countries at Havana from 3 to 8 September and the Second General Conference of the Non-aligned Press Agencies' Pool at Belgrade in November 1979. It also took part in the Conferences sponsored by the United Nations, namely, meetings of Littoral and Hinterland countries of the Indian Ocean in July, United Nations Conference on Science and Technology for Deve- lopment at Vienna in August and General Conference of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) at New Delhi in December 1979. Besides, it took part in the meeting of the Heads of Government of the Commonwealth held at Lusaka in August 1979.

The Minister of External Affairs, Shri S. N. Mishra, led the Indian delegation to the meeting of the Commonwealth Heads of Government, held at Lusaka in August 1979. The agenda for the Conference included the world political scene, international economic development and Commonwealth cooperation. Rho- desia was the most important issue discussed at the Conference. The participants through mutual discussions produced a frame- work for the Rhodesian settlement based on genuine majority rule. India, while welcoming the proposal for the settlement, drew attention to the crucial importance of ensuring proper conditions for the participation of the Patriotic Front and the need to continuing sanctions against Rhodesia until the proposals as a whole were implemented fully and speedily.

On the economic side, the Conference highlighted the urgent need for a more rational and equitable economic order. It called for the acceptance by all of a structural change and the adoption of policies to improve prospects for global economic growth, res- traint of inflation and a fuller employment of resources. Higher rates of growth were accepted as being particularly urgent for the developing countries. The Conference also discussed energy



problems and multilateral trade negotiations and in this connec- tion a mention was made of the meeting of Commonwealth Ministers of Industrial Cooperation held at Bangalore in March 1979. It was also decided that an Industrial Development Unit should be established under the Commonwealth Secretariat with a proposed additional financial resources of $ 5 million for a three-year period. India took the lead in the preparatory work for this programme.

The Minister of External Affairs, Shri A. B. Vajpayee, led the Indian delegation to the meeting of the Non-aligned Coordi- nating Bureau held at Colombo from Jun 04, 1979 to 9 June 1979. The meeting took place at a time and in circumstances crucial to the unity of the Non-aligned Movement. The representation of Kampuchea and the issue of participation of Egypt were the dominant political issues at the Conference. A third dimension was added by the growing desire among non-members of the Bureau for participation in the decision-making processes of Bureau meetings. As a result, in addition to 23 Bureau mem- bers present, the meeting was also attended by 52 members of the Movement, 9 observers/guests and 12 international/regional organisations.

India played a leading and constructive role at the Confer- ence. The Indian delegation was guided by consideration of preserving the unity and cohesion of the movement. On the highly controversial questions of Kampuchea's representation and Egypt's participation the Indian delegation worked for evolving compromise solutions so that the movement was not distracted from attending to other vital issues.

The Sixth Non-aligned Summit meeting was held at Havana from 3 to 9 September 1979. It was the first time that such a meeting was held in a Latin American country. The meeting was attended by 54 Heads of State/Government including the Heads of some National Liberation Movements. The member- ship of the Movement had grown to 94, with 20 countries and organisations as observers and 18 countries and organisations as guests. This reflected a growing desire on the part of nations to join the Non-aligned family.

The Indian delectation was led by the Minister of External Affairs Shri S. N. Mishra. India was elected as one of the Vice- Presidents of the Conference and re-elected to the expanded Coordinating Bureau of 36 members. The choice of India, by


general consensus, was in recognition of the positive role India had continued to play in the work of the Coordinating Bureau of the Non-aligned Movement.

The Conference met in an atmosphere of underlying tension. There were not only deeply divisive issues, like the question of Kampuchea, the Egypt-Israeli Treaty and the question of Wes- tern Sahara, but also the uncertainty, if not anxiety, about the preservation of the fundamental objectives and goals of the Non- aligned Movement and its future role and direction. The debate on contentious issues was protracted and often acrimo- nious. However, in the end it was possible to arrive at a con- sensus regarding Kampuchea. The consensus adopted coin- cided with India's position, namely, that the seat of Kampuchea should be kept vacant since it was not possible for the Non- aligned community, at the present stage, to take a decision in favour of one or the other delegation. On the West Asian situa- tion, the Summit was highly critical of the Egypt-Israeli treaties and adopted a strong resolution expressing its disapproval and condemnation of the treaties. As regards the demand to sus- pend Egypt from the Movement, there was no consensus and a compromise was reached to refer the question to the Coordinat- ing Bureau for further examination and eventual reporting to the Ministerial Conference in 1981. There was unanimity about the continuing relevance of non-alignment as a positive, indepen- dent and important factor in the world for peace and stability and promotion of international cooperation and understanding.

India reiterated its conviction that Non-aligned Conferences should avoid divisive issues and bilateral disputes and instead concentrate on the broad objectives which brought the Non- aligned countries together. They should concentrate and pay undividing attention on working out a joint strategy for achiev- ing these objectives. It was necessary for this to preserve and strengthen the unity of the Movement and to further vitalise its operational effectiveness.

The Final Declaration adopted by the meeting consisted of a political as well as an economic section, and the Action Pro- gramme. These, in their totality, constituted a significant policy frame-work and provided useful guidelines for future action. There was reiteration of the call for renewed and intensified efforts to achieve the New International Economic Order. A fresh round of global negotiations was proposed to find solutions to the urgent economic problems of the developing Countries.


The Summit also underlined the importance of drawing up an international development strategy for the Third United Nations Development Decade (the eighties). On crucial questions of raw-materials and energy, India was able, with the help and co- operation of the OPEC countries, to evolve a resolution setting out guidelines of cooperation among the Non-aligned countries for strengthening their collective self-reliance.

An important decision taken by the Summit related to the activities of the Non-aligned Press Agencies Pool and other non-aligned activities in the field of information. The Summit commended the Pool's performance and called upon members to strengthen their participation in the Pool.

A meeting of the countries of the Indian Ocean region was held at New York from 2 to 13 July, to review developments since the 1971 Declaration of the Indian Ocean as a "Zone of Peace" and pave the way for the convening of a conference on implementation of the Declaration. Apart from 44 littoral and hinterland states, four countries (China, Greece, Japan and Panama), that were members or observers of the Ad hoc Com- mittee, and 11 countries representing great powers and major maritime users (Canada, France, FRG, Italy, Liberia, Nether- lands, Norway, Sweden, USSR, U.K. and U.S.A.) were also invited to attend the Conference. In addition, Yugoslavia, Viet- nam and Finland were invited to participate as observers. The meeting adopted a final document, by consensus, relating to the future conference on the Indian Ocean as a "Zone of Peace" denuclearisation of the Zone and the strengthening of internal security through regional and other cooperation. Australia, however, declared that it was withdrawing from the consensus and Japan also expressed unhappiness about certain formula- tions in the document.

The U.N. Conference on Trade and Development held its fifth session at Manila from 7 May to 3 June. It was attended by representatives of nearly 170 nations.

Shri M. Dharia, Minister of Commerce, led the Indian delegation. Addressing the Conference he said that the growth rate in world trade had decelerated, the terms of trade of develop- ing countries had deteriorated and there was a simultaneous in- tensification of protectionist measures affecting the export of their manufactures. There was also a tremendous increase in the debt burden of developing countries. These problems de- manded a basic restructuring of the world economy. Referring


to the multilateral trade negotiations India expressed concern at sonic of the obvious and glaring shortfalls particularly in the field of safeguards, quantitative restrictions and the nature and extent of tariff offers. Expressing serious concern at the pro- tectionist measures adopted by the developed countries, India wanted the Conference to establish a framework within UNCTAD in which negotiations might be conducted on the policies that needed to be adopted from time to time to facilitate adjustments before the forces of protectionism gathered further momentum.

India made a contribution of $5 million (Rs. 4 crores) to the Second Window of the Common Fund for commodity deve- lopment purposes. The Second Window would finance measures other than buffer stocking of commodities which would be taken care of by the First Window. The target for the Second Window was $350 million.

The Conference ended with un-reconciled North-South diffe- rences on hard-core issues like global economic restructuring, protectionism, trade, monetary reform and resource flows. It, however, took a few steps forward. A programme of economic cooperation among developing countries aimed at collective self- reliance was adopted. Another resolution on an integrated pro- gramme for commodities gave not only a thrust to completion of Common Fund formalities and individual commodity negotiations, but provided a framework of international cooperation in the field of processing, marketing and distribution of commodities.

The Group of 77, with India as its Coordinator on trade issues, expressed deep disappointment with the consensus formulation on protectionism and over the failure to get an agreed resolution on multilateral trade negotiations to remove deficiencies and make them reflect the concerns of developing countries. On the major question regarding structural changes in the world economy through global consultations, lack of agreement led to the issue being remitted to the permanent machinery of UNCTAD--the Trade and Development Board.

The plenary session of the Conference adopted comprehensive resolutions, all by consensus, on the programme of action for the least developed countries, land-locked and island developing coun- tries and on strengthning their technological capability and on transfer of their real resources. Developed countries, especially the United States, expressed reservations on most of the resolutions. On the code of conduct for transfer of technology, the Conference


could not reach agreement on whether it should be legally binding or be a voluntary code. On development aid generally, the Conference urged substantial increases towards the United Nations target of 0.7% of gross; national Income in official deve- lopmental aid for the current decade.

The United Nations Conference on Science and Technology for Development (UNCSTD) was held at Vienna from 20 to 31 August. It was attended by representatives of about 130 coun- tries and opened by the U.N. Secretary-General. The leader of the Indian delegation, Prof. D. T. Lakdawala, Vice-Chairman of the Planning Commission, addressing the Conference called for complete change in the whole spirit which presently pervaded science and technology and its transmission. In regard to inter- national cooperation he advocated for a sharp break from the existing pattern of scientific and technological cooperation bet- ween the developing and developed countries which tended to; increase dependence of the developing world and accentuate dis- parities in scientific and technological capabilities.

The Conference could not reach agreement on recommenda- tions concerning the role of transnational corporations in science and technology, supplementary financing and substantially in- creased support to developing countries for the production and marketing of capital goods. An agreement was, however, reach- ed on institutional and funding arrangements on which the deve- loping countries and others had earlier held divergent positions. It asked the General Assembly to set up a high level non-govern- mental committee on science and technology for development which would be open to all the States. The Conference approved of a programme of action making 65 recommendations directed at three target areas. The first dealt with strengthening the science and technology capacities of developing countries; the second involved the restructuring of the existing pattern of inter- national relations in the field of science and technology and the third sought strengthening of the role of the United Nations in science and technology and the provision for increased financial resources.

The Preparatory Committee for the new International Develop- ment Strategy, set up during the thirty-third session of the U.N. General Assembly, had three substantive sessions from 2 to 13 April, 11 to 23 June and from 17 to 21 September. After prolonged discussions, the Committee agreed on a draft preamble. The next task facing the Committee would be to indentify the


goals and objectives of the strategy for the Third U.N. Develop- ment Decade. The purpose of the strategy is to define targets, both quantified and conceptual, of economic growth for the eighties and then to outline a set of policy measures and princi- ples that would guide and inspire international economic negotia- tions in specified fields to attain these targets. India intends to continue to play a leading role in the preparation for such an international development strategy.

India was host to the third General Conference of the United Nations Industrial Development Organisation held at New Delhi from 21 January to 9 February 1980. The Minister of Exter- nal Affairs, Shri P. V. Narasimha Rao, was unanimously elected as the Chairman of the Conference. Despite his best efforts, the Conference failed to reach a consensus on a document that would be acceptable to all sides. The New Delhi Declaration and Plan of Action, based mainly on the documents that had been elaborated by the Group of 77 at their Ministerial meeting at Havana in December 1979 and later on in the preparatory stage of the Conference at New Delhi, was, therefore, adopted by vote with developed countries voting against it. The socialist countries of Eastern Europe, though voting in favour submitted detailed explanations and reservations in writing which would form part of the Report. The results of UNIDO-III thus cons- titute yet another set-back in attempts to bring about significant changes in the international economic relations such as would constitute an advance in the establishment of the New Inter- national Economic Order. These results do not augur well for the development Decade of the eighties.

Lists of major international conferences/meetings/seminars organised by government/non-government organisations in which India participated and of which India became a member are at Appendices I to IV.

The United Nations General Assembly held its thirty-fourth regular session in New York from 18 September to 20 Decem- ber 1979. Mr. Salim A. Salim of Tanzania was elected Presi- dent of the General Assembly for this session. Later it resumed its sitting to elect a member from the Latin American States (Mexi- co was elected) to fill a non-permanent seat in the Security Coun- cil.

The Indian delegation to the session was led by the Minister of External Affairs, Shri S. N. Mishra. The Assembly had


before it an agenda of 125 items covering disarmament, political, economic, social, human rights, legal and other related issues. Later, four new items were included, one of which, the expan- sion of the membership of the Security Council, being at the initiative of India. The membership of the UN increased during the session to 152 by the inclusion of St. Lucia as its new member. India played an active and constructive role in the deliberations of the General Assembly and its committees. The Assembly adopted a large number of resolutions, most of which were passed without vote or by consensus. India took major initiatives in tabling or co-sponsoring a number of resolutions in various com- mittees.

During the Session India was re-elected as member of the U.N. Commission on International Trade Law for a further period of six years, with effect from 1 January 1980. Shri S. Sen, an Indian nominee, was also appointed to the UN Administrative Tribunal. Earlier in the year, in elections held in ECOSOC, India had been elected to the Statistical Commission, the Com- mission on. Human Rights, the Commission on Narcotic Drugs, the Committee on Crime Prevention and Control and the International Narcotics Board. Early in January 1980, an Indian candidate was also elected, securing the highest number of votes, to the Committee for the Prevention of Racial Discrimination.

The Minister of External Affairs, Shri S. N. Mishra, speak- ing in Hindi in the general debate on 3 October, said that the United Nations symbolised unmistakably the best balance bet- ween the right to independence and the compulsion to work to- gether. Surveying the world situation, he added that, "the most urgent task facing humanity today is to delegitimise nuclear weapons, to dismantle the hierarchical international order that supports the present military system and to replace it by an alternative security system based on peaceful co-existence and ac- ceptance in practice of equal sovereignty of all nations and of the right of each nation to choose its national and international policies."

In October 1979, the five Western countries, (U.K., U.S.A., France, FRG and Canada) which were negotiating a peaceful settlement on Namibia, presented a redesigned plan for the peace- keeping force and UN-supervised elections for the territory. The plan proposed the establishment of a 50-kilometer wide demili- tarised zone on either side of Namibia's northern borders along- side Angola and Zambia. The Security Council met in Novem-


ber to discuss the issue of Namibia. After informal consultations, its President issued a statement expressing support for the efforts of the Secretary-General to implement Security Council resolution 435 of 1978, on Namibia. While the Front-Line States and SWAPO accepted the concept of the demilitarised zone, South Africa only agreed to its conditional acceptance.

The General Assembly, after prolonged discussions of the Namibian issue at its thirty-fourth session, adopted seven resolu- tions, all of them being co-sponsored by India. One of the re- solutions sought action by the Security Council to ensure imme- diate compliance by South Africa with the UN resolutions on Namibia. The Council was also asked to act against any "man- oeuvres and fraudulent schemes" of the illegal occupation regime aimed at frustrating the aspirations of the Namibian people to realise genuine independence under the leadership of SWAPO. The Assembly called for an immediate halt to the exploitation of Namibian human and natural resources by foreign corporations operating in the territory.

The U. K. Government informed the Security Council, on 12 December, that legality had returned to Southern Rhodesia with the arrival of the British Governor in Salisbury and an agree- ment had been reached at London, among the interested parties on a cease-fire, a new Constitution and fresh and fair elections in southern Rhodesia to elect a government for independent Zim- babwe. The Security Council adopted a resolution on 21 Decem- ber, terminating the mandatory sanctions imposed fourteen years ago against Rhodesia. The resolution noted with satisfaction the agreement reached and directed the United Kingdom, as the main administering power, to ensure that no South African or other external forces, regular or mercenary, remained in Rhodesia. It urged assistance to the new State of Zimbabwe and the Front- Line States which suffered extensive damage inflicted by the armed forces of the minority regime in Salisbury. The question of the Middle-East was taken up by the plenary session of the General Assembly in view of the strong reservations expressed by a large number of member States against the Camp David Agree- ments and the Egypt-Israeli treaty. India, along with other members of the Non-aligned Group, took a prominent part in the debate. The Non-aligned draft resolution finally adopted (102 votes in favour, 17 against and 20 abstentions) was co- sponsored by India, Cuba, Sri Lanka, Guniea (Bissau), Sudan, Vietnam and Yugoslavia. It called for the early convening of


the peace conference on the Middle-East under the co-chairmanship of the USSR and one United States and with the participation of PLO. It thereby, implicitly rejected the Camp David approach to the solution of the problem. The Assembly also discussed the controversial issue of Palestine. India played a prominent role in giving final shape to, and co-sponsored, the four resolutions adopted by the Assembly on this issue.

The plenary of the General Assembly adopted a series of re- solutions on the question of Apartheid. Most of these were co-sponsored by India. In these resolutions, the Assembly called for the imposition of a broad range of sanctions against South Africa, including oil emargo, and decided 10 organise an in- ternational conference in 1980 on sanctions against that country. The Assembly also sought to strengthen the existing arms embargo and asked the Security Council to consider mandatory measures "to prevent the racist regime of South Africa from detonating, developing or acquiring nuclear weapons."

The Sixth Summit meeting of Non-aligned countries held at Havana had welcomed the holding of the meeting of the littoral and hinterland States as a significant step forward in the process of implementing the Indian Ocean Peace Zone Declaration. Subse- quently, the Ad hoe Committee on Indian Ocean met in October and adopted the report containing the final document of the meet- ing including its recommendations. The Committee decided to re- commend that the General Assembly convene a conference at Colombo during 1981 for the implementation of the Declaration of the Indian Ocean as a Zone of Peace. It also unanimously recommended to the General Assembly the adoption of two draft resolutions, one of which was on an Indian initiative, devoted basically to the convening of a conference on the Indian Ocean and the participation of great powers in the expanded Ad hoc Committee. The Ad hoc Committee is to hold its first session as the preparatory committee for the conference in late January 1980. It is expected that all permanent members of the Secu- rity Council would accept the invitation to join the Committee during this session.

The new agenda item on Kampuchea was inscribed at the request of the ASEAN countries. There was a major debate and considerable controversy on this question as the item had to be considered along with the question of representation of Kampu- chea. The Credentials Committee of the General Assembly un-


fortunately adopted the credentials of the delegation of Demo- cratic Kampuchea (Pol Pot regime). India opposed the creden- tials of this regime at the time of consideration of the Credentials Committee report by the Assembly and moved an amendment to the effect that this report may be kept in abeyance and the seat of Kampuchea be kept vacant for the time being. The Indian proposal was however defeated by 39 votes in favour 76 against and 23 abstentions. The recommendations of the Credentials Committee with regard to the seating of democratic Kampuchea were accepted by the General Assembly.

The substantive aspect of this question was considered by the General Assembly from 12 to 14 November. The ASEAN countries, supported by the Western group, introduced a draft resolution which was later amended considerably to incorporate the view points of several Non-aligned countries. Vietnam also tabled its own draft resolution. India did not support any of these resolutions. It submitted its own draft resolution calling for a conference between the ASEAN countries and the States of Indo-China in order to alleviate tensions in the area and to create an atmosphere conducive to peace, stability and coope- ration. While Vietnam accepted India's initiative, the ASEAN countries rejected both the Indian and Vietnamese resolutions. India as such did not ask for a vote on its draft. The General Assembly also decided, by a majority vote, not to consider the Vietnamese resolution, but this was opposed by India. The ASEAN draft resolution was adopted by the Assembly. India abstained in the voting on this resolution.

In view of the increased membership of the United Nations, with the admission to it of a large number of newly independent States from Africa, Asia and Latin America, India on behalf of Algeria, Argentina, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Guyana, Maldives, Nepal, Nigeria and Sri Lanka, formally requested for inscription of a new item in the agenda pertaining to "the question of equit- able representation on and increase in the membership of the Security Council." The intention of the sponsors was that the membership of the Security Council should be increased from the present 15 to 19. The reactions from the permanent mem- bers of the Security Council, with the exception of China, was not favourable to this initiative. Japan was in favour. The General Committee which considers allocating of business, ap- proved the proposal for inscription of the item by 19 votes in favour, 5 against (USA, UK, USSR France and Byelorussia) and two abstensions. China voted in favour. While introducing 5--784EA/79


the proposal in the plenary, the Permanent Representative of India made a forceful statement in favour of the proposal. After a short debate, the sponsors of the proposal decided to agree to a postponement of a decision on it, till the next session of the General Assembly, to enable more consultations to be held among the member states.

As in the past years, the General Assembly once again adopt- ed a resolution on a nuclear-weapon-free zone in South Asia, sponsored by Pakistan, by 96 votes in favour, 2 against (India and Bhutan) and 40 abstentions. India opposed the resolution because it was politically motivated and discriminated directly against India. In India's view, the question of a nuclear-weapon- free zone, in an artificially conceived segment of geography was impractical unless a total withdrawal of dismantling of nuclear-weapons took place in the whole area. South Asia could not be singled out for the imposition of such a zone when nuclear weapons were located in its immediate neighbourhood. India was of the view that efforts to create such zones should emanate from the countries constituting the zone and should be voluntarily arrived at by them. Attempts to create by imposition such zones could only divert attention from the fundamental goal of a world totally free of nuclear weapons.

The United Nations Disarmament Commission (UNDC) and the Committee on Disarmament (CD), established by the tenth special session of the U.N. General Assembly in 1978, accom- plished useful work. The United Nations Disarmament Commis- sion (UNDC) reached agreement on the elements of a compre- hensive programme of disarmament, the details of which are to be negotiated by the Committee on Disarmament. The Commit- tee on Disarmament reached agreement on rules of procedure, agenda, and programme of work. China announced its inten- tion to participate in its work from 1980 when the membership of the negotiating body would rise to 40, its envisaged full strength. Shri R. Jaipal of India was appointed Special Re- presentative of the Secretary-General to the Committee on Dis- armament and Shri M. A. Vellodi of India was re-elected Chair- man of the U. N. Disarmament Commission for 1980. The work of the UNDC and CD was reviewed by the U.N. General Assembly and the follow-up action taken on the recommendations and decisions adopted at the tenth special session of the Assembly. India actively participated in the deliberations of these organisa- tions, in the field of nuclear-disarmament. It stressed the impe-


rative need for complete cessation of the production of nuclear weapons combined with a cut-off in the production of fissionable materials for weapon purposes; a comprehensive ban on the testing of nuclear weapons by all States in all environments and a total prohibition on the use of nuclear weapons. India also emphasised the need for maintaining essential links between dis- armament and development so that a substantial portion of the resources released by disarmament could be utilised for develop- ment purposes particularly in the developing countries.

In the field of economic matters, the General Assembly adopt- ed two resolutions on development and international cooperation. It decided to launch at its special economic session in 1980, a round of global, sustained and action-oriented negotiations. The Assembly agreed that these negotiations could take place within the United Nations with the participation of all states and within a specified time frame. By the other resolution, it was decided that the Committee of the Whole, acting as a preparatory com- mittee, should include in its final report suggestions and recom- mendations which might result from considerations of various proposals made by Heads of State Government. A resolution was also adopted concerning food, the environment, a new development strategy for the 1980s and the needs of the least developed countries. Another resolution sought urgentimple- mentation of decisions adopted by the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD).

The Assembly also adopted a series of resolutions on social, humanitarian and cultural issues. A resolution on the world social situation expressed regret that most developed countries had not achieved specific targets of the international development strategy for the Social Development Decade and called on states to set priorities in such fields as education, health and housing. A draft code was approved for law enforcement officials which would bar the use of torture. The resolution stated that every law enforcement agency should be representative of and account- able to the community as a whole. India, during January 1979, deposited the unilateral declaration with the Secretary-General stating its intention to abide by the declaration adopted by the General Assembly in 1975 on the protection of all persons from being subjected to torture and other cruel inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. Another resolution sought the elabo- ration of the convention on the protection of migrant workers and called for the enlargement of the assistance programme for South African student refugees.


In April 1979, India acceded to the two Covenants which seek to give legal basis to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, i.e., International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (1966) and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (1966). These entered into force for India on 10 July 1979. India after Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Phillip- pines and Syria was the sixth Asian country to became a party to these Covenants. In the last session of the Commission on Human Rights, India took up the question of discriminatory treatment accorded to Asian immigrants by U.K. The Commis- sion adopted a resolution expressing its deep concern and took note of the willingness of India and U.K. to have a forthright ex- change of information and facts in order to clarify and resolve the situation.

The United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea held its eighth session at Geneva from 19 March to 21 April and again in New York from 16 July to 24 August 1979. It discussed some outstanding issues relating to the international seabed area, i.e., the system of exploitation of its resources, financial arrange- ments between the International Seabed Authority and the contrac- tors, financial arrangements concerning the Enterprise, composition of and voting in the Council, relationship between the Assembly and the Council and settlement of disputes concerning the ex- ploitation of resources of the international seabed area. It also discussed the outer limits of continental shelf, questions relating to maritime boundary and final clauses.

The reports of the various Chairmen could not be submitted to the Conference sufficiently in time for their intensive considera- tion and this would now be discussed at the beginning of ninth session of the Conference in 1980.

India deposited its instrument of accession on 9 July 1979, simultaneously with U.S.A., U.K., and the USSR, to the two International Agreements relating to Outer Space. These were : (a) Agreement on the Rescue of Astronauts, the Return of Astro- nauts and the Return of Objects Launched into Outer Space, 1968 (Astronauts Assistance Agreement); and (b) Convention on International Liability for Damage Caused by Space Objects. 1972 (Liability Convention).

The General Assembly adopted on 5 December 1979, the Agreement governing the activities of states on the Moon and other Celestial Bodies. The Agreement affirmed (although


qualified) that the Moon and its resources were the common heritage of mankind and it provided for the establishment of an international regime to govern the exploitation of the natural resources of the Moon and other Celestial Bodies.

India participated in the fourth meeting of Governmental Representatives to draft a Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material held at Vienna from 17 to 26 October 1979. The Convention, consisting of 23 Articles and two Annexes, would be referred by delegations to their authorities for considera- tion and would be open for signatures from 3 March 1980. India expressed reservations regarding the scope of the Convention. It stated that it should apply to all nuclear material, including nuclear material for military purposes, but should not apply to nuclear material used for peaceful purposes in domestic use sto- rage or transport, as this would be within national jurisdiction. It should, however, apply when the nuclear material was in the course of international transport.

India, as member of the United Nations Commission on Inter- national Trade Law (UNCITRAL), participated in its twelfth meeting, held at Vienna in June 1979. It played a key role in the constitution of the Working Group on New International Economic Order and also participated in the working group on International Negotiable Instruments and International Contract Practices.

India took part in the Diplomatic Conference for the adoption of Experts on Environmental Law met at Geneva in March and an international Character on the Sale and Purchase of Goods, held at Bucharest in May-June under the auspices of the Inter- national Institute for the unification of Private Law.

The United Nations Environment Pollution Working Group of Experts on Environment Law met at Geneva in March and October 1979. The group succeeded in preparing 18 draft prin- ciples covering environmental impact assessment, consideration of environmental monitoring and transfrontier pollution from off- shore mining and drilling within the limits of national jurisdiction of a state.

The General Assembly adopted, by consensus in December, the International Convention Against Taking of Hostages. The Convention made it an offence to hold any person as hostage for the purpose of securing fulfilment of something as a condition for his release. The basic principle underlying the Convention was


that it provided for the obligation of contracting states to either prosecute the offender or to extradite him to the state of his nationality or to the state of the nationality of the hostage or else to the state where the offence was committed. On the recommendations of the Ad hoc Committee on International Terrorism, composed of 35 members, including India, the Gene- ral Assembly adopted a resolution on 17 December condemning all facts of international terrorism which endangered or took human lives or jeopardised fundamental freedoms.

The twentieth session of the Asian-African Legal Consul- tative Committee was held at Seoul in February 1979. Among other things it considered the subjects of the law of the sea, en- vironmental law and international trade law. It also convened intersessional Working Group meetings in December 1979 on marine pollution and optimum utilisation of fishery resources in the exclusive economic zone. The Committee is engaged in preparing background studies regarding regional cooperation for rapid industrialisation in the context of the New International Economic Order.

During 1979, India concluded 66 agreements, 21 of which were multilateral agreements. A list of these is given at Appendix V.
Foreign Economic Relations

Jan 01, 1979



During the year the Ministry was actively associated in the development of India's foreign economic relations.

Substantial progress was made in the field of technical cooperation with developing countries. A large number of important delegations from African and West Asian countries visited India in connection with the selection of experts and Other personnel in diversified fields. The requests from these countries were met through the well-established practice of com- municating panels compiled by Foreign Assignment Section in the Department of Personnel and Administrative Reforms. Technical agencies like Rail India Technical and Economic Services Ltd. (RITES), Telecommunications Consultants India Ltd. (TCIL), Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd. (BHEL) also entered into specific agreements with recruiting organisations for this purpose. In addition, more than 70 experts were deputed, under the Indian Technical and Economic Cooperation (ITEC) pro- gramme to developing countries. Training facilities were provid- ed for 78 trainees from such countries on the civilian side and 411 in Defence establishments.

Notable advance was also made in the field of economic co- operation with developing countries. Government credits, amount- ing to a total of Rs. 22.40 crores, were granted to such countries, in addition to commodity loans of 50,000 tons of wheat and 150,000 tons of rice. A total number of 28 joint ventures, mainly in developing countries, were approved and India also succeeded in augmenting its project exports particularly in West-Asia and North African regions. Efforts continued for entering into long- term arrangements and agreements with developing countries for meeting India's needs of essential commodities such as crude oil, fertilisers, rock phosphates, phosphoric acid.

India also participated actively in elaborating, through multilateral mechanisms, concepts and programmes of coopera- tion. It played an important role in formulating the Arusha Programme of Collective Self-Reliance and Action Programme on Economic Cooperation among Non-aligned and other Developing Countries which was adopted at the Non-aligned



Summit at Havana. A meeting of officials from developing countries was organised for examining possibilities of cooperation among State Trading Organisations. The National Industrial Development Cooperation completed a study on the fullest possible use of complimentarities among Non-aligned and other developing countries in terms of resources, endowments and Industrial Technological capabilities. The Non-aligned Summit at Havana while noting with appreciation the preparation of this study, entrusted an Expert Group with the task of analysing this report and formulating concrete projects. These would be presented to the Ministerial Conference of Non-aligned countries that would be held in India in 1981. India was also host to the meeting of the Expert Group from the consultancy organisations from Non-aligned and other developing countries which agreed on the establishment of the Project Development Facility, Statutes for which would be elaborated and finalised in the near future.

On-going cooperation with neighbouring countries in South Asia progressed satisfactorily.

With countries of West Asia and North Africa, the main stress was on supply of skilled and unskilled manpower and deputation of experts. With non-oil exporting countries such as people's Democratic Republic of Yemen and Syria, a beginning was made to foster technical cooperation under the ITEC pro- gramme.

India and the socialist countries of Eastern Europe continued to examine particularly in the framework of the Joint Commis- sions, measures for further strengthening and promoting economic cooperation in the light of emerging needs and possibilities.

With developed countries, Indian efforts for persuading them to take helpful decisions relating to official development assist- ance, debt relief measures and elimination of trade barriers did not meet with success.

In the field of multilateral economic relations, India devoted considerable attention to the subject of energy. A study was made of the implications of the rising cost of energy and different ramifications of the problem. The subject was raised in successive multilateral fora. The Non-aligned Summit at Havana adopted an important Resolution on "Policy Guidelines for Reinforcing Collective Self-Reliance among Developing Countries". The Resolution inter-alia, referred to Non-aligned countries granting


one another priority of supply for their exportable primary products and commodities for meeting their respective minimum needs on a planned and assured basis. This decision was further adopted at the level of the Group of 77 and also endorsed at the December Meeting of OPEC. While favouring the proposal for the launching of a Global Round of Negotiations for discussions of matters relating to energy, raw-materials, trade, development, money and finance, India together with like-minded countries, continued to lay stress on economic cooperation among developing countries and on the need for elaborating, by the Group of 77, a strategy that would be conducive to increasing their bargaining power vis-a-vis the developed world.

India participated actively in the preparations, at the regional level, and at the level of the Group of 77 for UNCTAD-V, UNCSTD, and UNIDO-III. Important contribution was made for elaborating the ESCAP input for the formulation of the International Development Strategy for the 1980s. India was elected the Chairman of the Group of 77 for the period October 1979 to September 1980.
External Publicity



In the context of the growing inter-connection between public opinion and the processes of formulation of foreign policy and the significance of public relations in this regard, the importance of extenral publicity work need hardly be em- phasised. The External Publicity Division of the Ministry conti- nued to be responsible for the overall task of publicity affecting India's foreign relations. It also coordinated and supervised the work of the information and cultural wings of Indian missions abroad. They were briefed and assisted to interpret all aspects of India's foreign policy to the public and the media in their respective countries. They were also kept informed of the political, economic, social and cultural developments in India in a manner as to make foreign countries and people interested in developing and expanding relations with India.

The Division performed these functions through briefing of Indian as well as foreign press corps resident in India, publica- tion of magazines, periodicals and pamphlets, special supple- ments on India in foreign newspapers, organisation of visits by foreign to India and Indian journalists abroad and publicity through films, radio and other audio visual means.

The External Publicity Division had to deal with situations in ferment both in terms of domestic developments in India and India's external relations. Political uncertainties which characterised Indian politics during the year put a special responsibility on the Division to project Indian developments in correct perspective abroad. The critical developments in Indo- China, West-Asia, Iran, Afghanistan and Pakistan required correct interpretation and projection of the evolving nuances of India's foreign policy.

An additional factor which influenced the Division's work was the criticism and evaluation of its role, made by the Parlia- ment anti public over the previous two or three years. These developments and tasks were met with purposiveness and flexi- bility in spite of limitations in terms of resources and manpower



An initiative was taken to improve India's external publicity operations in qualitative terms, by the appointment of a Com- mittee, under the Chairmanship of Shri Chanchal Sarkar, en- trusted with the task of making suggestions for improving India's external publicity effort. On Mar 28, 1979, the Minister of External Affairs, Shri A. B. Vajpayee, presented to Parliament the report of this Committee. He highlighted its major re- commendations, namely, the formulation of a precisely worked out training programme, the setting up of production centres in selected Indian missions abroad (with adequate personnel and equipment) and the proposal to increase by 30% the publicity budget of the Ministry. The recommendations of the Committee have been accepted in principle by the Ministry and will be implemented subject to availability of resources.

Special publicity efforts were made by the Division in pro- jecting India's firm commitment to democracy and non-align- ment, to the establishment of a new international economic order, to moral and material support for majority rule in Namibia and Zimbabwe and to the cause of the United Nations in up- holding peace and security in this world.

The publicity and information activities of the Division were carried out under the following major heads :

(i) Press Relations

During the year, 40 journalists visited India as Government guests, for whom local hospitality, and in some cases inter- national passage, was extended by the Ministry. The 250 foreign journalists who visited India on. their own were also given all possible help. Fifty TV and photographic teams visited India for making documentary films on various subjects relating to our country's culture, history and democratic institutions. One hundred Indian journalists, who went abroad, were assisted by the External Publicity Division.

(ii) Audio Visual Publicity

Publicity through documentary and feature films has always been an effective medium. Eight hundred prints of 45 docu- mentary films were supplied to 110 Indian missions abroad. Four prints of a colour documentary "Where Centuries Co- Exist" were ordered for non-commercial exhibition and for tele- casting in Europe, Latin America and Asia. Two colour docu- mentaries "India's Industrial Progress" and "Sharing of our


Technical Know-how and Experience with the Developing Countries" are being produced in the Film Division for exhi- bition abroad.

Five quality feature films : Manthan, Ankur, Nishant, Choti Si Baat and Benam, were sub-titled in English, Spanish, French and Arabic. External Publicity Division is processing the pur- chase of eight prints each of 12 feature films and some children's films.

With the films available in their stock and those specially supplied from headquarters, several Indian missions abroad were able to participate in local film festivals.

The 16 mm cine projectors and radio-cassette-tape recorders were sanctioned for five Indian missions abroad. Fifty gramo- phone records of Indian music and National Anthem were sup- plied to 20 Indian missions abroad.

(ii) Transmissions

The twice-daily news transmissions broadcast to 45 Indian missions abroad through the Overseas Communication Service kept them adequately informed of the day-to-day developments in the country. Each transmission, which was improved both in lay-out and content, carried on the average 1050 words. Twice-a-week press cables were sent to 27 Indian missions abroad, not equipped to receive the daily transmissions.

In 1979, the Indian missions at New York, Washington, San Francisco and Ottawa were linked through the newly intro- duced press bulletin service via satellite. The question of link- ing Indian missions abroad in other regions via satellite is being actively considered.

(iv) Printed Publicity

The External Publicity Division supplied publicity material produced by other ministries, as well as material (booklets, pamphlets, etc.) brought out by the Division itself, to all the Indian missions abroad. The Division's publication included the Foreign Affairs Record (monthly), Courier de L'Inde (a fortnightly in French) and the Indian and Foreign Review (a fortnightly). The Indian & Foreign. Review was improved both in content and in lay out and its circulation stepeed up from


13,500 in 1978-79 to 18,600 in 1979-80, in response to the demands from the Missions. The feasibility of bringing out the Review in other foreign languages is being examined.

Some of the special booklets issued by the External Publicity Division include : (i) "News Agency Journalism Course for Non-aligned", (ii) "SAVIRA-A Scheme for Adoption of Villages by Indian Nationals Abroad", (iii) "Mother Teressa- Nobel Peace Prize Laurete for 1979". These were in addition to pamphlets brought out on state and official visits of the Presi- dent and the Prime Minister.

The Division made special arrangements to keep the Indian missions abroad informed of the general elections held in January 1980. The following material was sent in advance to all the Indian missions abroad :

(i) Booklet brought out by the External Publicity Division--India Prepares for the Elections.

(ii) Copy of the Election Commission's letter giving de- tails on voting rights of Indians living abroad.

(iii) Background note prepared on the elections to the Lok Sabha based on material provided by the Election Commission of India.

(iv) A circular letter dated 19 December 1979 enclosing charts on nominations filed and withdrawn, partywise, in each State of India.

(v) A circular letter dated 22 December 1979 enclosing summaries of the election manifestoes of the principal political parties.

Apart from this material, special transmission arrangements, through satellite and wireless were made for conveying news regarding election results to the Indian missions abroad. The External Publicity Division also made logistical arrangements for 110 journalists, including foreign radio/television teams, who came specialty to cover Indian elections and attendant events.

Two hundred and fifty books on Indian history, philosophy, religion, art, and culture, etc. were supplied to 68 Indian mis- sions abroad for their libraries and for presentation to local dignitaries and institutions. A large number of articles and backgrounders were sent to the Indian missions abroad for use in their own publications and for distribution to the local news media.


Surveys and supplements on India which created greater awareness of the country's economic and industrial develop- ments and cultural heritage were brought out by foreign news- papers and periodicals on major events like the Republic Day and the Independence Day. The External Publicity Division and the Indian missions abroad were actively associated in the production of these supplements. The Trade Fair Authority of India also helped us on this. Four special supplements were issued during 1979-80.

The World Press Review containing comments on or of interest to India in foreign newspapers and periodicals continued to be brought out in cyclostyled form. On hundred ninety- nine issues were released during the nine-month period April to December 1979.

(v) Visual Material

Posters, books, paintings, pictures and photographs were supplied to 14 missions for participation in local exhibitions. Toys and musical instruments were sent to four Indian missions abroad. These were sent to three missions with the help of the Indian Council for Cultural Relations.

The renovation and redesigning of the Indian pavilion at the Commenwealth Institute in London was completed by the National Institute of Designs, Allahabad, at a cost of Rs. 22.5 lakhs. The exhibition was inaugurated by the Minister of Ex- ternal Affairs, Shri S. N. Mishra, on 9th August 1979.

Ten thousand photographs (black and white) were sent to the Indian missions abroad. The photographs covered develop- ment activities, cultural and social efforts, and subjects of topical interest.

One hundred sets of 62 slides each, an assorted collection of transparencies depicting India's steel mills projects, temples, places of historical and cultural interest etc. were supplied to the Indian missions abroad. (vi) Cultural Visits

The External Publicity Division liaised with the Department Culture and the Indian Council for Cultural Relations in orga- nising trips abroad of Indian artistes and ensuring adequate publicity to such visits.
Cultural Relations



The Indian Council for Cultural Relations continued to work as the main agency for promoting cultural relations between India and other countries. The field of its activities expanded as a result of the transfer to it of some of the cultural activities carried out by the Ministry of Education and Culture. There was a reorganisation and increase in the staff of the Council to cope up with this additional work. The Council opened its fifth Regional Office at Varanasi on Jun 01, 1979.

The Council, during the period April to December 1979, sent 56 visitors and 22 delegations to a number of countries South-East Asia, West Asia, U.S.A., Eastern and Western Europe, Africa, Fiji, Australia as well as to neighbouring coun- tries. Many well-known Indian artistes, including dancers and musicians, gave performances at various cities/countries in- cluding prestigious international festivals. Commendatory re- ferences were received regarding these visits and the perfor- mances given by the artistes.

Under the programme of inviting delegations from abroad, the Council received 68 guests who had specialised in various fields ranging from fine arts and literature to education, science, medicine and technology. They came from Afghanistan, Australia, Bangladesh, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Egypt, England, Federal Republic of Germany, Fiji, Ghana, Greece, German Democratic Republic, Hungary, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Ireland, Jamaica, Japan, Kenya, Lebanon, Mauritius, Malaysia, Mexico, Pakistan, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Syria, Thailand, the U.S.A. and the U.S.S.R. Each visitors programme was carefully drawn up to give him a balanced idea of India's rich heritage and to assist him in meeting the right persons in the field of his interest. This programme had a favourable impact as was evident from the requests being received for such visits from Indian missions abroad.

Under the Cultural Exchange Programme, the Council re- ceived sixteen performing delegations numbering 156 persons. These included : a three-member Mime Artistes Troupe from



France; a twelve-member Childern's Cultural Troupe from Bangladesh; a five-member Students Choir from F.R.G.; one Dutch Violinist Christian Bor; a five-member Soviet Soloists; a three-member Soviet Dramatologists; a twelve-member G.D.R. Troupe; a forty-one-member Leningrad Choreographic Miniature Troupe from U.S.S.R.; a four-member G.D.R. String Quartet; a fourteen-member Zazreb Chamber Orchestra; a three member Greek Shadow Theatre Troupe.

The Council organised a 'Symposium on Contemporary Theatrical Scene in India and Soviet Union' in November 1979. A workshop was held between Berlin Puppet Theatre Troupe and Indian Puppetiers, and a symposium and lecture demonstra- tion arranged between India and Greek Shadow Theatre Troupes in December 1979.

The Council organised a week-long Festival, the first of its kind, of South Asian Culture in December 1979. The Festival was divided into three parts; Performing Arts; Visual Arts: and Workshop oil Dances and Music. A ten-member Bangladesh Troupe; an eleven-member Folk Dance Troupe from Bhutan; a eight-member Folk Dance Troupe from Nepal; a six-member Musical Sound Ensemble from Pakistan; and a twenty-one member State Dance Ensemble from Sri Lanka participated in the Festival.

A week-long Festival of International Children's films was held in India to mark the year of the Child.

Under the Indo-U.S. Sub-Commission on Education and Culture, India sent Shri S. Ramamorthy, Director, Andhra Pradesh Science Centre and Dr. Mammen Koshy, Curator (Zoology), National Museum of Natural History, New Delhi, to U.S.A. for three months each, whereas U.S.A. sent Dr. Malcom Arth, Chairman, Department of Education, Museum of National History, New York to deliver lectures. A Joint Indo-U.S. Work- shop on 'Organisational Strategy for the development of National History Museums' was held in New Delhi from 8 to 25 October 1979. Six scripts of All India Radio plays were sent to U.S.A., and three American plays were found fit for broadcasting in India. Under the Commission William Osterhans, President, Varitel Communications, Bernice Coe (Coe Film Association), George Moynihan, Vice-President (Programming) Westing House Broadcasting Company, and Nelsa Gidney, Manager Acquisitions, WNET (New York Education Television) visited


India in November-December 1979, for selection of Indian non- feature films to be shown on U.S. television. Shri P. B. Pendharkar, Producer; A. V. Ramannan, Chief Sound Engineer and M.S.P. Haran, Editor, Films Division, visited U.S.A. for study of appropriate technology. From April to December 1979, fourteen Indian fellows were sent to U.S.A. and eight American fellows were invited to India.

The Council organised two exhibitions on Pottery and Tapestry from Australia and an exhibition of Paintings from Egypt and another exhibition of photographs from Italy. It also held exhibitions of books, photographs, musical instruments and toys in Malaysia, Hong Kong and Federal Republic of Germany.

The Council arranged Orientation Courses for Indian and foreign scholars, American Fulbright grantees, I.F.S. proba- tioners and I.C.C.R. staff. Under the Orientation Programme, two visitor; were received from Bhutan and Ghana during the year.

The Council brought out five publications. Four more are expected to be brought out by the end of current financial year and seven titles are in progress. Publications of the Council were sent for display-cum-presentation at the International Book Fair/Exhibitions at Moscow, Singapore, Frankfurt, Accra, Colombo and Cairo. There were requests from Indian and foreign publishers for reproduction of excerpts from books and journals published by the Council. The Indian Centre for Africa of the Council brought out three issues of 'Africa Quarterly' and fourth is in the press.

Under the programme of presentation of books/musical instruments and art objects, books were sent to the Indian mis- sions in G.D.R., Trinidad, Peru, Kenya, Syria, Philippines, Malaysia, Netherlands, Guyana, Fiji, Aden, Indo- nesia, Bahrain, Chile, Sri Lanka, Yugoslavia, Nigeria, Burma, Thailand, Poland, Romania, Finland, Portugal, Cuba, Mauritius, Suriname, Algeria, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Vietnam, Zambia and Turkey. Besides this, puppets, dolls, musical instruments, handicrafts, paintings, costumes, masks and re- cords were sent to the Indian missions in Algeria, Maldives, Cuba, Japan, Pakistan, Fiji, Mexico, Columbia, Malaysia, Belgium and New Zealand. 6--784EA/79


The Council continued its work relating to the commemo- ration of the U.N. International Anti-Apartheid year till end of March 1979. It also organised 'South Africa Day' on 26th June 1979; 'U.N. Day' on 24 October ; 'P.L.O. Day' on 29 November and 'Human Rights Day' on 10 December 1979. The celebra- tion of these 'Days' was suitably publicised.

The Indian Cultural Centres abroad arranged 300 film shows and 60 performances on dance and music in Fiji and 40 performances of dance and music in Guyana. They also orga- nised regular lecture-cum-demonstrations in Yoga and Hindi classes including plays, exhibitions in Fiji, Guyana and Suriname.

There were eleven Indian professors teaching subjects like indology, social sciences, economic, planning and development, business management etc. in the Universities of Trinidad, Mexico, Senegal, Guyana, Indonesia, Bulgaria, Romania, Lebanon and G.D.R. Four Indian professors returned to India after completing their term from Poland, Thailand and Afghanistan

The Council continued to oversee the activities of the Foreign Cultural Centres in India. The seven British Libraries at Bangalore, Bhopal, Lucknow, Patna, Pune, Ranchi and Tri- vandrum continued to be administered by the Council as before. Two new British Libraries, one in Ahmedabad and the other in Hyderabad, started functioning from March and August respec- tively as part of the existing system. Funds were received regu- larly from the British Council Division for the management of these Libraries. A meeting of the Consultative Committee of the British Libraries was held on 14 September 1979. The House of Soviet Culture at Trivandrum organised a number of film shows, Russian language classes, exhibitions, talks and seminars aiming at projecting Soviet life and culture. The Coun- cil maintained liaison with eight Max Mueller Bhavans in India, which are at Bangalore, Bombay, Calcutta, Delhi, Hyderabad, Madras, Pune and Rourkela. It also remained in touch with the activities of the eight Alliances Francaises. located at Banga- lore, Bombay, Calcutta, Delhi, Karikal, Madras, Pondicherry and Pune. In addition to this, close liaison was maintained with the Educational Resources Centre, New Delhi, which collects material on India for teaching American school children.

A New Jury for the Jawaharlal Nehru Award for Inter- national Understanding was constituted at the end of March


1979 for a period of three years. The Vice President of India, at a Press Conference on 13 November, announced the con- ferment of the Award for 1979 on Mr. Nelson R. Mandela, the imprisoned leader of South Africa.

The Council received about 500 foreign students under various scholarship schemes of the Government of India. Six Summer Camps for 450 students were organised in the months of May and June 1979 and twelve Study-tours were organised for about 600 students during the year.

A substantail number of new titles were added to the Library of the Council which has nearly 50,000 books and also houses the Library of the Indian Centre for Africa. The Library has a good number of members and receives 300 to 350 research scholars per month.

The Scheme for providing educational facilities in medicine and engineering to self-financing students from developing coun- tries was continued during the year. Out of 1083 applications for admission to the medical course received from nearly 35 countries, 71 students were selected and nominated to various medical colleges in India. In addition, 3 out of 5 applicants from Bhutan and 14 out of 210 applicants from Nepal were nominated for M.B.B.S. Course. Similarly, 196 students from out of 782 applicants were selected and nominated to various engineering colleges including IITs. Three candidates out of four applicants from Bhutan and 42 candidates out of 90 applicants from Nepal were nominated for engineering courses.

Requests from foreign students also started coming, during the year, for admission to different polytechnic institues in India for Diploma courses and 35 foreign students were nomi- nated to such courses.



During 1979 the Heads of Mission of the following 17 countries left India on the completion of their assignments :--

Ambassadors of Chile, Niger (concurrently accredited) Central African Empire, Mexico, Portugal, Morocco, Finland, Greece, Algeria, Zaire, Federal Republic of Germany, China and Turkey, and High Commissioners of Kenya, Uganda, Canada and Trinidad & Tobago.

The new Heads of Mission of the following 20 countries arrived in Delhi and presented their credentials during 1979 :--

Ambassadors of the Netherlands, Austria, Bulgaria, France, Chile, Colombia, Mali (concurrently accredited-- stationed in Moscow), Greece, Finland, Algeria, Italy, Portugal, Iran and Zaire, and High Commissioners of Kenya, New Zealand, Canada, Cyprus, Uganda and Trinidad & Tobago.

The Government of Cyprus sent their first resident High Commissioner, His Excellency Mr. Andros A. Nicolaides, to India, who presented his credentials on Nov 16, 1979.


Passport, Emigration And Consular Services



There was further progress towards creating an administrative machinery that would provide, in a simple and easy fashion, pass- port and related facilities to Indian citizens wishing to travel abroad. Five new Passport Offices were opened at Bhuba- neshwar, Patna, Gauhati, Srinagar and Jullundur to serve the needs of the people of those states which were earlier covered by Passport Offices located in capitals of nearby states. This raised the total number of Passport Offices from 13 in 1978 to 18 by the end of 1979. A proposal to open a Passport Office in Simla is under consideration.

Substantive changes were made in the rules and regulations appertaining both to the issue of passports and to the granting of emigration clearances to Indian workers going abroad for employment purposes. This was done with a view to making the rendering of these services more trouble-free and expeditious to members of the public.

The number of applications received and the number of passports issued and miscellaneous services rendered by each of the Passport Offices are given at appendix VI. The statement also gives detail of diplomatic and official passports issued or serviced by the Ministry during the year. During 1979, 8,51,288 passports were issued. The average time taken for issuing ordinary passports, where the applications were com- plete in all respects, was approximately three weeks. In urgent cases, on humanitarian or other considerations, passports were issued within twenty-four hours.

A revised version of the passport application form was intro- duced on Jun 01, 1979. Now only one copy of the application form is required to be filled as against two earlier. The new application form was introduced in 11 regional languages, apart from English and Hindi, in order to meet the needs of the com- mon man who might prefer to fill his passport application form in the language of his region. A comprehensive Note for Guidance, now supplied free along with the passport application



proved useful to the members of the public in filling the applica- tion form. A simpler special version of the passport application form was introduced for Indians resident abroad.

The merit of procedural improvements such as the liberali- sation of authorisation for signing Verification Certificates, the waiving of the requirement of providing a Financial Guarantee where the passport applications had been verified by the compe- tent authority, the facility of being able to buy passport applica- tion forms from post offices throughout India and the practice of despatching passports through postal channels to the applicants in order to save them the inconvenience of having to collect them personally, were greatly appreciated by the members of the public. The number of passport applications supported by Verification Certificates rose to approximately 60 per cent in 1979 as compared to 52 per cent in 1978. The facility of the sworn-affidavit system, under which passport applications accom- panied by such an affidavit are exempted from prior police verification, was increasingly used where the applicant found it difficult to get a Verification Certificate.

A number of proposals were under active consideration to further improve the quality of services rendered by the Central Passport and Emigration Organisation. These included the introduction of a new passport booklet, smaller in size with more pages and with a flexible cover, the introduction of a Passport Fee Postal Stamp which would simplify making payment and accounting procedures and the gradual induction of computerised methods in respect of storage/retrieval of factual information relating to passports issued.

In 1979 the total revenue earned by Passport Offices was Rs. 528.50 lakhs as compared to a revenue of Rs. 483.56 lakhs in 1978. The expenditure in 1979 was Rs. 143.19 lakhs as compared to Rs. 145.03 lakhs in 1978.

The exodus of Indian workers to the countries of West Asia and North Africa for employment continued unabated during the year. Various steps were taken to facilitate their smooth emigration and protection from exploitation, both in India and abroad, at the hands of unscrupulous agents and/or foreign employers.

Following a Cabinet decision in 1976, the Minister of Labour had been made the focal point to examine applications


for emigration. of Indian workers. In 1979, however, after hearing a number of writ petitions, the Supreme Court of India passed an order on 20 March laying down certain guidelines within which the applications for emigration were to be pro- cessed. These guidelines were to remain in operation till 31 July but in another order passed on 30 July and 21 August, the Supreme Court extended this period to 31 January 1980. It was also reiterated that during this period emigration clearances were to be granted only in accordance with the guidelines laid down by the earlier order and that no new conditions were to be imposed. In accordance with these guidelines the work for processing of applications for emigration shifted back to the Protectors of Emigrants and the system of licensing of recruiting agents and insistence on minimum terms and conditions of employment were dispensed with.

The Ministry made efforts to render the process of emigra- tion as simple as possible for the emigrant workers. In order to avoid inconvenience, all the Passport Offices were authorised to issue the No Objection Certificates which earlier could be issued only from limited points where Protectors of Emigrants were in position. Emphasis was laid on minimising the time taken for the grant of emigration clearances. The system of security deposits was streamlined to avoid exploitation of the Indian workers at the hands of unscrupulous elements. Round- the-clock emigration checks at all international embarkation points were instituted so that emigrants could leave India only after registering their employment with the concerned authorities.

With the liberalisation of emigration procedures and increas- ing awareness of the benefits of registration of employment agreements there was substantial increase in the number of emigration applications. During 1979 the total registration of employment agreements is likely to cross the 200,000 mark whereas it was only 69,006 in 1978. However, reports of func- tioning of unscrupulous agents continued to be received and the Ministry alerted the concerned authorities and the State govern- ments to be vigilant against these elements.

Meanwhile, the proposal to introduce new legislation on emigration has reached an advanced stage. Approval of the caluent was being sought to introduce bill in the Partiament at the earliest. In the proposed new legislation there is provi- sion of emigration of skilled and unskilled workers on equal footing and for regulatory controls on the recruiting agents. It


has also been proposed to transfer the work relaing to emigra- tion in the Allocation of Business rules from the Ministry of External Affairs to the Ministry of Labour.

The Indian missions/posts abroad weer told to give high priority to rendering efficient and courteous Consular services to Indians residing abroad or travelling to foreign countries. They were directed to request visitors, selected on a random basis, to record their views about the quality of assist service and assis- tance rendered to them. Twenty-five missions/posts abroad sent their reports in a prescribed proforma. Ninety per cent of the proforma received indicated that they were satisfied with the courtesy and responsiveness shown to them by the members of the Consular sections concerned.

Indian missions abroad extended financial assistance to 56 Indian nationals who got stranded abroad. The number of destitute Indians repatriated from abroad was 444 which com- pared favourably with the figure of 1378 during 1978. The Government WA up with the relevant foreign authorities the question of settlement of claims and/or compensation regarding 354 Indians who died abroad during the year.

A large number of judicial, commercial and educational documents, 71001 in number, required for submission by private parties or government undertakings to foreign governments/ embassies, were attested during 1979.

In view of the rising cost of maintaining Indian missions/ posts abroad, the rates of Consular Fees were revised upward with effect from 2 April. Similarly, the visa fees charged from foreign nationals, intending to visit India, was also revised upward in consonance with the increase in the fees charged by foreign countries from Indian nationals.
Administration And Organisation



Shri A. B. Vajpayee and Shri S. Kundu, Minister and Minis- ter of State of External Affairs, relinquished charge consequent on the resignation of the Cabinet of Prime Minister Morarji Desai, on Jul 15, 1979. Shri S. N. Mishra took office as the new Minister of External Affairs on 28 July 1979 and Shri B. Barua as Minister of State of External Affairs on 13 August 1979. Following the results of the mid-term General Electtions, S/Shri S. N. Mishra and B. Barua demitted their respective offices and Shri P. V. Narasimha Rao assumed charge as Minis- ter of External Affairs on 14 January 1980.

There were a number of changes at the level of Additional Secretary and above. On 19 November 1979, Shri J. S. Mehta, relinquished charge and Shri R. D. Sathe took over as the new Foreign Secretary. S/Shri E. Gonsalves and R. Bhandari took over as Secretaries on 1 June 1979 and 1 August 1979 respec- tively, on the retirement of Shri U. S. Bajpai and M. A. Vellodi. Shri S. K. Singh took over as Additional Secretary (Administra- tion) on 6 June 1979, on the transfer to Kathmandu of Shri N. P. Jain. During the year, 19 officers of Indian Foreign Service, belonging to Grades I to IV retired from service, includ- ing two on voluntary basis.

At the Headquarters, the Ministry of External Affairs com- prised 21 divisions (of which 9 were specialised divisions) with a total strength of 555 officers and 1890 non-gazetted members of staff. Twenty-three officers were on deputation to the Regional Passport Offices, other Ministries and Departments of the Government of India and International Organisations. Appendix XI reflects the staff strength of the cadres of the IFS(A) and IFS(B). The Ministry continued to be seized of the question of cadre review of IFS(B) to achieve rationalisation of cadre structure.

Changing spectrum of the world scene and diplomatic acti- vity called for the administrative structure of the Ministry to be continuously strengthened and adjusted to the new priorities Two new Indian missions were opened at Abidjan (Ivory Coast)



and Salisbury (Zimbabwe) and the number of resident Indian missions/posts abroad during the year stood at 129. In addition, India had concurrent accreditation in 46 countries. The staff strength of the Indian missions/posts abroad was 698 diplomatic officers and 2,816 non-diplomatic staff, including locally- recruited employees. A number of steps were initiated to streamline India's representation abroad so as to strike a right balance between the country's international interests and objec- tives and financial resources. A review of the staffing pattern in Indian missions abroad was initiated in the interests of economy and efficiency. India's consular and trade representation in the Gulf region too was strengthened with a view to meeting increas- ed obligations towards its resident Indian community and to widen the areas of economic and commercial relations with this region.

Recognising the imperative role of language expertise in the functional effectiveness of the Ministry, emphasis continued to be placed on the creation of a dependable cadre of language scholars and interpreters. As many as 27 young Foreign Service officers acquired proficiency in a number of foreign languages. Now that the norms for the formation of an independent inter- preters' Cadre within the service have been finalised, in consul tation with the concerned Administrative bodies, the Ministry hopes to be in a position, before long, to recruit qualified linguists to the proposed Cadre. A comprehensive list of the number of officers who have qualified in various languages is given at Appendix XII.

The total expenditure of the Ministry during the financial year 1979-80 is estimated to be of the order of Rs. 166.13 crores. The expanded commitment to Cooperation Projects and Programmes in Nepal and Bhutan; enhanced commitment of loans to Bangladesh; as also global trends of inflation tended to increase requirements of resources. The expenditure on the financing of the activities of Indian missions abroad increased but marginally from Rs. 33.54 crores to Rs. 34.69 crores. The Ministry rationalized its staffing pattern and exercised stringent controls over the expenditure so as to entail little if any increase. Break-up of the overall expenditure is given at Appendices IX & X.

In the context of world-wide escalation of rentals over the past few years, the Ministry intensified its efforts to acquire immovable property abroad for office accommodation and resi-


dences for Heads of Mission and India-based personnel. During the year, India acquired residences for Indian Ambassadors at Manila (Philippines) and Santiago (Chile); two apartments at Berne (Switzerland); eight semi-independent houses at London (UK) and two flats at Santiago. A building was also purchased to accommodate the Chancery at Dublin (Ireland). The policy of undertaking construction of own offices and residential pre- mises was vigorously pursued. The Chancery building at Bangkok (Thailand) became ready for occupation. Likewise, the Chancery building and apartments for all staff members at Ottawa (Canada) are expected to be ready by the end of the current financial year. Plans and estimates were approved for construction of residential apartments at Lagos (Nigeria), Jakarta (Indonesia) and Ankara (Turkey). Preparation of preliminary plans and drawings etc. has been taken in hand in regard to construction at Colombo (Sri Lanka), Islamabad- (Pakistan), Lusaka (Zambia), Kathmandu (Nepal), Kabul (Afghanistan), Brasilia (Brazil), Riyadh (Saudi Arabia), Kuwait and Canberra (Australia). With the acquisition of built-up property during the current financial year, India would have owned office buildings in as many as 24 countries. Heads of Mission residences in 54 countries, and office-cum-residences in five countries.

The Welfare Unit of the Ministry continued to took after the general welfare of all the officers serving at Headquarters and Indian missions abroad, including the admission of their children in educational institutions and in promotion of cultural and social activities.

Financial assistance was provided to some officials during their prolonged illness and to the bereaved families of the deceased officials from the Staff Benefit Fund. Employment opportunities were also provided to the direct deserving depen- dents of the deceased officials. A proposal for group insurance of all the Group 'D' employees of the Ministry out of the Staff Benefit Fund is currently under consideration.

A special Cell continued to function to watch and monitor the progress of implementation of the Reservation orders in res- pect of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes. Details regard- ing the number of Scheduled Castes/Scheduled Tribes in the total strength of the Ministry, the vacancies reserved for them and appointments made against these vacancies are given in Appendices VII and VIII.
Use Of Hindi In Official Work

Jan 01, 1979



In keeping with the policy of the Government, the Ministry made every effort to encourage the use of Hindi in official work. The Official Language implementation Committee, headed by the Additional Secretary (Administration), met periodically to keep a watch on the implementation of the instructions issued by the Government on the subject. Additional Secretary (Administration) also addressed a meeting of the Branch Officers to emphasise. the need to implement the Official Language Rules in right earnest. Official Language Implementation Committees were set up during the year in a number of Indian missions abroad. The Regional Passport Offices also constituted Official Language Implementation Committees to encourage the use of Hindi in their offices. In order to ensure greater use of Hindi in the Ministry, all Heads of Division nominated an officer from their respective Division to liaise with the Hindi Branch.

As during the previous year the Minister of External Affairs, Shri S. N. Mishra, addressed the thirty-fourth session of the United Nations General Assembly in Hindi. This is considered as an appropriate step in the direction of giving Hindi its rightful place in the comity of nations.

Apart from the above, Hindi continued to be used extensively in protocol matters relating to international treaties and agree- ments. Various documents like the Letters of Credence, Letters of Recall, Commission of Appointment and other protocol documents were prepared in Hindi and correspondence in Hindi between different departments of the Ministries and with the public was conducted increasingly in Hindi.

More Indian missions abroad were provided with Hindi type- writers. In accordance with the decision already taken to supply at least one Hindi typewriter to each Mission, efforts are being made to achieve this target as soon as possible. It is the intention of the Ministry to create more posts of Hindi Officers in Indian missions abroad and to post Hindi knowing typists/stenographers there. This is meant to maximise the use of Hindi by them in their correspondence with the Ministry and, wherever possible, with local bodies.



Under the Scheme of the Propagation of Hindi Abroad, Hindi books and help literature continued to be sent to Indian missions abroad and to voluntary organisations abroad to meet the requirements of the people of Indian origin. Hindi books and help literature worth about Rs. 312,000/- were sent to various Indian missions abroad during the year. Special efforts were made to print and supply Hindi text books for primary schools in Fiji. The Ministry continued to supply Hindi news- papers, wall newspapers, journals, etc., regularly for use in the libraries of Indian missions abroad.

The Ministry continued to render necessary assistance to foreign nationals and non-Hindi speaking employees to learn Hindi through correspondence courses.

The Children's Hindi Classes, started in 1977 in the Indian missions abroad, made steady progress. Children of the members of staff in these Missions and the children of the employees of the Public Sector Undertakings took full advantage of this Opportunity. At the behest of this Ministry, some of the voluntary Hindi organisations abroad also started Hindi classes for local nationals.

At the request of the Ministry, many of the Indian Missions abroad organised functions, with the assistance of the local Hindi organisations, on the occasion of the 500th birth anniver- sary of Mahakavi Surdas. The event was celebrated in Delhi and other centres in India and eminent foreign Hindi scholars attended the function. An International Hindi Conference was also held in Suriname in January 1979, with the assistance of the Indian Council for Cultural Relations, in which an eminent Hindi scholar from India participated.

In accordance with the decision of the Award Committee, constituted under the Chairmanship of the Minister of External Affairs. "Vishwa Hind Puraskar", was given to five eminent foreign Hindi scholars. It was acclaimed, by writers and journa- lists, as a success and a positive step towards popularising Hindi in foreign countries.

The Indian Council for Cultural Relations adopted a com- prehensive programme of activities with the object of propagating Hindi abroad. This was intended for strengthening cultural relations with foreign countries specialty in those areas of Asia, Africa and the Caribbean, where Hindi is widely understood by large sections of the population. Two issues of the Hindi


Quarterly "Gagananchal" were published and distributed mainly in the foreign countries. A special issue on Fiji is also being brought out to mark the 100 years of Indian migrations to Fiji. A book entitled "History of Indian Migrations to Fiji" has also been commissioned and is in the process of being published.

Enlarged programmes were undertaken for exchange of Hindi speaking artists, scholars, with the aim of strengthening cultural relations with Hindi speaking people abroad. Hindi teaching arrangements continued, at the Chairs of Indian Studies abroad, to meet the needs of foreigners for learning the language. In addition, in the Cultural Centres maintained by the Council in foreign countries, arrangements continued for the teaching of Hindi, besides instructions in Indian music, Classical dances etc.

As part of Book Presentation Programme sets of Hindi books were presented to learned institutions and libraries abroad. A Hindi typewriter and a set of Hindi texts, supplementary books and journals were presented to the Kaliniya University of Sri Lanka.

A special orientation course for foreign students studying Hindi at the Central Hindi Institute was conducted in September 1979. Hindi clases were also regularly held for the officials of the Council
Appendix I Major International Conferences/Meetings/Seminars


Major International Conferences/Meetings /Seminars etc. organised by Inter Governmental Organisation at which Govt. of India was represented in 1978-79 ------------------------------------------ Sr. Title of Conference etc. Foreign exchange No. With Venue & date) component of exp. in Rs. --------------------------------------------- 1 2 3 --------------------------------------------- UNITED NATIONS 1. 8th Session of UN Conference on Law of the Sea held 24,007.85 in Geneva from Mar 19, 1979 to 27-4-79. 2. U.N. Expert group to study the relationship bet- 12,470.00 ween disarmament and development, at Geneva, 1-5-79 to 7-5-79. 3. Asian Development Bank meeting, Manila from 7,410.00 1-5-79 to 8-5-79. 4. Aid-India Consortium meeting, Paris from 1-5-79 43,952.00 to 11-5-79. 5. U.N. Disarmament Commission, New York from 61,401.00 10-5-79 to 9-6-79. 6. U.N. Expert group to carry out a study of Expenses met nuclear weapons, New York 9-7-79 to 13-7-79. by UN 7. Annual Session of International Law Commission, Geneva from 14-5-79 to 3-8-79. Do. 8. 1979 Session of UN Children's Fund, Mexico -- 16-5-79 to 1-6-79. 9. XIIth Session of United Nations Commission 37,883.00 of International Trade Law, Vienna from 18-6-79 to 29-6-79. 10. Resumed 8th Session of the UN Conference on -- Law of the Sea held in New York from 16-7-79 to 27-8-79. 11. 8th Session of the UN Conference on Law of the 21,071.25 Sea held in Geneva from 18-3-79 to 23-8-79. 12. IInd Session of the Preparatory Committee of 12,963.00 the World Conference held in New York from 27-8-79 to 7-9-79. ------------------------------------------------ 7--784EA/79 ----------------------------------------------- ------ 1 2 3 ----------------------------------------------- ------ 13. 8th Session of the working group Of international 9,784.00 Trade Law, Vienna from 18-6-79 to 29-6-79. 14. First Session of the Interim Committee of the UN 7,572.00 negotiating Conference on common fund, Geneva from 3-9-79 to 14-9-79. 15. UN Conference on question of prohibition/ restric- 1,089.71 tion of use of certain conventional weapons, Geneva from 10-9-79 to 29-9-79. 16. Secood Session of the Interim Committee of the 6,500.00 UN negotiating Conference on common fund, Geneva from 3-9-79 to 14-9-79 17. Deputation of Secretary ensuing International Law - Commission in Geneva from 4-4-79 to 4-11-79. 18. Seminar on North South relations organised by 4,500.00 the centre for applied studies in International organisation held at Geneva from 6-11-79 to 12-11-79. 19. Inter-Regional Seminar on Biogas programme in China, Sichuyan, Shanghai and Peking in China from 1-9-79 to 21-9-79. 20. UN Study on the question of a comprehensive nu- Expenses were clear test ban held in New York from 4-2-79 to 1-3-80. borne by UN. ESCAP 1. Regional Round-up meeting of ESCAP/RAO Inter- country Project for the promotion and Training of Rural Women in Income-raising Group Activities organised by ESCAP at Bangkok, 9-12 April 1979. 2.Inaugural Session of Asia-Pacific Telecommunity, 5,669.1 1 Bangkok, 8-17 May 1979. 3.Seminar on statistical organisation organised by -- ESCAP, Wellington from 24-4-79 to 30-4-79. 4. High level expert group meeting, Bangkok, 9-7-79 Expenses met to 11-7-79. by ESCAP 5. Seminar on an integrated approach to population, Expenses met food and nutrition policies and programme for by ESCAP National Development, Bangkok, 24-7-79 to 31-7-79. ---------------------------------------------------


--------------------------------------------------- 1 2 3 --------------------------------------------------- 6. Regional Workshop on Income-generating skill for -- women in Asia at Chingmai, Thailand from 27-8-79 to 3-9-79. 7.Expert Working Group Meeting on water use data in -- Bangkok from 31-7-79 to 6-8-79. 8. Regional Seminar on Environmental Development Expenses met organised by UNEP & ESCAP, Bangkok, 14-8-79 by ESCAP to 18-8-79. 9. Study tour-cum-consultative meeting of National Liaison -- Officers of Asia and Pacific Region of India, New Delhi. 10-16 September 1979. 10. Biennial meeting of Association of Development Re- -- search and Training Institute of Asia and Pacific. 6-13 October, 1979. 11. Meeting of the study group on the coordination Expenses met of Govt. Information Systems organised by ESCAP, by ESCAP Bangkok from 15-10-79 to 19-10-79. 12. Consultative Committee Meeting convened by ESCAP 3,942.00 for reviving Regional Standardization Activities, Bang- kok, 7-9 November 1979. 13. Working group of statistical experts of ESCAP, Bang- Expenses met kok during 29-10-79 to 1-11-79. by ESCAP 14. ESCAP Regional Preparpatory Conference on Women 1,11,287.52 and Development, held in New Delhi from 5-9 November 1979. 15. Seminar and Management Committee of Asia Pacific -- Telecommunity, Bangkok, 10 to 20 December, 1979. 16. Council of the RMRDC (ESCAP) during November 1,313.81 1979. 17. 6th Session of the Committee on Natural Resources, 1,752.00 Bangkok, during October-November 1979. 18. Ad-hoc Inter-Governmental meeting on Integrated Not known Rural Development, Bangkok, 11-17 December 1979. 19. Expert group meeting regarding the policy framework Expenses met and work programme of the proposed Asian and by ESCAP Pacific Development Centre convened by ESCAP, Bangkok, 20-21 December 1979. -----------------------------------------------


------------------------------------------------ 1 2 3 ------------------------------------------------ 20. High level expert group meeting on the role of external Expenditure Financial Reserves in the ESCAP region, Belgrade met by from 20-12-79 to 22-12-79. ESCAP 21. Preparatory Expert Group Meeting of the Second -- Asian Conference of Ministers responsible for Social Development 1980, held in Bangkok, 13-15 June 1979. 22. Assignment from ESCAP as high level Expert on Stan- -- dardisation, Bangkok from 15th January 1980 for 4 years. 23. Membership of Association of Development Research -- and Training Institute of Asia and the Pacific, Bangkok, 1-4-79 to March 1980. UNCITRAL 12th Session of UNCITRAL held in Vienna -- UNDP 1. Round table Meeting on Insurance education in Asia, Expenses met Bangkok, 2-4-79 to 5-4-79. by UNDP 2. International Seminar on Information systems in Do.Pubulic Administration and their role in economic and social development, Paris from 17-6-79 to 23-6-79. 3. Regional consultative Meeting on Technical Coopera- Expenses met tion among Developing Countries in labour and by ILO related fields in the Asian and Pacific Region, Bangkok, from 23-7-79 to 27-7-79. 4. Seminar on Agricultural Insurance held at Colombo Expenses met from 1-10-79 to 5-10-79. by UNDP 5. International Seminar on National Development Do. Nagoya (Japan) from 30-10-79 to 5-11-79. FAO 1. 14th Session of the Inter-Governmental Group on Hard 21,934.92 Fibres (FAO), Rome from 17-4-79 to 20-4-79. 2. 4th Session of FAO Committee on World Food Security 4,690.12 held at Rome, 5-11 April 1979. 3. 6th Session of International Sugar Council held at 4,411.00 London from 10-15 June 1979. -----------------------------------------------


----------------------------------------------- 1 2 3 ----------------------------------------------- 4. 11th Session of FAO/WHO Codex Committee on Pesti- 8,402.75 cide Residues, The Hague, 11-18 June 1979. 5. The 87th and 88th Session of the International Wheat 3,463.10 Council, London, 25-29 June 1979. 6. Workshop on Food and Nutrition, Planning, Program- Expenditure ming, Implementation and Evaluation, Colombo met by July 1979. FAO 7. FAO Technical Consultations in Phillipines, 4-10 -- September 1979. 8. FAO/UNDP Technical Consultation among develop- 2,299.38 ing Countries of Asia and Pacific in Manila from 4-10 September 79. 9. 76th Session of FAO Council from 6th to 8th Nov- -- ember followed by meeting of Commonwealth Agricul-ture and Food Ministers on 9-11-79 at Rome. 10. 8th Session of International Sugar Council, London, 13-20 November 1979.,822.00 11. 89th Session of the International Wheat Council preced-ed by the meeting of the Food Aid Committee, London, 26-29 November 1979. 13,782.42 12. Meeting on Coir, Rome from, 18-2-80 to 19-2-80 26,700.00 IFAD 1. 6th Session of the executive board of the IFAD, Rome Expenditur e from 26-6-79 to 29-6-79. met by IFAD. 2. 7th Session of the executive board of the IFAD, Rome Do. from 16-9-79 to 20-9-79. 3. 8th Session of the executive board of the IFAD, Rome Do. from 17-12-79 to 21-12-79. 4. Third Session of the governing council of the IFAD. 4,000.00 WMO 1. 8th World Metereological Congress and 31st session 58,000.00 of WMO Executive Committee at Geneva from 30th (estimated) April to 1st June 1979. 2. WMO Regional Seminar on Flood Forecasting at Nan- -- king (China) from 8-16 November 1979. -----------------------------------------------


----------------------------------------------- 1 2 3 ----------------------------------------------- 3. 5th Session of WMO Inter-Governmental Panel 6,500.00 on FGGE at Geneva from 12-16 November 1979. (estimated) 4. WMO Symposium/Planning Meeting on the Agro- -- metereology of the Rice Crops in Los Baues, Lagund (Phillipines), 3-7 December 1979. 5. WMO Coordination Meeting of Telecommunications -- Experts of India, Egypt, USSR and WMO held at New Delhi from 3 to 7 December 1979. USAID In-house conference on Energy Environment on -- Forestry, Manila from 12-11 to 16-11-79. UNESCO 1. UNESCO International Symposium on Earthquake 1776.00 Precipitation at Paris from 2-6 April, 1979. 2. Second meeting of UNESCO advisory group of experts -- in Informatics at Paris from 17-9 to 19-9-79. 3. Regional meeting of computer centre directors in -- South and Central Asia, Kathmandu from 29-10 to 1-11-79. 4.UNESCO sponsored International Field Conference on -- Neogene/Quaternary Boundary in India held at Chan- digarh, October-November 1979. 5. Meeting of the Ad-Hoc Monitoring Group organis- -- ed by UNESCO at Kuala Lumpur from 22-10 to 25-10-79. 6. Processes sponsored by UNESCO held at Trivendrum -- during December 1979. 7.International Symposium on Triassie Strategraphy 7,524.04 in Southern Alps and IGCP Projects. Nos. 4 and 106 (UNESCO) at Milan, Italy in June, 1979. ILO 1. 210th Session of the Governing Body of ILO from 14,367.00 28-5-79 to 2-6-79. 2. Delegation to the 65th Annual Session of the ILO of 5,758.73 the ILC in Geneva from 6-6-79 to 27-6-79. ---------------------------------------------------


--------------------------------------------------- 1 2 3 --------------------------------------------------- 3. UNDP/ILO Regional Consultation Meeting in TCDC 117.00 in Labour and related fields in Asia and Pacific regions from 23-27 July 1979. 4. ILO/ARPLA sub-Regional Seminar on the Labour re- 75.00 lations held in Colombo from 20-25 August 1979. 5. Deputation of Director to attend FES/ILO in Bang- 1121.00 kok from 24-29 September 1979. 6. Meeting of Experts on Labour Relations and Develop- 1219.00 ment in Asia, Singapore, 1-6 October 1979. 7. Follow-up Seminar under ILO/FRG at Bangkok from -- 1-20 October 1979. 8. ILO/UNEP Regional Pilot Workshop on working con- -- ditions and environment for Labour Inspectors in Asia and Pacific from 8-16 October 1979, at Kuala Lumpur. 9. ILO/ARPLA Regional Meeting strengthening the role -- of Labour Ministries in the development of National Employment Policy at Bangkok, 15-20 October 1979. 10. ILO sponsored seminar on Promotion of Industrial -- democracy in Asia at Bangkok, 24-29 October 1979. 11. ILO Workshop at Turin Centre-2-14 December -- 1979. 12. ILO Meeting, Geneva 8-16 May 1979. -- 13. 212th Session of the Governing Body from 20-2-80 29,470.00 to 1-3-80. ICAO 1. Third meeting of Panel of Experts on Regulations and 7,460.00 Air Transport Services, Montreal. 2. Second Air Transport Conference, Montreal -- 3. 9th Session of the FAL Division, Montreal -- 4. Communications Divisional Meeting, Montreal , 16th May to 8 June 79.-- 5. Third SEA/PAC Aviation Security Seminar, Sydney, Not available 11-15 February 1980. ----------------------------------------------


---------------------------------------------- 1 2 3 ---------------------------------------------- ITU 1. Symposium on New Telecommunication Services at 11,389.00 Geneva organised by ITU from 14-16 May 1979. 2. Pre-Rio Congress of Common wealth Postal Adminis- 5,034.90 tration held at Bridge Town (Barbados). Pre-Rio open meetings of AOPU at Rio-de Janerio in Septem- ber 1979. 3.Telecom 79 and World Telecommunication Forum at 65,706.00 Geneva organised by ITU from 19th September to 26th September 1979. 4. XVIIth Congress of the UPU held at Rio-de- Janerio 1,42,302.24 (Brazil) from 12th September to 26th October 1979. 5. 9th International Teletraffic Congress held at Malaga 15,281.00 (Torremolines, Spain) from 16-10-79 to 31-10-79. 6. Meeting of the Executive Committee of the AOPU 4,787.85 held at Melbourne from 6th to 12th December 1979. 7. 34th Session of Adm. Council of ITU from 4-22 June -- 1979. APRACA In-house conference on Energy Environment on -- Forestry, Manila from 12-11 to 16-11-79. PIACT AND US AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT International Conference on the commercial retail Expenditure sales of contraceptives sponsored by PIACTA US met by Agency for International Development, Manila from PIACT 5-11 to 7-11-79. IMF/IBRD Commonwealth Finance Ministers Meeting held at Valletta and annual meetings of the Boards of Gover-nors of IMF/IBRD at Belgrade from 20-9-79 to 7-10-79. Rs. 50,000.00 ----------------------------------------------


---------------------------------------------- 1 2 3 ----------------------------------------------- UNSC 1. 8th Session of the Working Group on International -- Statistical Programmes and Coordination of the UN Statistical Commission held at Geneva during 29-30/10-79. 2. 42nd session of the International Statistical Institute -- held at Manila during 4/12 to 14-12-79. UNFPA SWDCAP/UNFPA Regional Training Seminar in -- Social Welfare Aspects of Family Planning, Manila, 15-30 October 1979. UNITAR Long-term and New Energy Resources, Montreal -- (Canada), 26-11-79 to 10-12-79. UNEP 1. Biogas Expert Meeting, Bangkok, 5-1-80 to 10-1-80 -- 2. Agriculture in Tropical Climate, New Delhi, 29-2-80 -- to 4-3-80. WHO 1. WHO meeting on Delivery of Health Care to pre- -- School Children held at Bangkok, 12-17 November 1979. 2. Symposium of Child Welfare in Commemoration of -- the IYC at Nagoya, 20-22 November 1979. UNICEF Meeting of Infant and Young Child Feeding, jointly --organised by WHO and UNICEF at Geneva, 9-12 October 1979. Miscellaneous : 1. Preparatory conference on the question of Prohibition/ 9,271 .46 Restriction of use of certain conventional weapons. Geneva, 19 March to 12 April 1979. --------------------------------------------


-------------------------------------------- 1 2 3 -------------------------------------------- 2. Extraordinary meeting of Assembly of Parties and 8th 12,864.00 Meeting of Signatories of INTELSAT from 2-7 April 1979. 3. General Assembly and Council Meeting of the Inter- 13.810.00 national Centre for the study of Preservation and Restoration of Culture Property (ICCROM), Rome 17-25 April 1979. 4. Regional Seminar on Radio Communication Prepara- 1,000.00 tory to WARC 1979, Sydney. 29-3-79 to 10-4-79. 5. Indian delegation to the Meeting of IOCOM Princi- 4,593.00 ples at Penang (Malaysia), April 9-13, 1979. 6. Conference of Non-aligned Telecommunication Ad- 19,840.00 ministrators in preparation to WARC 1979, Yaounde (Camaroon), 7-10 May 1979. 7. 5th Session of INMARSAT Preparatory Committee, 7,149.00 London from 13th May, 1979. 8. Conference on the Non-aligned and Developing coun- 1,437.32 tries on the 'Role of Women in Development' held in Baghdad, 5-13 May 1979. 9. Legal Committee--24th Session,Montreal from 7-23 -- May 1979. 10. COSPAR International meeting sponsored by UN held -- at Bangalore during June 1979. 11. Meeting of the Programme Advisory Committee at -- Turin, Italy from 22-25 May 1979. 12. Special Study Programme entitled Rural Unions in Self- -- help programme in USA, 7th May to 2nd June. 1979. 13. International Seminar on Aging at Kiev (USSR), 14-25 -- May 1979 14. Food Discussion under CSIR/KFA Agreement in FRG, -- 19-22 June 1979. 15. Discussions relating to WARC 1979 with USSR, 3,103.55 Moscow, 24-27 June 1979. 16. INTELSAT Global Traffic Meeting at Washington, 5,476.00 26-6-79 to 2-7-79. -----------------------------------------


----------------------------------------- 1 2 3 -------------------------------------------- 17. 38th Meeting of Board of Governors of INTELSAT 5,940.00 at Hamburg from 4-13 June 1979. 18. 18th Meeting of Commonwealth Telecommunications 6,252.00 Council, Montreal, 12-20 July 79. 19. 1st Meeting of the Council of INMARSAT and Pre- 14,000.00 paratoty Committee meeting from 12-27 July 1979. 20. 2nd Meeting of the IOCOM Interim Management -- Committee held at Bombay from 31 July to 1st August 1979. 21. Seminar on Netwotk Planning, CTB, held at Bombay -- from 14-18 August 79. 22. World Administrative Radio Conference, 1979,17-9-79 2,05,254.12 to 5-12-79. 23. Meeting of INMARSAT Advisory Committee, Athens 3,500.00 9-16 October 1979. 24. 1st Session of Assembly and 2nd Session of INMARSAT 25,300.00 held at London from 24th October to 6th November 1979. 25. Asia/Pacific Rural Technology meeting, Seychelles, -- 26-11-79 to 30-11-79. 26. Meeting of the Commonwealth Ministers for Agricul- 14,000.00 ture, Food and Rural Development, Rome, 8-11-79 to 11-11-79. 27. 4th Coordination Committee Meeting of the Press -- Agencies Pool of Non-aligned countries, Belgrade, 19-24 November 1979. 28. 1st meeting of Advisory Committee on Financing and 6,662.00 Marketing and 2nd meeting of the Advisory Committee on Technical and Operational Matters. London, 9-24 January 1980. 29. IIIrd Session of Council of INMARSAT, London, 6-13 15,443.00 February 1980. 30. Commonwealth Telecommunication Regional Semi- -- nar, Singapore, 6-12 February 1980. 31. IIIrd Coordination Meeting with STC, London, -- February 1980. ----------------------------------------------

Appendix II Major international conferences/meetings/seminars


Major international conferences/meetings/ seminars organised by Non-Governmental Organisation (such as Asian Productivity \Organisation, Inter- national Co-operation Alliances, International Organisation for Standardisa-tion etc.) in which Indian experts participated in their personal capacity with Govt. assistance in 1979-80 (April, 1979 to March, 1980)

----------------------------------------- Sr. Title of conferences etc. with venue& date Foreign Ex- No. change component of exp. in Rs. ---------------------------------------- 1 2 3 ---------------------------------------- 1. Meeting of ISO/TC 34 Agri. Food products ISO/ -- TC34/SC4 Cereals and Pulses, ISO/TC34 /SC4/WG 2 Storage, ISO/TC34/SC4/WG2 Storage, ISO/TC34 SC/4/WG4/Terminology, ISO/TC34/SC8 Tea to be held in New Delhi from Mar 10, 1979-15 March 1979 2. Third Congress of the International Water Resources 21,348.77 Association at Mexico City from 23-4-79 to 27-4-79 3. 11th Annual Off-shore Tech. Conference at Huston 21,506.60 (USA) from 26th April-17th May, 1979. 4. 1st Session of the Chart Specifications Committee of 3,590.00 the Int. Hydrographic Orgn. held at Monte Carlo, 24-26 April, 1979. 5. Diplomatic conferences on Draft Convention pro- 18,023.00 viding a uniformation of Agency of International character held in Bucharest from 28-5-79 to 13-6-79. 6. ISO/TC72 machinery and accessories and its sub- 14,276.00 committees 1, 2, 3 and 4 Venice (Italy), 7-11 May, 1979 7. ISO/TC149 Cycles and its sub-committees 1 and 2 16,045.00 Brussels (Belgium), 8-11 May, 1979. 8. 44th IEC Annual General Meeting, Sydney, 21st May 24,390.00 to 2nd June, 1979 9. Symposium on "Sonar Signal Processing and its 30,000.00 application at France during 28th May to 2nd June, 1979 at France -------------------------------------------



------------------------------------------- 1 2 3 ------------------------------------------- 10. 1st Int. Hydrographic Tech. Conf. and IInd Meet- 4,076.50 ing of the FIG/IHO Working Group on the Int. Stan- dard of competence on Hydraulic surveying held at Ottawa from 12-19 May, 1979. 11. International Mineral Processing Congress held in 5,028.88 Warsaw from 4-6-79 to 17-6-79. 12. ISO/TC113 Measurement of Liquid Flow in open 23,207.00 channels and its 7 sub- committees, Ottawa, 28 May to 8 June 1979. 13. Transmission of Hydrological Data held in Sophia -- Antipolis (France) from 29-31 May, 1979. 14. Certification Management Com. of IEC (IEC/CMC), -- Sydney, 4-7 June, 1979. 15. ISO/TC28/SC4/WG4 Non-Inflammable Lubricants -- and Hydraulic Fluids and ISO/TC28/SC4 Petroleum Prods. and Lubricants, London, 4-8 June, 1979. 16. ISO/TC111 Steel Links Chains, chain wheels, Lifting -- Hooks and Accessories, Bavaria, 11-16 June, 1979. 17. ISO/TC/147 Water Quality, London, 18-23 June, 16,758.00 1979. 18. Consultative Meeting on the National House hold Nil Survey Capability programme, New York from 21-22 June 1979. 19. Seminars on training and research and the International 29,932.68 Centre for dynamics of Development at New York from 21-5-79 to 22-5-79. 20. ISO/TC29 Small Tools, Paris,19-21 June 1979. -- 21. ISO/TC17 Steel, Bournemouth. 26-28 June, 1979. 14,949.00 22. Special Technical sessions of Int. Commission on Irri- 5,000.00 gation and Drainage held at Rabat from 21-5-79 to 30-5-79. 23. ISO/TC172 Optics and Optical Instruments, Pforzheim, -- 26-29 June 1979. ---------------------------------------------


--------------------------------------------- 1 2 3 --------------------------------------------- 24. IEC/SC32B Low-Voltage Fuses, Baden-Baden, 2-4 July, 1979. 25. British Commonwealth Survey Officers Conf. held 2,120.00 at Cambridge, UK, 23rd July-4th August 1979. 26. Expert group meeting of the International Cooperative Expenses Alliance at London from 27-7-79 to 29-7-79. borne by internationa l Cooperative Alliance. 27. Seminar on "The Air and outer space law" on the in- 8,000.00 vitation of the institute of international public law and international relation held at Thessaloniki (Greece) from 13-8-79 to 31-8-79. 28. ISO General Assembly ISO Council ISO PLACO ISO Liasion Officers Meeting, Geneva, 10-26 32,125.50 September 1979. 29. Meeting of the consultative panel on the survey of Nil World Energy Resources at Dresden (GDR.) from 22-9-79 to 27-9-79. 30. Symposium on practical Experience with flow-induced -- vibrations held at Karlsruhe (GDR) from 3-7 September 1979. 31. 18th Congress of the Int. Assocn. for Hydraulic 4,500.00 Research held at Gagliari (Italy) from 10-15 September 1979. 32. 4th Congress of the Int. Society for Rock Mechanics 5000.00 held at Montreaux (Switzerland) in September 1979. 33. 12th European Regional Conf. of Int. Commission for 13,000.00 Irrigation and Drainage held at Dubrenik (Yugoslavia) in September 1979. 34. Int. Symp. on specific aspects of hydrological com- 6,000.00 putation for water projects held in Leningrad, USSR from 3-7 September 1979. ----------------------------------------


--------------------------------------- 1 2 3 --------------------------------------- 35. Seminar on Project Organisation, Planning and Mana- All expenses gement in Public Admn. organised by German borne by Foundation for international Development, University German of Phillipines at Manila from 24-9-79 to 14-10-79. Foundation. 36. 10th World Mining Congress held at Istanbul (Turkey) -- from 8th September to 1st October 1979. 37. Meeting of Indian and Soviet Experts under Indo- 11,344.00 Soviet Cooperation in the field of standardization Metereology Moscow, 1-8 October 1979. 38. ISO/TC45 Rubber and Rubber Prods. and its 13 Work- -- ing Group, Ottawa, 11-20 October 1979. 39. Int. Conf. on Computer Applications in Civil Engg. Nil held at Roorkee from 23-10-79 to 25-10-79. 40. Int. Plant Engg. Conf. held at Hyderabad from 24-27 -- October 1979. 41. Golden Jubilee Congress at the Int. Commission on 39,713.00 Large Dams ([COLD) held at New Delhi from 29-10-79 to 2-11-79. 42. Int. Symposium on Hydrological Aspects of Droughts -- convened by the Indian National Committee for the IHP at Delhi from 3-7 December 1979. 43. Int. Symposium on Institute Testing of Soils and -- Rocks and performance of Structure held at Roorkee from 19-22 December 1979. 44.ISO/TC149 Cycles and its Sub-committees 1 and 2 -- Milan (Italy) 20-23 November 1979. 45. 2nd Meeting of the Working Group on Building Ma- 11,348.00 terials under the Indo-Soviet Programme in the field of Science and Tech.,] Moscow, 12-21 November 1979. 46. XXI Meeting of the programme committee of the Int. -- Council for Bldg hosted by NBO. 47. Training Seminar for Technical Secretaries ISO/TC34 13,983.00 Agri. Food and Prods. 48. ISO/TC84 Syringes for Medical use and Needles for -- Injection, London, 14-16 January 1980. ---------------------------------------------


--------------------------------------------- 1 2 3 --------------------------------------------- 49. 7th Meeting of the Indo-Soviet Working Group for 22,645.00 Scientific and Tech. Cooperation in the field of Stan- dardization and Metereology, Moscow, 7-16 January 1980. 50. Participation of Dr. S. K. Rau on the Consultative -- Meeting of Experts on training for regional development, Nagaya, 28-1-80 to 4-2-80. 51. 10th Meeting of the Committee on Geostationary 7,000.00 Metereological Satellite at Geneva from 12-21 (estimated) March, 1980. 52. IIIrd Int. Congress on Water Resources held in 3,266.00 Mexico City from 23-27 April 1979. 53. 6th open conference on coop-management at Kuala- All expenses Lampur from 26-11-79 to 30-11-70 home by In- ternational Coop. Alli-ance. ------------------------------------------- Mar 10, 1979
Appendix III Miscellaneous major international Conferences


Miscellaneous major international Conferences etc. in 1979-80 (April 1979 to March 1980) at which Govt. of India was represented or in which Indian experts participated with Govt. of India's assistance in their personal capacity

-------------------------------------- Sl.Title of Conference etc. (with venue & date)Foreign excha No.nge component of exp. in Rs. --------------------------------------- 1 2 3 --------------------------------------- 1.Legal Working Meeting of World Tourism Organisa- tion held at Spain in February-March 1979 4,937.00 2. 28th PATA Annual Conference held in Seoul, Korea in April 1979 6,298.00 3. Int. Symposium on Scanning Electron Microscopy, Washington during April 1979 4,470.00 4. 2nd Int. Symposium on Fossil Algae, Paris during April, 1979 10,107.00 5. Seminar on disarmament at Munich from Apr 23, 1979 to 26-4-79 3,286.00 6. 12th Int. Remote Sensing Workshop, U.S.A. during April-May 1979 11,476.00 7. Meeting of the Int. Council on Archives from 3 to 8 April 1979, London 2,522.85 B. 9th Int. Congress of Carboniferrous Strategrapby, U.S.A. during May 1979 25,829.00 9. Meeting of the Consultative Group on Development of Records and Archives Management Programme, sponsored by UNESCO, Paris, 14-16 May 1979 Nil 10. International Switching Symposium held at Paris from 5-5-79 to 14-5-79 3,979.00 11. 44th IEC Annual meeting at Sydney (Australia) from 21-5-79 to 1-6-79 3,316.20 12. Symposium on Early Precambrian Volcanology and 32,049.00 Sedimentalogy at Canada during June 1979 ---------------------------------------- 7A--784EA/79



---------------------------------------- 1 2 3 ---------------------------------------- 13. 7th Meeting of the World Tourism Organisation Com-mission of South Asia at Kathmandu in June 1979 3,372.00 14. International Symposium on Triassic Stratigraphy in Southern Alps and the Working Group Meeting of IGCP Projects Nos. 4 and 106 at Milan, Italy during June 1979 7,524.00 15. Commonwealth Regional Programme on Standardi- -- zation & Qty. Control, Kenya, 7-12 June 1979 16. 18th Meeting of Int. Law Association Committee held at Rome (Italy) on 4-7 June 79 4,842.00 17. Int. Forum on the Rights of the Child held at Buda- pest during 2-7 June 1979 3,475.00 18. Seminar on Strategies for Archival Dev. in the third world, 11-16 June 1979, Berlin -- 19. Meeting of the Committee for Guide to sonrus on History of Nations sponsored by UNESCO, at Kuala Lampur 26th July 1979 -- 20. PATA Mktg. Committee meeting held in Malaysia in July 1979 3,056.00 21. Asian Children Friendship Mission Programme held in Japan during 23 August-2 September 1979 -- 22. PATA held in New Delhi in September 1979 Nil 23. Third General Assembly of World Tourism Orgn. held in Torremolinos, Spain in September 1979 6,303.00 24. Int. Symposium on Engg., Geological problems in Hydrotechnical Construction, Tbilisi (USSR) during September 1979 Nil 25. World Silk Congress of the Int. Silk Assocn. at Lucerne in Switzerland from 24-28th September 1979 9,500.00 26. World Petroleum Congress in Bucharest during September 1979 12,480.00 27. 10th Asian Electronics Conference and 6th General Assembly of the Asian Electronics Union held at Seoul (S. Korea) from 28-9-79 to 2-10-79 3,600.00 ------------------------------------------


------------------------------------------ 1 2 3 ------------------------------------------ 28. Int. Symposium on Resources for 21st Century, Vir- ginia, USA during October 1979 9,320.00 29. 3rd Int. Conf. on Recognition of Natural System for Accreditation of Testing Labs., Sydney, 22-26 October 18,045.00 30. Meeting of Experts on Harmonisation of Archival Training Techniques sponsored by UNESCO, 26-30 November 1979, Paris -- 31. Symposium on Child Welfare in the IYC at Nagoya, during 20-22 November 1979 -- 32. Meeting of the expert group on legal protection to the computers held under the aegis of World ntellectual property organisation during 26-11-79 to 30-11-79 at Geneva (Switzerland) 4,410.00 33. PATA (India) held a 3-day seminar in New Delhi -- -------------------------------------- Apr 23, 1979
Appendix IV International Organisation

Jan 01, 1979 


International Organisation of which India became a member or ceased to be a member during the year 1979-80 (from April 1979 to March 1980) ---------------------------------------- Sl Name of International Organisation of which Name of Internati o- No. India became a member during the year nal Organisation of 1979-80 which India ceased to be a member during the year 1979-80 ---------------------------------------- 1 2 3 ---------------------------------------- 1. India was elected for six years as member of -- U.N.C.I.T.R.A.L. in 1979. 2. The National Sample Survey Organisation was enrolled as an institutional member of the Inter- -- national Association of Survey Statisticians which is a section of the International Statistical Institute. 3. The Indian Bureau of Mines was elected for represent- -- ing India on the International Scientific Committee for mineral processing Congress. 4. International Silk Assocn. Lyon ( France) Int. Sericul-tural Commis- sion, Ales France) 5. India re-elected ISO Council Member for the terms Afro-Asian 1980-82. Housing Or- ganisation, Cairo--(UAR) 6. India appointed Asian Member of the Con- sultative Committee for the Voluntary Fund for the UN Decade for Women. 7. Optical Society of America (OSA), Washington PIRA England ----------------------------------------

Appendix V Treaties/Conventions/Agreements Concluded or Renewed by India


Treaties/Conventions/Agreements Concluded or Renewed by India with other Countries in 1979* (*This list is not exhaustive) ----------------------------------------------- Sl. No. Title of Convention/Treaty/ Date of Date of Date on Re-Agreement signature Ratifica- which marks tion or entered Accep- into tance force ------------------------------------------------ 1 2 3 4 5 6 ------------------------------------------------ MULTILATERAL International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights 1. International Covenant on Eco- -- 10-4-79 10-7-79 -- nomic, Social and Cultural Rights adopted by the General Assembly of the United Nations in Resolution 2200(XXI) of Dec 16, 1966 (In force w.e.f. 3-1-1976). International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights 2. International Covenant on Civil -- 10-4-79 10-7-79 -- and Political Rights adopted by the General Assembly of the United Nations in Resolution 2200(XXI) of 16 December 1966 (In force w.e.f. 23-3-76). Protocol Amending the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, 1961 3. Protocol Amending the Single Con- -- 14-12-78 13-1-79 -- vention on Narcotic Drugs, 1961 done at Geneva on 25-3-72. --------------------------------------------



------------------------------------------- 1 2 3 4 5 6 -------------------------------------------- Outer Space 4. Agreement on the Rescue of Astro- -- 4-7-79 9-7-79 -- nauts the Return of Astronauts and the Return of Objects Launched into Outer Space adopted by the General Assembly of the United Nations in Resolution No. 2345(XXII) of 19 December, 1967 (In force w.e.f. 3-12-68) 5. Convention on International Liability -- 4-7-79 9-7-79 -- for Damage Caused by Space Objects adopted by the General Assembly of the United Nations in Resolution No. 2777(XXVI) of 29 November, 1971 (In force w.e.f. 1-9-72) Convention for Safe Containers 6. International Convention for Safe -- 27-1-78 27-1-79 -- Containers, 1972 World Administrative Radio Conference 7. Final Acts of the World Adminis- 5-3-78 -- 1-9-79 -- trative Radio Conference on the Aeronautical Mobile (R) Service, Geneva,1978 Kuwait Fund for Arab Economic Development 8. Loan Agreement between India and 4-7-78 16-12-78 4-4-79 -- Kuwait Fund for Arab Economic Development regarding KOPILI Hydro-Electric Project (Loan Number 121) and Amendments European Economic Community 9. Financing Agreement between the 11-4-79 -- 11-4-79 -- Republic of India and the European Economic Community for the Cyclone Protection Shelters in the States of Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh ---------------------------------------------- pg91 --------------------------------------------- 1 2 3 4 5 6 ------------------------------------------- 10. Financing Agreement between the Republic of India and the European Economic community regarding cooperative storage (NCDC) project 11-4-79 -- 11-4-79 -- United Nations Industrial Development Organization 11. Agreement between the Govern- ment of India and the United Na- tions regarding the arrangements for the Third General Conference of the United Nations Industrial Deve- lopment organization . 12-11-79 -- 12-11-79 -- United Nations Development Programme 12. Agreement with UNDP for Im- provement of Date Palm 7-6-78 -- 8-2-79 -- 13. Agreement with UNDP for In- tensification of Fresh Water Fish Culture and Training . 14-2-79 -- 15-2-79 -- 14. Agreement with UNDP for Com- munication Centre for Agricultu- ral and Rural Development . 7-6-79 -- 7-6-79 -- 15. Agreement with UNDP for Tele- communication Research Centre for Development Of Dew Techniques and Technologies 12-4-79 -- 16-7-79 -- 16. Agreement with UNDP for Special Assistance to selected University Departments Phase II 10-7-79 -- 16-7-79 -- 17. Agreement with UNDP regarding the project IND/73/022-Central In- stitute of Road Transport 29-8-79 -- 29-8-79 -- 18. Agreement with UNDP for Im- provement of River and Flood Forecasting System in India . 20-8-79 -- 5-9-79 -- 19. Agreement with UNDP for Geo- physical Data Processing 14-9-79 -- 19-9-79 -- ---------------------------------------------- pg92 ----------------------------------------------- 1 2 3 4 5 6 ----------------------------------------------- 20. Agreement between the Govern- ment of India and the UNDP re- garding Advisory Services for Mo- dernisation of Land and Water Ma- nagement 10-8-79 -- 15-10-79 -- 21. Agreement between the Govern- ment of India and the UNDP re- garding stimulating milk market- ing and Dairy Development 26-12-79 -- 27-12-79 -- BILATERAL Australia 22. Memorandum of Understanding between India and Australia con- cerning the responsibilities and con- tributions respectively of the two Governments in regard to the uti- lization of a Development Import Grant 23-3-79 -- 23-3-79 -- 23. Memorandum of Understanding between the Government of India and the Government of Australia regarding Sheep Breeding project which will be deemed to have commenced from 28-5-1977 15-6-79 -- 15-6-79 -- 24. Memorandum of Understanding between the Government of India and the Government of Australia regarding Apple Grading Storage Projects 7-7-79 -- 7-7-79 -- Belgium 25. Agreement between the Govern- ment of the Republic of India and the Government of the Kingdom of Belgium relating to the granting of Financial Assistance by the Government of the Kingdom of Belgium to the Government of the Republic of India 20-9-79 -- 20-9-79 -- ------------------------------------------- pg93 ----------------------------------------- 1 2 3 4 5 6 ---------------------------------------- Canada 26. Loan Agreement between India and Canada for C $ 15.00 million to Agricultural Re-finance and Deve- lopment Corporation (ARDC) 13-2-79 -- 13-2-79 -- 27. Memorandum of Understanding between the Government of India and the Government of Canada concerning the supply of Rapeseed oil as Food Aid 10-8-79 -- 10-8-79 -- Czechoslovakia 28. Consular Convention between the Republic of India and the Czechos- lovak Socialist Republic 4-12-74 -- 18-6-79 -- Egypt 29. Trade Agreement between India and Egypt 13-10-77 -- 5-8-79 -- Fiji 30. Extradition arrangement with Fiji vide GSR 37(E) dated 22-1-79 and GSR 38 (E) -- -- 1-2-79 -- Federal Republic of Germany 31. Second Supplemental Loan Agree- ment between the Government of India and KREDITANSTALT FUR WIEDERAUFBAU for DM 26,000,000 (Lignite Mines Expan- sion Neyveli) 6-2-79 -- 6-2-79 -- 32. Exchange of Letters between the Government of India and the Fede- ral Republic of Germany regarding amendment of Agreement dated 13-4-78 concerning Commodity Aid in 1978. 11-4-79 -- 14-5-79 -- ------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------- 1 2 3 4 5 6 ------------------------------------------ 33. Supplemental Financing Agree- ment between India and KREDI- TANSTALT FUR WIEDERAU- FBAU for DM 6,000,000. (Tawa Command Area Development Pro- gramme Phase I) 7-6-79 -- 7-6-79 -- 34. Loan Agreement between India and KREDITANSTALT FUR WIEDERAUFBAU for DM 85,000,000 (Power Plant Trombay) 29-6-79 -- 29-6-79 -- 35. Loan Agreement between India and KREDITANSTALT FUR WIEDERAUFBAU for DM 70,000,000. (Commodities XXI) 13-7-79 -- 13-7-79 -- 36. Amendment to the Loan Agreement dated 29-6-79 between India and KREDITANSTALT FUR WIEDERAUFBAU for DM 85,000,000 (Power Plant Trombay). 18-7-79 -- 18-7-79 -- 37. Supplemental Loan Agreement per- taining to the Loan Agreement dated December 27, 1977 between the Government of India and KREDI- TANSTALT FUR WIEDERAU- FBAU for DM 75,000,000 (Gujarat Fertilizer Plant) 5-10-79 -- 5-10-79 -- 38. Agreement between the Govern- ment of the Republic of India and the Government of the Federal Re- public of Germany concerning Financial Assistance in 1979 12-10-79 -- 12-10-79 -- German Democratic Republic 39. Long term Agreement between India and the German Democratic Republic on Economic, Industrial, Scientific and Technical Coope- ration 9-1-79 -- 9-1-79 -- ----------------------------------------- ----------------------------------------- 1 2 3 4 5 6 ---------------------------------------- Indonesia 40. Memorandum of Understanding between the Government of India and the Government of Indonesia concerning Inter-System Coordi- nation between INSAT and PALA- PA Domestic Satellite Systems 18-1-79 -- 18-1-79 -- Japan 41. Exchange of Notes between the Government of India and the Government of Japan for six hundred million Yen for purchase of survey and training vessels for fisheries development. 16-2-79 -- 16-2-79 -- 42. Exchange of Notes between the Government of India and the Govern- ment of Japan for seven hundred million Yen for the purchase of agricultural equipment for the pur- pose of contributing to the increase of food production under the River Valley Projects in the Gujarat State 16-2-79 -- 16-2-79 -- 43. Exchange of Notes between the Government of India and the Government of Japan for the purpchase of machinery, equipment and spares for increasing food production 5-11-79 -- 5-11-79 -- 44. Exchange of Notes between the Government of India and the Go- vernment of Japan for the purchase of small size steel items 5-11-79 -- 5-11-79 -- Malaysia 45. Exchange of Letters between Fo- reign Ministers of India and Malay- sia regarding the extradition of Fugitive criminals 24-1-79 -- 24-1-79 -- ------------------------------------ ------------------------------------ 1 2 3 4 5 6 ----------------------------------- Nepal 46. Exchange of letters between the Government of India and the Government of Nepal regarding distribution of iodised salt in Nepal 19-4-79 -- 1-4-79 -- 47. Exchange of letters between the Government of India and the Government of Nepal for a financial assistance of Rs. 17.65 lakhs in Indian currency for the development of the Paropakar Shree Panch Indra Rajya Laxmi Devi Maternity Home and Child Welfare Centre in Kath- mandu 12-8-79 -- 12-8-79 -- Netherlands 48. Agreement between the Director General of Indian Posts and Tele- graphs and Director General of the Netherlands Postal and Telecom- munications Services regarding the introduction of the Money Order Ser- vice 3-2-79-- 1-4-79 -- 49. Agreement between the Government of the Republic of India and the Government of the Polish People's Republic on Cooperation in the field of health 16-6-79 -- 16-6-79 -- Sri Lanka 50. Exchange of Notes between India and Sri Lanka regarding the Amendment of Credit Agreement dated 4-11-1975 15-1-79 22-6-79 24-7-79 -- 24-7-79 -- Sweden 51. Agreement between India and Swe- den concerning Money Order Ser- vice -- -- 1-1-79 -- -------------------------------------- --------------------------------------- 1 2 3 4 5 6 --------------------------------------- Signed by India on 30-8-78 Signed by Sweden on 20-9-78 52. Agreement between India and Sweden regarding Development Cooperation during the period 1-7-79 to 30-6-81 1-6-79 -- 1-6-79 -- Syrian Arab Republic 53. Protocol on cooperation in the sphere of Radio Broadcasting and Television between the Akashvani and Doordarshan of the Republic of India and the General Organi- zation for Broadcasting and Tele- vision of the Syrian Arab Republic. 4-8-79 -- 4-8-79 -- Union of Soviet Socialist Republics 54. Agreement between the Government of the Republic of India and the Government of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on Mutual De- liveries of certain goods in 1979 14-3-79 -- 14-3-79 -- 55. Agreement between Indian Space Research Organization Govern- ment of India and Academy of Sciences USSR about LAUNCH of the Indian Space-craft "Satellite for Earth Observations-II" (SEO- II) with the help of Soviet Rocket Carrier 11-6-79 -- 11-6-79 -- United Kingdom 56. Exchange of Notes between India and the United Kingdom regarding amendment of Mixed Project Grant 1978 25-1-79 -- 25-1-79-- 57. Exchange of Notes between India and United Kingdom regarding amendment in the United Kingdom/ India Capital Investment Loan 1974 and the United Kingdom/India Capi- tal Investment Grants 1975, 1977 and 1978 25-1-79 -- 25-1-79-- -------------------------------------- 8--784EA/79 --------------------------------------- 1 2 3 4 5 6 -------------------------------------- 58. Exchange of Notes between India and United Kingdom regarding amendment of United Kingdom/ India Maintenance Grant 1978 25-1-79 -- 25-1-79 -- 59. Exchange of Notes between India and United Kingdom regarding amendment of the United Kingdom/ India Sectoral Grants 1975, No. 2, 1977,1978 25-1-79 --25-1-79 -- 60. Exchange of Notes between India and United Kingdom regarding amendment of United Kingdom/ India Sectoral Grant 1978 25-1-79 -25-1-79 -- 61. Exchange of Notes between India and United Kingdom regarding United Kingdom/India Local Costs Aid Arrangement 1979 25-1-79 --25-1-79 -- 62. Exchange of Notes between India and United Kingdom regarding the grant for (pound) 20,088,976.23 21-3-79 -- 21-3-79 -- 63. Exchange of Notes between India and United Kingdom regarding the grant for (pound) 31,101,386.28 23-8-79 --23-8-79 -- 64. Exchange of Notes between India and United Kingdom regarding Second. Procedural Amendment 1979 6-10-79 --26-10-79-- 65. Exchange of Notes between India and United Kingdom regarding Maintenance Grant 1979 for the purchase of certain goods and ser- vices in the United Kingdom 27-10-79--3-11-79-- Yemen 66. Trade Agreement between the Government of the Republic of India and the Government of the People's Democratic Republic of Ye- men 23-4-79 -- 23-4-79 -- ------------------------------ Dec 16, 1966
Appendix VI Statement showing number of Passport/miscellaneous services applications
Jan 01, 1979 
             APPENDIX VI 
I.  Statement showing number of Passport
/miscellaneous services applications 
 received and number of passports 
 issued/miscellaneous services granted 
    in the calendar year 1979. 
S.No.  Station  Number  of Pass- Number 
of Pass- Number of appli- Number of Misc. 
port         ports    cations    services 
applica-   issued in for misc.  granted 
tions        1979         services   in 1979 
 received                  received 
 in 1979                   in 1979 
1   2    3   4   5    6 
 1.Ahmedabad 56839  56547  21983  21993 
 2.Bangalore 34482  34462  8646   8584 
 3.Bhopal    13145  12467  2341   2728 
 4.Bhubaneswar1740   1204   368    352 
 5.Bombay   178437 170280 133004 126102 
 6.Calcutta  23955  27123  15841  14875 
 7.Chandigarh73504  72657  16999  18850 
 8.Delhi     60095  68549  26285  25761 
 9.Ernakulam 83442  90615  95058  95036 
10.Gauhati    1042   827     201    162 
11.Hyderabad 49486  44116  16536  16835 
12.Jaipur    40639  38122   5141   5093 
13.Jullunder  8843  17182   5406   5022 
14.Kozhikode 59836  64566  42620  41626 
15.Lucknow   75806  55463   6691   7693 
16.Madras    94831  91612  19715  19355 
17.Patna      5623   3910    460   1369 
18.Srinagar   2430   1586    447    444 
TOTAL:8,74,175 8,51,288 4,17,742 4,11,880 
II.  Details of Official, Diplomatic 
Passports issued/serviced by 
Passport Visa 

Division of Ministry during 1979. 
(a) Number of Official Passports issued  8116 
(b) Number of Official Passports serviced 2698 
(c) Number of Diplomatic Passports issued 1000 
(d)Number of Diplomatic Passports serviced 1179 
Appendix VII Statement showing the total number of employees
                         STATEMENT 'A' 
Statement showing the total number of employees
(both permanent and tem-porary) in the 
Ministry of External Affairs under various 
groups and repre-sentation of Scheduled
Castes and Scheduled Tribes therein
(position as on Dec 31, 1979). 

Class Total Schedul-Percen-Schedul-Percen- 

 Number  ed Castes tage of  ed Tribes tage of 

 of      Total                  Total 
 Em-      Em-                    Em- 
 ployees  ployees                ployees 


1.Class I     639   45     7%    26    4% 
2.Class II   1604   97     6 %   10    .6% 

3.Class III   883   81     9.2%  19   2.1% 

4.Class IV    548   68    12.4%   1    .2% 

  (Excluding sweepers) 
5.Class IV     42   41  97.6% --      -- 


Dec 31, 1979 
Appendix-VIII Statement showing the number of appointments
Jan 01, 1979


STATEMENT 'B' Statement showing the number of appointments (both by direct recruitment and by promotion)made to various groups of posts and reserved vacancies filled by scheduled castes and Scheduled Tribes during the year 1979.


Class Total number Number of vacancies Number of reserved Number of vacancies of vacancies reserved candidates appointed de-reserved due to non- filled ------- availab ility of reserved candidates


Scheduled Scheduled Scheduled Scheduled Scheduled Scheduled Castes Tribes Castes Tribes Castes Tribes


Group A 72 8 3 4 1 - -

*Group B 102 17 6 12 - 5 6

**Group C 20+11+34= 4 - 2+3+5=10 1+1=2 - - 65

Group D 70 27 - - - - -

(excluding sweepers)

Group D - - - - - -

- (Sweepers)


*31 UDCs (Group C) have been promotedas Assistants (Group B) on ad hoc basis. Reservations orders do not apply here but out of these 7 belong to Sch. Castes. Figure under Group B do not include this.

**A select list of 47 LDCs (Group C) was approved for promotion to UDCs (Group C). Out of 47 only 11 have so far been Promoted. This included 3 SC candidates. 7 vacancies of Sch. Castes and 7 of Sch. Tribes have been De-reserved before issue of panel of 47.

Against an indent of 100 LDCs (Group C),34 have joined so far. Out of this 5 belong to Sch. Castes and 1 to Sch. Tribes.

Note :The above figures are exclusive of employees working in the Central Pass port and Emigration Organisation. 1979
Appendix-IX Revenue Expenditure of the Ministry
Jan 01, 1979 
Revenue Expenditure of the Ministry during
the Financial year 1979-80 
                       Revised Estim- 
                        ates 1979-80 
                       (Rupees in Lakhs) 
Headquarters        5,80.54 
Missions/Posts abroad     32,84.22 
Supply Wings at London & Washington1,84.75 
Other Items 
Contribution to U.N., Commonwealth 3,24.85 
Secretariat and other International 
Institutions : 
Central Passport and Emigration
Organization 2,36.76 
Other Miscellaneous items     21,95.87 
Subsidies and Aid 
Subsidy to Bhutan          30,46.00 
Aid to Nepal            14,60.34 
Aid to other developing countries in 
Asia and Africa 
  under ITEC programme      4,72.00 
Aid to Bangladesh           5,30.00 
  Social Security and Welfare 33.96 
Appendix-X Expenditure on Headquarters and Missions/Posts abroad
Jan 01, 1979 
Expenditure on Headquarters and Missions/Posts 
abroad during 1979-80 
 The expenditure during 1979-80 on Headquarters
of this Ministry is expected to be of the order 
of Rs. 580.54 lakhs; asum of Rs. 162.41 lakhs 
is towards establishment charges, a sum of 
Rs. 96.56 lakhs for allowances, other than 
T.A., a sum of Rs. 216.74 lakhs for publicity
, cables, diplomatic bags service etc., a sum 
of Rs. 103.37 lakhs for travelling expenses and a 
sum of Rs. 1.46 lakhs for Departmental Canteen. 
 The expenditure on Missions/Posts abroad
including the Supply Wings at London and
Washington is Rs. 3468.97 lakhs, out of
which a sum of Rs. 1482.72 lakhs is spent 
on Establishment Charges including Foreign and 
other compensatory allowances, a sum of
Rs. 326.23 lakhs on passages for transfers 
and local tours, Rs. 190.60 lakhs for publicity
contingencies and Rs. 1469.42 lakhs for 
official and residential accommodation,
P & T Charges and other Office Contingencies.
The average annual expenditure per Mis- 
sion comes to Rs. 27.10 lakhs. 
The expenditure mentioned above (viz.
Rs. 4049.51 lakhs = Rs. 580.54 
lakhs+3468.97 lakhs) as per details
below on HQs and Missions/Posts 
abroad included expenditure on External
Publicity Programme activities;The 
break-up of this expenditure is as under:-- 
                              (Rs. in lakhs) 
(a) Headquarters 
  (i) Salaries (Officers 21, staff 47)  8.80 
 (ii) Travelling expenses                3.70 
(iii) Publicity Contingencies charges  73.80 
(b)  Missions/Posts abroad 
(i) Salaries (Officers 54, staff 341) 56.35 
(ii) Foreign Allowance, Compensatory Allowance
(iii) Passages & Travelling Expenses       6.85 
(iv) Publicity Contingencies              79.19 
(v) Other Charges including renting of Residential 
       Accommodation & Other Office Contingencies
                       TOTAL             190.60 
          Total External Publicity       276.90 
     The expenditure on External Publicity as 
	 detailed above comes to 6.8% of the 
	 expenditure on Headquarters and 
	 Missions/Posts abroad. 
                (In lakhs of Rupees) 

 Establish-  Travelling   Officer  Total 
  ment          Expenses     Expenses 

Headquarters 251.63  99.67  142.94  494.24 
External Publicity Division       
8.80     3.70      73.80      86.30 

260.43      103.37     216.74   580.54 

Overseas Establishment 
(a) Missions/Posts abroad (ex- 
    cluding Publicity Wings)   
	1282.31   298.27  1513.04   3093.62 
(b) Publicity Wings               
90.37        6.85   93.38     190.60 
 TOTAL 1372.68   305.12    1606.42    3284.22 

GRAND TOTAL 1633.11  408.49 1823.16 3864.76 

Appendix-XI Strength of IFS & IFS(B) CADRES, Combined Research Cadre and Inter-
Jan 01, 1979 
   Strength of IFS & IFS(B) CADRES, Combined
   Research Cadre and Inter-preters Cadre. 
(a) IFS Cadre Strength : 
    IFS Gr. I Posts. =18 (excluding 1 post
                           temporarily up- 
               graded from Gr.III of IFS) 
    IFS Gr. II Posts.  =  21  (excluding 1
	               post temporarily up- 
              graded from Gr.  III of IFS). 
    IFS Gr. III Posts  =  78  (excluding 2
	              posts of Gr. IV tem 
                       porarily upgraded,
		        1 post of FA 
               (EA) and 3 ex-cadre posts). 
    IFS Gr. IV Posts   =  78  (excluding 1
                    post upgraded from 
                    Senior Scale of IFS). 
    Sr. Scale Posts    =  243 
    Jr. Scale Posts    =  99 
    Training Reserve   =  50 
    (Jr.  Scale) 
    Leave Reserve      =  19 
    Training Reserve   =  19 
    Deputation Reserve =  20 
(b) IFS (B) Cadre Strength : 
    Gr. I Posts                 =  118 
    Gr. II/III Posts            =  324 
    Gr. IV                      =  919 
    Gr. V                       =  130 
    Gr. VI                      =  594 
(c) Cipher Sub-Cadre Strength : 
    Grade II                    =  181 
(d) Stenographer Sub-Cadre : 
    Sel. Grade                  =   49 
    Grade I                     =   75 
    Grade II                    =  533 
    Grade III                   =  116 
(e) Combined Research Cadre   =   44 
(f) Interpreters Cadre        =   30 
Appendix-XII Foreign Language Chart
Jan 01, 1979 
               Foreign Language Chart 
S.No. Language Total No. of  Officers 
        passed/knows  the  language 
1.  Arabic                         42 
2.  Burmese                       Nil 
3.  Chinese                        27 
4.  Czech                         Nil 
5.  Dutch                           1 
6.  French                         67 
7.  German                         28 
8.  Gorkhali                        6 
9.  Hungarian                       1 
10. Bahasa-Indonesia               10 
11. Italian                         3 
12. Japanese                       13 
13. Kiswahili                       8 
14. Malay-Bahasa                    1 
15. Persian                        10 
16. Polish                          1 
17. Portuguese                     11 
18. Pushtu                        Nil 
19. Rumanian                        1 
20. Russian                        40 
21. Serbo-Croation                  2 
22. Spanish                        40 
23. Swedish                         1 
24. Thai                            1 
25. Tibetan                         2 
26. Turkish                         1 
27. Vietnamese                      3 


Appendix-XIII Joint Declaration


Joint Declaration by the President of the Republic of France and the Prime Minister of India The President of the Republic of France Valery GISCARD d'ESTAING and The Prime Minister of India Indira Gandhi Gravely concerned at the deterioration of the international situation which could endanger world peace. Convinced of the necessity of basing international relations on respect for the universally recognized principles of the Charter of the United Nations Conscious of the special responsibilities which devolve, in the present critica l times, on France and India because of their respective policies of detente and non-alignment. 1. Solemnly declare that

(i) Any situation arising out of the use of force in international relations and intervention or interference in internal affairs of sovereign States is inadmissible.

(ii) In order to stop further escalation, all States should refrain from any action which could intensify great power rivalry and bring back the cold war, especially through dangerous arms build-up liable to threaten peace and stability in sensitive regions.

(iii) It is necessary to restore conditions in which the independence, sove- reignty and territorial integrity of all States can be preserved and the right of their peoples to freely determine their own destiny without outside interference assured.

(iv) Respect for and implementation of those principles do not prejudice any State's legitimate security interests and would, in fact, go a long way towards safeguarding them. 2. Accordingly, the President and the Prime Minister have decided to take all necessary initiatives to defuse present tensions and to help create a clima te



of mutual trust and confidence. To this end, they will remain in close con- sultation with each other.

3. The President and the Prime Minister appeal to all States, particularly the most powerful ones, to recognise the gravity of the danger and to bend all their efforts to avert it.

Valery Giscard d'Estaing Indira Gandhi President of the Republic of France Prime Minister of India New Delhi, Jan 27, 1980, (Magha 7, 1901) MGIPF--784EA/79 Jan 27, 1980
Supplement To The Report Of The Ministry Of External Affairs 1979-80


The three months since the Report of the Ministry of External Affairs went to the press at the end of March, 1980, were a period of intense diplomatic activity in which India played a patient and energetic role. The two momen- tous events of these three months were the independence of Zimbabwe (18th April) and the death of Marshal Tito of Yugoslavia (4th May). The Prime Minister was present at the ceremonies on both these occasions and had talks with several world leaders. Amongst these were: President Brezhnev of the USSR, President Kolisevski of Yugoslavia, President Zia of Pakistan, President Kaunda of Zambia, President Nyerere of Tanzania, President Gierek of Poland, President Ceausescu of Romania, President Saddam Hussain of Iraq, President Shehu Shagari of Nigeria, President Sekou Toure of Guinea, the Vice- President of Cuba, Chancellor Helmut Schmidt of the FRG, Prime Minister Djuranovic of Yugoslavia, Prime Minister Robert Mugabe of Zimbabwe, Prime Minister Burnham of Guyana, Prime Minister Mrs. Thatcher of Britain, Premier Ohira of Japan, Premier Hua Guo Feng of China, Secretary General Waldheim of U.N. and former Chancellor Willy Brandt of FRG. These meetings emphasis- ed that there is expectation of greater contribution by India in healing the rifts between nations at a time of heightened peril to mankind.

The underlying causes of tension in our region continued to fester as evidenced by the situations in Afghanistan, Iran and West Asia becoming interlocked. The period also witnessed several important meetings of international leaders to resolve the differences arising over Afghanistan. These meetings vindicated the Indian position that there is no alternative to a political settlement.

India's concern and involvement and our continuing diplomatic activity have been reflected in visits abroad by Indian leaders and by our receiving foreign dignitaries.



The Foreign Minister, Shri Narasimha Rao visited Paris and Bonn in March; Sardar Swaran Singh visited Islamabad in April; the Foreign Secretary, Shri R. D. Sathe visited Kabul in May and the Foreign Minister visited Moscow from 3rd to 7th June, in the course of which he met President Brezhnev and other Soviet leaders. During the visit, matters of mutual interest were discussed, leading to a clear understanding of each other's points of view. The visit served to underline the importance that we and the Soviet Union attach to our mutual ties which are growing in strength and dimension.

We also received the Foreign Ministers of Cuba, Yugoslavia, Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria, Hungary and Romania during this period. Mr. Roy Jenkins, President of the Commission of the EEC, Dr. Ramphal, the Secretary of the Commonwealth Secretariat and Mr. Gisha Phillipov, Member of the Politburo of Bulgaria also visited India.

The meeting of the Prime Minister with President Zia-ul-Haq at Salisbury was a pointer to the prospects of friendly cooperation and mutual understanding. However, it was with regret and disappointment that India noted President Zia's uncalled for reference to Kashmir at the Islamic Foreign Ministers' Conferences in January and May, which we consider to be inconsistent with the spirit of the Simla Agreement.

Bangladesh has proposed a summit meeting of six South Asian countries to promote regional cooperation. India has welcomed this and emphasised the need for care- ful preparatory work that must be done before a summit meeting could prove fruitful.

The visit of Shri Eric Gonsalves, Secretary (East), to Rangoon in the first week of May for discussions with the Burmese Foreign Minister provided an opportunity to review cooperation and contacts with this neighbour.

Secretary (ER), Shri Romesh Bhandari, visited Iran in February and had discussions with President Bani Sadr and other Iranian leaders. The visit to New Delhi of Mr. Reza Sadr, Commerce Minister of the Islamic Republic


of Iran, in June 1980, who was accompanied by a number of Deputy Ministers of different Ministries including the Deputy Foreign Minister, was symbolic of the close relations between India and Iran and the desire to establish a new economic relationship between the two countries.

Full diplomatic status to the PLO Mission in New Delhi was granted in March. Chairman Yasser Arafat visited India at the invitation of the Prime Minister. These two were significant developments in India's relations with the Arab world.

A PLO delegation visited India in May for the first meeting of the Joint Committee. The talks covered com- prehensive cooperation between India and the PLO. Special envoys from Oman, Iraq, Tunisia, Algeria and Egypt visited India during this period. Secretary (ER), Shri Romesh Bhandari, visited Saudi Arabia, UAE, Kuwait and Qatar.

The Iraqi Oil Minister Mr. Tayeh Abdul Karim led Iraq's delegation to the sixth session of the Indo-Iraq Joint Commission in April.

President Carter issued an executive order in June authorising the supply of enriched uranium fuel for Tara- pur. However, President Carter's executive order will lie in the Congress for sixty continuous days and will become effective unless overturned by both Houses of Congress.

The Prime Minister visited Salisbury for the Indepen- dence celebrations of Zimbabwe at the invitation of Prime Minister Robert Mugabe. The Indian delegation, which included the Foreign Minister, was treated with great friendship and warmth, being received and seen off by the President, Prime Minister and others in the new Govern- ment. During their talks, India's readiness to help the new country in the task of rehabilitation was conveyed. India's Liaison Mission in Salisbury was upgraded to a High Commission on 18 April. Zimbabwe's membership of the Commonwealth is also a welcome development. On their way to Zimbabwe, the Prime Minister and the Foreign Minister paid an official visit to Tanzania on 16-17 April.

With the emergence of free Zimbabwe the focus of international attention in Africa must now shift to Namibia


and South Africa itself. The Prime Minister met the SWAPO Leader, Mr. Sam Njoma, in Salisbury.

Three African Heads of State who visited Delhi during this period were President Mobutu Sese Seko of Zaire (31 March-2 April), President Kaunda of Zambia and President France Albert Rene of Seychelles. India is to open a resident mission in Mahe (Seychelles) in the near future.

The first Indo-ASEAN dialogue at the official level was held in Kuala Lumpur on May 15, 1980-16, 1980. The Indian delegation was led by Shri Eric Gonsalves, Secre- tary (East). It was the first such dialogue between ASEAN and a developing country. A broad joint pro- gramme of action in the areas of trade, industrial and scientific cooperation was agreed to. As a preparatory step to the Indo-ASEAN dialogue, the Indian delegation visited all the ASEAN capitals and had useful discussions.

India has tried to help relieve the food shortage in Kampuchea by sending rice and rice seeds, apart from medicines and baby food. The question of recognition of the Heng Samrin regime is under the active consideration of Government.

The Vietnamese Prime Minister, Mr. Pham Van Dong, paid a State visit to India from April 7 to 12. India agreed to extend a government to government credit of Rs. 5 crores to Vietnam to buy rolling stock, and industrial spare parts.

The Prime Minister met the Chinese Foreign Minister, Mr. Huang Hua, in Salisbury and the Chinese Premier, Mr. Hua Guo Feng in Belgrade. The Chinese Foreign Minister is due to visit India later this year. Preliminary discussions were held in mid-June when Shri Gonsalves, Secretary (East), visited Beijing. India has made it clear that the quest for normalised relations with China is not at the cost of our friendship with any other country.

Contacts with other countries in East Asia were main- tained. Mr. S. Sonoda, a special emissary of Japanese Prime Minister visited India in March and Mr. Tong Jin Park, then Foreign Minister of the Republic of Korea, at


the end of March. Shri Gonsalves visited Pyong Yang and Tokyo in June.

In view of the recent deterioration in international relations some non-aligned countries proposed an extra- ordinary Ministerial meeting in July 1980. There was lack of consensus with regard to the venue, agenda and timing of the proposed conference. The group of non-aligned countries meeting in New York on June 18, 1980, accepted India's compromise proposal that the regular Ministerial conference of non-aligned countries which was to be held in New Delhi in 1981 be advanced to the early weeks of 1981 to review the international political and economic situation.

India took an active part in ongoing negotiations for the formulation of the International Development Strategy for the Third Development Decade and in the preparation for the Global Round of negotiations. Ministers of the Group of 77 met in New York in March 1980 to finalise their approach to the G77 proposals for the Agenda, time-frame and procedures for the Global Round of negotiations. Shri P. V. Narasimha Rao, Minister of External Affairs, led the Indian delegation to this meeting.

India participated in the high level meeting on Technical Cooperation among Developing Countries held under the aegis of the UNDP from 26th May to 2nd June 1980. Indian initiatives on the enlargement of the scope of TCDC and of financial resources to strengthen TCDC activities were accepted and found a place in the documents of the meeting.

The Foreign Minister undertook a review of the External Publicity Division in March, including the Chanchal Sarkar Committee Report. The Ministry has come to the con- clusion that not all the recommendations of the Chanchal Sarkar Committee can be implemented. The Ministry plans to increase the number of Information Sections in our Missions abroad in the next three years. Twenty-five new Information Sections are expected to be opened subject to availability of resources. A proposal to organise an editorial and re-write desk along with more printing


facilities at Headquarters is also being considered so as to produce publicity material in English, French, Spanish and German. Our Centres in Cairo and Moscow to produce material in Arabic and Russian will also be strengthened.

Since March, 1980, a series of instructions have been issued to all our missions abroad providing guidelines for treatment of Indian visitors going abroad, and for inter- preting Indian developments in correct perspective. Liaison has also been established with the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, All India Radio, Department of Tourism and academic and other institutions involving publicity efforts within the institutional framework. Action has also been initiated to improve the equipment and facilities available in our Missions abroad for all libraries, reading rooms and audio-visual publicity work. Special attention is being directed to make our external publicity effort effective, purposive and prompt, taking into account the criticism and assessment of our external publicity work over the last few years.

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