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Foreign Affairs Documentation Bulletin, December 2 .....

Foreign Affairs Documentation Bulletin, December 2016




1. Rimmer, Susan Harris

Australia’s trade diplomacy and the Trans-Pacific Partnership: ‘you’ve got to row your own boat’. Australian Journal of International Affairs, 70(6), 2016: 625-640.

As part of its economic diplomacy, Australia has directed intense effort into both bilateral and plurilateral trade negotiations such as the Trans-Pacific Partnership. According to then Minister for Trade and Investment Andrew Robb, with no major multilateral trade deal in decades, you have to ‘row your own boat’ or risk missing out. With the fundamentals of trade and the nature of trade negotiations changing, trade liberalisation has become an increasingly sophisticated and difficult negotiating area. A case study of the controversial TPP shows the tensions for a middle power  navigating this space.

**Australia-Economic diplomacy.

ControlNo : 43107

2. Sainsbury, Tristram

Do we need more economics in Australian economic diplomacy? Australian Journal of International Affairs, 70(6), 2016: 613-624.

Economic diplomacy—that is, informal and formal processes and links between states and non-state actors on international economic issues—is a current focus of Australian foreign policy. The Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade’s stated economy diplomacy aims are liberalising trade boosting economic growth, encouraging investment and assisting business. If Australia is to embrace a genuine and effective notion of economic diplomacy there are two problems to be overcome.

**Australia-Economic diplomacy.

ControlNo : 43106



3. Farrall, Jeremy and Prantl,Jochen

Leveraging diplomatic power and influence on the UN Security Council: the case of Australia.

Australian Journal of International Affairs, 70(6), 2016: 601-612.

There is scepticism about whether a state like Australia can secure its interests and exercise influence on the United Nations Security Council (UNSC). A case study of Australia’s experience as a UNSC member in 2013–2014 shows that it directly influenced UNSC decision-making in a number of ways: first, in the response to the MH17 incident; second, pushing forward UNSC practice through the first-ever resolutions on both ‘small arms and light weapons’ and police in peacekeeping; and third, as chair of three sanctions committees, influencing the decision-making environment towards greater transparency.

**Australia-UN Security Council.

ControlNo : 43105



4. Freire, Andre and Kivistik, Kats

Regime transition, value conflicts and the left-right divide at the mass level: The Baltic States and Southern Europe compared. Communist and Post Communist Studies, 49(4), 2016(December): 293-311.

By comparing the Baltic States with Greece, Portugal and Spain, we seek to discover whether the type of authoritarian legacy and regime transition has any effect on the way citizens think about the left-right (L-R) divide in new democracies. We argue that while the authoritarian legacy is important, the type of transition and, particularly, the kind of political alliances and party-politicization of issues during the new regime's formative years is more important.

**Baltic States-conflict.

ControlNo : 43131



5. Norton,Bill

The Society’s tour of Bhutan, 13–29 October 2016. ASIAN AFFAIRS (New Series), 48(1), 2017: 117-129.

This article provides an account of the 2016 RSAA tour to Bhutan. It includes: a brief history of the country; an account of travel including visits to Paro, Punakha, Bumthang, Trongsa, Gangtey, Punakha, and Thimphu, and reflections on the current state of the country based on the tour.


ControlNo : 43113



6. Iyekekpolo, Wisdom Oghosa

Boko Haram: understanding the context. Third World Quarterly, 37(12), 2016: 2211-2228.

Boko Haram insurgency has caused the death and displacement of thousands of Nigerians. Its means of terror has evolved from the use of crude weapons to bombs, kidnappings and the use of children as suicide bombers. Its reach has expanded beyond Nigeria into neighbouring West African countries and it has pledged allegiance to Al-Qaida and Islamic State. To address this security concern, its cause should first be ascertained. This paper argues that to do this, Boko Haram should be located in northern Nigerian historical context/environment.

**Boko Haram; Nigeria.

ControlNo : 43150



7. Lee, Siu-yau

Surviving Online Censorship in China: Three Satirical Tactics and their Impact. China Quarterly, 228, 2016(December): 1061-1080.

What accounts for online satirical campaigns that survive censorship in China where the state has formidable power to censor and manipulate online communication? Through comparative case studies of three attempts to challenge the policies or malpractices of the Chinese state in 2009, this article explains how different satirical tactics can influence the outcomes of online activism. It argues that online satirical campaigns are most likely to survive when activists adopt the tactic of “parodic satire,” whereby activists mimic a specific practice of the state and skillfully transplant it to other contexts.


ControlNo : 43122



8. Brown,Kerry

The powers of Xi Jinping.ASIAN AFFAIRS(New Series), 48(1), 2017: 17-26.

Since becoming head of the Communist Party in China in late 2012, Xi Jinping has accrued an impressive raft of titles. He has been compared to the founder of the regime, Mao Zedong, and is

seen by some as sitting at the centre of a network of different power sources. But is power as personalised as this model makes out in contemporary China, with all its complexity and diversity? And can one person really rule the continental sized country in this paternalistic way? This article argues that Xi's powers are intrinsically linked with the organisation that he leads and

which his power is sourced in – the Party itself. Far from him being the emperor of modern China, it is the Communist Party which acts as the all-seeing, all-powerful ruler.

**China-Communist party.

ControlNo : 43109


9. Wong, Kevin Tze-wai and Zheng, Victor

The Impact of Cross-border Integration with Mainland China on Hong Kong's Local Politics: the Individual Visit Scheme as a Double-edged Sword for Political Trust in Hong Kong.

China Quarterly, 228, 2016(December): 1081-1104.

Using official statistics and a pooled dataset of longitudinal surveys, the aim of this article is to examine the impact of the Individual Visit Scheme (IVS) on political trust in Hong Kong. Our multilevel analysis found that the gradual inflow of IVS visitors (mostly overnight visitors) increased political trust in the first few years, but that this trust rapidly diminished in later years, especially after the introduction of the one-year multiple-entry IVS endorsement (which attracted mostly same-day visitors). The main reason for the reduction in the positive impact of the IVS scheme is that the growth in the number of same-day visitors has contributed less to Hong Kong’s economy than has the increase in the number of overnight visitors, and has exacerbated several social problems.

**China-Cross Border-Hong Kong.

ControlNo : 43123



10. Waldron, Arthur

Legacy Problems: China's Taiwan Dilemma. Orbis: A Journal of World Affairs, 60(4), 2016: 609-631.

The particular difficulties that Taiwan's new administration faces are paradoxical, for their origin no longer has to do with ensuring the continuing existence of the state. That seems assured. Rather, the challenges arise because U.S. and China's diplomacy in the 1970s assumed that Taiwan was going to disappear, but it failed to do so. This fact created an embarrassing—and probably insoluble—long-term problem for China.

**China-Foreign Policy-Taiwan.

ControlNo : 43140


11. Chaziza, Mordechai

Sino-Turkish ‘Solid Strategic Partnership’: China’s Dream or a Reality? China Report, 52(4), 2016: 265-283.

This article analyses the motivation behind China’s measures to formalise a solid strategic partnership with Turkey. One cannot ignore the inherent potential and impact on the region of a Chinese strategic partnership with Turkey and Beijing’s balancing efforts to contain US predominance in the Middle East. However, China’s bilateral relationship with Turkey is essentially limited, with narrow strategic manoeuvrability, which make the two countries unlikely to become solid strategic partners in the foreseeable future.

**China-Foreign Policy-Turkey.

Control No : 43141


12. Chaziza, Mordechai

Not So Simple: Complexity Theory and the Rise of China.

China Report, 52(4), 2016.

China’s rise to the status of a global power is a very complex phenomenon. Yet students of

international relations (IR) are taught that a good theory should be ‘parsimonious’, meaning that

it should explain a lot with a little. In relation to China’s rise, the problem with theoretical

parsimony may be not what it includes but what it leaves out. This article argues that lack of

explanatory breadth and depth in connection with China’s IRs demonstrates a shortcoming in

mainstream IR theories such as neorealism, offensive realism and constructivism.

**China-Foreign Relation.

ControlNo : 43142


13. Cathcart,Adam


Before Liu Shengqi became the early PRC's foremost historian of Tibet, he was an English-language secretary in Lhasa for the Nationalist Government's Commission on Mongolia and Tibet. His travels and assessment of Han-Tibetan relations in and around Lhasa provide a unique perspective on Tibet's tenuous relationship with the Chinese central government from 1945 until 1949. With the 2010 publication of Liu's recollections in Lhasa (in Chinese), a new window is opened on the literature on Tibet's history -- and assertions of Guomindang power in the region -- in the period just preceding the traumatic collision with Maoism.

**China-Foreign Relations-Tibet.

ControlNo : 43111



14. Bruce J. Dickson and Pierre F. Landry†

Public Goods and Regime Support inUrban China. China Quarterly, 228, 2016(December): 859-880.

Why do authoritarian regimes try to improve the quality of their governance? In the absence of democratic institutions to monitor, reward and punish their performance, authoritarian politicians are normally expected to seek their self-interest through corruption and rewards to cronies, rather than providing for the public welfare. However, the Chinese state has actively promoted improved governance in recent years, with greater attention to quality of life issues to balance the primary focus on sustaining rapid economic growth. This paper analyses intra-national variation in the provision of public goods in urban China and the impact of public goods on regime support.


ControlNo : 43116


15. Loke, Beverley

Unpacking the politics of great power responsibility: Nationalist and Maoist China in

international order-building. European Journal of International Relations, 22(4), 2016(December): 847-871.

Despite its prominence in the discourse of international politics, the concept of ‘great power responsibility’ remains largely unmapped in International Relations. Existing accounts tend to focus their analysis at a structural level and do not pay adequate attention to agency and processes of deliberation, negotiation and contestation. Drawing on constructivist insights to extend existing English School scholarship, this article unpacks great power responsibility as a socially constructed and negotiated concept. It develops a typology to further investigate the politics of great power responsibility and focuses specifically on four categories: the location, object, nature and rationale of responsibility.

**China-International Relations.

ControlNo : 43147



16. Wang, Peng

Military Corruption in China: The Role of Guanxi in the Buying and Selling of Military Positions. China Quarterly, 228, 2016(December): 970-991.

How does guanxi facilitate corrupt transactions? Utilizing fieldwork data and published materials, this paper investigates how guanxi practices distort the formal military promotion system and facilitate the buying and selling of military positions in the People’s Liberation Army (PLA). It identifies the three key functions of guanxi in facilitating corrupt transactions: communication, exchange and neutralization.

**China-Military Corruption.

ControlNo : 43120


17. Lim, Kean Fan and Horesh, Niv

The “Singapore Fever” in China: Policy Mobility and Mutation. China Quarterly, 228, 2016(December): 992-1017.

The “Singapore model” constitutes only the second explicit attempt by the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) to learn from a foreign country following Mao Zedong’s pledge to contour “China’s tomorrow” on the Soviet Union experience during the early 1950s. This paper critically evaluates policy transfers from Singapore to China in the post-Mao era. It reexamines how this Sino-Singaporean regulatory engagement came about historically following Deng Xiaoping’s visit to Singapore in 1978, and offers a careful re-reading of the degree to which actual policy borrowing by China could transcend different state ideologies, abstract ideas and subjective attitudes.

**China-Policy Transfer-Singapore.

ControlNo : 43121


18. Newland, Sara A.

Which Public? Whose Goods? What We Know (and What We Don't) About Public Goods in Rural China. China Quarterly, 228, 2016(December): 881-904.

This review article surveys the literature in political science, economics and Chinese area studies. It describes the three dominant types of explanations for variation in the quality of public goods: local elections, social sanctioning and economic policies. It then argues that these findings are plagued by a set of common problems. Scholars mean different things when they use the term “public goods,” making their findings difficult to compare. Furthermore, the most common measures of public goods ignore the ways in which local officials manipulate statistics to enhance their career prospects and the interconnected nature of geographic-administrative units in the Chinese state.

**China-Political Economy.

ControlNo : 43117


19. Gao, Jie

“Bypass the Lying Mouths”: How Does the CCP Tackle Information Distortion at Local Levels? China Quarterly, 228, 2016(December): 950-969.

The deliberate distortion of the work accomplishments of local governments is a growing concern for China’s leaders in the reform era. How do they tackle this problem and gather reliable data? This study argues that the CCP has developed bypassing strategies to remedy the deficiencies of the statistical system which is vulnerable to artificial data distortion. By employing these strategies, authorities requiring authentic information can directly access the raw data, thereby bypassing lower-level officials who have incentives to distort performance information in the level-by-level reporting process.

**China-Statistical Reform.

ControlNo : 43119


20. Freedman, Joshua

Status insecurity and temporality in world politics. European Journal of International Relations, 22(4), 2016(December): 797-822.

This article advances a temporal comparison theory of status-seeking behavior, suggesting that many of the signaling problems associated with status insecurity emerge from basic differences in how states evaluate their status, and whether they privilege temporal over social comparisons. The implications are explored through China’s contemporary struggle for status recognition, situating this struggle within the context of China’s civilizational past and ongoing dispute over Taiwan.

**China-World Politics.

ControlNo : 43146


21. Li, Chen

Holding “China Inc.” Together: The CCP and The Rise of China’s Yangqi. China Quarterly, 228, 2016(December): 927-949.

This article investigates the role of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) in the rise of China’s centrally controlled businesses (yangqi ), a batch of large business groups and financial

institutions controlled by China’s central party-state. It starts by comparing two competing policy approaches to defining the relations between the Party and state enterprise sector: the separation approach versus the adaptation approach.

**Chinese Communist Party.

ControlNo : 43118


22. Croco, Sarah E. and L, Jessica

War Outcomes and Leader Tenure. World Politics, 68(4), 2016(October): 577-607.

A growing body of literature argues that war outcomes affect leaders’ tenure in office. But disagreement persists over how domestic political institutions translate performance in war into leader accountability. Some scholars argue that the tenure of democratic leaders is most sensitive to war outcomes, while others posit that autocratic leaders are more likely to be punished or rewarded for the outcomes of conflicts. The authors argue that existing research fails to take into account two important factors: whether the leader is viewed as culpable for the country's entry into the conflict, and whether the country features domestic institutions that make the leader vulnerable to removal from office, which varies greatly across nondemocracies.

**Domestic Politics.

ControlNo : 43128


23. Mains, Daniel and Kinfu, Eshetayehu

Making the city of nations and nationalities: the politics of ethnicity and roads in Hawass,

Ethiopia. The Journal of Modern African Studies, 54(4), 2016(December): 645-669.

This article examines the relationship between the politics of ethnicity and road construction in Hawassa, Ethiopia. The Ethiopian state has recently invested unprecedented amounts of money in the construction of urban roads. These roads both undermine and reinforce longstanding ethnic hierarchies within Ethiopian cities. Contrary to the image promoted by the state of harmony among residents of different ethnic backgrounds, our research revealed a great deal of tension, particularly concerning the distribution of benefits from state-led infrastructural development.


ControlNo : 43126


24. Michalski, Anna and Norman, Ludvig

Conceptualizing European security cooperation: Competing international political orders and domestic factors. European Journal of International Relations, 22(4), 2016(December).

It is commonly argued that political elites in Europe are increasingly acting in accordance with shared norms, identities and practices, thus shaping the character of international cooperation in Europe, not least in the field of security. However, in contrast to such expectations, European security cooperation often displays highly irregular and unpredictable patterns. This article offers a conceptual framework that seeks to make sense of these irregular patterns without refuting the assumption that social institutions in the sphere of international security shape cooperation in fundamental ways.

**European security cooperation.

ControlNo : 43144


25. Bulmer, Simon and Joseph, Jonathan

European integration in crisis? Of supranational integration, hegemonic projects and domestic politics. European Journal of International Relations, 22(4), 2016(December): 725-748.

The European Union is facing multiple challenges. Departing from mainstream theory, this article adopts a fresh approach to understanding integration. It does so by taking two theoretical steps. The first introduces the structure–agency debate in order to make explicit the relationship between macro-structures, the institutional arrangements at European Union level and agency. The second proposes that the state of integration should be understood as the outcome of contestation between competing hegemonic projects that derive from underlying social processes and that find their primary expression in domestic politics. T.

**European Union-Domestic Politics.

ControlNo : 43143



26. Gegout, Catherine

Unethical power Europe? Something fishy about EU trade and development policies. Third World Quarterly, 37(12), 2016: 2192-2210.

This article analyses the impact of European Union (EU) policies in the field of fisheries on development in Africa. It contests the premise that the EU promotes local economies, and argues that it often contributes to depleting fish stocks, distorting African economic policies and

harming fishers’ communities.

**European Union-Foreign Policy-Africa.

ControlNo : 43149


27. Damiani, Marco and Luca, Marino De

From the Communist Party to the Front de gauche. The French radical left from 1989 to 2014. Communist and Post Communist Studies, 49(4), 2016(December): 313-321.

This article examines the political transformations experienced by the Communist Party and the evolution of the radical left in France in the twenty-five years after 1989. Interpreting the Communist Party and Left Front as anti-establishment, that is, opposed to the political elite, but pro-system parties that are not interested in changing the nature of democratic governance. The peculiarities of French communism and its political philosophy are illustrated.

**French-Communist Party.

ControlNo : 43132


28. Stacey, Paul and Lund, Christian

In a state of slum: governance in an informal urban settlement in Ghana. Journal of Modern African Studies, 54(4), 2016(December).

Old Fadama in Accra, Ghana, is a vast informal settlement. A legalistic approach by successive governments has meant a near-absence of statutory institutions and the emergence of alternative public authorities. These endeavour to provide the area with a range of basic public services to solve the area’s serious developmental challenges. Through processes of informal negotiation residents establish rights and social contracts that underpin and define what will constitute ideas of state and law. At the same time, self-governance emerges while relations with statutory institutions shift back and forth between vilification, tacit acceptance, and productive

cooperation. The article contributes to studies of governance in informal urban settlements on two fronts.


ControlNo : 43153


29. Stacey, Paul and Lund, Christian

In a state of slum: governance in an informal urban settlement in Ghana. The Journal of Modern African Studies, 54(4), 2016(December): 591-615.

The article contributes to studies of governance in informal urban settlements on two fronts. First, it shows how informal arrangements lead to the provision of basic public services and influence the workings of formal institutions of government. Second, it challenges facile understandings of large-scale informal settlements as generally chaotic, lawless or subversive.

**Ghana-Urban Settlement.

ControlNo : 43124


30. Sullivan, Christopher M.

Political Repression and the Destruction of Dissident Organizations: Evidence from the Archives of the Guatemalan National Police. World Politics, 68(4), 2016(October): 645-676.

This article argues that recent works inadequately address the topic because the focus has been on repression's impact on local civilians, with less consideration of dissident organizations. The author develops an organizational theory of challenger development and specifies predictions for how repression's effects on dissent are contingent upon the types of organizational behaviors targeted for coercion. The analysis employs original, microlevel data collected from previously confidential Guatemalan National Police records to assess the effects of repression during the years 1975 to 1985. Results show that the effects of repression are more complex than previously imagined.


ControlNo : 43129


31. Aras, Bülent and Falk, Richard

Five years after the Arab Spring: a critical evaluation. Third World Quarterly, 37(12), 2016:  2252-2258.

A new political geography has emerged in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) after the Arab Spring. The transformative impact of the popular upheavals appeared to put an end to longterm authoritarian regimes. Today, the region is far from stable since authoritarian resilience violently pushed back popular demands for good governance and is pushing to restore former state structures. However, the collective consciousness of the popular revolts endures, and a transformative prospect may emerge on the horizon.

**Middle East-North Africa.

ControlNo : 43151


32. Paine, Jack

Rethinking the Conflict “Resource Curse”: How Oil Wealth Prevents Center-Seeking Civil Wars. International Organisation, 70(4), 2016(October): 727-761.

This article presents a unified formal model that evaluates how these competing mechanisms affect overall incentives for center-seeking civil wars. The model yields two key implications. First, large oil-generated revenues strengthen the government and exert an overall effect that decreases center-seeking civil war propensity. Second, oil revenues are less effective at preventing center-seeking civil war relative to other revenue sources, which distinguishes overall and relative effects. Revised statistical results test overall rather than relative effects by omitting the conventional but posttreatment covariate of income per capita, and demonstrate a consistent negative association between oil wealth and center-seeking civil war onset.

**Oil Rich Government-Civil War.

ControlNo : 43115


33. Feklyunina, Valentina

Soft power and identity: Russia, Ukraine and the ‘Russian world(s)’. European Journal of International Relations, 22(4), 2016(December): 773-796.

The article proposes a social constructivist take on soft power by anchoring it to the concept of collective identity, and by suggesting a set of criteria that can be used to assess whether soft power is present in a relationship between two or more states. It argues that soft power is generated through continuous renegotiation of collective identity. We can assess the weight of a state’s soft power vis-a-vis another state by investigating the extent to which the discursively constructed collective identity projected by the first state is accepted or rejected by different audiences in the second state, and by examining the ability of these audiences to affect the process of foreign policy decision-making.

**Russia-Foreign Policy.

ControlNo : 43145


34. Lambert,Michael C.

Changes: Reflections on Senegalese Youth Political Engagement, 1988–2012. Africa Today, 63(2), 2016(Winter): 33-51.

This article examines the broad scope of youth political engagement in Senegal between 1988 and 2012. By examining several connected moments of youth political engagement (the 1989 Senegal–Mauritania crisis, the 1990 Set/Setal movement, and presidential elections from 1988 to 2012), I reflect on the ways in which youth mobilization has been integral to politics in Senegal.


ControlNo : 43104


35. Alena Kluknavská, Josef Smolík

We hate them all? Issue adaptation of extreme right parties in Slovakia 1993–2016. Communist and Post Communist Studies, 49(4), 2016(December): 335-344.

This article presents electoral developments and mobilization issues of the extreme right political parties between 1993 and 2016. It analyzes the changes in the extreme right discourses and framing strategies in relation to their electoral results. We argue that during the transition to democracy in the 1990s and partially later in the 2000s, the extreme right parties were predominantly focusing on the issues related to national sovereignty and were successful mostly in the context of hostility against groups that could potentially threaten this independence, while their electoral achievements were affected mainly by their internal party stability. In the late 2000s, the extreme right has, however, begun to adopt a strategy that has bridged nationalist, populist and xenophobic discourses, with stronger success during the economic and refugee crises in Europe.


ControlNo : 43133


36. Bush, Richard C.

The 2016 Election and Prospects for Taiwan's Democracy Original Research Article. Orbis: A Journal of World Affairs, 60(4), 2016: 473-487.

This article reviews the results of the 2016 presidential and legislative elections in Taiwan, in which the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) won a sweeping victory. It identifies the likely reasons for the DPP's success and then explores the implications of the outcome for Taiwan's political future, relations with Mainland China, and relations with the United States.


ControlNo : 43134

37. Hsiao, Hsin-Huang Michael

2016 Taiwan Elections: Significance and Implications. Orbis: A Journal of World Affairs, 60(4), 2016: 504-514.

This year's Taiwan elections gave the Democratic Progressive Party a clear mandate to rule Taiwan again. Since 2014 Taiwanese millennials have played a decisive role in Taiwan's significant democratic change. The elections can be appreciated best in the context of the changing state-civil society relations of the preceding eight years of 2008-2015. The revival of civil society activism since 2008 and the explosive force of the Sunflower Movement in 2014 finally transmitted social activism into electoral politics.


ControlNo : 43136


38. DeLisle, Jacques

Taiwan's Quest for International Space: Ma's Legacy, Tsai's Options, China's Choices, and U.S. Policy. Orbis: A Journal of World Affairs, 60(4), 2016: 550-574.

Taiwan's “international space” has been a vital concern for the nation's leaders, and increasingly so as China has grown in power, influence, and ability to “squeeze” Taiwan's international space and thereby undermine the international stature that matters for Taiwan's security. President Tsai Ing-wen inherits a legacy of multi-pronged efforts and some successes, and will seek to build on them as she pursues her own distinctive approach. But she must do so in the face of continuing, and possibly increasing, resistance from Beijing and amid uncertainty about the policies of key states, including China and the United States.

**Taiwan-Foreign Policy.

ControlNo : 43137


39. Dreyer, June Teufel

Taiwan and Japan in the Tsai Era. Orbis: A Journal of World Affairs, 60(4), 2016: 592-608.

Under the administration of Taiwan's first woman president, Tsai Ing-wen, Taiwan-Japan relations are likely to deepen while relying, as far as possible, on non-governmental and quasi-governmental working relationships. This reflects the Japanese government's desire to avoid friction with China while endeavoring to protect its strategic and economic interests by partnering with Taiwan. Concern about these developments is already evident in the People's Republic of China.

**Taiwan-Foreign Relations-Japan.

ControlNo : 43139


40. Rigger, Shelley

Kuomintang Agonistes: Party Politics in the Wake of Taiwan's 2016 Elections. Orbis: A Journal of World Affairs, 60(4), 2016: 488-503.

Taiwan's Kuomintang (KMT) lost badly in the 2016 elections. The KMT had not garnered favorable public opinion under the previous president, Ma Ying-jeou. Nor were Ma and his party seen as promoting a vision to put Taiwan first. Consequently, they were defeated soundly by the Democratic Progressive Party. This article addresses how the parties differ historically and why it matters what direction Taiwan's leadership takes in the future.


ControlNo : 43135


41. Keyman, E. Fuat

Turkish foreign policy in the post-Arab Spring era: from proactive to buffer state. Third World Quarterly, 37(12), 2016: 2274-2287.

Our globalising world is presently in a state of global turmoil. Risk, uncertainty, and insecurity are the terms that shape global/regional/ national/local affairs and developments. The refugee crisis and the war against ISIL constitute the twin crises creating seismic impacts and consequences that in turn escalate risk and turmoil. Turkey is situated at the heart of these two crises, being very much affected by them and, therefore, perceived as a pivotal actor in the way in which the West is dealing with them.

**Turkey-Foreign policy.

ControlNo : 43152


42. Haliloglu, Nagihan


The 15th July coup attempt in Turkey has added another layer of complexity to the conundrum that is Turkish politics. Since the coup attempt there have been several DAESH and PKK attacks in Turkey, including the assassination of the Russian Ambassador. The country continues to wage war with both terror organizations, whilst trying to pass a new constitution. In this whirlwind of history, many of the questions that lie at the heart of the coup attempt seem sidelined. There have been waves of purges since July, and it is believed that the high number of terror attacks are linked to a weakened intelligence establishment.


ControlNo : 43108


43. Kuteesa, Annette and Mawejje, Joseph

Between the market and the state: the capacity of business associations for policy engagement in Uganda. The Journal of Modern African Studies, 54(4), 2016(December): 617-644.

This study assesses the capabilities of business associations for conducting meaningful policy engagements with government. Using information from associations and five state institutions, this work investigates the level of autonomy and ability of business associations to coordinate and order their interests for policy decision-making. Findings reveal that the ability to organize an association’s own interests is hindered by weak systems and internal structures, especially at sub-sector level. Most associations are financially weak, have limited professional expertise and experience a low level of commitment from members, which affects their capacity for autonomy.


ControlNo : 43125


44. Wang, Vincent Wei-cheng

Prospects for U.S.-Taiwan Relations. Orbis: A Journal of World Affairs, 60(4), 2016: 575-591.

This article contends that the Tsai administration will likely be positive for U.S.-Taiwan relations. While the partnership may well require more work than was expended over the last eight years, the yield may be significant.

**USA-Foreign Relations-Taiwan.

ControlNo : 43138


45. Rezaei, Farhad


This article explores the paradox in the reaction of the United States to the two different proliferation cases: Pakistan's proliferation and Iran's weaponization effort. The article tries to find answer to the following key question; why the United States, as one of the guardians of the Non-proliferation Treaty (NPT) which would prefer to see a region that is entirely free of weapons of mass destruction, ultimately has accepted Pakistan's proliferation, while imposed considerable amount of pressure to stop Iran from acquiring nuclear weapons.

**USA-IAEA; USA-Non-proliferation Treaty.

ControlNo : 43110


46. Bas, Muhammet A. and Coe, Andrew J.

A Dynamic Theory of Nuclear Proliferation and Preventive War. International Organisation, 70(4), 2016(October): 655-685.

We develop a formal model of bargaining between two states where one can invest in a program to develop nuclear weapons and the other imperfectly observes its efforts and progress over time. In the absence of a nonproliferation deal, the observing state watches the former's program, waiting until proliferation seems imminent to attack. Chance elements—when the program will make progress and when the other state will discover this—determine outcomes. Surprise proliferation, crises over the suspected progress of a nuclear program, and possibly “mistaken” preventive wars arise endogenously from these chance elements. Consistent with the model's predictions and contrary to previous studies, the empirical evidence shows that the progress of a nuclear program and intelligence estimates of it explain the character and outcomes of most interactions between a proliferant and a potential preventive attacker.

**USA-Nuclear Policy.

ControlNo : 43114


47. Freistein, Katja

The potential for tackling inequality in the Sustainable Development Goals. Third World Quarterly, 37(12), 2016: 2139-2155.

The recently passed Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) encompass a variety of explicit and implicit goals that address inequality. Although formulations remain vague and targets abstract, the SDGs go much further than previous development goals in addressing inequality as a central issue.

**world society.

ControlNo : 43148


48. Kucik, Jeffrey and Pelc, Krzysztof J.

Do International Rulings have Spillover Effects?: The View from Financial Markets. World Politics, 68(4), 2016(October): 713-751.

How influential are international courts? Can their rulings reach beyond a given case and affect the behavior of countries not party to the dispute? International law is clear on the matter: rulings have no formal authority beyond the case at hand. This tenet is consistent with the incentives of sovereign states wary of delegating too much authority to courts. By contrast, the authors claim that even in the absence of formal authority, the rulings of international courts can affect behavior by mobilizing pro-compliance groups in countries not party to a dispute. They test these beliefs in the context of the World Trade Organization (WTO) through a novel approach.

**WTO-International Court.

ControlNo : 43130


49. Aeby, Michael

Making an impact from the margins? Civil society groups in Zimbabwe's interim power-sharing process. The Journal of Modern African Studies, 54(4), 2016(December): 703-728.

The paper examines the role of civil society organisations (CSOs) in Zimbabwe’s interim

power-sharing process. It identifies CSOs’ organisational capacity, nature of engagement in the political process and relations with the power-sharing parties as the principal issues affecting CSOs’ ability to promote peace-making and democratisation in the context of a transitional executive power-sharing process. Based on these analytical themes, the case analysis argues that CSOs’ sway on the transition was particularly constrained by organisational fragmentation and disunity, divergent strategies vis-à-vis the interregnum, diminishing access to political elites, the latter’s refusal to permit greater civic involvement, and continued repression.


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